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Results 81 - 100 of 111.

Health - 05.03.2020
Towards improved cochlear implants
Towards improved cochlear implants
Computer model shows neuronal activation patterns in the inner ear Research towards improved cochlear implants Cochlear implants restore hearing in deaf people to an amazingly high level. In order to optimize such implants, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a computer model which predicts the neuronal activation patterns that the implant creates in the auditory nerve fibers.

Physics - 27.02.2020
Preserved and fresh
Preserved and fresh
Neutrons show the details of the drying process during freeze drying Freeze drying has provided us with tasty dried fruits in muesli, long-life yoghurt cultures and many other important products. For the first time, using neutron beams from the Heinz-Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) research neutron source, a team of scientists has now been able to show us the drying process in detail.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.02.2020
Eat or be eaten
Eat or be eaten
Biodiversity increases the efficiency of energy use in grasslands Plants obtain their energy from the sun. Other beings rely on eating to survive. Yet how does the energy flow inside ecosystems function and are there differences between ecosystems with many species in comparison to those with few species' Researchers have now examined these questions using a holistic approach by evaluating data gathered through a large-scale biodiversity experiment.

Life Sciences - 21.02.2020
Trusting Our Own Knowledge
What do we know about the topic of climate change and how great is our trust in our own knowledge? An interdisciplinary team of researchers from Heidelberg University has explored this question in a representative study involving around 500 participants. It turned out that those interviewed mainly were uncertain of their own level of knowledge when confronted with false statements.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.02.2020
Molecular Motor
How do cells disentangle clumped, and hence non-functional, proteins? A Dutch-German team including researchers from Heidelberg University explored this question. The researchers describe a molecular machine which pulls on exposed loops of the protein chains and extracts them from the protein aggregate.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 19.02.2020
"A rethinking in the minds of researchers is necessary": Guest comments
The reproducibility of research results is one of the fundamental quality criteria in science. The demand for transparency of the scientific knowledge process aims to ensure the repeatability of scientific studies or experiments. The project "Opening Reproducible Research" (o2r) of the Institute for Geoinformatics of the University of Münster and the University and State Library of Münster deals with this topic.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.02.2020
First research results on the
First research results on the "spectacular meteorite fall" of Flensburg
Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system. A fireball in the sky, accompanied by a bang, amazed hundreds of eyewitnesses in northern Germany in mid-September last year.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 13.02.2020
Body Temperature Controls Enzyme Activity
A new study at Freie Universität Berlin shows how body temperature regulates certain enzymes and biological processes No 033/2020 from Feb 13, 2020 Researchers from Freie Universität Berlin's Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry have shown that the activity of a class of enzymes is directly controlled by subtle changes in body temperature.

Life Sciences - 12.02.2020
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Lane change in the cytoskeleton
Transport proteins can switch between microtubule network and actin network Many amphibians and fish are able to change their color in order to better adapt to their environment. Munich-based scientists have now investigated the molecular mechanisms in the cytoskeleton necessary for this and revealed potential evolutionary paths.

Physics - Innovation - 10.02.2020
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
Quantum technologies: New insights into superconducting processes
The development of a quantum computer that can solve problems, which classical computers can only solve with great effort or not at all - this is the goal currently being pursued by an ever-growing number of research teams worldwide. The reason: Quantum effects, which originate from the world of the smallest particles and structures, enable many new technological applications.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.02.2020
The invisibility cloak of a fungus
The invisibility cloak of a fungus
While viruses and bacteria regularly manage to infect the human organism, fungi only very rarely succeed. The reason for this is that the human immune system can recognize them very easily because their cells are surrounded by a solid cell wall of chitin and other complex sugars. Chitin is, so to speak, the alarm signal for our immune system, to which it reacts with a whole arsenal of defensive weapons.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.02.2020
Bumble bees prefer a low-fat diet
A bumble bee's diet affects survival and reproductive capabilities Are bees dying of malnourishment? Professor Sara Diana Leonhardt examines the interactions between plants and insects with her work group at the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan. Using behavioral experiments, her team analyzes how bumble bees evaluate the quality of food sources and how foods of various qualities affect their well-being.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 05.02.2020
Prehistoric Skeleton Discovered in Southern Mexico
A prehistoric human skeleton found on the Yucatán Peninsula in southern Mexico is at least 10,000 years old and most likely dates from the end of the most recent ice age, the late Pleistocene. An international research team led by geoscientists from Heidelberg University studied the remains of the approximately 30-year-old woman.

Pharmacology - Health - 04.02.2020
Hepatitis B: New therapeutic approach
Hepatitis B: New therapeutic approach
Therapeutic vaccination may help to cure chronic hepatitis B infection Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM), Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) have developed a novel therapeutic approach to cure chronic hepatitis B. The scientists found that the large amount of hepatitis B virus proteins expressed in the liver prevents the body's immune system to defeat the virus.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.02.2020
What can be done to combat the third leading cause of death worldwide?
Freie Universität Berlin participates in international research project to develop new therapies against antibiotic-resistant pathogens of pneumonia / Funded with 10 million euros from the European Union No 025/2020 from Feb 04, 2020 Scientists from eleven European research institutions, including the Institute of Pharmacy at Freie Universität Berlin, are jointly looking for new ways to combat antibiotic-resistant pathogens.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.01.2020
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Relationship between the economic value of our ecosystems and biodiversity Can the biodiversity of ecosystems be considered a factor of production? A group of researchers under the direction of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are studying the economic benefits that farmers and foresters can obtain by focusing on several species instead of just one.

Life Sciences - Physics - 29.01.2020
Guardian angel of the eye
Guardian angel of the eye
Protective protein in the eye lens affects protein oxidation The lens of the human eye comprises a highly concentrated protein solution, which lends the lens its great refractive power. Protective proteins prevent these proteins from clumping together throughout a lifetime. A team of scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now uncovered the precise structure of the 'A-crystallin protein and, in the process, discovered an important additional function.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 29.01.2020
Tree-like Detergent Molecules for Membrane Proteins
Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin and University of Oxford Develop Novel Technique for the Analysis of Membrane Proteins No 017/2020 from Jan 29, 2020 Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Oxford developed a method, which enables the gentle release of proteins from membranes.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.01.2020
Gene scissors against incurable muscular disease
Gene scissors against incurable muscular disease
New gene correction therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy Duchenne type muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common hereditary muscular disease among children, leaving them wheelchair-bound before the age of twelve and reducing life expectancy. Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM), Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) and the German Research Center for Environmental Health (Helmholtz Zentrum München) have developed a gene therapy that may provide permanent relief for those suffering from DMD.

Psychology - 27.01.2020
When discussions become emotional
In these times, when Donald Trump and Greta Thunberg are active, discussions on scientific findings can become emotional. But how does the general public see such emotional debates' Initial answers to this question have now been found in the interdisciplinary DFG (German Research Foundation) Research Training Group “Trust and Communication in a Digitized World”.

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