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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Pharmacology - Mar 26
Clinical trials on Covid-19 at university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar - The university hospital is participating in studies on new medications for people suffering from Covid-19. As part of a clinical study, patients can be treated with medications that are still under development. 50 patients infected with the novel Coronavirus are currently being treated at the university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar.
Chemistry - Mar 26
Chemistry

Flavorings containing benzaldehyde can develop benzene under the influence of light - In 2013, the Stiftung Warentest found harmful benzene in drinks with cherry flavor.

Materials Science - Mar 24
Materials Science

In the production of compounds, chemists have the fundamental goal of finding strategies that are most selective and avoid waste products.

Life Sciences - Mar 25

Z-form nucleic acids are double-stranded DNA and RNA molecules with an unusual left-handed double helix structure, as opposed to the classical right-handed Watson-Crick double helix. Z-nucleic acids were discovered more than 40 years ago, but their biological function has remained poorly understood.

Health - Mar 20
Health

More and more, people are using internet forums as first place to look for information on health issues.


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Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2020
Medications against coronavirus in trial
Clinical trials on Covid-19 at university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar The university hospital is participating in studies on new medications for people suffering from Covid-19. As part of a clinical study, patients can be treated with medications that are still under development. 50 patients infected with the novel Coronavirus are currently being treated at the university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar.

Chemistry - 26.03.2020
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavorings containing benzaldehyde can develop benzene under the influence of light In 2013, the Stiftung Warentest found harmful benzene in drinks with cherry flavor. But how did the substance get into the drinks' Was the source benzaldehyde, an essential component of the cherry flavoring? And if so, how could the problem be solved? A new study by the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is now able to answer these questions.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2020
A new mechanism triggering cell death and inflammation: a left turn that kills
Z-form nucleic acids are double-stranded DNA and RNA molecules with an unusual left-handed double helix structure, as opposed to the classical right-handed Watson-Crick double helix. Z-nucleic acids were discovered more than 40 years ago, but their biological function has remained poorly understood.

Materials Science - Physics - 24.03.2020
Activating palladium catalysis by light: teaching an old transition metal new tricks
Activating palladium catalysis by light: teaching an old transition metal new tricks
In the production of compounds, chemists have the fundamental goal of finding strategies that are most selective and avoid waste products. Breakthroughs in this area serve, among other things, to drive industrial innovation and drug development. In this context, allylic substitution reactions using catalysts made of so-called transition metals have already led to significant advances in science.

Health - 20.03.2020
Health forums: Style of language influences credibility and trust
Health forums: Style of language influences credibility and trust
More and more, people are using internet forums as first place to look for information on health issues. However, the scientific medical information being provided there is often so complex that laypeople are barely able to form considered judgements on the content of much of the advice. One criterion which users apply instead in evaluating the information is the style of the language used.

Chemistry - Computer Science / Telecom - 17.03.2020
Predicting reaction results: Machines learn chemistry
Predicting reaction results: Machines learn chemistry
Everyday life without artificial intelligence is barely conceivable in today's world. Countless applications in areas such as autonomous driving, foreign language translations or medical diagnostics have found their way into our lives. In chemical research, too, great efforts are being made to apply artificial intelligence (AI), also known as machine learning, effectively.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.03.2020
Blocking sugar structures on viruses and tumor cells
Blocking sugar structures on viruses and tumor cells
Coronavirus: University operations limited +++ make use of online services +++ many staff working from home +++ www.tum.de/corona Artificial sugar-binding protein may inhibit cell growth During a viral infection, viruses enter the body and multiply in its cells. Viruses often specifically attach themselves to the sugar structures of the host cells, or present characteristic sugar structures on their surface themselves.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.03.2020
Analysis of whole brain vasculature
Analysis of whole brain vasculature
Coronavirus: University operations limited +++ make use of online services +++ many staff working from home Biochemical methods and AI show even the finest capillaries Diseases of the brain are often associated with typical vascular changes. Now, scientists at LMU University Hospital Munich, Helmholtz Zentrum München and at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have come up with a technique for visualising the structures of all the brain's blood vessels - right down to the finest capillaries - including any pathological changes.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 12.03.2020
A molecular map for the plant sciences
A molecular map for the plant sciences
First comprehensive map of the proteome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana Plants are essential for life on earth. They provide food for essentially all organisms, oxygen for breathing, and they regulate the climate of the planet. Proteins play a key role in controlling all aspects of life including plants.

