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Environment - Innovation - 11.04.2024
Hybrid Intelligence Can Reconcile Biodiversity & Agriculture
Pioneering approach to conflicting goals Hybrid Intelligence Can Reconcile Biodiversity & Agriculture Preserving biodiversity without reducing agricultural productivity: So far, these two goals could not be reconciled because the socio-ecological system of agriculture is highly complex, and the interactions between humans and the environment are difficult to capture using conventional methods.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.04.2024
High ozone levels could be a cause of insect decline
High ozone levels could be a cause of insect decline
The oxidant pollutant removes mating barriers between fly species and increases the occurrence of sterile hybrids In a recent study, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, show that ozone levels, such as those found in many places on hot summer days today, destroy the sex pheromones of fruit fly species.

Chemistry - Physics - 11.04.2024
New Ways to Fine Tune Electrochemistry
New Ways to Fine Tune Electrochemistry
Scientists have found new paths to steer and optimize electrochemical processes. Optimizing electrochemical reactions is essential for the transition to renewable energies. In electrochemical reactions, electric currents and potential differences are used to binding and induce reactions. Electrochemistry is a pre-requisite for hydrogen production, and for batterie technology, and thus for sustainable chemistry.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Navigation software supports kidney research
Navigation software supports kidney research
Bonn researchers develop method for three-dimensional image processing to solve the mystery of kidney inflammation Many kidney diseases are manifested by protein in the urine. However, until now it was not possible to determine whether the protein excretion is caused by only a few, but severely damaged, or by many moderately damaged of the millions of small kidney filters, known as glomeruli.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 10.04.2024
New strategy for assessing the applicability of reactions
New strategy for assessing the applicability of reactions
Team from the University of Münster presents computer-aided method / Counteracting subjective bias in studies on the production of new chemical compounds Chemists often develop and optimise new chemical reactions using so-called model systems, i.e. simple, easily accessible substrates.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 10.04.2024
Discovery of the first fractal molecule in nature
Discovery of the first fractal molecule in nature
Scientists found for the first time a natural protein that follows a mathematical pattern of self-similarity An international team of researchers led by groups from the Max Planck Institute in Marburg and the Philipps University in Marburg has stumbled upon the first regular molecular fractal in nature.

Paleontology - 09.04.2024
Do some mysterious bones belong to gigantic ichthyosaurs?
Do some mysterious bones belong to gigantic ichthyosaurs?
A study carried out at the University of Bonn sheds light on a mystery that has puzzled paleontologists for 150 years Several similar large, fossilized bone fragments have been discovered in various regions across Western and Central Europe since the 19th century. The animal group to which they belonged is still the subject of much debate to this day.

Physics - 09.04.2024
Quantum entanglement in quasiparticles: a stealth mode against disorder
Quantum entanglement in quasiparticles: a stealth mode against disorder
Würzburg physicists have discovered that quantum entanglement toughens up quasiparticles against impurity scattering - even when they are subject to strong disorder. Physicists at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) have made a discovery that could boost the understanding of the role of entanglement in high-temperature copper oxide superconductors.

Health - Psychology - 09.04.2024
When and How Does Touch Make a Difference?
When and How Does Touch Make a Difference?
A hug can have a beneficial effect. Even when it comes from a robot. Touch can do a lot of good - so far, so good. But to what extent do humans benefit from it? How much touch is allowed? Who should touch and where? When we experience physical contact - does it even have to be with another human? A research team from Bochum, Duisburg-Essen and Amsterdam analyzed over 130 international studies with around 10,000 participants to answer these questions.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.04.2024
When and how touch is good for you
When and how touch is good for you
A hug can have a soothing effect. Even if it comes from a robot . Touch can do a lot of good - so far, so good. But to what extent do people benefit from it? How much touch is allowed? Who should touch and where? Does it even have to be another person with whom we come into physical contact? A research team from Bochum, Duisburg-Essen and Amsterdam analyzed over 130 international studies with around 10,000 participants to answer these questions.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.04.2024
Histopathological biomarkers for nanomedicine-based cancer therapy
Researchers from the Institute of Experimental Molecular Imaging at RWTH Aachen University publish results on the identification of suitable tumor patients in clinical trials for nanoparticle-based cancer therapies . Nanomedical formulations have attracted increasing public attention since the development of coronavirus vaccines.

