news 2020

Life Sciences - Oct 20
Life Sciences
Coronavirus: Neuropilin-1 could open the door to the inside of the cell - The protein neuropilin-1 facilitates SARS CoV-2 cell entry. A research team including Prof. Mikael Simons of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) recently published these findings in the journal "Science".
Social Sciences - Oct 19

Research team including agroecologists from Göttingen University study conditions in Peruvian cocoa agroforestry systems. Worldwide demand for food from the tropics that meets higher environmental and social standards has risen sharply in recent years.

Environment - Oct 14
Environment

Scientists from the University of Göttingen call for meaningful support for smallholder farmers in Indonesia.

Agronomy - Oct 15

International research team including University of Göttingen explains advantages of molecular breeding methods. More than two billion people worldwide suffer from micronutrient malnutrition due to deficiencies in minerals and vitamins.

Life Sciences - Oct 13
Life Sciences

Scientists at the Technical University of Munich derived human organoids from duodenal tissue sections.


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Life Sciences - Health - 20.10.2020
How the virus enters the cell
How the virus enters the cell
Coronavirus: Neuropilin-1 could open the door to the inside of the cell The protein neuropilin-1 facilitates SARS CoV-2 cell entry. A research team including Prof. Mikael Simons of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) recently published these findings in the journal "Science". Because neuropilin-1 is expressed in the mucous membranes of the olfactory and respiratory tract, the findings may be important for understanding the spreading of SARS CoV-2.

Social Sciences - Environment - 19.10.2020
High social and ecological standards for chocolate
Research team including agroecologists from Göttingen University study conditions in Peruvian cocoa agroforestry systems Worldwide demand for food from the tropics that meets higher environmental and social standards has risen sharply in recent years. Consumers often have to make ethically questionable decisions: products may be available to the global market through child labour, starvation wages or environmental destruction.

Agronomy / Food Science - 15.10.2020
Plant genetic engineering to fight ’hidden hunger’
International research team including University of Göttingen explains advantages of molecular breeding methods More than two billion people worldwide suffer from micronutrient malnutrition due to deficiencies in minerals and vitamins. Poor people in developing countries are most affected, as their diets are typically dominated by starchy staple foods, which are inexpensive sources of calories but contain low amounts of micronutrients.

Environment - 14.10.2020
More diversity needed in oil palm plantations
More diversity needed in oil palm plantations
Scientists from the University of Göttingen call for meaningful support for smallholder farmers in Indonesia The growing global demand for palm oil has led to a rapid spread of oil palm monoculture plantations in South East Asia. This is often associated with the loss of natural habitat and biodiversity.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.10.2020
An alternative to animal experiments
An alternative to animal experiments
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich derived human organoids from duodenal tissue sections. Within a few days, organoids grow from small circular structures into bigger, more complex structures resembling many aspects of intestinal physiology. New applications for organoids from human intestinal tissue Researchers of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have cultured so-called intestinal organoids from human intestinal tissue, which is a common byproduct when performing bowel surgery.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.10.2020
Safely on the way to effective tumour cell killing
Safely on the way to effective tumour cell killing
Scientists at the University of Göttingen develop drug for antibody tumour therapy Chemists at the University of Göttingen have developed new cytotoxic drugs which could revolutionise antibody-based tumour therapy approaches. The research team succeeded in modifying the natural product Duocarmycin into -prodrug- formats - which means that it only develops its effect once inside the tumour cell, thus reducing the likelihood of potential side effects on passage through the body.

Environment - 09.10.2020
Researching ecosystems from the air
Researching ecosystems from the air
It looks absolutely idyllic, watching the Heck cattle and Konik horses grazing in the meadows in the Emsaue wet meadows near the village of Vadrup. This pasture landscape, covering an area of 33 hectares and used all year round, lies in the Emsaue nature conservation area and was set up in 2004 as part of the implementation of the plan to protect the wet meadows by the River Ems.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.10.2020
New Class of Highly Effective Inhibitors Protects against Neurodegeneration
Heidelberg neurobiologists decode central mechanism of degenerative processes in the brains of mouse models and develop new principle for therapeutic agents Neurobiologists at Heidelberg University have discovered how a special receptor at neuronal junctions that normally activates a protective genetic programme can lead to nerve cell death when located outside synapses.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.10.2020
Understanding the course of viral infections
Understanding the course of viral infections
It is only 120 millionths of a millimetre in size but can bring entire countries to a standstill: the Corona virus. Even if it were to disappear one day, viral infections will still be among the most frequent and difficult-to-treat diseases in humans. Even decades of research have only produced a few standardized vaccines and strategies for treatment to combat just a small number of viruses.

