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Astronomy / Space - 11.07.2024
Nearest massive black hole
With 8200 solar masses, the black hole fills the evolutionary gap between stellar and supermassive black holes Newly identified fast-moving stars in the star cluster Omega Centauri provide solid evidence for a central black hole in the cluster. With at least 8200 solar masses, it is the best candidate for a class of black holes astronomers have long believed to exist: intermediate-mass black holes, formed in the early stages of galaxy evolution.

Astronomy / Space - Materials Science - 09.07.2024
Building Materials for Water-Rich Planets in the Early Solar System
Investigations with participation by Heidelberg scientists show that later emerging small bodies brought water to the Earth Age data for certain classes of meteorite have made it possible to gain new findings on the origin of small water-rich astronomical bodies in the early solar system. These so-called planetesimals continually supplied building materials for planets - also for the Earth, whose original material contained little water.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 28.06.2024
Breakthrough in Gravitational Wave Physics: Scattering of Black Holes Described with Unprecedented Precision
Study provides new insights into the gravitational interactions between colliding black holes and answers to fundamental questions in physics. Under the leadership of Jan Plefka from the Department of Physics at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HU), an international team has described the dynamics of colliding black holes with unprecedented mathematical precision.

Astronomy / Space - 14.06.2024
Exceptional Black Hole Discovered in the Milky Way
Exceptional Black Hole Discovered in the Milky Way
Heidelberg researchers played a leading role in evaluating the data from the Gaia space observatory A mere 2,000 light years from Earth lies a black hole approximately 33 times the mass of the sun. The object known as Gaia BH3 - the most massive black hole ever discovered in the Milky Way - was detected with the aid of the Gaia space observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA).

Astronomy / Space - 12.06.2024
Cosmic roulette
Cosmic roulette
Almost four billion light years away from Earth in the centre of the galaxy OJ287, two giant black holes orbit each other, which are approximately 18 billion and 150 million times more massive than our sun. The larger of the two black holes is surrounded by a vast accretion disk, a rotating disk of matter that flows towards the black hole at its centre.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 06.06.2024
Searching for Signals from the Early Universe
In the search for signals from the early universe, the Heidelberg scientist Georg Wolschin deals with the question of whether and how residual spectral lines from the recombination phase with the formation of the first elements can be detected in the cosmic background radiation - which can be measured very precisely today.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 23.05.2024
Euclid delivers first scientific results
Euclid delivers first scientific results
ESA's space telescope reveals secrets of the cosmos. University of Bonn is involved Today, the Euclid Consortium publishes the first scientific publications on observations with the Euclid space telescope. In a first early observation phase, some scientifically spectacular results have already been achieved.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 23.05.2024
On the Way to the Most Precise Map of Our Universe
On the Way to the Most Precise Map of Our Universe
  Observations made by the Euclid telescope show the world the discovery of free-floating new-born planets, of a new dwarf galaxy and many more.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 23.05.2024
Light 
Light 
New scientific data from the Euclid Space Telescope reveals the mystery of the faint glow in the Perseus galaxy cluster The Perseus galaxy cluster was one of the first targets of ESA's Euclid space telescope. It contains thousands of brilliant galaxies, as heavy as 650 trillion suns, held together by their own gravity.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 30.04.2024
Clouds blanket the night side of the hot exoplanet WASP-43b
Clouds blanket the night side of the hot exoplanet WASP-43b
High temperatures and extreme wind speeds influence the chemistry inside the planet's atmosphere. Using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), a team of astronomers, including scientists from MPIA, constructed a global temperature map of the hot, gas giant exoplanet WASP-43b.

Astronomy / Space - Chemistry - 17.04.2024
Peptides on Interstellar Ice
Peptides on Interstellar Ice
Peptides are organic compounds that play a crucial role in many biological processes, for example, as enzymes. A research team led by Dr Serge Krasnokutski from the Astrophysics Laboratory at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy at the University of Jena had already demonstrated that simple peptides can form on cosmic dust particles.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 16.04.2024
A frustrated jet in the centre of the Milky Way
A frustrated jet in the centre of the Milky Way
Magnetic fields spiral around the mass monster Sagittarius A* and form up for a restart The Event Horizon Telescope, a network of individual radio telescopes located all'over the world, has once again observed the centre of our galaxy, the Milky Way. Using the polarised part of the radio light, the researchers discovered strong magnetic fields that spiral out from the edge of the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A*.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 16.04.2024
Searching for clues in a fly-by
Searching for clues in a fly-by
The BepiColombo space probe measures carbon ions escaping from the atmosphere of Venus and thus helps to decipher the special development of Venus During its flyby of Venus, the European-Japanese space probe Bepi Colombo for the first time found carbon ions escaping from the planet's atmosphere into space in a previously unexplored region on the night side of the planet.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 12.04.2024
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
Prof. Patrique Fiedler and his team at the Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMTI) at TU Ilmenau are working on an EEG system suitable for use in space. It is intended to accompany astronauts on long-term missions in order to recognize and counteract limitations in their performance in good time.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 05.04.2024
Mysterious object in the gap
Mysterious object in the gap
On May 29, 2023, the LIGO Livingston detector observed a mysterious signal, called GW230529. It originated from the merger of a neutron star with an unknown compact object, most likely an unusually light-weight black hole. With a mass of only a few times that of our Sun, the object falls into the "lower mass gap" between the heaviest neutron stars and the lightest black holes.

Astronomy / Space - 27.03.2024
James Webb Space Telescope: Fascinating Images Show Nearby Spiral Galaxies
James Webb Space Telescope: Fascinating Images Show Nearby Spiral Galaxies
Heidelberg University astrophysicist vital contributor to preparation and study of new data Fascinating new images from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope show the structure of 19 nearby spiral galaxies. They were acquired with infrared light and provide a detailed view of the distribution of stars and the material from which they form.

Astronomy / Space - Life Sciences - 25.03.2024
Bacteria beyond Earth?
Bacteria beyond Earth?
Signs of life detectable in single ice grains emitted from moons orbiting Saturn and Jupiter The ice-encrusted oceans of some of the moons orbiting Saturn and Jupiter are prime candidates in the search for extraterrestrial life. A new lab-based study led by Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Washington, Seattle, shows that individual ice grains ejected from these planetary bodies may contain enough material for instruments headed there this fall to detect signs of life - if such life exists.

Astronomy / Space - Chemistry - 29.01.2024
Cosmic building blocks of life discovered through the electron microscope
Cosmic building blocks of life discovered through the electron microscope
For the first time without any chemical treatment, a research team analyses extraterrestrial amino acids and other organic compounds in an English meteorite fall Meteorites are fragments of asteroids which find their way to Earth as shooting stars. These cosmic sediments have frozen the primordial soup from which our solar system emerged - preserving it just like a time capsule.

Astronomy / Space - 29.01.2024
Starving mass monster
Starving mass monster
Black hole at the centre of a galaxy in the early universe received less mass influx than expected With the upgraded GRAVITY-instrument at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer of the European Southern Observatory, a team of astronomers led by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics has determined the mass of a Black Hole in a galaxy only 2 billion years after the Big Bang.

Astronomy / Space - Mathematics - 19.01.2024
Black Hole Shadow
Black Hole Shadow
One year after the discovery image of the black hole M87*, improved observations of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration give a better picture showing a persistent black hole shadow. The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration including scientists at Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg has released a new image of M87*, the supermassive black hole residing at the heart of the galaxy Messier 87.
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