Results 1 - 20 of 810.
Life Sciences - Health - 30.11.2023
Taking antibiotics back in time
In today's medical landscape, antibiotics are pivotal in combatting bacterial infections. These potent compounds, produced by bacteria and fungi, act as natural defenses against microbial attacks. A team of researchers delved into the intricate world of glycopeptide antibiotics - a vital resource in countering drug-resistant pathogens - to uncover their evolutionary origins.
Health - 29.11.2023
Risk of serious COVID-19 infection can now be predicted
TUM researchers develop rapid test for severe infections Researchers have developed a method for assessing the number and structure of aggregated blood platelets (or thrombocytes) that can potentially help quantify the risk of a severe COVID-19 infection. As a result, they have identified a predictive biomarker for the seriousness of a COVID-19 infection.
Life Sciences - Health - 29.11.2023
Tracing the Evolution of the ’Little Brain’
Heidelberg scientists unveil genetic programmes controlling the development of cellular diversity in the cerebellum of humans and other mammals The evolution of higher cognitive functions in human beings has so far mostly been linked to the expansion of the neocortex - a region of the brain that is responsible, inter alia, for conscious thought, movement and sensory perception.
Health - Life Sciences - 28.11.2023
Neurodegeneration in Myelin Disease: No Myelin is Better than Bad Myelin
Efficient removal of abnormal myelin allows survival of nerve fibers targeted by adaptive immune cells, according to a novel study by scientists of the University Hospital Würzburg. Myelin is an insulating sheath around axons - the processes connecting nerve cells - that is mostly composed of lipids and proteins.
Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2023
Malfunction in spermatogenesis
Bonn researchers uncover contribution of Cylicin proteins to male fertility For successful fertilization, sperm should move forward rapidly and be shaped correctly. The unique structure of the sperm cells forms during spermiogenesis. Now, researchers from the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the Transdisciplinary Research Unit "Life & Health" at the University of Bonn have found that fertility problems in both mice and humans can be caused by loss of so-called cylicines.
Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2023
Fat cells help repair damaged nerves
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers at the Leipzig University have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process. The results were published in the renowned journal "Cell Metabolism".
Health - Economics - 24.11.2023
I Eat What You Eat
Primary school children influence their peers' snack purchases, as revealed by a study conducted at the University of Bonn Do primary school children influence the snack purchases of their peers? A study by the University of Bonn reveals that they do indeed. In the presence of friends or classmates, kids are more likely to choose the unhealthier, but also the cheaper option.
Environment - Health - 24.11.2023
Prototyping grants #3: AI for research infrastructures, sustainable robots and antiviral nasal spray
Innovations in AI-assisted social sciences, sustainable agriculture and medicine are being funded in the third round of prototyping grants by the Transfer Center enaCom at the University of Bonn. Whether an AI solution for better understanding of scientific communities, a robot that treats weeds differently depending on the species, or a preventive nasal spray - scientists from the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn are developing innovative prototypes for practical challenges of our time.
Health - Pharmacology - 21.11.2023
Vitamin B2 Derivatives Can Alleviate Chronic Kidney Inflammation
Researchers from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and the University Hospital Bonn have demonstrated that certain derivatives of vitamin B2 can alleviate chronic kidney inflammation in mice. Their findings have been published in the journal "Nature Communications." The term glomerulonephritis denotes several types of chronic kidneys inflammation that can lead to the loss of renal function.
Health - Life Sciences - 17.11.2023
Cut by cut: extensibility of the heart walls
As we all know, only what goes in goes out: how flexible the heart walls are is therefore also crucial for the heart's pumping function. A working group from the Institute of Physiology II at the Medical Faculty of the University of Münster has been able to show for the first time which structural elements influence this flexibility and to what extent.
Health - 16.11.2023
Lifestyle intervention programme can prevent type 2 diabetes
Research team including Göttingen University confirm effects of treatment in people at increased risk More than 500 million people worldwide have diabetes and the number is predicted to rise in the future. A programme that provides recommendations on exercise and nutrition, as well as supporting the implementation of these measures, can prevent type 2 diabetes.
Health - 16.11.2023
No evidence for widespread transmission of viruses by African bats
Contrary to what is often reported, only one species is known to have transmitted pathogens to humans The scientific community and the public alike have often been presented with portrayals of bats as carriers of numerous dangerous viruses that are passed onto humans. In a pioneering scientific paper published in Biology Letters, an international team of biologists, virologists and conservationists challenge this narrative surrounding bats.
Innovation - Health - 15.11.2023
Plasma Technology in the Bathroom
Skin blemishes are a problem many people are familiar with. Cold plasma can be a remedy, as shown by studies at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany. A Worldfactory start-up is already getting off the ground, too. Cold plasma has an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. This is shown by studies conducted by the Chair of Applied Electrodynamics and Plasma Technology at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany.
Research Management - Health - 15.11.2023
Eight scientists from the University of Freiburg among most-cited researchers in the world
Eight scientists from the University of Freiburg are among the "Highly Cited Researchers" for 2023. A survey by Clarivate Analytics reveals that they are among the most-frequently cited authors worldwide in their fields of research over the past decade. With nine entries - one scientist is recognised for work in two areas - the University of Freiburg holds fifth place among German universities alongside Bonn and Düsseldorf.
Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2023
The social network of proteins
Stanley Milgram's groundbreaking "Six Degrees of Separation" experiment demonstrated the surprisingly close connections between us humans back in the 1960s. Now the research team led by Professor Matthias Mann at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried, Germany, has shown that the proteins in our cells are equally well connected.
Health - Sport - 14.11.2023
Individual back training machine developed
GyroTrainer with artificial intelligence Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) in cooperation with partner companies have developed a device to provide back muscle training adapted to users' individual fitness levels. With the GyroTrainer, back strengthening exercises are adapted to the strength and ability of the individual user.
Life Sciences - Health - 14.11.2023
When we feel things that are not there
The discovery of the phantom touch illusion provides insights into human perception and opens up new perspectives for interaction with virtual reality technology. Virtual reality (VR) is not only a technology for games and entertainment, but also has potential in science and medicine. Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, have now gained new insights into human perception with the help of VR.
Health - Pharmacology - 09.11.2023
Better cancer treatment - biomechatronics for precision surgery
In a large-scale research project, the Technische Universität Ilmenau is developing a method for robotic surgery that will enable much more effective treatment of malignant cancerous tumors. With a combination of highly sensitive sensor technology, modern imaging and artificial intelligence, the surgeon can perform the operation more precisely and with less tissue damage than ever before - significantly improving the patient's chances of recovery.
Psychology - Health - 09.11.2023
What’s the story behind ASMR clips?
Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have published the first systematic review of Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR). Millions of people watch content creators on YouTube and social media platforms such as TikTok as they whisper soothing words, perform simulated role plays such as a visit to the hairdresser, or interact with certain objects such as the keyboard of a computer in a specific rhythm.
Life Sciences - Health - 07.11.2023
A Potential Target for New Anti-Cancer Agents
MYC proteins play an important role in many types of cancer. A research team at the University of Würzburg has now succeeded in indirectly influencing these proteins - with clear consequences for the tumor. MYC family genes are essential for the human organism. According to current knowledge, they regulate the expression of most cellular genes.