news 2015

Physics - Sep 20
Physics
Münster researchers combine nano-optics and organic chemistry to measure complex light landscapes in the tight focus of a laser beam / Study published in "Nature Communications" Structured laser light has already opened up various different applications: it allows for precise material machining, trapping, manipulating or defined movement of small particles or cell compartments, as well as increasing the bandwidth for next-generation intelligent computing.
Chemistry - Sep 20
Chemistry

The cells of our immune system constantly communicate with one another by exchanging complex protein molecules.

Health - Sep 18
Health

A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has completed the first study of the effects of a simultaneous infection with blood flukes (schistosomes) and the bacterium Helicobacter pylori - a fairly common occurrence in some parts of the world.

Life Sciences - Sep 19

A German and British research team lead by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has examined the interplay between genetics, cardiovascular disease and educational attainment in a major population study.

Earth Sciences - Sep 16
Earth Sciences

Researchers suspect greater dynamics than previously assumed between the Earth's surface and its mantle / Study published in 'Nature Geoscience' What is the chemical composition of the Earth's interior?


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Life Sciences - 29.12.2015
Lost the beat
Lost the beat
Mice suffer from a decrease in biological fitness if their internal clock is mixed up Mice with deviant internal rhythms due to a genetic mutation have fewer offspring and shorter life spans than normal conspecifics whose rhythms follow the 24-hr cycle of a day more accurately. This discovery was made by a team of scientists led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology and Princeton University.

Computer Science / Telecom - Innovation / Technology - 23.12.2015
WhatsAnalyzer - App to analyse WhatsApp chats
WhatsAnalyzer - App to analyse WhatsApp chats
12/23/2015 How many messages have been written in my WhatsApp chat? Who sends the most pictures' And who rarely participates in conversations? "WhatsAnalyzer" developed by Anika Schwind and Michael Seufert from the University of Würzburg's Institute of Computer Science now gives the answer to this question.

Physics - Environment - 22.12.2015
New Device Measures Nitrogen Dioxides In Exhaust from Preceding Vehicle
New Device Measures Nitrogen Dioxides In Exhaust from Preceding Vehicle
Depending on its age, condition and even engine, how much does an individual vehicle pollute the urban air? Researchers from Heidelberg University are looking into the matter. The team led by environmental physicist Dr. Denis Pöhler has developed an innovative device that can measure nitrogen dioxides in the exhaust of the preceding vehicle.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.12.2015
Protein That Boosts Memory Identified
Increasing the level of a certain DNA-modified enzyme in the brain significantly improves cognitive ability. The discovery was made by the research team led by Hilmar Bading at the Interdisciplinary Center for Neurosciences of Heidelberg University. Mouse experiments showed that the Dnmt3a2 protein can boost memory performance in the animals.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.12.2015
Drying out the reservoir
A German-Dutch team has succeeded in immunizing dromedaries against the MERS virus. As the camels appear to be the major reservoir of the virus, the vaccine should also reduce the risk of future outbreaks of the disease in humans. Research on MERS has identified camels as the primary source of human infections, although the virus causes only mild symptoms in that host.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.12.2015
Insensitive irritable bowel syndrome
For the first time, biopsies of patients with irritable bowel syndrome have shown that the nerves in their gut wall respond poorly to a cocktail of inflammatory substances. This refutes the previous theory that patients with irritable bowel syndrome have an overly sensitive gut. The new study by scientists of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) was carried out in collaboration with several German hospitals.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 18.12.2015
Reading the neural code for space
The cognitive map for spatial navigation is thought to rely on grid cells. Scientists at LMU and Harvard University have now put forward a mathematical theory that explains key grid-cell features and how these give rise to a neural metric for space. One year ago, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine went to the discoverers of the mammalian “GPS system” for spatial navigation.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 17.12.2015
The Landscape Remembers
New Findings by Earth Scientists from Potsdam and Berlin Published in Science Earth scientists Dr. Wolfgang Schwanghart and Prof. Oliver Korup, PhD, from the Natural Hazards Group at the University of Potsdam investigate extreme events in the Earth's recent history. In a study recently published in the science journal Science, Schwanghart and Korup were part of an international team who investigated thick deposits in the Pokhara valley in the Himalayan country Nepal.

Business / Economics - Administration - 11.12.2015
Organized Creativity and Tradition and Innovation in Texts of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period
German Research Foundation Approved Funding for Establishment of Two New Research Groups at Freie Universität Berlin The German Research Foundation (DFG) approved funding for 15 new Research Units nationwide, and two of them will be at Freie Universität Berlin.

