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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Results 161 - 180 of 301.
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Health - Life Sciences - 13.05.2022
'Growing end' of inflammation discovered
’Growing end’ of inflammation discovered
Researchers from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne observe how the danger sensor NLRP3 lengthens itself like a thread Redness, swelling, pain - these are signs of inflammation. It serves to protect the body from pathogens or foreign substances. Researchers from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne were able to show that inflammatory reactions of an important sensor protein proceed in a specific spatial direction.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.05.2022
A repair program for the heart
Following a heart attack, the human body is incapable of repairing lost tissue due to the heart's inability to generate new muscle. However, treatment with heart progenitor cells could result in the formation of functional heart cells at injured sites. This new therapeutic approach is introduced by an international team.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 12.05.2022
Algae reveal clues about climate changes over millions of years
Göttingen scientists identify and investigate algae which register sea water temperatures of the warmest months Organisms adjust their cell walls according to environmental conditions such as temperature. Some adaptations involve changes in lipids which may still be preserved long after the rest of the organisms has been degraded.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 12.05.2022
An image of the Milky Way's black hole
An image of the Milky Way’s black hole
Observation with the Event Horizon Telescope improves our understanding of the processes at the galactic centre It sits deep in the heart of the Milky Way, is 27,000 light years from Earth, and resembles a doughnut. This is how the black hole at the centre of our galaxy appears in the image obtained by researchers using the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT).

Physics - Innovation - 11.05.2022
Physicists study optically induced quantum dynamics in single-photon emitters
Physicists study optically induced quantum dynamics in single-photon emitters
For tomorrow's quantum technologies: hexagonal boron nitride under the magnifying glass / findings published in -Optica- Quantum technologies are a seminal field of research, especially in relation to their application in communication and computing. In particular, the so-called single-photon emitters - materials that emit single light quanta in quick sequence - are an important building block for such applications.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 10.05.2022
What benefits nutrition in Africa the most
What benefits nutrition in Africa the most
More variety in the fields is not necessarily the best strategy, a recent study shows Malnutrition in developing countries is best addressed not by increasing the variety of crops grown on smallholder farms, but by improving access to markets. This is the conclusion of a recent study by the MwAPATA Institute in Malawi and the University of Bonn in Germany.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.05.2022
Rare discovery: How a gene mutation causes higher intelligence
Rare discovery: How a gene mutation causes higher intelligence
When genes mutate, this can lead to severe diseases of the human nervous system. Researchers at Leipzig University and the University of Würzburg have now used fruit flies to demonstrate how, apart from the negative effect, the mutation of a neuronal gene can have a positive effect - namely higher IQ in humans.

Electroengineering - 09.05.2022
Bright, stable, and easy to recycle lighting
A low-cost and easy-to-manufacture lighting technology can be made with light-emitting electrochemical cells. Such cells are thin-film electronic and ionic devices that generate light after a low voltage is applied. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Turin have now used extensive data analysis to create first-class electrochemical cells from copper complexes that emit blue and white light.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.05.2022
Animal research: influence of experimenters on results less strong than expected
Animal research: influence of experimenters on results less strong than expected
For more than ten years now, scientists have been discussing the so-called reproducibility crisis: often, scientific findings cannot be reproduced at a later time and/or in other laboratories, although the studies are carried out under highly standardised conditions. Thereby, standardisation includes for example the use of genetically identical animals, keeping the animals in identically equipped cages, and carrying out the experiments in always the same way.

Environment - 06.05.2022
Tropical dry forests are disappearing rapidly around the globe
Tropical dry forests are disappearing rapidly around the globe
Most comprehensive global assessment of deforestation processes in the world's dry forests published in Nature Sustainability Dry tropical forests are important ecosystems, yet these forests are increasingly threatened, a new study discovers. Aninnovative approach to characterize how deforestation took place since 2000 showed that more than 71 million hectares of tropical dry forests were lost, particularly in South America and Asia.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 06.05.2022
Asteroid treasure in the Hubble archive
Asteroid treasure in the Hubble archive
The data of the space telescope contain the traces of many unknown celestial bodies With a sophisticated combination of human and artificial intelligence, astronomers uncovered 1701 new asteroid trails in archival data of the Hubble Space Telescope spanning the past 20 years. While about one third could be identified and attributed to known objects, more than 1000 trails probably correspond to previously unknown asteroids.

