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Economics - 20.06.2024
Costs of Sanctions
What effect do economic sanctions have on the countries affected, such as Russia or Iran? Economists from Würzburg, Kiel, Berlin and Bielefeld have analysed these questions. Economic sanctions can be a double-edged sword. On the one hand, they usually reduce gross domestic product and thus prosperity in the affected countries, as intended.

Environment - Economics - 13.06.2024
Land management and climate change affect several
Land management and climate change affect several
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications shows that grassland and arable land could better provide different services at the same time if the use of pesticides and mineral fertilizers is reduced. According to the researchers from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Leipzig University (UL) and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), these results also apply under possible future climate conditions.

Environment - Economics - 16.04.2024
For more sustainable palm oil production
For more sustainable palm oil production
Research team outlines ways to make oil palm cultivation more ecologically and economically sustainable Palm oil is a widely used ingredient in many foods and cosmetics. The boom in oil palm cultivation in Indonesia in recent decades has improved the living conditions of many farmers, but has led to a loss of biodiversity and the large-scale destruction of rainforests.

Environment - Economics - 22.03.2024
All Countries' Agri-Environmental Policies at a Glance
All Countries’ Agri-Environmental Policies at a Glance
University of Bonn researchers publish dataset of over 6,000 policies from all'over the world There can be no analysis without data. In this spirit, researchers from the University of Bonn and the Swiss Federal Institution of Technology (ETH) Zurich have published a database containing over 6,000 agri-environmental policies, thus enabling their peers as well as policymakers and businesses to seek answers to all manner of different questions.

Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.03.2024
Shopping study in a virtual supermarket
A study by the University of Bonn shows: Banners with information on animal welfare have no influence on purchasing behavior How can we encourage consumers to pay more attention to animal welfare aspects when they purchase meat? It now appears that this cannot be achieved solely by making the animal husbandry labels more visible.

Environment - Economics - 06.03.2024
Forestry in a changing climate: extreme weather increases investment risk
Forestry in a changing climate: extreme weather increases investment risk
Research team investigates adaptation strategies from a forestry perspective . Climate change is altering our forests. Increased storms and drought have significant consequences for ecosystems and their sustainable use. Forests are important for wood production, carbon storage and local recreation, for example.

Economics - 09.02.2024
More work performance through transparent incentives
More work performance through transparent incentives
Research team investigates the effectiveness of promised rewards . Bonuses and promotions - companies use incentives like these to motivate their employees to perform well. At the same time, many managers exercise discretion as to whom they reward, when and how. Researchers from the University of Göttingen, Bard College Berlin and the University of Frankfurt have investigated how the willingness of employees to perform changes when they expect a possible disappointment when a reward is promised.

Health - Economics - 04.01.2024
Shock to stop: How to communicate the dangers of sugar?
Shock to stop: How to communicate the dangers of sugar?
Research team led by Göttingen University investigate how health warnings influence purchases Society seems addicted to sugar, but individuals who consume large quantities increase their risk of obesity and other health problems. Can warning labels on sweets curb consumption? Researchers at the University of Göttingen have investigated how such labels can influence purchasing behaviour.

Health - Economics - 24.11.2023
I Eat What You Eat
I Eat What You Eat
Primary school children influence their peers' snack purchases, as revealed by a study conducted at the University of Bonn Do primary school children influence the snack purchases of their peers? A study by the University of Bonn reveals that they do indeed. In the presence of friends or classmates, kids are more likely to choose the unhealthier, but also the cheaper option.

Economics - 13.11.2023
'Your blood donation has been used' - How feedback text messages motivate people to donate blood
’Your blood donation has been used’ - How feedback text messages motivate people to donate blood
In Germany, 14,000 blood donations are needed every day for operations, accident victims or immunocompromised patients. But how can people be motivated to donate blood? A new study shows how blood donation services can inform donors by text message about the use of their donation - with a positive effect.

