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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Materials Science



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Materials Science - 17.06.2022
Stimulate light emission and measure temperature with ultrasound
Stimulate light emission and measure temperature with ultrasound
If mechanoluminescent materials are subjected to mechanical stress from outside, they emit visible or invisible light. Such excitation can occur, for example, through buckling or gentle pressure, but also completely contact-free via ultrasound. In this way, the effect can be triggered remotely and light can be brought to places that normally tend to be in the dark - for example, in the human body.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 08.06.2022
On the road to the super-battery
On the road to the super-battery
A research team led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has taken an in-depth look at the internal workings of batteries during charging and discharging. Their findings may help optimize charging processes. When an electric car is being charged, the charge indicator moves quickly at first, be then much more slowly at the end.

Physics - Materials Science - 01.06.2022
Sharp X-ray images despite imperfect lenses
Sharp X-ray images despite imperfect lenses
Research team at Göttingen University develops new method for X-ray microscopy X-rays make it possible to explore inside human bodies or peer inside objects. The technology used to illuminating the detail in microscopically small structures is the same as that used in familiar situations - such as medical imaging at a clinic or luggage control at the airport.

Physics - Materials Science - 13.05.2022
Quantum one-way street in topological insulator nanowires
Very thin wires made of a topological insulator could enable highly stable qubits, the building blocks of future quantum computers. Scientists see a new result in topological insulator devices as an important step towards realising the technology's potential / publication in 'Nature Nanotechnology' An international group of scientists have demonstrated that wires more than 100 times thinner than a human hair can act like a quantum one-way street for electrons when made of a peculiar material known as a topological insulator.

Materials Science - Health - 28.04.2022
Bones, constructed like prestressed concrete
Bones, constructed like prestressed concrete
Incorporating various minerals in collagen puts these composite materials under stress and makes them particularly hard and strong What engineers discovered only about 100 years ago has been used by nature for as long as vertebrates have existed. Just as steel wires under strain increase the fracture resistance of prestressed concrete, bones become particularly hard and strong because their collagen fibres are under stress due to embedded mineral nanoparticles.

Innovation - Materials Science - 19.04.2022
New process enables 3D printing of small and complex components made of glass in just a few minutes
New process enables 3D printing of small and complex components made of glass in just a few minutes
Scientists combine materials science invention with newly developed 3D printing technology Because of its outstanding transparency as well as its stability in contact with heat or chemicals, glass is relevant for many high-tech applications. However, conventional processes for shaping glass are often tedious, energy-intensive and quickly reach their limits for small and complicated components.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 24.03.2022
MEET Team presents Toolbox for Analysis of End-of-Life-Batteries
MEET Team presents Toolbox for Analysis of End-of-Life-Batteries
Compared to laboratory cells or aged but still intact commercial cells, shredded battery materials represent an even more complex sample. Active materials of both electrodes, inactive materials and electrolyte residues cannot be easily analysed separately.

Physics - Materials Science - 24.02.2022
Revealing New States in 2D Materials
Revealing New States in 2D Materials
02/24/2022 Würzburg researchers have highlighted and quantified a three-fold coupling between exciton, photon, and phonon in a microcavity with embedded two-dimensional materials. Atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) materials can provide highly interesting excitonic properties, which render them an attractive platform to explore polaritonic physics.

Materials Science - 15.02.2022
Self-Shaping Wood Furniture
Self-Shaping Wood Furniture
The project "HygroShape" is using a new approach in digital design and manufacturing to program wood as a natural material [Picture: University of Stuttgart / ICD, Robert Faulkner] Elegantly curved seating furniture that is delivered in a flat-pack and assumes its shape overnight all by itself - this may sound like a dream to those who ever puzzled over the assembly instructions from a furniture store.

