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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Chemistry - Aug 10
Chemistry
The reagent provides access to the class of clustered transition metal carbonyl cations. Chemists from Freiburg have succeeded in converting polynuclear transition metal carbonyls into their homoleptic complex cations using typical inorganic oxidants. In their work, the research team of Malte Sellin , Christian Friedmann and Ingo Krossing from the Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry and Maximilian Mayländer and Sabine Richert from the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Freiburg show that the anthracene derivative with a half-step potential of 1.
Health - Aug 10
Health

Study shows the surgical precision employed by the pathogen in this process - The fungus Ustilago maydis attacks corn and can cause significant damage to its host.

Environment - Aug 9
Environment

An international research team around Hervé Bocherens of the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment at the University of Tübingen and his PhD candidate Sophie G. Habinger has reconstructed the habitat of the ancestors of

Life Sciences - Aug 10

Investigations at Research Neutron Source lead to discovery of a previously unknown animal species. A team of German and Argentinian researchers has used neutrons in the FRM II research neutron source at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) to identify an animal species that has been extinct for 220 million years.

Astronomy - Aug 5
Astronomy

Signs of disturbance in the dwarf galaxies of one of Earth's nearest galaxy clusters indicate an alternative gravity theory.


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Chemistry - Physics - 10.08.2022
Chemists develop new reagent for deelectronation
Chemists develop new reagent for deelectronation
The reagent provides access to the class of clustered transition metal carbonyl cations Chemists from Freiburg have succeeded in converting polynuclear transition metal carbonyls into their homoleptic complex cations using typical inorganic oxidants. In their work, the research team of Malte Sellin , Christian Friedmann and Ingo Krossing from the Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry and Maximilian Mayländer and Sabine Richert from the Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Freiburg show that the anthracene derivative with a half-step potential of 1.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.08.2022
How a harmful fungus renders its host plant defenseless
How a harmful fungus renders its host plant defenseless
Study shows the surgical precision employed by the pathogen in this process The fungus Ustilago maydis attacks corn and can cause significant damage to its host. To do this, it first ensures that the plant offers little resistance to the infection. The surgical precision it applies is shown by a new study from the University of Bonn, which has now been published in the journal New Phytologist.

Life Sciences - 10.08.2022
Neutrons help track down Mammalian Ancestors
Investigations at Research Neutron Source lead to discovery of a previously unknown animal species A team of German and Argentinian researchers has used neutrons in the FRM II research neutron source at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) to identify an animal species that has been extinct for 220 million years.

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.08.2022
When the Forest Left the Apes
When the Forest Left the Apes
An international research team around Hervé Bocherens of the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment at the University of Tübingen and his PhD candidate Sophie G. Habinger has reconstructed the habitat of the ancestors of orangutans in present-day Myanmar as part of the collaborative project EVEPRIMASIA between the Universities of Tübingen, Germany, and Poitiers, France.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 05.08.2022
No trace of dark matter halos
No trace of dark matter halos
Signs of disturbance in the dwarf galaxies of one of Earth's nearest galaxy clusters indicate an alternative gravity theory According to the standard model of cosmology, the vast majority of galaxies are surrounded by a halo of dark matter particles. This halo is invisible, but its mass exerts a strong gravitational pull on galaxies in the vicinity.

Health - 05.08.2022
Leipzig Haematologists Research Rare Forms of Blood Cancer
Although there has been significant progress in the treatment of rare forms of blood cancer in recent years and new drugs have been approved in Germany, the prognosis for many affected individuals remains unfavourable. Research teams at Leipzig University's Faculty of Medicine are working in several preclinical and translational projects to gain a better understanding of these diseases.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.08.2022
Elevator helps bacteria to build an invisibility cloak
Elevator helps bacteria to build an invisibility cloak
Study: Bacterial membrane transporter helps pathogens to hide from immune system The transport of substances across the membrane into the cell is linked to specific membrane transport proteins. Researchers at the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the University of Bonn, in collaboration with an international team, have now succeeded in elucidating the molecular structure of a completely new class of such membrane transporters.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.08.2022
Similarity between schizophrenia and dementia
Similarity between schizophrenia and dementia
In frontotemporal dementia, the same brain networks can be affected as in schizophrenia Researchers for the first time compared schizophrenia and frontotemporal dementia, disorders that are both located in the frontal and temporal lobe regions of the brain. The idea can be traced back to Emil Kraepelin, who coined the term "dementia praecox" in 1899 to describe the progressive mental and emotional decline of young patients.

