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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Life Sciences



Results 61 - 80 of 599.


Health - Life Sciences - 24.06.2021
Versatile and reliable SARS-CoV-2 antibody assay
Versatile and reliable SARS-CoV-2 antibody assay
Automated microarray rapid test for detecting SARS-CoV-2 antibodies During the continued progression of the Corona pandemic, rapid, inexpensive, and reliable tests will become increasingly important to determine whether people have the associated antibodies - either through infection or vaccination. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed such a rapid antibody test.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.06.2021
New Findings on Body Axis Formation
New Findings on Body Axis Formation
Heidelberg researchers discover an enzyme that prevents the formation of multiple heads and axes in the freshwater polyp Hydra In the animal kingdom, specific growth factors control body axis development. These signalling molecules are produced by a small group of cells at one end of the embryo to be distributed in a graded fashion toward the opposite pole.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.06.2021
Rare Genetic Defect Replicated in Fish Model
A rare genetic defect that affects the so-called ALG2 gene can cause serious metabolic diseases in humans. It does so through the defective formation of proteins and sugar molecules. Until now, its rareness and complexity made it difficult to study this congenital glycosylation disorder.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.06.2021
Animal health through genomics
Animal health through genomics
Feasibility study: Preventing diseases through genome analysis and genome scissors Why are some animals more susceptible to diseases than others? Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) investigated this in more detail. They found genetic differences in livestock species that make individual animals less susceptible to certain diseases.

Life Sciences - 18.06.2021
Stronger together: how protein filaments interact
Stronger together: how protein filaments interact
University of Göttingen research team investigate microtubules Just as the skeleton and muscles move the human body and hold its shape, all the cells of the body are stabilised and moved by a cellular skeleton. Unlike our skeleton, this cellular skeleton is a very dynamic structure, constantly changing and renewing itself.

Life Sciences - 14.06.2021
An unusual symbiosis of a ciliate, green alga, and purple bacterium
An unusual symbiosis of a ciliate, green alga, and purple bacterium
The intracellular purple sulfur bacterium -Candidatus Thiodictyon intracellulare- has lost the ability to oxidize sulfur and now supplies a ciliate with energy from photosynthesis / Youtube video available Dr Sebastian Hess and his team at the University of Cologne's Institute of Zoology have studied a very rare and puzzling tripartite symbiosis.

Environment - Life Sciences - 07.06.2021
Forest use changes life cycles of wildflowers
Forest use changes life cycles of wildflowers
One of the most striking features of global warming is that the life rhythms of plants are changing all over the world. A study at the University of Tübingen has found that human land use can also significantly influence the pace of plant life cycles. In a comparative study, a research team from the Plant Evolutionary Ecology group surveyed one hundred forest sites of different management intensities.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.06.2021
Main switch for hereditary muscle atrophy found
Main switch for hereditary muscle atrophy found
Research team investigates molecular mechanisms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) Stand: 01.06.2021 Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disease. Motor nerve cells in the spinal cord and brain stem, which are connected to the muscles and control their movements, gradually die.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.05.2021
Layer by layer: Scientists decipher how skin layers are formed
Cologne scientists present a new two-phase model of skin formation The data provide insights into the balance of tissues and diseases associated with greatly increased cell division rates The complex layering (stratification) of skin arises form one layer of cells during embryonic development. How stratification is stimulated and driven is still largely unknown.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.05.2021
From harmless skin bacteria to dreaded pathogens
From harmless skin bacteria to dreaded pathogens
The bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidisis primarily a harmless microbe found on the skin and in the noses of humans. Yet some strains of this species can cause infections - in catheters, artificial joints, heart valves, and in the bloodstream - which are difficult to treat. These bacteria are often resistant to a particularly effective antibiotic, methicillin, and are among the most feared germs in hospitals.

Life Sciences - 21.05.2021
A plant-fungus partnership is at the origin of terrestrial vegetation
A plant-fungus partnership is at the origin of terrestrial vegetation
Plants that exist on land today have genes that allow them to exchange valuable lipids with beneficial fungi. This plant-fungus partnership is at the origin of the transition of plants from aquatic life to terrestrial life. A long-standing theory assumes that terrestrial plants could only have developed by entering into a symbiosis with fungi, whereby the two organisms exchange resources in a mutually beneficial way.

