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Results 21 - 40 of 317.


History / Archeology - 20.11.2023
Asia Minor Research Centre uncovers city archives in Doliche
Asia Minor Research Centre uncovers city archives in Doliche
Over 2,000 seal impressions discovered provide vivid insights into city administration in Roman Antiquity Archaeologists from the Asia Minor Research Centre have uncovered the city archives in the ancient city of Doliche in south-eastern Türkiye and recovered more than 2,000 seal impressions used to seal documents.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.11.2023
Cut by cut: extensibility of the heart walls
As we all know, only what goes in goes out: how flexible the heart walls are is therefore also crucial for the heart's pumping function. A working group from the Institute of Physiology II at the Medical Faculty of the University of Münster has been able to show for the first time which structural elements influence this flexibility and to what extent.

History / Archeology - 14.11.2023
Experts from the Asia Minor Research Center uncover city archives
Experts from the Asia Minor Research Center uncover city archives
Scientists also recover more than 2,000 seal impressions in the ancient city of Doliche Archaeologists from the Asia Minor Research Center have uncovered the city archives in the ancient city of Doliche in south-eastern Turkey and recovered more than 2,000 seal impressions used to seal documents. The team led by Michael Blömer and Engelbert Winter from the University of Münster thus made a significant discovery: although there were archives for storing contracts in every city, for example, only a handful of archive buildings from the Roman Empire have been identified to date.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 23.10.2023
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
International team of researchers develops photonic processor with adaptive neural connectivity Modern computer models - for example for complex, potent AI applications - push traditional digital computer processes to their limits. New types of computing architecture, which emulate the working principles of biological neural networks, hold the promise of faster, more energy-efficient data processing.

Physics - Health - 23.10.2023
Programmable matter: 'We can paint with the particles'
Programmable matter: ’We can paint with the particles’
Researchers find new physical effects in systems consisting of particles with an orientation-dependent propulsion speed Investigating systems consisting of self-propelled particles - so-called active particles - is a rapidly growing area of research. In theoretical models for active particles, it is often assumed that the particles' swimming speed is always the same.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.10.2023
Chemists present method for the fluorination of enines
Chemists present method for the fluorination of enines
Research team from the University of Münster presents synthesis method in Nature Chemistry Fluorinated small molecules are very often used to produce medicines or agrochemicals. However, they rarely occur naturally. The societal importance of fluorinated substances, combined with the lack of natural sources, has created a demand for effective, sustainable methods to generate new fluorinated motifs - molecular structures containing one or more fluorine atom - from relatively simple starting materials.

Health - 13.10.2023
Experts present plan of action to treat male infertility
Researchers bemoan low level of awareness of the problem / Münster andrologists involved in study published in Nature Reviews Urology journal At least one in seven heterosexual couples worldwide is involuntarily childless. The reason is not only the woman's infertility but also, in almost just as many cases, infertility in the man.

Physics - Life Sciences - 09.10.2023
Microscopes: Looking deep into hidden worlds
Microscopes: Looking deep into hidden worlds
Five high-performance microscopes at the University of Münster Many people are as fascinated by the microworld and the nanoworld as others are by the cosmos or the deep seas. These worlds seem to be inaccessible, apparently hidden from human eyes. However, across a wide range of disciplines, microscopes make it possible to take ever deeper and more precise looks at the smallest of details, and in ever higher resolutions - right down to atomic structures.

Physics - Materials Science - 06.10.2023
A treasure chest for researchers
A treasure chest for researchers
Physicists investigate 2D materials with very special properties Postdoc Dr. Nihit Saigal, a member of Prof. Ursula Wurstbauer's team at Münster University's Institute of Physics, has got everything ready in the laboratory to produce an ultra-thin, two-dimensional material - a silver-coloured crystal of molybdenum disulphide, a viscoelastic polymer film.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.09.2023
A close-up of biological nanomachines
Something that is particularly important for the system is the role played by peroxisomes in fat metabolism. This is because they not only dismantle the fats, they also convert them into usable energy which itself is indispensable for a variety of processes in the body. Without peroxisomes, dangerous quantities of certain fats can accumulate, which would give rise to serious health problems.

