Health - Mar 4
Health

Team involving the University of Freiburg has developed a new method for analyzing the basement membrane in the human lung. Metastases are largely responsible for the mortality of patients with solid cancers; the prognosis of cancer patients is significantly reduced when metastases are diagnosed. To date, there are no methods that allow a reliable prediction of the probability of future metastases.

Life Sciences

Researchers measure heat flow: from active metabolic forces inside cell to flickering cell membrane.

Health - Mar 1
Health

Too much niacin increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, is freely available as a dietary supplement .

Physics - Mar 1
Physics

Breakthrough in materials research: A team from the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat has developed an innovative protective film for 2D quantum materials that could play a key role in shaping the future of electronics.

Health - Feb 29
Health

A diet based on resistant starch promotes a favorable composition of the gut microbiome in obese people.

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Health - Life Sciences - 04.03.2024 - Today
First step towards early diagnosis of metastases
First step towards early diagnosis of metastases
Team involving the University of Freiburg has developed a new method for analyzing the basement membrane in the human lung Metastases are largely responsible for the mortality of patients with solid cancers; the prognosis of cancer patients is significantly reduced when metastases are diagnosed. To date, there are no methods that allow a reliable prediction of the probability of future metastases.

Life Sciences - Physics - 02.03.2024
First heat map for individual red blood cells
First heat map for individual red blood cells
Researchers measure heat flow: from active metabolic forces inside cell to flickering cell membrane Entropy is often associated with disorder and chaos, but in biology it is related to energy efficiency and is closely linked to metabolism, the set of chemical reactions that sustain life. This research was led by the Universities of Barcelona and Padua, with the participation of Göttingen University and the Universities Complutense and Francisco de Vitoria in Madrid.

Physics - Materials Science - 01.03.2024
Umbrella for Atoms: The First Protective Layer for 2D Quantum Materials
Umbrella for Atoms: The First Protective Layer for 2D Quantum Materials
Breakthrough in materials research: A team from the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat has developed an innovative protective film for 2D quantum materials that could play a key role in shaping the future of electronics. As silicon-based computer chips approach their physical limitations in the quest for faster and smaller designs, the search for alternative materials that remain functional at atomic scales is one of science's biggest challenges.

Health - Pharmacology - 01.03.2024
Too much niacin increases the risk of cardiovascular disease
Too much niacin increases the risk of cardiovascular disease
Too much niacin increases the risk of cardiovascular disease Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, is freely available as a dietary supplement . Why do some people have an increased risk of heart attack and stroke even without classic risk factors such as high cholesterol? An international research team has taken an open-ended look at what circulates in the bloodstream of affected people and distinguishes them from others.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.02.2024
Fibre against pounds
Fibre against pounds
A diet based on resistant starch promotes a favorable composition of the gut microbiome in obese people. This leads to weight reduction and measurable positive health outcomes such as improved insulin sensitivity. These were the findings of an international research team led by Professor Weiping Jia from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Professor Aimin Xu from the University of Hong Kong and Professor Gianni Panagiotou from Friedrich Schiller University Jena.

Health - Psychology - 27.02.2024
Transidentity in minors
In Western Europe, the number of children and adolescents who do not identify with their sex assessed at birth and who therefore seek help is rapidly increasing. A recently published updated systematic review evaluates the current evidence on the use of puberty blockers and cross-sex-hormones in minors with gender dysphoria as insufficient, and therefore emphasizes the particular importance of psychological and psychotherapeutic interventions for this vulnerable group.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.02.2024
Long-term memory and lack of mental images
Long-term memory and lack of mental images
Bonn researchers find connection between autobiographical memory and aphantasia When people lack visual imagination, this is known as aphantasia. Researchers from the University Hospital Bonn (UKB), the University of Bonn and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) investigated how the lack of mental imagery affects long-term memory.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.02.2024
New Study on the Benefits of Covid-19 Nasal Spray Vaccination Published in ’Nature Communications’
Joint research led by scientists at Freie Universität Berlin reaches another milestone Rocketvax AG, together with the German Research Foundation (DFG), has financially supported a study carried out as part of a joint project of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF, National Research Program "Covid-19," NRP 78) and the German Research Foundation (DFG) "Recoding the SARS-CoV-2 Genome - A Multidisciplinary Approach to Generate Live-Attenuated Coronavirus Vaccines.

Materials Science - 27.02.2024
Early humans as engineers
Early humans as engineers
Early hunter-gatherers from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa were selecting the most suitable material available for stone tools and spearheads more than 60,000 years ago, according to a study by Dr. Patrick Schmidt from the University of Tübingen's Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology section.

