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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 17.02.2023
Distant star cradles
Distant star cradles
The James Webb Space Telescope Reveals Star Formation in Gas and Dust Networks of Other Galaxies Even the first images from the James Webb Space Telescope are helping to clarify questions about how stars form in relatively nearby galaxies. Data from the powerful infrared telescope are revealing to scientists previously hidden regions where new stars are born.

Physics - Materials Science - 14.02.2023
Solid-state battery: New material class with excellent ion conductivity
Solid-state battery: New material class with excellent ion conductivity
Neutrons make movement of ions visible A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has discovered a material class with above-average conductivity. This is a decisive step forward in the development of high-performance solid-state batteries. Investigations conducted at the Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) made an essential contribution to the discovery.

Physics - 14.02.2023
When the light is neither 'on' nor 'off' in the nanoworld
When the light is neither ’on’ nor ’off’ in the nanoworld
Scientists at the Universities of Würzburg and Bielefeld detect the quantum properties of collective optical-electronic oscillations on the nanoscale. The results could contribute to the development of novel computer chips. Whether the light in our living spaces is on or off can be regulated in everyday life simply by reaching for the light switch.

Physics - Chemistry - 13.02.2023
Method found for analysing complex, tiny crystals
Method found for analysing complex, tiny crystals
The atomic structure of solid substances can often be analysed quickly, easily and very precisely using X-rays. However, this requires that crystals of the corresponding substances exist. Chemist Professor Oliver Oeckler from Leipzig University and his team are developing methods to make this possible even for very small crystals that cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Physics - Chemistry - 13.02.2023
Method found for analyzing complicated, tiny crystals
Method found for analyzing complicated, tiny crystals
Success after ten years of research: Three intergrown compounds discovered The atomic structure of solid substances can often be analyzed quickly, easily and very precisely using X-rays. However, this requires that crystals of the corresponding substances are available. Chemist Oliver Oeckler of the University of Leipzig and his team are developing methods to make this possible even for very small crystals that are invisible to the naked eye.

Physics - Life Sciences - 09.02.2023
Creating 3D objects with sound
Creating 3D objects with sound
Scientists assemble matter in 3D using sound waves for 3D printing Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research and the Heidelberg University have created a new technology to assemble matter in 3D. Their concept uses multiple acoustic holograms to generate pressure fields with which solid particles, gel beads and even biological cells can be printed.

Chemistry - Physics - 08.02.2023
New method for targeted design of molecules
New method for targeted design of molecules
Potential applications include industrial processes, drug discovery and optoelectronics Engineering novel molecules and materials with specific properties can yield significant advances for industrial processes, drug discovery and optoelectronics. However, the search for novel molecules and materials is comparable to looking for a needle in a haystack, since the number of molecules in chemical space is of the unimaginable order of 10 to the power of 60.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 07.02.2023
Asteroid impact in slow motion
Asteroid impact in slow motion
For the first time, researchers have recorded live and in atomic detail what happens to the material in an asteroid impact. The team of Falko Langenhorst from the University of Jena and Hanns-Peter Liermann from DESY simulated an asteroid impact with the mineral quartz in the lab and pursued it in slow motion in a diamond anvil cell, while monitoring it with DESY's X-ray source PETRA III.

Physics - Life Sciences - 25.01.2023
Thermal motions and oscillation modes determine the uptake of bacteria in cells
Thermal motions and oscillation modes determine the uptake of bacteria in cells
Team at the University of Freiburg analyzes how model bacteria dock to and penetrate membrane bubbles. How and with what effort does a bacterium - or a virus - enter a cell and cause an infection? Researchers from Freiburg have now made an important contribution to answering this question: A team led by physicist Alexander Rohrbach and his collaborator Dr. Yareni Ayala was able to show how thermal fluctuations of a model bacterium and membrane oscillation modes of a model cell influence the energy with which the model bacteria dock and enter the membrane.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.01.2023
Colour images from the shadow of a sample
Colour images from the shadow of a sample
Researchers at Göttingen University develop new method for X-ray colour imaging A research team at the University of Göttingen has developed a new method to produce X-ray images in colour. In the past, the only way to determine the chemical composition of a sample and the position of its components using X-ray fluorescence analysis was to focus the X-rays and scan the whole sample.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 23.01.2023
A new model for dark matter
A new model for dark matter
PRESS AND PUBLIC RELATIONS Phase transition in the early universe changes strength of interaction between dark and normal matter Dark matter remains one of the greatest mysteries of modern physics. It is clear that it must exist, because without dark matter, for example, the motion of galaxies cannot be explained.

