News 2019

Chemistry - Mar 22
Chemistry
03/22/2019 - Direct coupling of two molecules of nitrogen: chemists from Würzburg and Frankfurt have achieved what was thought to be impossible. This new reaction is reported and opens new possibilities for one of the most inert molecules on earth. Constituting over 78 % of the air we breathe, nitrogen is the element found the most often in its pure form on earth.
Life Sciences - Mar 21

Study by Research Team at Freie Universität Led by Biology Professor Stephan Sigrist on Conditions for Improving Memory Formation in Aging Humans. No 063/2019 from Mar 21, 2019 Humans are not only capable of forming memories but also recalling these memories years later.

Environment - Mar 20
Environment

Meadows adjacent to high-intensity agricultural areas are home to less than half the number of butterfly species than areas in nature preserves.

Life Sciences - Mar 20
Life Sciences

In order for the heart to work properly, it must exert muscular force. This involves the coordinated contraction of numerous sarcomeres, the smallest contractile units of heart muscle.

Life Sciences - Mar 20
Life Sciences

03/20/2019 - Two proteins work hand in hand to ensure that the tumour cells of neuroblastoma can grow at full speed.


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Chemistry - Pharmacology - 22.03.2019
Inert Nitrogen Forced to React with Itself
Inert Nitrogen Forced to React with Itself
03/22/2019 Direct coupling of two molecules of nitrogen: chemists from Würzburg and Frankfurt have achieved what was thought to be impossible. This new reaction is reported and opens new possibilities for one of the most inert molecules on earth. Constituting over 78 % of the air we breathe, nitrogen is the element found the most often in its pure form on earth.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.03.2019
Memory like a Sieve - Or Not
Study by Research Team at Freie Universität Led by Biology Professor Stephan Sigrist on Conditions for Improving Memory Formation in Aging Humans No 063/2019 from Mar 21, 2019 Humans are not only capable of forming memories but also recalling these memories years later. However, with advancing age many of us face difficulties with forming new memories, a process usually referred to as age-induced memory impairment.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 20.03.2019
Discovery of a new heart muscle component
Discovery of a new heart muscle component
In order for the heart to work properly, it must exert muscular force. This involves the coordinated contraction of numerous sarcomeres, the smallest contractile units of heart muscle. Muscle contraction is brought about by the activity of conventional motor proteins, which pull on thin filaments to shorten sarcomeres.

Environment - 20.03.2019
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Meadows adjacent to high-intensity agricultural areas are home to less than half the number of butterfly species than areas in nature preserves. The number of individuals is even down to one-third of that number. These are results of a research team led by Jan Christian Habel at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Thomas Schmitt at the Senckenberg Nature Research Society.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.03.2019
Protein BRCA1 as a Stress Coach
Protein BRCA1 as a Stress Coach
03/20/2019 Two proteins work hand in hand to ensure that the tumour cells of neuroblastoma can grow at full speed. In "Nature", a Würzburg research team shows how the proteins can do this. Anyone who has ever studied the molecular basis of breast cancer will probably have heard of the abbreviation BRCA1 - this is a protein that protects the cells of breast tissue against cancer.

Innovation / Technology - Environment - 19.03.2019
Public-sector research boosts cleantech start-ups
Cleantech start-ups in the USA that cooperate with government research agencies outperform their competitors both in terms of patents and funding. That is the conclusion of a study by the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the University of Maryland and the University of Cambridge. In the cleantech sector, where development processes can extend over many years, public-private partnerships could prove valuable in other countries, too.

Materials Science - 19.03.2019
Deliberate Short Circuits and Nail Torture as a Means of Enhancing Security: Battery research
Deliberate Short Circuits and Nail Torture as a Means of Enhancing Security: Battery research
Most of the people who stroll across the Leonardo campus are unlikely to notice a narrow, single-storey building. The construction in question is about 25 metres long and five metres wide. It is adorned with red and white stripes, has a corrugated iron roof, and is surrounded by a wire mesh fence which is about 1.5 metres high.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2019
Purple bacteria visualize 'big eaters'
Purple bacteria visualize ’big eaters’
Tumors are very different at cellular and molecular level making them difficult to diagnose and treat. A team from Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Zentrum München has now shown that harmless purple bacteria are capable of visualizing aspects of this heterogeneity in the tumors.

