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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment - 02.12.2022
Iron for energy storage
Iron for energy storage
In the futuere the metal could store energy from renewable sources, for example for transportation Energy from sun or wind is weather-dependent and lacks an efficient way to store and transport it. Scientists from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung and TU Eindhoven are investigating iron as a possible energy carrier.

Health - 29.11.2022
Do women age differently from men?
Do women age differently from men?
Studies in fruit flies reveal how the sex determines the responses to the anti-ageing drug rapamycin The effect of medicines on women and men can differ significantly. This also applies to the currently most promising anti-ageing drug rapamycin, as researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing in Cologne and University College London have now shown.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.11.2022
Deepest look yet into the heart of a quasar
Deepest look yet into the heart of a quasar
International team observes innermost structure of quasar 3C 273 At the core of almost every galaxy is a supermassive black hole. But there are many different types. Quasars, for example, are one of the brightest and most active types of galaxy centres. An international group, including researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, presents new observations of the first quasar ever identified.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.11.2022
Animals are key to restoring the world's forests
Animals are key to restoring the world’s forests
By dispersing seeds, animals can rapidly reestablish plant diversity in degraded forests As UN climate talks close in Egypt and biodiversity talks begin in Montreal, attention is on forest restoration as a solution to the twin evils roiling our planet. Forests soak up atmospheric carbon dioxide and simultaneously create habitat for organisms.

Environment - 24.11.2022
Fireworks have long-lasting effects on wild birds
Fireworks have long-lasting effects on wild birds
Changes in the behavior of birds persist well after the fireworks end Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior in Konstanz, Germany, and the Netherlands Institute of Ecology GPS tracked Arctic migratory geese in Germany, Denmark, and the Netherlands over the New Year period to examine the long-term impact of fireworks.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 24.11.2022
Catching the dynamic Coronal Web
Catching the dynamic Coronal Web
Researchers discover an important clue as to what mechanism drives the solar wind Using observational data from the U.S. weather satellites GOES, a team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany has taken an important step toward unlocking one of the Sun-s most persevering secrets: How does our star launch the particles constituting the solar wind into space? The data provide a unique view of a key region in the solar corona to which researchers have had little access so far.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.11.2022
A sharp look into the nucleus of a quasar
A sharp look into the nucleus of a quasar
International team observes the innermost structure of the jet of 3C 273 At the core of almost every galaxy is a supermassive black hole. But there are many different types. Quasars, for example, are one of the brightest and most active varieties of galactic centers. An international group, including researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, presents new observations of the first quasar ever identified.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.11.2022
Zombie viruses on a hijacking trip
Zombie viruses on a hijacking trip
Ancient dormant sequences in the genome impact embryonic development in unexpected ways The mammalian genome contains retroviral sequences that are in an undead but mostly "harmless" state. An international research team recently discovered how some of these retroviral gene fragments affect embryonic cells if they are unleashed.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 21.11.2022
Genes and tongues are not always tied together
Genes and tongues are not always tied together
A global database helps explore the complex history of our genes and languages Does the history of our languages match the history of our genes? Charles Darwin thought yes, others said no. An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, the University of Zurich and Harvard University has put together GeLaTo, a global database linking linguistic and genetic data.

Politics - 07.11.2022
How dangerous is digital media for democracy?
How dangerous is digital media for democracy?
New systematic review in Nature Human Behaviour summarizes studies conducted worldwide   One of the most contentious questions of our time is whether the rapid global uptake of digital media is contributing to a decline in democracy. While discussions on the risks of social media have recently received a great deal of media coverage, tech companies argue that findings are not conclusive.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.11.2022
New method finds black hole closest to Earth
New method finds black hole closest to Earth
The finding promises numerous similar discoveries Using data from ESA-s Gaia astrometry mission, astronomers have identified the closest known black hole, less than 1600 light-years away from Earth, and determined its mass. The black hole is orbiting a star similar to our Sun, and was identified by tracking the star that the black hole is orbiting.

Life Sciences - 27.10.2022
Lasting reciprocity promotes cooperation
Lasting reciprocity promotes cooperation
The behavioral strategy allows for mistakes and thus promotes cooperation Understanding mutual cooperation is a key element in understanding how people work together. Whether it is friends doing favors for each other, animals exchanging food or aid, or nations coordinating policies, these are all essentially cooperative interactions.

Astronomy / Space Science - 20.10.2022
A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System
A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System
Iron isotopes in samples from asteroid Ryugu suggest its origin to lie beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn The asteroid Ryugu likely formed at the outer edge of the Solar System beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, as high-precision measurements that determine the ratio of iron isotopes in rock samples from Ryugu suggest.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 20.10.2022
Genes that influence dyslexia
Genes that influence dyslexia
A large-scale gene study identifies series of DNA variants linked to dyslexia An international team of scientists, including researchers at the University of Edinburgh and the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen (Netherlands), has for the first time pinpointed a large number of genes that are reliably associated with dyslexia.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 19.10.2022
Meet the first Neandertal family
Meet the first Neandertal family
Ancient genomes of thirteen Neandertals provide a rare snapshot of their community and social organization For the first time, an international team led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology have managed to sequence multiple individuals from a remote Neandertal community in Siberia.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.10.2022
The Mona Lisa effect: How eyespots deter predators that approach from different directions
The Mona Lisa effect: How eyespots deter predators that approach from different directions
Chicks are intimidated by eyespots that appear to gaze at them, providing an explanation for why eyespots are often symmetrical The eyespots of many prey animals deter predators from attacking, like those of the peacock butterfly. In a new study, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology and the University of Newcastle show that the configuration of eyespots have an impact on the prey's survival.

Psychology - Environment - 17.10.2022
Birdsong is good for mental health
Birdsong is good for mental health
Study investigates the influence of birdsong on mood, paranoia, and cognition When you next hear cheerful twittering of birds, you should stop and listen. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf have shown that birdsong reduces anxiety and irrational thoughts.

Health - 17.10.2022
COVID-19: life expectancy mostly continued to decline in 2021
COVID-19: life expectancy mostly continued to decline in 2021
Shift in deaths from the very old to people in middle age Globally, life expectancy did not recover last year after the mortality shock due to the 2020 pandemic. At the same time, differences between countries are widening. A historical comparison of data, however, offers hope for rapid improvement.

Environment - Psychology - 13.10.2022
Birdsong is good for mental health
Birdsong is good for mental health
Study examines influence of birdsong on mood, paranoia and cognition If you hear chirpy birdsong coming soon, you should stop and listen. Because birdsong has been shown to alleviate anxiety and irrational thoughts. This is what researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf have discovered.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 11.10.2022
With artificial intelligence to new materials
With artificial intelligence to new materials
In a pilot project, machine learning is helping to develop materials for hydrogen storage, for example. Artificial intelligence is opening up new possibilities in the development of new materials. Particularly in the search for materials for special applications such as high-entropy alloys, which contain several components in roughly equal proportions, machine learning could support research.
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