Health - 10.03.2020
Fatal overproduction of antibodies
Fatal overproduction of antibodies
Mutations in plasma cells play a key role in light chain amyloidosis Bone marrow plasma cells produce antibodies. These comprise two long and two short protein chains. The pathological proliferation of plasma cells can lead to an overproduction of the short chains. These associate to fibrils and deposit in organs.

Mathematics - 06.03.2020
How drones can hear walls
How drones can hear walls
Mathematicians show that sound can be used to locate flat surfaces One drone, four microphones and a loudspeaker: nothing more is needed to determine the position of walls and other flat surfaces within a room. This has been mathematically proved by Prof. Gregor Kemper of the Technical University of Munich and Prof. Mireille Boutin of Purdue University in Indiana, USA.

Life Sciences - 06.03.2020
Why Individuals Are Not Alike
Neurobiologists studied how brain development influences behavioral differences No 051/2020 from Mar 06, 2020 Neurobiologists at Freie Universität Berlin led by Bassem Hassan, Einstein BIH Visiting Fellow, in collaboration with the group led by Robin Hiesinger at the Department of Biology, Chemistry, and Pharmacy at Freie Universität Berlin, described in a study published in Science why fruit flies display individual behavioral differences despite having the same genotype and being reared in identical environmental conditions.

Health - 05.03.2020
Towards improved cochlear implants
Towards improved cochlear implants
Computer model shows neuronal activation patterns in the inner ear Research towards improved cochlear implants Cochlear implants restore hearing in deaf people to an amazingly high level. In order to optimize such implants, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a computer model which predicts the neuronal activation patterns that the implant creates in the auditory nerve fibers.

Physics - 27.02.2020
Preserved and fresh
Preserved and fresh
Neutrons show the details of the drying process during freeze drying Freeze drying has provided us with tasty dried fruits in muesli, long-life yoghurt cultures and many other important products. For the first time, using neutron beams from the Heinz-Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) research neutron source, a team of scientists has now been able to show us the drying process in detail.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.02.2020
Eat or be eaten
Eat or be eaten
Biodiversity increases the efficiency of energy use in grasslands Plants obtain their energy from the sun. Other beings rely on eating to survive. Yet how does the energy flow inside ecosystems function and are there differences between ecosystems with many species in comparison to those with few species' Researchers have now examined these questions using a holistic approach by evaluating data gathered through a large-scale biodiversity experiment.

Computer Science / Telecom - Life Sciences - 19.02.2020
"A rethinking in the minds of researchers is necessary": Guest comments
The reproducibility of research results is one of the fundamental quality criteria in science. The demand for transparency of the scientific knowledge process aims to ensure the repeatability of scientific studies or experiments. The project "Opening Reproducible Research" (o2r) of the Institute for Geoinformatics of the University of Münster and the University and State Library of Münster deals with this topic.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.02.2020
First research results on the
First research results on the "spectacular meteorite fall" of Flensburg
Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system. A fireball in the sky, accompanied by a bang, amazed hundreds of eyewitnesses in northern Germany in mid-September last year.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 13.02.2020
Body Temperature Controls Enzyme Activity
A new study at Freie Universität Berlin shows how body temperature regulates certain enzymes and biological processes No 033/2020 from Feb 13, 2020 Researchers from Freie Universität Berlin's Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry have shown that the activity of a class of enzymes is directly controlled by subtle changes in body temperature.

Life Sciences - 12.02.2020
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Transport proteins can switch between microtubule network and actin network Many amphibians and fish are able to change their color in order to better adapt to their environment. Munich-based scientists have now investigated the molecular mechanisms in the cytoskeleton necessary for this and revealed potential evolutionary paths.

Physics - Innovation - 10.02.2020
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
The development of a quantum computer that can solve problems, which classical computers can only solve with great effort or not at all - this is the goal currently being pursued by an ever-growing number of research teams worldwide. The reason: Quantum effects, which originate from the world of the smallest particles and structures, enable many new technological applications.
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