Physics - Chemistry - 20.01.2023
Physical effect also valid in the quantum world
Physical effect also valid in the quantum world
Researchers at the University of Bonn confirm validity of a central theorem of physics for Bose-Einstein condensates Physicists at the University of Bonn have experimentally proven that an important theorem of statistical physics applies to so-called "Bose-Einstein condensates." Their results now make it possible to measure certain properties of the quantum "superparticles" and deduce system characteristics that would otherwise be difficult to observe.

Physics - 17.01.2023
Researchers gain deeper understanding of mechanism behind superconductors
Researchers gain deeper understanding of mechanism behind superconductors
Physicists at Leipzig University have once again gained a deeper understanding of the mechanism behind superconductors. This brings the research group led by Professor Jürgen Haase one step closer to their goal of developing the foundations for a theory for superconductors that would allow current to flow without resistance and without energy loss.

Physics - 13.01.2023
Swarm Intelligence Caused by Physical Mechanisms
Seemingly spontaneously coordinated swarm behaviour exhibited by large groups of animals is a fascinating and striking collective phenomenon. Experiments conducted by researchers at Leipzig University on laser-controlled synthetic microswimmers now show that supposed swarm intelligence can sometimes also be the result of simple and generic physical mechanisms.

Physics - Innovation - 12.01.2023
Quantum measurements more precise than ever before
Quantum measurements more precise than ever before
An international team of researchers, including scientists from Jena, has succeeded in developing a new and particularly precise type of measurement in tiny quantum systems. Applications are conceivable in semiconductor manufacturing, for example, but also in mobile radio technology or microscopy in the future.

Physics - Electroengineering - 10.01.2023
Milestone for light-driven electronics
Milestone for light-driven electronics
Within the framework of the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat, excitons were generated in a topological insulator for the first time. A breakthrough in quantum research, based on material design from Würzburg. An international team of scientists collaborating within the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat has achieved a breakthrough in quantum research - the first detection of excitons (electrically neutral quasiparticles) in a topological insulator.

Health - Physics - 21.12.2022
COMPASS for Highly Sensitive Rapid Tests
A newly developed rapid test needs only a few seconds to reliably detect pathogens such as SARS-CoV-2. It is based on specially designed magnetic nanoparticles. The current rapid tests for diagnosing infectious diseases are speedy, but not really fast. For example, antigen self-tests, PCR tests or ELISA tests for coronavirus take 15 minutes to several hours before a reliable result is available.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 13.12.2022
Antihelium nuclei as messengers from the depths of the galaxy
Antihelium nuclei as messengers from the depths of the galaxy
New findings lay the foundation for the search for dark matter How are galaxies born, and what holds them together? Astronomers assume that dark matter plays an essential role. However, as yet it has not been possible to prove directly that dark matter exists. A research team including Technical University of Munich (TUM) scientists has now measured for the first time the survival rate of antihelium nuclei from the depths of the galaxy - a necessary prerequisite for the indirect search for Dark Matter.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 12.12.2022
Confident x-ray analysis
Confident x-ray analysis
In future it will be possible to incorporate data from deep space telescopes into the underlying atomic models with a high degree of reliability Very hot gas, as found in the sun's corona or in close proximity to black holes, emits very intense x-rays. It reveals the locally prevailing physical conditions, such as temperature and density.

Physics - 09.12.2022
Curved spacetime in the laboratory
Curved spacetime in the laboratory
Scientists simulate a whole family of universes with curvature in ultracold quantum gases According to Einstein's general theory of relativity, space and time are inseparable. In our universe - which is hardly measurably curved - the structure of this spacetime is predetermined. Scientists at Heidelberg University have now succeeded in realizing an effective spacetime in a laboratory experiment that can be manipulated.
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