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History / Archeology - 03.04.2024
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Research team discovers sophisticated processing of archaeological wood During archaeological excavations in the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in 1994, the discovery of the oldest, remarkably well-preserved hunting weapons known to humanity caused an international sensation. Spears and a double-pointed throwing stick were found lying between animal bones about ten meters below the surface in deposits at a former lakeshore.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 02.04.2024
When Did the Chicken Cross the Road? New Evidence from Central Asia
When Did the Chicken Cross the Road? New Evidence from Central Asia
New research reveals that chickens were widely raised across southern Central Asia from 400 BCE through medieval periods and likely dispersed along the ancient Silk Road In a new study published by Nature Communications , an international team of scholars present the earliest clear archaeological and biomolecular evidence for the raising of chickens for egg production, based on material from 12 archaeological sites spanning one and a half millennia.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 25.03.2024
Scientific Drilling Unravels Historical Mystery Surrounding Santorini
Scientific Drilling Unravels Historical Mystery Surrounding Santorini
Santorini is one of the best-studied volcanic archipelagos in the world. An international drilling expedition has now for the first time used a scientific drill ship to explore and investigate the seafloor around the Greek volcanic island. The researchers have uncovered evidence of an underwater eruption in 726 CE, previously known only from historical records.

History / Archeology - Religions - 07.03.2024
Rabana-Merquly: Was the Mountain Fortress also a Parthian-Era Sanctuary?
Rabana-Merquly: Was the Mountain Fortress also a Parthian-Era Sanctuary?
Archaeological excavations in Iraqi Kurdistan point to a place of worship for the water goddess Anahita Besides being a fortress for military use, the ancient mountain settlement of Rabana-Merquly in

History / Archeology - 21.02.2024
Earliest evidence of a complex adhesive in Europe
Earliest evidence of a complex adhesive in Europe
More than 40,000 years ago, early people in what is now France used a multi-component adhesive to make handles for stone tools. They produced a sophisticated mixture of ochre and bitumen, two raw materials that had to be procured from the wider region. This is the earliest discovery of a multi-component adhesive in Europe to date.

History / Archeology - 08.02.2024
Painkiller or Pleasure?
Painkiller or Pleasure?
A team of archaeologists led by Dr. Maaike Groot from Freie Universität Berlin has provided the first firm evidence that the Romans deliberately collected and used the poisonous seeds of the black henbane plant. The team analyzed seeds found in a hollowed bone discovered at the Roman-period settlement of Houten-Castellum in the Netherlands and compared them to other archaeological occurrences of the plant.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 31.01.2024
Homo sapiens already reached northwest Europe more than 45,000 years ago
Homo sapiens already reached northwest Europe more than 45,000 years ago
The arrival of Homo sapiens in cold northern latitudes took place several thousand years before Neanderthals disappeared in southwest Europe An international research team reports the discovery of Homo sapiens fossils from the cave site Ilsenhöhle in Ranis, Germany. Directly dated to approximately 45,000 years ago, these fossils are associated with elongated stone points partly shaped on both sides (known as partial bifacial blade points), which are characteristic of the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician (LRJ).

History / Archeology - Research Management - 26.01.2024
Researchers find previously unknown Nazi deportation photos in Dresden
Researchers find previously unknown Nazi deportation photos in Dresden
Unique photos from Wroclaw were taken secretly and at great risk by a persecuted Jew The international research network "#LastSeen. Images of Nazi Deportations" presents previously unknown photos of persecuted Jews during the Nazi era. The original photos, in which Breslau residents can be seen shortly before deportation, were recently found in the archives of the Saxon Association of Jewish Communities in Dresden and jointly researched.

Physics - History / Archeology - 25.01.2024
Using the World's First Mobile Computer Tomography Device to Decipher Hidden Texts
Using the World’s First Mobile Computer Tomography Device to Decipher Hidden Texts
Researchers in the Cluster of Excellence Understanding Written Artefacts at Universität Hamburg and the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) have developed the world's only transportable computer tomography device. Using this device, we can now read 4,000 year old cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia for the first time.

