Results 1 - 20 of 510.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.11.2023 - Today
Variety Is Key
University of Bonn study shows where diversified farming also makes economic sense Where and how can diversified farming practices be put to profitable use in order to boost both productivity and biodiversity? Researchers at the University of Bonn have tackled this question in a study that has now been published in "Communications Earth & Environment.
Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2023
Early Humans in the Paleolithic Age: More Than Just Game on the Menu
In a study published in the journal "Scientific Reports," researchers from the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (SHEP) at the University of Tübingen show that early humans of the Middle Paleolithic had a more varied diet than previously assumed. The analysis of a site in the Zagros Mountains in Iran reveals that around 81,000 to 45,000 years ago, the local hominins hunted ungulates as well as tortoises and carnivores.
Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.11.2023
Research to continue on Arctic amplification and its global impacts
News from The Collaborative Research Centre "Arctic Amplification: Climate Relevant Atmospheric and Surface Processes and Feedback Mechanism (AC)³", which is headed by meteorologist Professor Manfred Wendisch from Leipzig University, is to enter its third funding phase. This was announced today (24 November 2023) by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Environment - Health - 24.11.2023
Prototyping grants #3: AI for research infrastructures, sustainable robots and antiviral nasal spray
Innovations in AI-assisted social sciences, sustainable agriculture and medicine are being funded in the third round of prototyping grants by the Transfer Center enaCom at the University of Bonn. Whether an AI solution for better understanding of scientific communities, a robot that treats weeds differently depending on the species, or a preventive nasal spray - scientists from the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn are developing innovative prototypes for practical challenges of our time.
Environment - 24.11.2023
European parrots have dialects
Study is the first to document dialect differences in a parrot across its European range In the 50 years since monk parakeets arrived in Europe and spread across the continent, the species has developed distinct dialects that vary across countries and cities, according to a team of researchers from the Max Planck Institutes of Animal Behavior in Konstanz and for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.
Physics - Environment - 17.11.2023
Microplastics in arable soil: tomography with neutrons and X-rays shows where particles are deposited
A team of researchers from the University of Potsdam and the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has developed a measuring method to analyze soil samples with neutrons and X-rays and create 3D tomographies from them: This makes it possible for the first time to precisely localize microplastics in the soil.
Environment - History / Archeology - 10.11.2023
Research Expedition: Climate and Cultural Change in the Aegean Sea
Heidelberg Earth scientists lead research ship METEOR's voyage to the eastern Mediterranean How did climatic and environmental change impact early eastern Mediterranean cultures, and what were the consequences of human settlement on land and marine ecosystems? In order to collect research data to answer these questions, the German research ship METEOR - under the guidance of Earth scientists from Heidelberg University - is embarking on a multi-week expedition to the Aegean and Ionian seas.
Environment - 09.11.2023
No Christmas party in the ’Pub in the middle of nowhere’
Bad-tempered or laudatory superiors, employees who drink too much alcohol and misbehave, a stiff atmosphere, forced contemplation or a party in a "pub in the middle of nowhere" - there are many factors that can turn the annual Christmas party at work into a disaster. There are a few basic rules that can turn the end of the year with colleagues into an unforgettable joyful event.
Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.11.2023
Keeping an eye on the regions when it comes to climate change
Up to now, the results of climate simulations have sometimes contradicted the analysis of climate traces from the past. A team led by the physicist Thomas Laepple from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Potsdam and the climatologist Kira Rehfeld from the University of Tübingen has therefore brought together experts in climate models and climate tracks to clarify how the discrepancies come about.
Environment - Health - 30.10.2023
Even low levels of artificial light disrupt ecosystems
A new collection of papers on artificial light at night show the impact of light pollution to be surprisingly far-reaching, with even low levels of artificial light disrupting species communities and entire ecosystems. Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, the special theme issue, which includes 16 scientific papers, looks at the effects of light pollution in complex ecological systems, including soil, grassland, and insect communities.
Environment - Health - 30.10.2023
Even a little artificial light endangers ecosystems
A new collection of studies on artificial light at night shows that the effects of light pollution are more far-reaching than thought. Even small amounts of artificial light can disrupt species communities and entire ecosystems. The special issue of 16 scientific studies published in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B looks at the effects of light pollution on complex ecosystems, including soil, grassland and insect communities.
Environment - Life Sciences - 27.10.2023
How social media can contribute to species conservation
Photos of plant and animal species that are posted on social media can help protect biodiversity, especially in tropical regions. This is the conclusion of a team of researchers led by the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), and the University of Queensland (UQ).
Environment - 24.10.2023
More animal welfare or more environmental protection?
Researchers at the University of Bonn are investigating conflicting goals in animal husbandry. Human health appears to be the most important priority Which sustainability goals do people in Germany find more important: Animal welfare? Or environmental protection? Human health is another one of these competing sustainability goals.
Life Sciences - Environment - 23.10.2023
Genomic Stability: A Double-Edged Sword for Sharks
Sharks have existed for millions of years, rarely develop cancer, and react sensitively to ecological changes. An international study led by Würzburg scientists shows that one explanation lies in the fish's genes. Sharks have been populating the oceans for about 400 to 500 million years. While our planet and many of its inhabitants have undergone massive changes several times during this period, this basal group of vertebrates has remained somewhat constant.
Life Sciences - Environment - 20.10.2023
Sex or regeneration
Why are so few species able to regenerate damaged or missing body parts, even though regeneration might seem an obvious survival advantage? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences in Göttingen, Germany, and colleagues have now found a possible explanation in planarian flatworms.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.10.2023
Insights for crop breeding in the face of climate change
With the aid of innovative statistical methods, researchers explore the complex interplay between life cycle, environmental factors and genetic information using wheat as an example. Cereal crops such as wheat are sensitive to climate change. Many studies show that their yield decreases as temperatures rise and extreme weather events increase.
Environment - Social Sciences - 19.10.2023
Around the Globe, Climate Adaptation Lacks Coordination
Viewed globally, it is above all individuals and households that are pursuing adaptation to the impacts of climate change; systematic networking of the various groups affected is lacking. This is the conclusion reached by an international team of experts from Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research (CLICCS) and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU).
Environment - 19.10.2023
Fridays for Future’s Decentralized Strategy Motivates More People
Whether or not people choose to attend a climate protest partly depends on its expected size. When they expect a larger protest, they are less likely to take part - as Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research (CLICCS) shows in the journal Nature Climate Change. Mass protests are an important motivator for politicians to implement ambitious climate policy.
Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.10.2023
How the Greenland ice sheet can be saved
Climate research: New findings on temperature tipping points Climate researchers around the world are sounding the alarm about exceeding critical temperature values on the Earth. If temperatures pass what are called tipping points, the results could be catastrophic. An international team of researchers, including members from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has now demonstrated in simulations that the temperature tipping point for the Greenland ice sheet can be exceeded in certain cases for a short time, as long as extreme countermeasures are taken afterwards.
Environment - Life Sciences - 17.10.2023
AI Models Identify Biodiversity in Tropical Rainforests
Animal sounds are a very good indicator of biodiversity in tropical reforestation areas. Researchers led by Würzburg Professor Jörg Müller demonstrate this by using sound recordings and AI models. Tropical forests are among the most important habitats on our planet. They are characterised by extremely high species diversity and play an eminent role in the global carbon cycle and the world climate.