Life Sciences - 04.08.2022
Costs and benefits of genetic mixing
Costs and benefits of genetic mixing
Baboons borrowed a third of their genes from a closely related species New genetic analyses of wild baboons in southern Kenya reveals that most of them carry traces of hybridization in their DNA. As a result of interbreeding, about a third of their genetic makeup consists of genes from another, closely-related species.

Transport - 03.08.2022
New study on expectations and reality of safe overtaking maneuvers in bicycle traffic
Subjective impressions of safety differs according to the type of road and speed limit Dangerous situations can develop when cyclists are overtaken by cars. How threatened or safe cyclists feel during an overtaking maneuver depends on the type of road. They expect to be safer on roads with a speed limit of 30 kilometers per hour (kph), as well as on living streets, bike streets, and roads with cycle lanes.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 03.08.2022
Utilizing substantial genetic potential for higher yields
The disruptions in global trading markets resulting from the war in Ukraine, among other causes, have focused public attention on the issue of securing a sufficient supply of high-quality foods for the global population. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are searching for modern methods to boost global harvests and thus to ensure global food security.

Chemistry - History / Archeology - 01.08.2022
Researchers study historical developments of the periodic system of chemical elements
Researchers study historical developments of the periodic system of chemical elements
In the 1860s, the chemists, Lothar Meyer and Dmitri Mendeleev, independently presented the first periodic system. Since then, the well-known tabular arrangement of the elements has been the guiding principle of chemistry. A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences and the Interdisciplinary Center for Bioinformatics at the University of Leipzig provides computational approaches based on extensive data sets from the Reaxys chemistry database that explain the development of the first periodic systems.

Environment - History / Archeology - 01.08.2022
The Bantu expansion took a rainforest route
The Bantu expansion took a rainforest route
Early Bantu speakers crossed through the dense Central African Rainforest 4,000 years ago The study used novel computational approaches and linguistic data from more than 400 Bantu languages to reconstruct the historic migration routes. The project was a collaboration between scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and researchers at the University of Auckland in New Zealand.

Life Sciences - 29.07.2022
The brains of Neanderthals developed differently from those of modern humans
The brains of Neanderthals developed differently from those of modern humans
Brain stem cells of modern humans make fewer mistakes in the distribution of their chromosomes to the daughter cells Neanderthals are the closest relatives to modern humans. The neocortex, the largest part of the outer layer of the brain, is unique to mammals and crucial for many cognitive capacities.

Astronomy / Space Science - 28.07.2022
James Webb Telescope reveals highly distant galaxies
James Webb Telescope reveals highly distant galaxies
Improved model for the mass distribution of the galaxy cluster SMACS J0723. Using the first science image released by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) this month, an international team of scientists with significant contribution from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has built an improved model for the mass distribution of the galaxy cluster SMACS J0723.

Physics - Chemistry - 28.07.2022
A Nanokelvin Microwave Freezer for Molecules
A Nanokelvin Microwave Freezer for Molecules
A new method to cool gases of polar molecules to near absolute zero paves the way for studying quantum effects of exotic forms of matter Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have developed a novel cooling technique for molecular gases. It makes it possible to cool polar molecules down to a few nanokelvin.

Astronomy / Space Science - 28.07.2022
Galaxies behind a gravitational magnifier
Galaxies behind a gravitational magnifier
The James Webb Telescope reveals highly distant objects Using the first science image released by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) this month, an international team of scientists led by the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics has built an improved model for the mass distribution of the galaxy cluster SMACS J0723.

Life Sciences - 28.07.2022
Pollination by Crustaceans
Pollination by Crustaceans
Bee of the sea: A small marine isopod aids in pollinating red algae Until recently, pollination was thought to be exclusive to land plants. An international team of researchers has now discovered that small crustaceans improve the reproduction rate of red algae by transporting the sperm from the male to the female algae.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 28.07.2022
Meteoritic Evidence for Very Early Volcanism in the Nascent Solar System
Meteoritic Evidence for Very Early Volcanism in the Nascent Solar System
An international team of researchers, including scientists from Freie Universität Berlin, publish a new study Scientists from Freie Universität Berlin, University of Bristol, Northwest University Xi'an, and the Institute of Geochemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have published the results of a new determination of the crystallization age of 4566.6 ± 0.6 million years for a meteorite called Erg Chech 002 (EC 002).

Health - 27.07.2022
Covid-19: New energy for flagging immune cells
Covid-19: New energy for flagging immune cells
Immune cells do not receive sufficient suitable energy carriers in infected individuals, a study reveals In severe Covid-19 patients, the metabolism produces insufficient amounts of certain energy-rich compounds called ketone bodies. However, these energy carriers are needed by two important cell types in the immune system in order to fight the virus effectively.
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