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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Environment - Mar 8
Environment
MUCCnet allows quantification of urban greenhouse gas emissions - Munich is home to the world's first fully automated sensor network for measuring urban greenhouse gas emissions based on ground-based remote sensing of the atmosphere. It has been developed by scientists in the group of Jia Chen, Professor of Environmental Sensing and Modeling at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).
Life Sciences - Mar 8

Study at University of Cologne shows that the exchange of genes drives functional changes in bacteria very rapidly / Publication in PNAS

Pharmacology - Mar 5

An international research team has developed a model that predicts growth rates and resistance mechanisms of common bacterial mutants at different drug doses / Publication in 'Nature Ecology & Evolution'

Health - Mar 8

Increased pollen concentrations correlate with higher SARS-CoV-2 infection rates - When airborne pollen levels are higher, increased SARS-CoV-2 infection rates can be observed. These results were determined by a large-scale study conducted by an international team headed by researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Zentrum München.

Astronomy - Mar 5
Astronomy

Research team with Göttingen University participation plans to test atmospheric models of the rocky planet


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Results 1 - 20 of 166.
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Environment - 08.03.2021
Unique sensor network for measuring greenhouse gases
Unique sensor network for measuring greenhouse gases
MUCCnet allows quantification of urban greenhouse gas emissions Munich is home to the world's first fully automated sensor network for measuring urban greenhouse gas emissions based on ground-based remote sensing of the atmosphere. It has been developed by scientists in the group of Jia Chen, Professor of Environmental Sensing and Modeling at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Life Sciences - Health - 08.03.2021
Hybrid microbes: Model study explores genome transfer between different strains of bacteria
Study at University of Cologne shows that the exchange of genes drives functional changes in bacteria very rapidly / Publication in PNAS Bacteria integrate genetic material from other bacterial strains more easily than previously thought, which can lead to improved fitness and accelerated evolution.

Health - 08.03.2021
Covid-19 risk increases with airborne pollen
Increased pollen concentrations correlate with higher SARS-CoV-2 infection rates When airborne pollen levels are higher, increased SARS-CoV-2 infection rates can be observed. These results were determined by a large-scale study conducted by an international team headed by researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Zentrum München.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 05.03.2021
A new model can predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria
An international research team has developed a model that predicts growth rates and resistance mechanisms of common bacterial mutants at different drug doses / Publication in 'Nature Ecology & Evolution' A team of scientists from the University of Cologne (Germany) and the University of Uppsala (Sweden) has created a model that can describe and predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 05.03.2021
Glowing hot super-Earth nearby
Glowing hot super-Earth nearby
Research team with Göttingen University participation plans to test atmospheric models of the rocky planet In the past two and a half decades, astronomers have discovered thousands of exoplanets made of gas, ice and rock. Only a few of them are Earth-like. Studying their atmospheres with the instruments currently available is a major challenge.

Life Sciences - 04.03.2021
Watching the brain learn
Watching the brain learn
Scientists at Göttingen University discover structural changes in adult mice brains as seen in young animals Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain -plasticity-(how the brain can learn, develop and reorganise itself) is crucial for explaining many illnesses and conditions.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.03.2021
New, highly precise ’clock’ can measure biological age
Two scientists at the CECAD Cluster of Excellence in Aging Research have developed a method that can determine an organism's biological age with unprecedented precision / researchers expect new insights into how the environment, nutrition, and therapies influence the aging process Using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans , researchers at the University of Cologne have developed an 'aging clock' that reads the biological age of an organism directly from its gene expression, the transcriptome.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 02.03.2021
Rice Plant Resists Arsenic
Rice Plant Resists Arsenic
The agricultural cultivation of the staple food of rice harbours the risk of possible contamination with arsenic that can reach the grains following uptake by the roots. In their investigation of over 4,000 variants of rice, a Chinese-German research team under the direction of Rüdiger Hell from the Centre for Organismal Studies (COS) of Heidelberg University and Fang-Jie Zhao of Nanjing Agricultural University (China) discovered a plant variant that resists the toxin.

Life Sciences - 01.03.2021
How a plant regulates its growth
How a plant regulates its growth
Molecular mechanisms of polar growth in plants Plants grow in two directions: the shoots of plants grow toward the light to make the best use of it, and the roots grow toward the center of the earth into the soil. A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), in collaboration with two research groups in Vienna, has now been able to describe in detail how the molecular mechanisms work that control these processes.