Chemistry - Physics - 28.08.2023
Researchers produce polymers from ballbot-type carbenes for the first time
Researchers produce polymers from ballbot-type carbenes for the first time
Chemical on-surface synthesis under extremely clean conditions permits controlled synthesis of N'heterocyclic ballbot-type polymers N'heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) are small, reactive ring molecules which bond well with metallic surfaces and which, over the past few years, have attracted a great deal of interest in the field of the stable chemical modification of metallic surfaces.

Chemistry - 23.08.2023
Light regulates structural conversion of chiral molecules
Light regulates structural conversion of chiral molecules
Chemists from the University of Münster publish new study in -Nature- Just like our hands, certain organic molecules relate to each other like an image and its reflection - a phenomenon that chemists call "chirality" or "handedness". The two mirror images of the same molecule, namely both enantiomers, often possess different biological properties.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 11.08.2023
Secretomics uncovers blood-brain barrier mystery
Mystery of blood-brain barrier unraveled: researchers find substrates with high importance for the barrier During neuroinflammation, immune cells such as leukocytes cross the blood-brain barrier. One key to this is the gelatinases matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9. Until now, the substrates of these enzymes involved in the process were unknown.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 01.08.2023
Thousands of protein switches enable plants to make the transition from dark to light
Thousands of protein switches enable plants to make the transition from dark to light
Biologists investigate molecular processes responsible for reprogramming at the protein level We already learn in school that plants carry out photosynthesis in their chloroplasts when exposed to light. In the dark, this process comes to a halt. Instead, green plant tissue - for example the leaves - then activate cellular respiration, during which they consume carbohydrates and oxygen in the mitochondria, similarly to what humans are constantly doing.

Chemistry - 12.07.2023
Chemists develop reaction cascade to produce fluorinated molecules
Chemists develop reaction cascade to produce fluorinated molecules
"Molecular origami" creates new structures in a single operation / Team from the University of Münster presents study in "Nature Communications" Fluorine is found rarely in naturally occurring organic molecules. However, this chemical element is indispensable for the production of pharmaceuticals or agrochemicals.

Chemistry - 06.07.2023
Chemists develop new process for the production of ring-shaped molecules
Chemists develop new process for the production of ring-shaped molecules
Photocatalysis as the key / New strategy published in "Science" Most drugs on the market consist of cyclic (ring-shaped) molecules, many of which contain multiple rings. Developing simple and powerful methods for constructing important and novel ring systems remains a task and challenge for chemists in order to produce drugs more efficiently and also to enable new drug structure motifs.

Life Sciences - Physics - 30.06.2023
From the cell to the patient: new MIC research building starts its work
From the cell to the patient: new MIC research building starts its work
Interfaculty collaboration under one roof / State-of-the-art equipment and technology for biomedical imaging For any visitor walking through the atrium of the research building at the University of Münster - the Multiscale Imaging Centre (MIC) - there are two things which they notice especially: the large window fronts on several sides make it full of light, and on the left side the striking wall installation entitled "Auf Lösung".

Astronomy / Space - 30.06.2023
'IceCube' Observatory provides evidence of neutrinos in the Milky Way for the first time
’IceCube’ Observatory provides evidence of neutrinos in the Milky Way for the first time
International team of researchers produces image of our galaxy with the aid of neutrinos / Study published in -Science- journal Our Milky Way is a galaxy consisting of billions of stars and can be seen in the night sky with the naked eye. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, located in the ice of the Antarctic, has now for the first time produced an image of the Milky Way - with the aid of neutrinos.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 29.06.2023
Breakthrough in the search for slowly oscillating gravitational waves
Breakthrough in the search for slowly oscillating gravitational waves
Data collected over 15 years provide the first compelling evidence for the existence of a low-frequency background noise from gravitational waves in the universe / Physicist Kai Schmitz from Münster University member of the collaboration For the first time, astrophysicists have found compelling evidence for the existence of gravitational waves which oscillate with periods ranging from years to decades.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 29.06.2023
Breakthrough in the search for slowly oscillating gravitational waves
Breakthrough in the search for slowly oscillating gravitational waves
Data from 15 years provide first convincing evidence for the existence of low-frequency background noise from gravitational waves in the universe / Physicist Kai Schmitz from the University of Münster involved in consortium Astrophysicists have for the first time found convincing evidence for the existence of gravitational waves that oscillate with periods ranging from years to decades.