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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment



Results 1 - 20 of 282.
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Environment - Economics / Business - 23.06.2022
Default options facilitate faster carbon offsetting in air travel
Study with participation of University of Cologne economist finds that many air travellers more readily choose faster, but more expensive carbon offsetting options online if selecting a slower option requires action. However, the readiness to do so decreases the greater the gap between the most and the least expensive option gets / publication in 'Nature Human Behaviour' The defaults on a carbon offsetting website can cause a large percentage of customers to select faster CO2 compensation, even if this entails higher costs.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Research with a bite
Research with a bite
Scientists at the University of Bonn present a sensor system that can measure the bite force of insects How hard can insects bite? Having a strong chewing apparatus makes it easier to crush harder food and to succeed in fights with enemies. Biologists at the University of Bonn now present a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, along with the software forceR to evaluate the data.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.06.2022
Huge pool of heat in the Pacific caused by climate change
Huge pool of heat in the Pacific caused by climate change
A long-term warm water body that continues to warm has now been discovered by a team from the CLICCS Cluster of Excellence at the University of Hamburg. It is three million square kilometers in size, is due to the human-induced increase in greenhouse gases, and favors extreme heat waves in the Northeast Pacific.

Environment - 21.06.2022
Modern wind turbines can more than compensate for decline in global wind resource
Freiburg environmental meteorologists develop global techno-climatic scenarios and site projections until 2060 Wind energy contributes significantly to the energy sector's sustainable, low-CO2 transformation. However, the efficiency of wind turbines depends on available wind resources and the technical characteristics of the turbines.

Environment - 10.06.2022
A look back in time to the origins of our solar system
A look back in time to the origins of our solar system
Researchers from the University of Göttingen analyse a rock from the asteroid Ryugu Researchers from the University of Göttingen are among the first in the world to have analysed rock samples from the asteroid Ryugu. Asteroids are remnants from the very beginnings of our solar system and, at around 4.6 billion years old, are about as old as the solar system itself.

Life Sciences - Environment - 09.06.2022
Cyanobacteria use the lotus effect
Cyanobacteria use the lotus effect
Water repellency as the first step to life on land a billion years ago Water droplets simply roll off - and clean the surface and reduce infestation with fungal spores, for example. But not only plants have the "lotus effect," which Professor Wilhelm Barthlott of the University of Bonn discovered four decades ago.

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.06.2022
How crops can better survive floods
How crops can better survive floods
Researchers from Freiburg and Utrecht show which signaling pathways make plants more resistant to flooding Extreme weather phenomena are on the rise worldwide, including frequent droughts and fires. Floods are also a clear consequence of climate change. For agriculture, a flooded field means major losses: about 15 percent of global crop losses are due to flooding.

Life Sciences - Environment - 07.06.2022
Copper makes seed pods explode
Copper makes seed pods explode
Researchers identify the genes controlling the mechanical structure of exploding seed pods Plants have evolved numerous strategies to spread their seeds widely. Some scatter their seeds to the wind, while others tempt animals and birds to eat their seed-filled fruits. And a few rare plants - such as the popping cress Cardamine hirsuta - have evolved exploding seed pods that propel their seeds in all directions.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.06.2022
The largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzees
The largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzees
New genomic tools shed light on the evolutionary history of chimpanzees and contribute to their conservation An international research team led by the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE), the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI EVA) and Leipzig University has compiled the largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzee populations in Africa.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.06.2022
Photos of Amazon animals supply extensive collection of biodiversity data
Photos of Amazon animals supply extensive collection of biodiversity data
An international team of researchers has published the largest collection of data from camera traps on Amazonian rainforest animals. The collection currently encompasses over 120,000 registers, plus information on time and location. It will improve research on the abundance, diversity and habitat conditions of jaguars, toucans, harpy eagles and many other endangered rainforest species and contribute to their protection.

History / Archeology - Environment - 30.05.2022
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A team of German and Kurdish archaeologists have uncovered a 3400-year-old Mittani Empire-era city once located on the Tigris River. The settlement emerged from the waters of the Mosul reservoir early this year as water levels fell rapidly due to extreme drought in Iraq. The extensive city with a palace and several large buildings could be ancient Zakhiku - believed to have been an important center in the Mittani Empire (ca. BC).

Chemistry - Environment - 27.05.2022
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
The German Research Foundation (DFG) announced today that it will fund two Collaborative Research Centres (CRC) for a further four years. A total of about 26 million euros in funding is expected for the projects of these large-scale research associations. This will enable researchers to continue the successful work of CRC 1127 "ChemBioSys" and the Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio (CRC/TRR) 234 "CataLight", which is run jointly with Ulm University and other partners.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 23.05.2022
Corals as climate archives
Unusually well-preserved reef corals from the Geological and Palaeontological Collection at Leip-zig University hold a great secret: they allow us to travel far into the past and reconstruct climatic conditions in our latitudes. Researchers from Leipzig University, the Universities of Bremen and Greifswald, and UniLaSalle in Beauvais have now succeeded in doing just this.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.05.2022
Study explores concentrations of microplastics in the Rhine floodplains near Langel in Cologne
Microplastics accumulate in the Rhine meadows at Langel-Merkenich / topography and flooding determine local concentrations of particles in the soil Microplastics can be deposited in river floodplains and transported to deeper soil horizons. Local topography, flood frequency, and soil characteristics are responsible for the amount of plastic particles deposited and their possible transport into deeper soil.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.05.2022
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Research team including Göttingen University assess the efficiency of agri-environmental measures from different perspectives How effective environmental measures in agriculture are for biodiversity and wild bee populations depends on various factors and your perspective. This is shown by agroecologists from the University of Göttingen, Germany and the Centre for Ecological Research in Vácrátót, Hungary.

Environment - 18.05.2022
Urban greenery: not only trees are important
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) conducted a multi-year empirical study to assess the impact of trees on city temperatures. Taking the city of Würzburg as an example, the researchers showed that vegetation cover of approximately 40 percent is needed to bring about lower summer temperatures.

Innovation - Environment - 17.05.2022
Toys and furniture from popcorn
Toys and furniture from popcorn
Forest scientists at Göttingen University develop environmentally friendly products from renewable raw materials Forest scientists at the University of Göttingen have long been researching sustainable and efficient processes to make products from popcorn granulate. There are many uses for these products: from packaging to insulating panels for building insulation .

Life Sciences - Environment - 17.05.2022
Dust catchers: Biological crusts influence the climate
Dust catchers: Biological crusts influence the climate
A surface layer of bacteria, fungi and lichen amongst others reduces the amount of dust stirred up into the atmosphere When bacteria, fungi, mosses, lichens and algae combine on dry land, they form so-called biological soil crusts. These cover about twelve percent of the total global land surface, and up to one third of the surface in dry areas.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.05.2022
Overgrazing alters the ecosystem irreversibly
Overgrazing alters the ecosystem irreversibly
Research team including Göttingen University identifies limit based on microbiology functions The Tibetan plateau is of particular importance for a number of reasons: as a grazing ecosystem, as a carbon store, to initiate the monsoon climate, and to ensure a supply of drinking water. With low to moderate grazing, dead and living roots of the wild sedge plants that are widespread there protect the soil from degradation, meaning the gradual loss of ecosystem functions due to erosion.

Life Sciences - Environment - 16.05.2022
Newly discovered enzyme breaks down PET plastic in record time
Research finding from Leipzig could help make biological recycling more commercially viable Plastic bottles, punnets, wrap - such lightweight packaging made of PET plastic becomes a problem if it is not recycled. Scientists at Leipzig University have now discovered a highly efficient enzyme that degrades PET in record time.
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