Physics - 01.03.2021
Nanoscale sound waves vibrate artificial atom
Nanoscale sound waves vibrate artificial atom
A German-polish research team from Augsburg, Münster, Munich and WrocÅ‚aw successfully mixed nanoscale sound waves and light quanta. In their study published in Optica the scientists use an 'artificial atom' that converts the vibrations of the sound wave to single light quanta - photons - with unprecedented precision.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 01.03.2021
Understanding the Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Landscape Dynamics
Heidelberg geoinformation scientists develop new computer-based method to analyse topographic changes The Earth's surface is subject to continual changes that dynamically shape natural landscapes. Global phenomena like climate change play a role, as do short-term, local events of natural or human origin.

Physics - 25.02.2021
New insights into the mechanism of nuclear fission
New insights into the mechanism of nuclear fission
Nuclear physicists at the University of Cologne have contributed to an international research collaboration to show the way the spin of the two fragments, resulting from the splitting of an atomic nucleus, is generated / publication in Nature A series of experiments at the ALTO particle accelerator facility in Orsay, France, has revealed that the fragments resulting from nuclear fission obtain their intrinsic angular momentum (or spin) after fission, not before, as is widely assumed.

Transport - 24.02.2021
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Aerodynamic shape optimization for helicopter rotor heads Helicopters are to become faster, greener and quieter. An international team led by Airbus Helicopters (AH) is working on the technology to achieve these goals with the RACER demonstrator. Scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have designed an aerodynamically shape-optimized rotor head full fairing for the innovative RACER rotorcraft.

Chemistry - Physics - 23.02.2021
Ingredients for earliest life forms preserved in 3.5 billion-year-old rocks
Ingredients for earliest life forms preserved in 3.5 billion-year-old rocks
Researchers including Göttingen University discover biologically-relevant organic molecules in fluid inclusions It is generally accepted that the earliest life forms used small organic molecules as building materials and energy sources. However, the existence of such components in early habitats on Earth had not been proven to date.

Life Sciences - Transport - 23.02.2021
A memory without a brain
A memory without a brain
How a single cell slime mold makes smart decisions without a central nervous system Having a memory of past events enables us to take smarter decisions about the future. Researchers at the Max-Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPI-DS) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now identified how the slime mold Physarum polycephalum saves memories - although it has no nervous system.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 23.02.2021
No Certainty on Origin of Human Remains Found on Campus
Freie Universität Berlin, Max Planck Society, and Berlin State Monuments Office present the findings of their investigation into human remains found on Freie Universität land No 033/2021 from Feb 23, 2021 At an official public information event, experts from Freie Universität Berlin, the Max Planck Society, and the Berlin State Monuments Office ( Landesdenkmalamt Berlin ) presented the findings of their investigation into human remains found on the grounds of Freie Universität Berlin in recent years.

Materials Science - 22.02.2021
Even multi-story timber buildings can safely survive compartment fires
Even multi-story timber buildings can safely survive compartment fires
Realistic full-scale fire experiments on the TUM Garching campus How safe are multi-story timber buildings in case of fire? This question is addressed by the "TIMpuls" research project, led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM). The scientists' objective is to establish valid basic principles for uniform regulations for the construction of multi-story timber buildings.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.02.2021
Coronavirus Origin Study Released
Coronavirus Origin Study Released
The coronavirus has led to a worldwide crisis for over a year. In a new study, nanoscientist Roland Wiesendanger illuminates the origins of the virus. His findings conclude there are a number of quality sources indicating a laboratory accident at the Wuhan Institute of Virology as the cause of the current pandemic.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 19.02.2021
Getting to the Bottom of Life on Mars
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin are involved in developing an interactive map of Mars No 030/2021 from Feb 19, 2021 People who are interested in discovering the mysteries of the galaxy can now see what Mars looks like up close thanks to an interactive map developed by researchers from the Planetary Sciences and Remote Sensing group at Freie Universität Berlin.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.02.2021
Wolves prefer to feed on the wild side
Wolves prefer to feed on the wild side
Research team studies feeding behaviour of wild predators in Mongolia When there is a choice, wolves in Mongolia prefer to feed on wild animals rather than grazing livestock. This is the discovery by a research team from the University of Göttingen and the Senckenberg Museum Görlitz. Previous studies had shown that the diet of wolves in inland Central Asia consists mainly of grazing livestock, which could lead to increasing conflict between nomadic livestock herders and wild predatory animals like wolves.
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