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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Computer Science - Feb 19
Computer Science
The reproducibility of research results is one of the fundamental quality criteria in science. The demand for transparency of the scientific knowledge process aims to ensure the repeatability of scientific studies or experiments. The project "Opening Reproducible Research" (o2r) of the Institute for Geoinformatics of the University of Münster and the University and State Library of Münster deals with this topic.
Astronomy - Feb 17
Astronomy

Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system.

Life Sciences - Feb 12
Life Sciences

Transport proteins can switch between microtubule network and actin network Many amphibians and fish are able to change their color in order to better adapt to their environment.

Life Sciences - Feb 13

A new study at Freie Universität Berlin shows how body temperature regulates certain enzymes and biological processes. No 033/2020 from Feb 13, 2020 Researchers from Freie Universität Berlin's Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry have shown that the activity of a class of enzymes is directly controlled by subtle changes in body temperature.

Physics - Feb 10
Physics

The development of a quantum computer that can solve problems, which classical computers can only solve with great effort or not at all - this is the goal currently being pursued by an ever-growing number of research teams worldwide.


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Computer Science / Telecom - Life Sciences - 19.02.2020
"A rethinking in the minds of researchers is necessary": Guest comments
The reproducibility of research results is one of the fundamental quality criteria in science. The demand for transparency of the scientific knowledge process aims to ensure the repeatability of scientific studies or experiments. The project "Opening Reproducible Research" (o2r) of the Institute for Geoinformatics of the University of Münster and the University and State Library of Münster deals with this topic.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.02.2020
First research results on the
First research results on the "spectacular meteorite fall" of Flensburg
Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system. A fireball in the sky, accompanied by a bang, amazed hundreds of eyewitnesses in northern Germany in mid-September last year.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 13.02.2020
Body Temperature Controls Enzyme Activity
A new study at Freie Universität Berlin shows how body temperature regulates certain enzymes and biological processes No 033/2020 from Feb 13, 2020 Researchers from Freie Universität Berlin's Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry have shown that the activity of a class of enzymes is directly controlled by subtle changes in body temperature.

Life Sciences - 12.02.2020
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Transport proteins can switch between microtubule network and actin network Many amphibians and fish are able to change their color in order to better adapt to their environment. Munich-based scientists have now investigated the molecular mechanisms in the cytoskeleton necessary for this and revealed potential evolutionary paths.

Physics - Innovation - 10.02.2020
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
The development of a quantum computer that can solve problems, which classical computers can only solve with great effort or not at all - this is the goal currently being pursued by an ever-growing number of research teams worldwide. The reason: Quantum effects, which originate from the world of the smallest particles and structures, enable many new technological applications.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.02.2020
The invisibility cloak of a fungus
The invisibility cloak of a fungus
While viruses and bacteria regularly manage to infect the human organism, fungi only very rarely succeed. The reason for this is that the human immune system can recognize them very easily because their cells are surrounded by a solid cell wall of chitin and other complex sugars. Chitin is, so to speak, the alarm signal for our immune system, to which it reacts with a whole arsenal of defensive weapons.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.02.2020
Bumble bees prefer a low-fat diet
A bumble bee's diet affects survival and reproductive capabilities Are bees dying of malnourishment? Professor Sara Diana Leonhardt examines the interactions between plants and insects with her work group at the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan. Using behavioral experiments, her team analyzes how bumble bees evaluate the quality of food sources and how foods of various qualities affect their well-being.

Pharmacology - Health - 04.02.2020
Hepatitis B: New therapeutic approach
Hepatitis B: New therapeutic approach
Therapeutic vaccination may help to cure chronic hepatitis B infection Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM), Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) have developed a novel therapeutic approach to cure chronic hepatitis B. The scientists found that the large amount of hepatitis B virus proteins expressed in the liver prevents the body's immune system to defeat the virus.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.02.2020
What can be done to combat the third leading cause of death worldwide?
Freie Universität Berlin participates in international research project to develop new therapies against antibiotic-resistant pathogens of pneumonia / Funded with 10 million euros from the European Union No 025/2020 from Feb 04, 2020 Scientists from eleven European research institutions, including the Institute of Pharmacy at Freie Universität Berlin, are jointly looking for new ways to combat antibiotic-resistant pathogens.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.01.2020
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Relationship between the economic value of our ecosystems and biodiversity Can the biodiversity of ecosystems be considered a factor of production? A group of researchers under the direction of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are studying the economic benefits that farmers and foresters can obtain by focusing on several species instead of just one.

