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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Life Sciences



Results 701 - 720 of 821.


Life Sciences - Health - 19.08.2016
The first stage of the cascade
The first stage of the cascade
Research news G proteins are molecular switches on the insides of cell membranes. They convey important signals to the inner workings of the cells. The associated receptors are targeted by all kinds of medications. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are now shedding light on precisely how the individual amino acids of the G protein move during the switching process.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.08.2016
Discovery of a brain sugar switch
Discovery of a brain sugar switch
Research news Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers around the world had assumed that this was a purely passive process. An international team led by diabetes expert Matthias Tschöp reported in the journal 'Cell' that transportation of sugar into the brain is regulated by so-called glia cells that react to hormones such as insulin or leptin; previously it was thought that this was only possible for neurons.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.08.2016
Mouse gut bacteria find a new home
Mouse gut bacteria find a new home
Research news Mouse models are extensively used in pharmaceutical and medical research, and it is known that the communities of microbes in their intestine. can have a significant impact on the research output. However, there is still insufficient information available about many bacteria inhabiting the intestine of mice.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.08.2016
274 from Aug 11, 2016 New Insights into Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Synthetic Peptides Scientists at Freie Universität Publish New Findings of a Study on Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Peptides in Skin Cells
Scientists at Freie Universität Publish New Findings of a Study on Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Peptides in Skin Cells ' 274/2016 from Aug 11, 2016 Scientists at Freie Universität have investigated the effect of synthetic peptides. "We were able to demonstrate that peptides developed by the Research Center Borstel - Leibniz Center for Medicine and Biosciences have a very good anti-inflammatory effect in different cell types of human skin," said Günther Weindl at the Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, Freie Universität, who led the experiment.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.08.2016
272 from Aug 08, 2016 When the Biological Clock of Plants Is Disturbed Biologists at Freie Universität Discovered a New Form of Stress in Plants
272 from Aug 08, 2016 When the Biological Clock of Plants Is Disturbed Biologists at Freie Universität Discovered a New Form of Stress in Plants
Biologists at Freie Universität Discovered a New Form of Stress in Plants ' 272/2016 from Aug 08, 2016 Scientists at the Dahlem Center of Plant Sciences (DCPS), Freie Universität, discovered a new form of stress in plants that they have named circadian stress. The findings indicate that it is caused by a change in the day-night rhythm.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.08.2016
A Protective Cap for Bacterial RNA
A Protective Cap for Bacterial RNA
For the first time, researchers from Heidelberg University have deciphered the function of the so-called decapping enzyme in bacteria. These molecular helpers remove the protective cap at the start of ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules. This decapping destabilises the ribonucleic acid, thus allowing degradation to begin in the cells.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.07.2016
An image is worth a thousand words?
An image is worth a thousand words?
Research news Modern imaging methods greatly exceed the possibilities of X-rays. Vasilis Ntziachristos holds the Chair of Biological Imaging at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and is Director of the Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging at the Helmholtz Centre in Munich. In this , he talks about the fascination of imaging techniques and about finding a common language for engineers and doctors.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.07.2016
A look beneath the skin
A look beneath the skin
Research news Learning how to look inside a body without having to cut it open is still an important part of medical research. One of the great challenges in imaging remains the visualization of oxygen in tissue. A team led by Prof. Vasilis Ntziachristos, Chair for Biological Imaging at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Director of the Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging at the Helmholtz Centre in Munich , has developed a new approach to this task.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.07.2016
Water-resistant thanks to a biofilm
Water-resistant thanks to a biofilm
Research news Moisture can destroy mortar over time - for example when cracks form as a result of frost. A team of scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has found an unusual way to protect mortar from moisture: When the material is being mixed, they add a biofilm - a soft, moist substance produced by bacteria.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.07.2016
The final straw for the immune system
The final straw for the immune system
Research news About one-third of the fatal cases of liver cirrhosis are attributable to bacterial infections. The damage to the liver cells not only impedes the function of the organ but also weakens the immune response. Scientist at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Bonn have now found out the reason for incapacitation of the immune system.

Life Sciences - 19.07.2016
Big data meets big brother (at the level of biological cells)
Big data meets big brother (at the level of biological cells)
Research news Together with colleagues from the ETH Zürich, scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a software that allows observing cells for weeks while also measuring molecular properties. The software is freely available and has now been introduced in 'Nature Biotechnology'.

Life Sciences - 15.07.2016
A Peek into the Birthing Room? of Ribosomes
A Peek into the Birthing Room? of Ribosomes
A type of scaffolding on which specialised workers ply their trade helps in the manufacturing process of the two subunits from which the ribosome - the protein factory of the cell - originates. Biochemists at Heidelberg University discovered it after succeeding in getting a peek into the ribosomal 'birthing room'.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.07.2016
The key to self-destruction
The key to self-destruction
Research news When adults develop blood cancer, they are frequently diagnosed with what is referred to as acute myeloid leukemia. The disease is triggered by pathological alterations of bone marrow cells, in which, in addition, an important mechanism is out of action: these cells do not die when they are damaged.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.07.2016
Two Kinds of Beta Cells
Two Kinds of Beta Cells
Research news The marker Flattop subdivides the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas into those that maintain glucose metabolism and into immature cells that divide more frequently and adapt to metabolic changes. This could provide a starting point for regenerative diabetes therapies, as scientists of the Technical University of Munich (TUM), in collaboration with colleagues of Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), report in the journal 'Nature'.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 30.06.2016
Thousands on one chip: New Method to Study Proteins
Thousands on one chip: New Method to Study Proteins
Research news Since the completion of the human genome an important goal has been to elucidate the function of the now known proteins: a new molecular method enables the investigation of the function for thousands of proteins in parallel. Applying this new method, an international team of researchers with leading participation of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) was able to identify hundreds of previously unknown interactions among proteins.

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 29.06.2016
No 233 from Jun 29, 2016 Deformed Wing Virus: Honeybees Threatened by a More Virulent Virus Researchers reveal geographic distribution of emerging viral variants
Researchers reveal geographic distribution of emerging viral variants No 233/2016 from Jun 29, 2016 According to an international research group, a genetic variant of the deformed wing virus (DWV) is more dangerous to honeybees than the original virus strain. The consortium of researchers is based at Freie Universität Berlin and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.06.2016
Gene mutation causes juvenile mortality in calves
Gene mutation causes juvenile mortality in calves
Research news Based on genome data, breeders and scientists are able to determine which hereditary factors and which genetic diseases cattle pass on to their offspring. A mutation located on chromosome 19, for example, is responsible for recurring respiratory diseases and juvenile mortality in calves.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.06.2016
Four new risk genes associated with multiple sclerosis discovered
Four new risk genes associated with multiple sclerosis discovered
Research news Scientists of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry have identified four new risk genes that are altered in German patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The results point to a possible involvement of cellular mechanisms in the development of the disease, through which environmental influences affect gene regulation.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.06.2016
Mechanism of thalidomide
Mechanism of thalidomide
Research news In the 1950s, thalidomide (Contergan) was prescribed as a sedative drug to pregnant women, resulting in a great number of infants with serious malformations. Up to now, the reasons for these disastrous birth defects have remained unclear. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have at last identified the molecular mechanism of thalidomide.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.06.2016
A diet lacking in zinc is detrimental to human and animal health
Research news The trace element zinc has an impact on the essential metabolic functions of most living organisms. New research carried out by the Chair of Animal Nutrition at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has found that even minimal zinc deficiency impairs digestion, albeit without any typical symptoms such as skin problems or fatigue.