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Health - Psychology - 09.04.2024
When and How Does Touch Make a Difference?
When and How Does Touch Make a Difference?
A hug can have a beneficial effect. Even when it comes from a robot. Touch can do a lot of good - so far, so good. But to what extent do humans benefit from it? How much touch is allowed? Who should touch and where? When we experience physical contact - does it even have to be with another human? A research team from Bochum, Duisburg-Essen and Amsterdam analyzed over 130 international studies with around 10,000 participants to answer these questions.

Psychology - 12.03.2024
Included in the thought? New studies on the generic masculine
Included in the thought? New studies on the generic masculine
The generic masculine generally emphasizes the masculine side. The fact that all genders are of course meant does not change this. This is shown by a new study by Würzburg psychologists. It is a crux with the generic masculine in German: if a group is made up of 99 female professors and only one male professor, it would be grammatically correct to speak of "the professors" in this case.

Health - Psychology - 27.02.2024
Transidentity in minors
In Western Europe, the number of children and adolescents who do not identify with their sex assessed at birth and who therefore seek help is rapidly increasing. A recently published updated systematic review evaluates the current evidence on the use of puberty blockers and cross-sex-hormones in minors with gender dysphoria as insufficient, and therefore emphasizes the particular importance of psychological and psychotherapeutic interventions for this vulnerable group.

Psychology - 20.02.2024
Mental health impaired internationally following the outbreak of war in Ukraine
Mental health impaired internationally following the outbreak of war in Ukraine
International team led by Münster researchers studies psychological consequences of the war The outbreak of Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine almost two years ago led internationally to a collective downturn in people's sense of well-being - irrespective of age, gender, political views or any other attributes which the people questioned had.

Health - Psychology - 19.02.2024
Physical activity counteracts the negative consequences of being alone
Physical activity counteracts the negative consequences of being alone
Physical activity in everyday life has the potential to compensate for the negative consequences of being alone on well-being - especially in psychologically and neurobiologically vulnerable people. Social isolation and loneliness are major societal problems. Their negative impact on mental health has been exacerbated worldwide by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Psychology - Health - 19.02.2024
Schema therapy is effective for treating severe depression
Schema therapy is effective for treating severe depression
In an uniquely extensive study, researchers were able to demonstrate the clinical benefits of schema therapy in the context of inpatient treatment. This therapy is therefore a promising alternative for the treatment of severe depression. Schema therapy is increasingly being used as a psychotherapeutic method.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.01.2024
How Does Materialism in Social Media Trigger Stress and Unhappiness?
How Does Materialism in Social Media Trigger Stress and Unhappiness?
You won't find another place that makes it as easy to compare yourself with others as social media. That's not good for you. Clothes, cars, travel, followers: People with a materialistic mindset always want more and, above all, more than others. Social media provides them with ideal opportunities to compare themselves with others, which makes them susceptible to passive and addictive user behavior.

Psychology - Pharmacology - 12.01.2024
Psychotherapy effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder following multiple traumatic events: International meta-study
Psychotherapy effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder following multiple traumatic events International meta-study: Team led by researchers from the University of Münster reports encouraging results for patients and therapists Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following exposure to multiple traumatic events.

Health - Psychology - 10.01.2024
Therapy against spider fear can also reduce fear of heights
Therapy against spider fear can also reduce fear of heights
It has long been assumed that it is necessary to use different exposure therapies to treat different fears. A new study from Bochum challenges this view. Exposure therapy for a specific fear can also help reduce other fears. This is the conclusion reached by psychologists at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, who studied 50 people with a fear of spiders and heights.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 05.01.2024
How memories are formed in the brain - a new role for the internal compass
How memories are formed in the brain - a new role for the internal compass
Since their discovery in the 1990s, the head-direction cells in the brain have been referred to as its "internal compass." These cells are activated when the head of an animal or human points in a certain direction, and are thought to be important for spatial orientation and navigation. Now a team of neuroscientists at the University of Tübingen has discovered that head-direction cells in mice do more than this.

