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Chemistry - Computer Science - 10.05.2024
Evolutionary algorithm generates tailored 'molecular fingerprints'
Evolutionary algorithm generates tailored ’molecular fingerprints’
Team at the University of Münster develops an improved method for explaining machine predictions of chemical reactions Artificial intelligence and machine learning are becoming more and more relevant in everyday life - and the same goes for chemistry. Organic chemists, for example, are interested in how machine learning can help discover and synthesise new molecules that are effective against diseases or are useful in other ways.

Computer Science - 02.05.2024
Warning from the Scientific Community: Beware of AI-based Deception Detection
Artificial intelligence may soon help to identify lies and deception. However, a research team from the Universities of Marburg and Würzburg warns against premature use. Oh, if only it were as easy as with Pinocchio. Here it was simple to see when he was telling a lie: after all, his nose grew a little longer each time.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 15.04.2024
Arabica coffee: New database to better identify more climate-resilient plants
Arabica coffee: New database to better identify more climate-resilient plants
As climate change threatens coffee farming, experts at Nestlé, the world's largest food company, are exploring how advanced data science and artificial intelligence can help select and breed more climate-resilient crops. Together with researchers from scientific institutions in Brazil, France, the US and elsewhere, they have published their latest findings in the journal Nature Genetics.

Computer Science - Physics - 14.03.2024
Redefining Quantum Machine Learning
New study from team of quantum physicists at Freie Universität Berlin challenges traditional understanding of quantum machine learning Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) and computer science that focuses on the use of data and algorithms to allow computers to learn without explicitly being programmed.

Computer Science - Health - 21.02.2024
Artificial intelligence recognizes patterns in behaviour
Artificial intelligence recognizes patterns in behaviour
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, the University Hospital Bonn and the University of Bonn have created an open-source platform known as A-SOiD that can learn and predict user-defined behaviors, just from video. The results of the study have now been published in the journal "Nature Methods".

Computer Science - Physics - 29.01.2024
Utilising active microparticles for artificial intelligence
Utilising active microparticles for artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence using neural networks performs calculations digitally with the help of microelectronic chips. Physicists at Leipzig University have now created a type of neural network that works not with electricity but with so-called active colloidal particles. In their publication in the prestigious journal "Nature Communications", the researchers describe how these microparticles can be used as a physical system for artificial intelligence and the prediction of time series.

Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 12.01.2024
Würzburg computer scientists dive down
Würzburg computer scientists dive down
Researchers at the University of Würzburg have developed a virtual reality (VR) application for training astronauts. It allows the training of various mission scenarios under water. Nowhere can the zero gravity of space be simulated as well as in water - training in large indoor swimming pools is therefore part of the daily routine for astronauts in training.

Health - Computer Science - 09.01.2024
Leukaemia: artificial intelligence provides support in diagnostics
Leukaemia: artificial intelligence provides support in diagnostics
IT specialists and physicians develop new method for recognising genetic aberrations Decisions on treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) - a highly aggressive form of leukemia - are based, among other things, on a series of certain genetic features of the disease; but at the time when a diagnosis is made, this information is not available.

Computer Science - 14.12.2023
Mini crime stories in 3D
Mini crime stories in 3D
Eyewitness statements are one of the key sources for identifying perpetrators - and one of the most error-prone. For example, the Innocence Project - an organisation that works to clear up miscarriages of justice in the US - states that incorrect eyewitness statements played a role in 64 per cent of the cases in which it was able to secure the release of people who had been wrongly convicted.

Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 08.12.2023
Giant doubts about giant exomoons
Giant doubts about giant exomoons
Discovery of giant exomoons around the planets Kepler-1625b and Kepler-1708b called into question Just as it can be assumed that the stars in our Milky Way are orbited by planets, moons around these exoplanets should not be uncommon. This makes it all the more difficult to detect them. So far, only two of the more than 5300 known exoplanets have been found to have moons.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 04.12.2023
Artificial intelligence makes gripping more intuitive
Current hand prostheses already work with the help of an app or sensors attached to the forearm. New research at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) shows this: A better understanding of muscle activity patterns enables more intuitive and natural control of the prostheses. This requires a network of 128 sensors and the use of artificial intelligence .

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 13.11.2023
Artificial intelligence: Unexpected results
Artificial intelligence: Unexpected results
Researchers at the University of Bonn take a look behind the scenes of machine learning in drug research Artificial intelligence (AI) is on the rise. Until now, AI applications generally have "black box" character: How AI arrives at its results remains hidden. Jürgen Bajorath, a cheminformatics scientist at the University of Bonn, and his team have developed a method that reveals how certain AI applications work in pharmaceutical research.

Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Autonomous measuring instruments systematically detect new materials
Autonomous measuring instruments systematically detect new materials
A new algorithm measures materials libraries up to four times faster than before. It's based on machine learning. Researchers are working tirelessly to find new materials for future technologies that are essential for the energy transition - as electrocatalysts, for example. Due to their versatile properties, materials consisting of five or more elements are of great interest for this purpose.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Autonomous measuring instruments specifically find new materials
Autonomous measuring instruments specifically find new materials
A new algorithm mines material libraries up to four times faster than before. It is based on machine learning . Researchers are working flat out to find new materials for future technologies on which the energy transition depends, for example as electrocatalysts. Due to their versatile properties, materials consisting of five or more elements are of particular interest.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 26.10.2023
TUM professor develops an energy-saving AI chip
TUM professor develops an energy-saving AI chip
In-memory computing Hussam Amrouch has developed an AI-ready architecture that is twice as powerful as comparable in-memory computing approaches. As reported in the journal Nature, the professor at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) applies a new computational paradigm using special circuits known as ferroelectric field effect transistors (FeFETs).

Computer Science - 26.10.2023
Apple's Safari browser is still vulnerable to Spectre attacks
Apple’s Safari browser is still vulnerable to Spectre attacks
2018, the Spectre attack revealed critical security vulnerabilities in numerous systems that could be exploited to harvest sensitive data. The implementation of countermeasures is supposed to protect from such attacks. Modern processors come with a fundamental vulnerability in their hardware architecture that allows attackers to hijack sensitive data.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 23.10.2023
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
International team of researchers develops photonic processor with adaptive neural connectivity Modern computer models - for example for complex, potent AI applications - push traditional digital computer processes to their limits. New types of computing architecture, which emulate the working principles of biological neural networks, hold the promise of faster, more energy-efficient data processing.

Computer Science - 02.10.2023
Plants Improve Performance and Feelings of Wellbeing in Virtual Realities
Plants Improve Performance and Feelings of Wellbeing in Virtual Realities
How can we improve cognitive abilities and feelings of wellbeing in virtual worlds? An international team, led by the Department of Informatics at Universität Hamburg made up of members from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, has found that the presence of plants in virtual office spaces can improve intellectual productivity, memory, and feelings of well-being.

Computer Science - Physics - 29.09.2023
'Munich is becoming a hotspot for quantum computing software'
’Munich is becoming a hotspot for quantum computing software’
Interview with Prof. Robert Wille on quantum computing software Most of us use software applications on a daily basis, for example when writing emails or surfing the internet. But how will future programs look like when new technologies such as quantum computers arrive on the scene? Prof. Robert Wille and his team are already developing the software of tomorrow today.

Computer Science - Environment - 21.09.2023
Cloud Services Without Servers: What's Behind It
Cloud Services Without Servers: What’s Behind It
A new generation of cloud services is on the rise. It is based on the paradigm of "serverless computing", which is an active research topic at the Institute for Computer Science in Würzburg. In cloud computing, commercial providers make computing resources available on demand to their customers over the Internet.
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