Physics - Life Sciences - 21.05.2021
Making the gray cells happy
Making the gray cells happy
Neutrons show a connection between lithium concentration and depression Depressive disorders are among the most frequent illnesses worldwide. The causes are complex and to date only partially understood. The trace element lithium appears to play a role. Using neutrons of the research neutron source at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), a research team has now proved that the distribution of lithium in the brains of depressive people is different from the distribution found in healthy humans.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.05.2021
Alzheimer Protein APP Regulates Learning and Social Behaviour in the Healthy Brain
Alzheimer Protein APP Regulates Learning and Social Behaviour in the Healthy Brain
Beyond plaques: Heidelberg scientists unravel the natural functions of the APP protein family While the APP protein is well-known for its key role in Alzheimer's disease, its contribution to healthy brain function, by contrast, has remained largely unknown until now. Recently, an international research team, led by molecular biologist Ulrike Müller from Heidelberg University, gained new insights on the physiological functions of the APP protein family by using a mouse model lacking APP.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.05.2021
New treatment against brain inflammation
New treatment against brain inflammation
MHH: Successful healing trial with immune cells against JC virus The John Cunningham (JC) virus infects about 70 to 90 percent of all people worldwide without most of them even noticing it. But once it has entered the body, the genetic material of the pathogen remains dormant. If the immune system is weakened or shut down by a serious illness or by immunosuppressive drugs, the virus is reactivated and multiplies.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.05.2021
Expanding deserts drove mammals out of Eurasia into Africa
Expanding deserts drove mammals out of Eurasia into Africa
The formation of deserts on the Arabian Peninsula had a decisive impact on the migration and evolution of large mammals and our human ancestors over millions of years. That is the conclusion of a new study by an international research team led by Professor Madelaine Böhme of the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment at the University of Tübingen.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.05.2021
Living as a social parasite leads to genetic impoverishment in ants
Living as a social parasite leads to genetic impoverishment in ants
Some species of ants make life easier for themselves: they live in the colonies of other ant species, exploiting their hosts' resources. This form of social parasitism has evolved several times independently in ants. An international team of researchers headed by biologist Dr. Lukas Schrader at the University of Münster has now shown that these social parasites have lost some parts of their genomes.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.05.2021
Reduced plant species richness means insects at risk
Reduced plant species richness means insects at risk
Joint project including Göttingen University observes reduced plant species richness and declining diversity of associated insects Where plant species diversity decreases, insect diversity decreases too and with it biodiversity as a whole. From the intensively managed meadows and pastures to dense and dark beech forests, insects that specialise in just a few plant species are disappearing: the plants that provide their food no longer grow there.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.05.2021
Research Team Investigates Causes of Tuberous Sclerosis
Research Team Investigates Causes of Tuberous Sclerosis
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) affects between one and two of every 10,000 new-born babies. This genetic disease leads to the formation of benign tumours which can massively impair the proper functioning of vital organs such as the kidneys, the liver and the brain. The disease affects different patients to varying degrees and is triggered by mutations in one of two genes, the TSC1 or TSC2 gene.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 12.05.2021
Enzyme system for the hydrogen industry
Enzyme system for the hydrogen industry
Platinum-free biocatalyst for fuel cells and water electrolysis An enzyme could make a dream come true for the energy industry: It can efficiently produce hydrogen using electricity and can also generate electricity from hydrogen. The enzyme is protected by embedding it in a polymer. An international research team with significant participation of scientists from Technical University of Munich (TUM) has presented the system in the renowned science journal Nature Catalysis.

Life Sciences - 11.05.2021
What does your voice say about you?
What does your voice say about you?
International research team led by Göttingen University investigates links between personality and vocal characteristics Everyone has at some point been charmed by the sound of a person's voice: but can we believe our ears? What can a voice really reveal about our character? Now an international research team led by the University of Göttingen has shown that people seem to express at least some aspects of their personality with their voice.