Environment - Life Sciences - 07.10.2020
Are there hydroelectric power plants that are fish-friendly?
Are there hydroelectric power plants that are fish-friendly?
Complex investigation of new hydropower plants Modern hydroelectric power plants do not always protect fish better than conventional ones. In addition to the technologies employed, the specific location of the plant and the fish species being present at that location also play a role in fish protection.

Chemistry - Physics - 07.10.2020
Molecular swarm rearranges surface structures atom by atom: New study
Molecular swarm rearranges surface structures atom by atom: New study
Much like a zipper, carbene molecules cooperate on a gold surface to join two rows of atoms into one row, resulting - step by step - in a new surface structure. The surface of metals plays a key role in many technologically relevant areas, such as catalysis, sensor technology and battery research. For example, the large-scale production of many chemical compounds takes place on metal surfaces, whose atomic structure determines if and how molecules react with one another.

Health - Chemistry - 30.09.2020
Can organic plant protection products damage crops?
Researchers at Göttingen University discover new disease affecting maize Protecting crops against pests and diseases is essential to ensure a secure food supply. Around 95 percent of food comes from conventional agriculture, which uses chemical pesticides to keep crops healthy. Increasingly, however, organic pesticides are also being sought as an alternative.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 30.09.2020
Stellar explosion in Earth's proximity
Stellar explosion in Earth’s proximity
Discovery of iron-60 and manganese-53 substantiates supernova 2.5 million years ago When the brightness of the star Betelgeuse dropped dramatically a few months ago, some observers suspected an impending supernova - a stellar explosion that could also cause damage on Earth. While Betelgeuse has returned to normal, physicists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have found evidence of a supernova that exploded near the Earth around 2.5 million years ago.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 29.09.2020
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
Intelligent software for a better understanding of plant tissue development Using artificial intelligence, researchers have developed a novel computer-based image processing method for plant sciences. The method enables the detailed 3D representation of all cells in various plant organs with unprecedented precision.

Environment - 28.09.2020
Artificial Intellegence Can Help Protect Orchids
Artificial Intellegence Can Help Protect Orchids
Orchids may be decorative, but many orchid species are also threatened by land conversion and illegal harvesting. However, only a fraction of those species are included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, because assessments require a lot of time, resources and expertise. A new approach, an automated assessment developed under the lead of biodiversity researchers from Central Germany, now shows that almost 30 per cent of all orchid species are possibly threatened.

Environment - 28.09.2020
Hand pollination, not agrochemicals, increases cocoa yield and farmer income
Hand pollination, not agrochemicals, increases cocoa yield and farmer income
Agroecologists from Göttingen University compare pesticides, fertilisers, manual pollination and farming costs in Indonesia Cocoa is in great demand on the world market, but there are many different ways to increase production. A research team from the University of Göttingen has now investigated the relative importance of the use of pesticides, fertilisers and manual pollination in a well replicated field trial in Indonesian agroforestry systems.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2020
Looking at evolution's genealogy from home
Looking at evolution’s genealogy from home
As the developers of 2-n-way, Dr. Jürgen Schmitz, Dr. Liliya Doronina, Norbert Grundmann, Fengjun Zhang and Dr. Gennady Churakov (from left) are delighted at the publication of their project in the specialist press. Evolution leaves its traces in particular in genomes. Pinpointing its influence is a laborious process - but one in which Dr. Jürgen Schmitz and his team at the University of Münster are at home.

Social Sciences - Law - 28.09.2020
Understanding What Holds Societies Together
Berlin University Alliance funds six groundbreaking projects in the Social Cohesion funding line of its Grand Challenge Initiatives No 170/2020 from Sep 28, 2020 Social cohesion is a global challenge. Understanding social transformations is a key to successful coexistence in a complex, heterogeneous world.

Pharmacology - Health - 25.09.2020
Secure nano-carrier delivers medications directly to cells
Secure nano-carrier delivers medications directly to cells
Nanoparticles with synthetic DNA can control release of drugs Medications often have unwanted side-effects. One reason is that they reach not only the unhealthy cells for which they are intended, but also reach and have an impact on healthy cells. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), working together with the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, have developed a stable nano-carrier for medications.

Physics - Electroengineering - 24.09.2020
The Return of the Spin Echo
The Return of the Spin Echo
If the spins of phosphorus atoms in silicon are cleverly excited with microwave pulses, a so-called spin echo signal can be detected after a certain time. Surprisingly, this spin echo does not occur only once, but a whole series of echoes can be detected.
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