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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Results 81 - 100 of 356.


Physics - 24.10.2022
The conundrum of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon
The conundrum of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon
New calculations based on fundamental theories deviate from the currently accepted theoretical value The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon is a crucial parameter in particle physics as it allows for precision tests of the established Standard Model. A new measurement of this quantity in 2021 caused a furore as it reaffirmed a significant deviation from the theoretical prediction - in other words, the anomalous magnetic moment is greater than anticipated.

Astronomy / Space Science - 21.10.2022
Asteroid Ryugu: Arrived from the edge of the solar system
Asteroid Ryugu: Arrived from the edge of the solar system
The asteroid Ryugu probably formed at the outer edge of the solar system beyond the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn. This conclusion is suggested by high-precision measurements that determine the ratio of different iron isotopes in rock samples from Ryugu. An international research group with participation of the Göttingen MPI for Solar System Research (MPS) and the University of Göttingen reports these results in the journal Science Advances .

Health - Life Sciences - 21.10.2022
Gene correction as a possible therapy for iron storage disease
Gene correction as a possible therapy for iron storage disease
Research team uses CRISPR/Cas technology to repair C282Y mutation in primary haemochromatosis Hereditary primary haemochromatosis is one of the most common inborn errors of metabolism in Europe. In this disorder, also known as iron storage disease, the body is overloaded with iron. The excess iron accumulates in organs and tissues and leads to slowly progressive damage to the liver, heart, pancreas, pituitary gland and joints.

Life Sciences - 20.10.2022
Acrobatic hunting strategy helps spider catch dangerous prey
Acrobatic hunting strategy helps spider catch dangerous prey
For the first time, a research team involving the Department of Biology at Universität Hamburg assisted by detailed behavior analyses have shown how the Australian ant-spider, Euryopis umbilicata, can catch prey that is significantly larger than itself. This hunting technique includes an acrobatic attack sequence, with the actual moment of capture happening in a fraction of a second.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.10.2022
Cytoskeleton acts as cells' bouncer for bacteria
Cytoskeleton acts as cells’ bouncer for bacteria
Researchers of the University of Freiburg have discovered a previously unknown function of septins in defending cells against dangerous hospital pathogens Freiburg, Oct 20, 2022 Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P.a.) are resistant to most antibiotics and cause life-threatening infections of wounds or the lungs.

Environment - 20.10.2022
Secrets of Namibia's fairy circles demystified: plants self-organise
Secrets of Namibia’s fairy circles demystified: plants self-organise
Researchers led by Göttingen University show that plant water stress not termites causes mysterious circles Scientists have puzzled over the origin of Namibia's fairy circles for nearly half a century. It boiled down to two main theories: either termites were responsible, or plants were somehow self-organizing.

Social Sciences - 20.10.2022
Dark personality traits make susceptible to fake news
Dark personality traits make susceptible to fake news
People who deny the existence of facts believe in fake news more often. Particularly often affected are people with dark personality traits - those who always put their own benefit first. These are the findings of a new study at the Institute for Human-Computer Media at the University of Würzburg. Some people believe fake news even when the scientific facts clearly speak against it," says psychologist Jan Philipp Rudloff.

Health - 20.10.2022
Dark Personality Traits Make People Susceptible to Fake News
Dark Personality Traits Make People Susceptible to Fake News
People who deny the existence of facts believe in Fake News more often. People with dark personality traits - those who always put their own benefit first - are particularly often affected. These are the findings of a new study at the Human-Computer-Media Institute at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany.

Astronomy / Space Science - 20.10.2022
A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System
A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System
Iron isotopes in samples from asteroid Ryugu suggest its origin to lie beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn The asteroid Ryugu likely formed at the outer edge of the Solar System beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, as high-precision measurements that determine the ratio of iron isotopes in rock samples from Ryugu suggest.