Economics - Music - 31.10.2023
Music on YouTube benefits unknown artists - but reduces revenues of the big players
Music on YouTube benefits unknown artists - but reduces revenues of the big players
Music hits that are made available for free by users on YouTube are less in demand on platforms such as Spotify or Apple Music. For the broad mass of lesser-known artists, on the other hand, uploading to YouTube by users can help them gain more attention and thus revenue via more lucrative platforms.

Environment - Economics - 18.09.2023
Is there more to palm oil than deforestation?
Is there more to palm oil than deforestation?
Research team led by Göttingen University investigates consumer understanding of sustainable palm oil in Germany Palm oil is the world's most produced and consumed vegetable oil and everyone knows that its production can damage the environment. But do consumers have the full picture? In fact, replacing palm oil with rapeseed oil would require a four to five-fold increase in the amount of land needed.

Economics - Innovation - 12.09.2023
Taking employees' fears seriously
Taking employees’ fears seriously
Digital transformation and the associated changes in operational processes can trigger fears among employees that have a negative impact on their engagement at work. Companies must actively counteract these fears to prevent transformation processes from failing. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the Universities of Göttingen and Groningen on more than 1,000 employees in the finance organization of a multinational company in Germany.

Environment - Economics - 25.08.2023
Study calls for improvements in climate protection
Study calls for improvements in climate protection
Carbon credits from avoided deforestation often fail to deliver what they promise Projects that reduce deforestation often sell carbon credits - for instance, to consumers purchasing airline tickets. However, over 90 percent of these project credits do not actually offset greenhouse gas emissions. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Netherlands), the University of Bonn, the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom) and the European Forest Institute in Barcelona (Spain).

Environment - Economics - 19.07.2023
Protection of the rainforest also economically valuable
Protection of the rainforest also economically valuable
Researchers compare real forest losses with simulated agricultural decisions The destruction of the rainforest means not only loss of biodiversity, but also high social costs due to the release of greenhouse gases. Tropical forests sequester carbon from the atmosphere, helping to regulate the global climate.

Environment - Economics - 15.05.2023
Paper-based packaging has a good eco-image
Study by the University of Bonn examines how the type of packaging influences purchase intention German consumers consider paper-based packaging to be particularly environmentally friendly. Nevertheless, they tend to be skeptical about innovative products such as paper-based bottles. This is shown by a recent study by the University of Bonn and Forschungszentrum Jülich.

Economics - 07.03.2023
Stereotypes influence whether people buy stocks
Stereotypes influence whether people buy stocks
Image of stock owners as "selfish gamblers" inhibits investments Whether people invest in stocks depends on what they think about stockholders. This is what a team led by Luca Henkel, a member of the ECONtribute Cluster of Excellence: Markets & Public Policy at the University of Bonn, found out.

Health - Economics - 24.02.2023
Research team calls for stricter regulation of breast milk substitutes
Research team calls for stricter regulation of breast milk substitutes
Most health and nutrition claims on food products for infants, i.e. substitutes for breast milk, are hardly or not at all supported by high-quality scientific evidence. This is the conclusion of an international study from 15 countries in which scientists from Leipzig University Hospital took part.

Computer Science - Economics - 01.12.2022
Paderborn University leads EU research project on explainable artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) has become an integral part of our lives. It has given rise to smart assistants that take on tasks that would otherwise take humans a great deal of time and effort - in medicine, business and industry, for example. To do this, smart assistants require vast amounts of data.

Health - Economics - 04.11.2022
Covid-19: Vaccination status polarizes population
Researchers analyze association between Covid vaccination status and social cohesion People who strongly identify with their Covid vaccine status discriminate more strongly against the respective other group. This is shown by a study conducted by the team around Luca Henkel, member of the Cluster of Excellence ECONtribute at the University of Bonn, with the participation of the Universities of Erfurt and Vienna and the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine Hamburg.
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