Materials Science - Physics - 09.02.2022
New thermofluidic process for lab-on-a-chip applications
New thermofluidic process for lab-on-a-chip applications
Researchers at Leipzig University have succeeded in moving tiny amounts of liquid at will by remotely heating water over a metal film with a laser. The currents generated in this way can be used to manipulate and even capture tiny objects. This will unlock groundbreaking new solutions for nanotechnology, the manipulation of liquids in systems in tiny spaces, or in the field of diagnostics, by making it possible to detect the smallest concentrations of substances with new types of sensor systems.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 07.02.2022
Columns Designed from Nanographenes
Columns Designed from Nanographenes
Several layers of nanographenes stacked on top of each other: such functional elements could one day be used in solar cells. Würzburg chemists have paved the way for this. Graphene is a carbon material that forms extremely thin layers. Because of its unusual properties, it is interesting for many technical applications.

Life Sciences - Materials Science - 02.02.2022
First 3D structure of regulator protein revealed
First 3D structure of regulator protein revealed
Proteins are indispensable components in living organisms. They are not only "building material" for the body - they also make molecular communication between cells possible, they are needed for nerve impulses to occur, and they control chemical reactions. What is decisive for proteins to function is their three-dimensional structure.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 20.01.2022
Researchers investigate advantages of sulphur-containing cathodes
Researchers investigate advantages of sulphur-containing cathodes
MEET Battery Research Center of the University of Münster starts a new research project in 2022: In the joint project -AReLiS-2-, lithium-sulfur batteries (LSB) and thus a potential successor to today's lithium ion batteries are being investigated. The focus of the research is on sulfur-containing cathodes as well as polymer, solid-state and hybrid electrolytes.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 11.01.2022
Recycling Already Considered in the Development of New Battery Materials
Enormous ecological and economic potential consists in the circular value chain of batteries: The use of recycled materials not only reduces the costs of raw materials, but also enables energy savings in battery production.

Physics - Materials Science - 22.12.2021
New materials for quantum technologies
New materials for quantum technologies
While conventional electronics relies on the transport of electrons, components that convey spin information alone may be many times more energy efficient. Physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart have now made an important advance in the development of novel materials for such components.

Materials Science - 21.12.2021
How a floating fern withstands the rain
How a floating fern withstands the rain
The tropical floating fern Salvinia molesta has developed sophisticated structures to allow water to roll off its leaves quickly - even during heavy rainfall. This relieves the pressure on the leaves floating on the water surface, but even more importantly, it keeps the stomata open for air exchange.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 06.12.2021
Turbo boost for materials research
Turbo boost for materials research
A new algorithm has been designed to help discover previously unknown material compounds. It was developed by a team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Lund University in Sweden. The researchers designed a form of artificial intelligence (AI) based on machine learning that can perform complex calculations within a very short space of time.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 04.10.2021
Achieving more sustainability with new narratives
Achieving more sustainability with new narratives
Chemists at the University of Jena developed methods for manufacturing glasses from non-melting compounds Chemists at the University of Jena developed a way of melting normally unmeltable metal-organic framework compounds - so-called MOFs. This allows the melt-based production of glass components for applications in energy and environmental technology.

Physics - Materials Science - 29.07.2021
Spin-sonics: Acoustic wave gets the electrons spinning: Team of researchers first to demonstrate spin of a nano-sonic wave
Spin-sonics: Acoustic wave gets the electrons spinning: Team of researchers first to demonstrate spin of a nano-sonic wave
A team of German and American researchers from Augsburg, Münster, Edmonton, West Lafayette and Munich have detected the rolling movement of a nano-acoustic wave predicted by the famous physicist and Nobel prize-winner Lord Rayleigh in 1885. In a study published in the journal "Science Advances", the researchers use a nanowire inside which electrons are forced onto circular paths by the spin of the acoustic wave.

Materials Science - Health - 27.07.2021
First synthetic tissue model developed in which blood vessels can grow
First synthetic tissue model developed in which blood vessels can grow
Researchers investigate which material properties support vessel formation / Study published in the journal "Nature Communications" Using lab-created tissue to heal or replace damaged organs is one of the great visions for the future of medicine. Synthetic materials could be suitable as scaffolding for tissue because, unlike natural tissues, they remain stable in the organism long enough for the body to form new natural structures.
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