Life Sciences - Physics - 29.01.2020
Guardian angel of the eye
Guardian angel of the eye
Protective protein in the eye lens affects protein oxidation The lens of the human eye comprises a highly concentrated protein solution, which lends the lens its great refractive power. Protective proteins prevent these proteins from clumping together throughout a lifetime. A team of scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now uncovered the precise structure of the alpha-A crystallin protein and, in the process, discovered an important additional function.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 29.01.2020
Tree-like Detergent Molecules for Membrane Proteins
Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin and University of Oxford Develop Novel Technique for the Analysis of Membrane Proteins No 017/2020 from Jan 29, 2020 Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Oxford developed a method, which enables the gentle release of proteins from membranes.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.01.2020
Gene scissors against incurable muscular disease
Gene scissors against incurable muscular disease
New gene correction therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy Duchenne type muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common hereditary muscular disease among children, leaving them wheelchair-bound before the age of twelve and reducing life expectancy. Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) and the German Research Center for Environmental Health (Helmholtz Zentrum München) have developed a gene therapy that may provide permanent relief for those suffering from DMD.

Psychology - 27.01.2020
When discussions become emotional
In these times, when Donald Trump and Greta Thunberg are active, discussions on scientific findings can become emotional. But how does the general public see such emotional debates' Initial answers to this question have now been found in the interdisciplinary DFG (German Research Foundation) Research Training Group “Trust and Communication in a Digitized World”.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 27.01.2020
A real alternative to crude oil
A real alternative to crude oil
The synthesis of bio-based high-performance polyamide from biogenic residues A research team from the Fraunhofer Society and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) led by chemist Volker Sieber has developed a new polyamide family which can be produced from a byproduct of cellulose production - a successful example for a more sustainable economy with bio-based materials.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 24.01.2020
Deciphering the sugar code
Deciphering the sugar code
Like animals and humans, plants possess a kind of immune system. It can e.g. recognize pathogenic fungi by the chitin in their cell walls, triggering disease resistance. Some fungi hide from the immune system by modifying some of the chitin building blocks, converting chitin into chitosan.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.01.2020
Researchers reconstruct 500 million years of insect evolution
Researchers reconstruct 500 million years of insect evolution
Arthropods, a group of animals including next to insects also spiders or crustaceans, make up the most species-rich and diverse group of animals on Earth, with numerous adaptations that have allowed them to exploit all major ecosystems. However, what genetic mechanisms are responsible for their great evolutionary success' A team of international researchers studied now these species and tracked the evolutionary origin of key adaptations.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.01.2020
Digital Fertilization
Digital Fertilization
Algorithms and sensors for sustainable and future-proof agriculture European Union Directives stipulate a reduction in nitrate levels in groundwater. Digital techniques developed by researchers at the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan under the aegis of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have proved useful in achieving this goal.

Earth Sciences - Palaeontology - 17.01.2020
Dinosaurs died because of an asteroid impact
Dinosaurs died because of an asteroid impact
Researchers disprove theory of volcanic eruption as reason for mass deaths / Mineralogists and planetologists of the University of Münster participating in worldwide study in "Science' Was it volcanic eruptions in western India or an asteroid impact that caused the death of dinosaurs and many other animal species 66 million years ago? Researchers have been discussing this since the 1980s.

Chemistry - Physics - 17.01.2020
Chemists allow boron atoms to migrate
Chemists allow boron atoms to migrate
Organic molecules with atoms of the semi-metal boron are among the most important building blocks for synthesis products that are needed to produce drugs and agricultural chemicals. However, during the usual chemical reactions used in industry, the valuable boron unit, which can replace another atom in a molecule, is often lost.
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