Computer Science - Physics - 06.05.2022
In balance: Quantum computing needs the right combination of order and disorder
Study shows that disorder in quantum computer chips needs to be designed to perfection / Publication in 'Nature Communications' Research conducted within the Cluster of Excellence 'Matter and Light for Quantum Computing' (ML4Q) has analysed cutting-edge device structures of quantum computers to demonstrate that some of them are indeed operating dangerously close to a threshold of chaotic meltdown.

Life Sciences - Laboratory - 05.05.2022
Cell division in moss and animals more similar than previously thought
Cell division in moss and animals more similar than previously thought
German-Japanese research team from Universities of Freiburg and Nagoya identifies what determines the site of cell division in plants For a new plant to grow from a seed, cells need to divide numerous times. Daughter cells can each take on different tasks and sometimes vary in size. How plants determine the plane of cell division in this process, known as mitosis, is being researched by Ralf Reski and Dr. Elena Kozgunova from the University of Freiburg in a joint effort with Prof. Dr. Gohta Goshima from Nagoya University.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.05.2022
Small changes - but essential! How peptides are recognised in receptors
Small changes - but essential! How peptides are recognised in receptors
Researchers discover molecular mechanisms of signal recognition of the neuropeptide system The human body consists of trillions of cells that constantly communicate with each other. A central role in this communication process is played by receptor proteins on the cell surface. Since they often serve as drug targets, they have been the subject of intensive research.

Linguistics / Literature - 05.05.2022
Significant Decrease in Willingness to Donate Blood During Corona Pandemic
Significant Decrease in Willingness to Donate Blood During Corona Pandemic
Current calls for blood donations highlight the urgent need for blood. A new study at Universität Hamburg shows that the willingness to donate blood has dramatically decreased throughout the pandemic. The findings were published in the journal PLOS ONE. Even before the corona pandemic, there were repeated blood drives to meet urgent needs.

Life Sciences - 05.05.2022
Research team decodes human genome
Research team decodes human genome
"A big puzzle": How an international consortium has now completely decoded the human genome The human genome is like a puzzle - but a difficult one to solve: This puzzle has more than three billion pieces. And as if that were not challenging enough, the puzzle is made even more confusing by similar pieces as well as patterns that repeat themselves.

Politics - Health - 05.05.2022
Mass fear decreases when measures to contain pandemics are effective
If infection numbers drop significantly over the course of a pandemic in response to policy measures, this lowers people's sense of fear and panic-related behaviour more strongly than the infection rates and the measures themselves.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 04.05.2022
New insights into gene expression in nerve cells
New insights into gene expression in nerve cells
Genes are the carriers of our genetic information. They are read in our cells and used to produce ribonucleic acids (RNAs). During this process, termed transcription, the enzyme RNA polymerase II has a decisive influence on the exact time at which genes are read and on the intensity with which this happens.

Environment - 04.05.2022
Making the drinking water supply climate-proof
Making the drinking water supply climate-proof
The research network "TrinkXtrem" wants to improve the forecast quality of groundwater models during extreme weather events. [Picture: Pixabay/tvjoern] Ensuring the supply of drinking water during extreme weather events such as a long drought or heavy rainfall - this is the overarching goal of a new research project named TrinkXtrem.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.05.2022
The fungal effector Rip 1 suppresses maize host defense responses
The fungal effector Rip 1 suppresses maize host defense responses
Coevolution between pathogens and host plant immune systems shapes a multifaceted network of interactions that remain phenotypically unrecognised and functionally elusive unless single players are depleted from the system. The maize-colonising fungus Ustilago maydis secretes a complex effector blend in order to suppress defence and redirect host metabolism in its favour.
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