Environment - Computer Science - 20.10.2022
Smartphone data can help create global vegetation maps
Smartphone data can help create global vegetation maps
INaturalist app users play a significant role in helping researchers create global maps of plant traits <p><strong>Leipzig. Missing knowledge in the global distribution of plant traits could be filled with data from species identification apps. Researchers from Leipzig University, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and other institutions were able to demonstrate this based on data from the popular iNaturalist app.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 20.10.2022
Genes that influence dyslexia
Genes that influence dyslexia
A large-scale gene study identifies series of DNA variants linked to dyslexia An international team of scientists, including researchers at the University of Edinburgh and the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen (Netherlands), has for the first time pinpointed a large number of genes that are reliably associated with dyslexia.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.10.2022
Molecular structure of one of the most important receptors in the immune system unraveled
Molecular structure of one of the most important receptors in the immune system unraveled
Researchers from Freiburg and Harvard publish the three-dimensional structure of the B cell antigen receptor, shedding new light on its composition The surface of B cells is covered with antigen receptors with which they recognize invading pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. When a B cell receptor binds to an antigen, that is, to a foreign structure, the B cell is activated and triggers the production of antibodies.

Health - 19.10.2022
Fatty liver is increasingly the cause of liver cell cancer
Fatty liver is increasingly the cause of liver cell cancer
MHH research team has published current review on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in The Lancet Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. In Germany, there are currently around 9,000 new HCC diagnoses per year, and almost 8,000 people affected do not survive the disease.

Health - 19.10.2022
A difficult key factor
At the beginning of the corona pandemic, the R0 value was an essential criterion for estimating the further development. A study by the University of Würzburg now shows that it was often not really accurately determined. Just to remind you: In 2020 - at the beginning of the corona pandemic - the whole of Germany was fascinated by the so-called R-value, which was published daily in the media.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 19.10.2022
Meet the first Neandertal family
Meet the first Neandertal family
Ancient genomes of thirteen Neandertals provide a rare snapshot of their community and social organization For the first time, an international team led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology have managed to sequence multiple individuals from a remote Neandertal community in Siberia.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.10.2022
Plants use their roots to measure manganese concentration available in the soil
Plants use their roots to measure manganese concentration available in the soil
Researchers show for the first time: a specific group of cells in the tip of the root reacts to a manganese deficiency Every living organism needs the element manganese as an essential nutrient. In plants, for example, it plays a major role in breaking down water into oxygen and hydrogen during photosynthesis.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.10.2022
The Mona Lisa effect: How eyespots deter predators that approach from different directions
The Mona Lisa effect: How eyespots deter predators that approach from different directions
Chicks are intimidated by eyespots that appear to gaze at them, providing an explanation for why eyespots are often symmetrical The eyespots of many prey animals deter predators from attacking, like those of the peacock butterfly. In a new study, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology and the University of Newcastle show that the configuration of eyespots have an impact on the prey's survival.

Psychology - Environment - 17.10.2022
Birdsong is good for mental health
Birdsong is good for mental health
Study investigates the influence of birdsong on mood, paranoia, and cognition When you next hear cheerful twittering of birds, you should stop and listen. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf have shown that birdsong reduces anxiety and irrational thoughts.

Environment - 17.10.2022
Land tenure drives deforestation rates in Brazil
Land tenure drives deforestation rates in Brazil
Tropical deforestation causes widespread degradation of biodiversity and carbon stocks. Researchers from the German Center of Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and Leipzig University were now able to test the relationship between land tenure and deforestation rates in Brazil. Their research, which was published in Nature Communications, shows that poorly defined land rights go hand in hand with increased deforestation rates.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 17.10.2022
From theory to application: DFG-funded Research Unit 2811 to develop switchable polymer gels
From theory to application: DFG-funded Research Unit 2811 to develop switchable polymer gels
German Research Foundation approves second funding period for the investigation of polymer gels with a controlled network structure / New focus on biomaterial applications 17 October 2022 The Research Unit on Adaptive Polymer Gels with Controlled Network Structure (FOR 2811) has started work in a second phase.