Health - Psychology - 14.12.2023
How can the control of binge eating be improved?
How can the control of binge eating be improved?
Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in Germany. People who suffer from it often lose control when eating and consume large amounts of food. Anja Hilbert, Professor of Behavioral Medicine at Leipzig University, is investigating how the disorder can be cured. In a recent pilot study, she and her research team found a positive effect of food-related neurofeedback.

Psychology - 11.12.2023
Is age linked to the picture of the perfect partner?
Is age linked to the picture of the perfect partner?
Research team led by Göttingen University studies a large, international sample of single women How do women picture the partner of their dreams? And how does this vary between women based on their age? A team of researchers led by the University of Göttingen investigated the complex relationships between age and preferences for a partner in a large, international sample of single women.

Environment - Psychology - 30.11.2023
What Makes Sustainable Consumption So Difficult
What Makes Sustainable Consumption So Difficult
When it comes to self-discipline, psychological research traditionally focuses on individual responsibility. Wilhelm Hofmann believes this is too short-sighted. Self-discipline doesn't work without effective regulation. While many people want to achieve major long-term goals - such as improving their diet, quitting smoking or adopting a more sustainable lifestyle - they often find it difficult to do so.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 10.11.2023
How stress affects our cognitive emotion regulation
How stress affects our cognitive emotion regulation
How do men and women regulate their emotions under stress? A new study in cognitive psychology that makes use of the socially evaluated cold-pressor test has answered this question. The response to stress varies from person to person. "We're trying to find out which factors may account for these different susceptibilities," explains Dr. Katja Langer, a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Cognitive Psychology.

Psychology - Health - 09.11.2023
What's the story behind ASMR clips?
What’s the story behind ASMR clips?
Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have published the first systematic review of Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR). Millions of people watch content creators on YouTube and social media platforms such as TikTok as they whisper soothing words, perform simulated role plays such as a visit to the hairdresser, or interact with certain objects such as the keyboard of a computer in a specific rhythm.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 26.10.2023
The ego-consciousness of the feathered fowl?
The ego-consciousness of the feathered fowl?
A study by researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Bochum suggests that roosters might recognize themselves in the mirror. Scrape, cluck, lay eggs - that's it? Anyone involved in chicken farming knows that the animals are capable of much more. Researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Bochum, together with the MSH Medical School Hamburg, have found evidence that roosters could recognize themselves in a mirror.

Psychology - Health - 16.10.2023
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissistic personality traits are related to poorer response to psychotherapeutic treatment. This is the result of a German multi-site study with more than 2,000 participants receiving inpatient and outpatient psychotherapy. The findings of the research team at Jena University Hospital and University of Münster, now published in the scientific journal The Lancet Psychiatry, can contribute to further individualization of psychotherapy.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 29.09.2023
New insights into how the human brain organises language
A new study has provided the first clear picture of where language processes are located in the brain. The findings may be useful in clinical trials involving language recovery after brain injury. Dr Sabrina Turker, Dr Philipp Kuhnke and Professor Gesa Hartwigsen from the Wilhelm Wundt Institute of Psychology at Leipzig University and the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences conducted the meta-analysis in collaboration with researchers from Forschungszentrum Jülich.

Health - Psychology - 31.07.2023
What helps Stephanie may not help Stefan
Women and men react differently to stress and strain. These are the results of an investigation from the first year of the Corona pandemic carried out by a team from the University and the University Hospital Würzburg. Does anyone still remember the initial phase of the Corona pandemic in 2020? When shops, restaurants, cinemas, and theatres remained closed.

Psychology - 14.06.2023
Men and young adults are more narcissistic than women and older people
Men and young adults are more narcissistic than women and older people
Current psychological study on gender and age differences Psychologists at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) in Münster, Germany, have joined forces with an international consortium to conduct the most comprehensive study to date on gender and age differences on the topic of narcissism. The scientists surveyed around 270,000 people for their study.
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