Environment - 27.02.2024
When the swimming hunter becomes exhausted
When the swimming hunter becomes exhausted
Fish are changing how they search for and consume prey in warmer waters, with models suggesting extinctions become more likely due to this behaviour change, according to a new study published in "Nature Climate Change" . Led by researchers at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the researchers found that fish in the Baltic Sea respond to temperature increases by consuming the first prey they encounter.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.02.2024
Modern hydropower plants also cause massive damage to ecology
Modern hydropower plants also cause massive damage to ecology
Scientific study on river habitats at the TUM Even modern and supposedly gentler hydropower plants cause considerable damage to river ecosystems. This is shown by a study by Prof. Jürgen Geist from the Chair of Aquatic Systems Biology at the TUM School of Life Sciences published in the "Journal of Applied Ecology".

Environment - 26.02.2024
How do plants react to climate change?
How do plants react to climate change?
Researchers develop new method for assessing climate change risks to ecosystems . Climate change is altering the earth's ecosystems. In order to assess the risks, studies often calculate the extent to which regions are exposed to climatic changes in order to determine the threat to ecosystems. This approach may lead to false conclusions, as it ignores how living organisms react physiologically when, for example, the water content of the soil or the carbon dioxide content of the air changes.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 22.02.2024
'Every person can learn to be more or less empathetic'
’Every person can learn to be more or less empathetic’
Empathy can be transferred. This means that people can learn or unlearn empathy by observing their environment. This is shown by a new study by Würzburg neuroscientist Grit Hein . With her latest evaluations of empathy skills, Würzburg professor Grit Hein has once again disproved the old adage: "What goes around comes around".

Chemistry - Physics - 22.02.2024
Polymer-Based Tunable Optical Components
Polymer-Based Tunable Optical Components
Felix H. Schacher, Dr Purushottam Poudel, Dr Sarah Walden & Isabelle Staude (l.t.r. Combining Two Established Systems to Create Something New "Both meta-surfaces and light-switchable polymers have been known in principle for decades," explains Sarah Walden from the Institute of Solid State Physics, who now leads a research group in Australia.

Environment - 21.02.2024
Increasingly similar or different?
Increasingly similar or different?
The tendency of communities and the species within them to become more similar or more distinct across landscapes - biotic homogenisation and differentiation - are approximately balanced, according to a new study published in ,,Science Advances". Led by researchers at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the researchers analysed 527 datasets collected from ecosystems like grasslands, shrublands, and coral reefs as far back as 500 years ago.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.02.2024
Possible trigger for autoimmune diseases discovered
Possible trigger for autoimmune diseases discovered
Immune cells must learn not to attack the body itself. A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) has discovered a previously unknown mechanism behind this: other immune cells, the B cells, contribute to the "training" of the T cells in the thymus gland.

Computer Science - Health - 21.02.2024
Artificial intelligence recognizes patterns in behaviour
Artificial intelligence recognizes patterns in behaviour
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, the University Hospital Bonn and the University of Bonn have created an open-source platform known as A-SOiD that can learn and predict user-defined behaviors, just from video. The results of the study have now been published in the journal "Nature Methods".

Life Sciences - Health - 21.02.2024
'Ways of decomposing chemicals may be developed in just a few decades' time'
’Ways of decomposing chemicals may be developed in just a few decades’ time’
Microbiologist Bodo Philipp on the adaptability of micro-organisms and the benefits and risks for humans A team headed by Prof. Bodo Philipp and Dr. Johannes Holert from the Institute of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology has found bacteria in Münster's wastewater which can completely decompose a substance called "TRIS" (tris hydroxymethyl aminomethane), and the researchers were able to throw light on the metabolic pathway.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 21.02.2024
High resolution techniques reveal clues in 3.5 billion-year-old biomass
High resolution techniques reveal clues in 3.5 billion-year-old biomass
Research team analyses organic material from the early Earth tracing its origin and composition To learn about the first organisms on our planet, researchers have to analyse the rocks of the early Earth. These can only be found in a few places on the surface of the Earth. The Pilbara Craton in Western Australia is one of these rare sites: there are rocks there that are around 3.5 billion years old containing traces of the microorganisms that lived at that time.

Criminology / Forensics - 21.02.2024
More Problems, More Fear
People react differently to becoming a victim of crime when they live in disadvantaged neighborhoods: Their fear of crime increases more strongly compared to victims from privileged neighborhoods. This is the finding of a study involving over 3,000 participants from the German cities of Cologne and Essen, conducted by Florian Kaiser and Dietrich Oberwittler from the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law in Freiburg, Germany.
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