Environment - History / Archeology - 17.01.2024
Stalagmites as Climate Archive
Researchers from Heidelberg and Karlsruhe use stalagmite to reconstruct regional and global climate history When combined with data from tree-ring records, stalagmites can open up a unique archive to study natural climate fluctuations across hundreds of years, a research team including geoscientists from Heidelberg University and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have demonstrated.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 20.12.2023
Revealing close and distant relatives in ancient DNA with unprecedented precision
Revealing close and distant relatives in ancient DNA with unprecedented precision
Scientists have developed a new computational tool to detect up to second to third degree cousins using ancient genomes If two persons are biologically related, they share long stretches of DNA that they co-inherited from their recent common ancestor. These almost identically shared stretches of genomes are called IBD ("Identity by Descent") segments.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 13.12.2023
Was Human Height in the Neolithic Period Influenced by Cultural Factors?
Was Human Height in the Neolithic Period Influenced by Cultural Factors?
Team of international researchers analyzed the remains of over 1,500 individuals who lived roughly 6,000 to 8,000 years ago Body size differences between females and males in northern Europe during the early Neolithic period (6,000 to 8,000 years ago) may reflect cultural factors in play. The findings of an international research project led by the University of Pennsylvania (USA) suggest that differences in stature during that period cannot be explained solely by genetics and diet.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 11.12.2023
Did body size in the Neolithic Age depend on cultural influences?
Did body size in the Neolithic Age depend on cultural influences?
International research team studied more than 1,500 individuals who lived around 6,000 to 8,000 years ago The difference in body size between male and female individuals in Northern Europe during the early Neolithic period (8,000 to 6,000 years ago) could have been influenced by cultural factors. The results of an international research team led by the University of Pennsylvania (USA) suggest that the differences in body size during this period cannot be explained by genetic and dietary factors alone.

History / Archeology - Environment - 06.12.2023
Oldest Fortresses in the World Discovered
Oldest Fortresses in the World Discovered
Archaeologists from Freie Universität Berlin together with an international team confirm ancient prehistoric fortifications in Siberia. Research results published in the scientific journal "Antiquity." In a groundbreaking archaeological discovery, an international team led by archaeologists from Freie Universität Berlin has uncovered fortified prehistoric settlements in a remote region of Siberia.

History / Archeology - 20.11.2023
Asia Minor Research Centre uncovers city archives in Doliche
Asia Minor Research Centre uncovers city archives in Doliche
Over 2,000 seal impressions discovered provide vivid insights into city administration in Roman Antiquity Archaeologists from the Asia Minor Research Centre have uncovered the city archives in the ancient city of Doliche in south-eastern Türkiye and recovered more than 2,000 seal impressions used to seal documents.

History / Archeology - 14.11.2023
Experts from the Asia Minor Research Center uncover city archives
Experts from the Asia Minor Research Center uncover city archives
Scientists also recover more than 2,000 seal impressions in the ancient city of Doliche Archaeologists from the Asia Minor Research Center have uncovered the city archives in the ancient city of Doliche in south-eastern Turkey and recovered more than 2,000 seal impressions used to seal documents. The team led by Michael Blömer and Engelbert Winter from the University of Münster thus made a significant discovery: although there were archives for storing contracts in every city, for example, only a handful of archive buildings from the Roman Empire have been identified to date.

Environment - History / Archeology - 10.11.2023
Research Expedition: Climate and Cultural Change in the Aegean Sea
Heidelberg Earth scientists lead research ship METEOR's voyage to the eastern Mediterranean How did climatic and environmental change impact early eastern Mediterranean cultures, and what were the consequences of human settlement on land and marine ecosystems? In order to collect research data to answer these questions, the German research ship METEOR - under the guidance of Earth scientists from Heidelberg University - is embarking on a multi-week expedition to the Aegean and Ionian seas.

History / Archeology - Astronomy / Space - 16.10.2023
Restoration of the temple ceiling in Egyptian Esna completed
Restoration of the temple ceiling in Egyptian Esna completed
Experts from Egypt and Germany have completed the restoration of the ceiling of the Temple of Esna.

History / Archeology - 27.09.2023
New Rooms Discovered in Sahura's Pyramid
New Rooms Discovered in Sahura’s Pyramid
A remarkable archaeological breakthrough has been made with the excavation and restoration of rooms in the pyramid of Sahura. The discovered chambers are probably storage rooms intended to hold the royal burial objects. An Egyptian-German mission led by Egyptologist Dr. Mohamed Ismail Khaled of the Department of Egyptology at Julius-Maximilians-Universität of Würzburg (JMU) has made a significant discovery within Sahura's Pyramid.

History / Archeology - 21.09.2023
New Indo-European Language Discovered
New Indo-European Language Discovered
An excavation in Turkey has brought to light an unknown Indo-European language. Professor Daniel Schwemer, an expert for the ancient near east from Würzburg, is involved in investigating the discovery.
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