Politics - 05.04.2024
A new socio-ecological class conflict?
A new socio-ecological class conflict?
The climate crisis, farmers' protests, the rise of right-wing parties, ongoing disputes in government, wars in Ukraine and the Middle East: the crisis is becoming a permanent feature of politics and society. In view of the enormous challenges, does a socio-ecological transformation even stand a chance? The BMBF junior research group "Mentalities in flux" (flumen) at Friedrich Schiller University Jena investigated this question.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 05.04.2024
Away with industrial agriculture
Away with industrial agriculture
Global study: Diversified agriculture strengthens food security and biodiversity . Mixing livestock farming and arable farming, integrating flower strips and trees, water and soil protection and much more: a comprehensive global study led by the Universities of Copenhagen and Hohenheim and with the participation of the University of Göttingen has investigated the effects of diversified agriculture.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 05.04.2024
Mysterious object in the gap
Mysterious object in the gap
On May 29, 2023, the LIGO Livingston detector observed a mysterious signal, called GW230529. It originated from the merger of a neutron star with an unknown compact object, most likely an unusually light-weight black hole. With a mass of only a few times that of our Sun, the object falls into the "lower mass gap" between the heaviest neutron stars and the lightest black holes.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.04.2024
Attack and defence in the microverse
Attack and defence in the microverse
Viruses need hosts. Whether it's measles, the flu or coronavirus, viral pathogens cannot multiply or infect other organisms without the assistance of their hosts' cellular infrastructure. However, humans are not the only ones affected by viruses: animals, plants and even microorganisms can all serve as hosts.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.04.2024
Because they know what they are doing: virus, plant, fish
Because they know what they are doing: virus, plant, fish
Virus, plant, fish: three working groups give an insight into their research It is only 80 to 120 nanometers in size, but has a big impact: the influenza virus. The pathogen is usually responsible for the annual flu season by infecting healthy body cells, multiplying in them, being released from the cell again and infecting other cells.

Physics - Electroengineering - 04.04.2024
Progress in Quantum Physics: Researchers Tame Superconductors
Progress in Quantum Physics: Researchers Tame Superconductors
An international team including researchers from the University of Würzburg has succeeded in creating a special state of superconductivity. This discovery could advance the development of quantum computers. Superconductors are materials that can conduct electricity without electrical resistance - making them the ideal base material for electronic components in MRI machines, magnetic levitation trains and even particle accelerators.

History / Archeology - 03.04.2024
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Research team discovers sophisticated processing of archaeological wood During archaeological excavations in the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in 1994, the discovery of the oldest, remarkably well-preserved hunting weapons known to humanity caused an international sensation. Spears and a double-pointed throwing stick were found lying between animal bones about ten meters below the surface in deposits at a former lakeshore.

Chemistry - Environment - 03.04.2024
New Method for Storing and Processing Hydrogen Chloride Paves the Way for Safer, More Sustainable Hydrogen and Base Chemical Production
Hydrogen chloride can now be stored, processed, and electrolyzed safely thanks to breakthrough by research team at Freie Universität Berlin A research team at Freie Universität Berlin led by Professor Sebastian Hasenstab-Riedel has successfully developed a method for storing and electrolyzing gaseous hydrogen chloride in the form of an ionic liquid.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.04.2024
How green algae and bacteria together contribute to climate protection
How green algae and bacteria together contribute to climate protection
Microscopic algae play a significant role in binding carbon dioxide and are therefore of great ecological importance. In nature, microalgae have coexisted with bacteria for many millions of years. Bacteria can either harm algae or promote their growth. A research team at Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany has now found a bacterium that forms a team with a green alga.