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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2022
Newly discovered process brings immune cells up to speed
Newly discovered process brings immune cells up to speed
Study at the University of Bonn identifies mechanism otherwise found in metastasizing cancer cells Cancer cells use an unusual mechanism to migrate into new tissue and form metastases there. The same process probably also keeps some immune cells on their toes. This is the result of a recent study led by the University of Bonn.

Physics - Health - 14.10.2022
Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells
Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells
Promising methods of measurement should provide data and insights for combating chronic illnesses and cancer. Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells Within the framework of a contract to conduct research into human skin cells, a research team at Universität Hamburg, together with the Frauenhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research (IAP), DESY, and the Beiersdorf corporation, measured how much co-enzyme Q10 cells had taken up.

Physics - Life Sciences - 13.10.2022
Researchers provide new insights into photosynthesis
Researchers provide new insights into photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is the most important basis of life on Earth. In it, plants and single-cell algae use the energy of sunlight and convert this energy into sugar and biomass. In this process, oxygen is released. Plant biotechnologists and structural biologists from the Universities of Münster and Stockholm (Sweden) have clarified the structure of a new protein complex which catalyses energy conversion processes in photosynthesis.

Environment - Psychology - 13.10.2022
Birdsong is good for mental health
Birdsong is good for mental health
Study examines influence of birdsong on mood, paranoia and cognition If you hear chirpy birdsong coming soon, you should stop and listen. Because birdsong has been shown to alleviate anxiety and irrational thoughts. This is what researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf have discovered.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 13.10.2022
Seismic sensing reveals flood damage potential
Seismic sensing reveals flood damage potential
Researchers led by Göttingen University use earthquake sensors to track magnitude and velocity of 2021 summer flood Rapidly evolving floods are a major and growing hazard worldwide. Currently, their onset and evolution is hard to identify using existing systems. However, seismic sensors already in place to detect earthquakes could be a solution to this problem.

Pedagogy - 13.10.2022
Teaching self-regulation early - with sustainable effects on children’s educational success
Research study by the universities of Mainz and Zurich demonstrates high effectivity in developing the ability for self-regulation in young primary school students 13 October 2022 Self-regulation, i.e., the ability to control attention, emotion, and impulses, as well as being able to pursue individual goals consequently, is a skill that we usually do not spontaneously associate with young children.

Campus - 12.10.2022
New Study on Affirmative Action Policies for Leadership Positions
The German population expresses support for recruitment practices that favor women and people from non-academic households The debate surrounding affirmative action policies to counteract inequality against underrepresented groups continues to raise questions about the use of quotas when it comes to hiring people to leadership positions or public offices.

Environment - Life Sciences - 12.10.2022
Global study: Few of the ecologically most valuable soils are protected
Global study: Few of the ecologically most valuable soils are protected
<p><strong>Halle, Leipzig, Seville. Current protected areas only poorly cover the places most relevant for conserving soil ecological values. This is the conclusion of a new study published in the journal Nature. To assess global hotspots for preserving soil ecological values, an international team of scientists measured different dimensions of soil biodiversity (local species richness and uniqueness) and ecosystem services (like water regulation or carbon storage).

Astronomy / Space Science - 11.10.2022
Gigantic Radio Sources Discovered in the Universe-Up to 10 Million Light Years in Size
Gigantic Radio Sources Discovered in the Universe-Up to 10 Million Light Years in Size
An international research team led by the Hamburg Observatory of Universität Hamburg has discovered 4 gigantic radio sources. These so-called megahalos are up to 10 million light years in size but have been detected for the first time with the help of the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) radio telescope.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 11.10.2022
With artificial intelligence to new materials
With artificial intelligence to new materials
In a pilot project, machine learning is helping to develop materials for hydrogen storage, for example. Artificial intelligence is opening up new possibilities in the development of new materials. Particularly in the search for materials for special applications such as high-entropy alloys, which contain several components in roughly equal proportions, machine learning could support research.

Life Sciences - Environment - 10.10.2022
Back to the future of photosynthesis
Back to the future of photosynthesis
Resurrecting billon-year-old enzymes reveals how photosynthesis adapted to the rise of oxygen The central biocatalyst in Photosynthesis, Rubisco, is the most abundant enzyme on earth. By reconstructing billion-year-old enzymes, a team of Max Planck Researchers has deciphered one of the key adaptations of early photosynthesis.

Paleontology - 06.10.2022
New field of research: crystal traces in fossil leaves
New field of research: crystal traces in fossil leaves
Study by the University of Bonn proves for the first time that enigmatic microstructures originate from calcium oxalate In fossil leaves, puzzling structures are often visible under the microscope. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now been able to show for the first time that they originate from calcium oxalate crystals.

Environment - 06.10.2022
Extreme Salt Stress Triggers Leaf Movement
Extreme Salt Stress Triggers Leaf Movement
Plant leaves can cope with much higher salt concentrations than roots. The underlying mechanism may help to develop more salt-tolerant crops. When there is a lack of water, heat or intensive irrigation, the level of common salt (sodium chloride) in the soil increases. However, most crops are sensitive to salt.

Health - Chemistry - 06.10.2022
Model system provides insight into the growth of pancreatic tumors
Model system provides insight into the growth of pancreatic tumors
Researchers develop innovative organoid model to study pancreatic cancer Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a novel model system that can be used to precisely track the growth steps and three-dimensional arrangement of pancreatic cancer cells. It also provides the basis for testing and developing therapeutic approaches.

Physics - 06.10.2022
Milestones achieved on the path to useful quantum technologies
Milestones achieved on the path to useful quantum technologies
Researchers at Paderborn and Ulm universities are developing the first programmable optical quantum memory Tiny particles that are interconnected despite sometimes being thousands of kilometres apart - Albert Einstein called this 'spooky action at a distance'. Something that would be inexplicable by the laws of classical physics is a fundamental part of quantum physics.

Paleontology - 06.10.2022
New field of research: crystal traces in fossil leaves
New field of research: crystal traces in fossil leaves
Study by the University of Bonn proves for the first time that enigmatic microstructures originate from calcium oxalate In fossil leaves, puzzling structures are often visible under the microscope. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now been able to show for the first time that they originate from calcium oxalate crystals.

Life Sciences - 05.10.2022
Second Stem Cell Type Discovered in Mouse Brain
Second Stem Cell Type Discovered in Mouse Brain
In the brain of adult mammals neural stem cells ensure that new nerve cells, i.e. neurons, are constantly formed. This process, known as adult neurogenesis, helps mice maintain their sense of smell. A research team led by Dr Francesca Ciccolini at the Interdisciplinary Center for Neurosciences (IZN) of Heidelberg University recently discovered a second stem cell population in the mouse brain.

Environment - 05.10.2022
1 million-year-old marine DNA found in Antarctic sediment
1 million-year-old marine DNA found in Antarctic sediment
International study with participation of the University of Bonn reveals type and age of diatoms A new study led by the University of Tasmania - with the participation of the University of Bonn - discovered the oldest marine DNA in deep-sea sediments of the Scotia Sea north of the Antarctic continent.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 04.10.2022
Microscopic Octopuses from a 3D Printer
Microscopic Octopuses from a 3D Printer
Although just cute little creatures at first glance, the microscopic geckos and octopuses fabricated by 3D laser printing in the molecular engineering labs at Heidelberg University could open up new opportunities in fields such as microrobotics or biomedicine. The printed microstructures are made from novel materials - known as smart polymers - whose size and mechanical properties can be tuned on demand and with high precision.
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