Chemistry - Physics - 13.03.2019
Converting biomass by applying mechanical force
Converting biomass by applying mechanical force
One of the greatest global challenges is the efficient use of renewable sources in order to meet the increasing demand for energy and feedstock chemicals in the future. In this context, biomass is a promising alternative to existing fossil sources such as coal or oil. Cellulose plays a decisive role here because it accounts for the largest fraction of the natural carbon storage.

Life Sciences - 12.03.2019
From dandelion to car tyre
From dandelion to car tyre
In the recently published final report of the nationwide initiative "Plant Biotechnology of the Future", a project by scientists of the University of Münster has been selected as one of six research highlights of the programme. Between 2011 and 2018, plant researchers from all over Germany worked on 27 projects with 125 subprojects - funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 11.03.2019
One term - three different interpretations
One term - three different interpretations
As different as the term “dynamic” is used and understood in science, so diverse are the research areas of the University of Münster, in which dynamic even plays a central role in the title. Prof. Christopher Deninger and Prof. Mario Ohlberger from the Cluster of Excellence „Mathematics Münster“, the lawyer Prof. Nils Jansen from the Cluster of Excellence „Religion and Politics“ and the biochemist Prof. Lydia Sorokin from Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence explain what they understand by the term in their research.

Environment - Business / Economics - 04.03.2019
National Climate Policy Pays Off
The efforts of developed economies to reduce their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by boosting the use of renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency are beginning to pay off. This is the result of a study conducted by an international team of researchers that includes scientists from Heidelberg.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.02.2019
Cool adaptations to the cold
Cool adaptations to the cold
02/25/2019 Icefish live in an environment that should be deadly for them. Scientists have now investigated how they still manage to exist there and what evolutionary adaptations they have had to undergo in order to do so. You really don't want to have to live there: In the Arctic Ocean around the South Pole, the water temperature is just below minus two degrees.

Environment - 21.02.2019
How plants learned to save water
How plants learned to save water
02/21/2019 Plants that can manage with less water could make agriculture more sustainable. This is why a research team at the University of Würzburg is investigating how plants control their water balance. Tiny pores on the leaves of plants, called stomata, have a huge influence on the state of our planet.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.02.2019
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
A major volcanic event could have triggered one of the largest glaciations in Earth's history - the Gaskiers glaciation, which turned the Earth into a giant snowball approximately 580 million years ago. Researchers from Heidelberg University and colleagues from Mexico have discovered remnants of such a large igneous province that resulted from vast lava flows.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.02.2019
Using Light to Fight Dangerous Microorganisms on Eggshells
Research project at Freie Universität Berlin to reduce microorganisms on eggshells receives grant from German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food No 040/2019 from Feb 18, 2019 The German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) is supporting the work of a research group at Freie Universität Berlin aiming to reduce the number of microorganisms on eggshells.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.02.2019
Tidal Tails - The Beginning Of The End Of An Open Star Cluster
Tidal Tails - The Beginning Of The End Of An Open Star Cluster
In the course of their life, open star clusters continuously lose stars to their surroundings. The resulting swath of tidal tails provides a glimpse into the evolution and dissolution of a star cluster. Thus far only tidal tails of massive globular clusters and dwarf galaxies have been discovered in the Milky Way system.

Pharmacology - Health - 08.02.2019
Fluconazole Makes Fungi Sexually Active
Fluconazole Makes Fungi Sexually Active
Under the influence of the drug fluconazole, the fungus Candida albicans can change its mode of reproduction and thus become even more resistant. Scientists at the University of Würzburg report this in the journal mBio. The yeast Candida albicans occurs in most healthy people as a harmless colonizer in the digestive tract.

Business / Economics - Psychology - 07.02.2019
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
The amount of information and data which workers find themselves confronted with every day has increased enormously over the past few years. Globalisation and digitalisation have led to a steady increase in the complexity of work and business processes. Anything that is up-to-date today can already be outdated tomorrow.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.02.2019
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
Iron is an essential nutrient for plants, animals and also for humans. It is needed for a diverse range of metabolic processes, for example for photosynthesis and for respiration. If a person is lacking iron, this leads to a major negative impact on health. Millions of people around the globe suffer from iron deficiency each year.