Administration - Chemistry - 10.12.2015
Funding for Successful Collaborative Research Center at Freie Universität Berlin Extended Again
German Research Foundation Grants CRC 765 "Multivalency as Chemical Organization and Action Principle: New Architectures, Functions and Applications" Additional Funding through 2019 / New Partner: Robert Koch Institute The German Research Foundation (DFG) has extended the funding for a Collaborative Research Center (CRC) based at Freie Universität Berlin, "Multivalency as Chemical Organization and Action Principle: New Architectures, Functions and Applications.

Physics - Mathematics - 09.12.2015
Quantum physics problem proved unsolvable
Quantum physics problem proved unsolvable
A mathematical problem underlying fundamental questions in particle and quantum physics is provably unsolvable, according to scientists at UCL, Universidad Complutense de Madrid - ICMAT and Technical University of Munich. It is the first major problem in physics for which such a fundamental limitation could be proven.

Chemistry - Physics - 07.12.2015
New approaches for hybrid solar cells
New approaches for hybrid solar cells
Using a new procedure researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Ludwig Maximillians University of Munich (LMU) can now produce extremely thin and robust, yet highly porous semiconductor layers. A very promising material - for small, light-weight, flexible solar cells, for example, or electrodes improving the performance of rechargeable batteries.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2015
Scientists reach for the limits: Get the new issue of the Technologist magazine
Scientists reach for the limits: Get the new issue of the Technologist magazine
Six researchers from Europe reveal just how far they go to discover some of nature's deepest secrets or test novel technologies. Among them: Prof. Elisa Resconi, experimental physicist from TUM. Find this and more exciting stories about science and innovation from Europe in the new issue of the Technologist magazine.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 04.12.2015
Cut, File, Shred - A Type of Multi-tool Pocketknife Processes Ribosomal RNA
Researchers from the Heidelberg University Biochemistry Center (BZH) have discovered a complex of four proteins that, much like a multi-tool pocketknife, serves as a knife, a file and a pair of scissors in the manufacture of ribosomes. The complex helps eliminate the residual ribonucleic acid (RNA) that are produced during the manufacturing of the ribsome and must be removed to complete the process.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.11.2015
Giant waste bins
Giant waste bins
If rubbish is too big and unwieldy for normal household waste, its removal becomes the job of specialized experts. Researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now discovered, in cooperation with colleagues from the UK, how large, fused cells help our body to deal with bulky items that may otherwise obstruct normal physiological processes.

Environment - 30.11.2015
Waters are more polluted than tests say
Waters are more polluted than tests say
Bodies of water are "sinks", and thereby bind contaminants particularly well. If even slightly toxic concentrations in water are to be detected, the growth and swimming behavior of small crustaceans, mini-snails and copepods should be used for ecotoxicological assessments. This was the conclusion of a scientist from the TUM, who carried out a number of studies on the subject in cooperation with the University of California in Davis.

Chemistry - Environment - 27.11.2015
Largest continuous ecosystem on earth has undergone major shifts
Study finds that changes in the composition of phytoplankton community of North Pacific Subtropical Gyre relate to large-scale regional climate phenomena [Deutsche Version folgt in Kürze] It is unparalleled: the subtropical North Pacific Ocean has recently gone through a change of plankton regime that enhances nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterial production.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.11.2015
Looking on the brighter side
The effect of a widespread genetic variant that increases the risk for childhood asthma can be neutralized. A new study shows that young infants are particularly responsive to the positive influence of exposure to farm dust. LMU asthma researchers have shown, for the first time, that specific environmental influences can neutralize the effect of a prevalent genetic variant that increases risk for childhood asthma.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.11.2015
The
The "dark matter" in the protein universe
Whether in the form of antibodies, enzymes or carriers: proteins play a crucial role in biology. While researchers have been able to at least partially determine the three-dimensional structure of many proteins, the structures of many other protein building blocks and even entire protein molecules remain as yet unknown.

Physics - 20.11.2015
Quantum Simulation: A Better Understanding of Magnetism
Researchers at Heidelberg University have devised a new way to study the phenomenon of magnetism. Using ultracold atoms at near absolute zero, they prepared a model that simulates the behaviour of electrons in a solid, which enables the investigation of magnetic properties. The findings of the team led by Prof. Selim Jochim of the Institute for Physics are expected to contribute to a better understanding of the fundamental processes in solids and lead to the development of new types of materials over the long term.
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