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Health - Life Sciences - 19.06.2024
Pupil dilation decreases with age
Pupil dilation decreases with age
Our eyesight declines with age: Poor lighting or strong contrasts between light and dark can limit the ability of older people to react in everyday life, resulting in a negative impact on the sleep-wake-rhythm. As neuroscientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen and the University of Basel confirm, this is also due to the diminishing ability of the eye's pupil to dilate sufficiently.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.06.2024
Blood Markers Detect Rare Forms of Dementia as well as the Neurological Diseases ALS and PSP
Blood Markers Detect Rare Forms of Dementia as well as the Neurological Diseases ALS and PSP
In a study with 991 adults, scientists at DZNE show that the most common forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) as well as the neurological diseases amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) can be recognised by blood testing. Their procedure is not yet ready for routine medical use, but in the long term it could facilitate disease diagnosis and advance the development of new therapies already now.

Health - History / Archeology - 12.06.2024
Origin and spread of malaria
Origin and spread of malaria
Scientists reconstruct ancient genomes of the two most deadly malaria parasites, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum In a new study, an international team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, reconstructed the evolutionary history and global spread of malaria over the past 5,500 years, identifying trade , warfare, and colonialism as major catalysts for its dispersal.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.06.2024
How Human Derived RNA Fragments Help the Hepatitis E Virus
How Human Derived RNA Fragments Help the Hepatitis E Virus
If the virus incorporates host genetic segments into its genome, the infection may become chronic. Why does Hepatitis E become chronic in some patients, and why do medications not work? To find out, an international research team led by scientists from Bochum observed a patient with chronic Hepatitis E infection over a year.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.06.2024
Key to Improving Cancer Treatments Discovered
Key to Improving Cancer Treatments Discovered
Some cancer drugs cause severe side effects because they are not working accurately enough. A team at the University of Würzburg led by biochemist Caroline Kisker has now discovered why. The small protein ubiquitin is involved in almost every cellular process in our body: it orchestrates the stability and function of the vast majority of proteins.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2024
Restless legs syndrome: new approaches for treatment
Restless legs syndrome: new approaches for treatment
Largest genetic study on RLS to date An international team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Munich has conducted the largest genetic investigation of restless legs syndrome (RLS) to date. The study represents a significant advancement in deciphering the genetic basis of this disorder and opens novel pathways for patient care.

Health - 04.06.2024
Blood vessels are the pioneers of bone formation in the skull
Blood vessels are the pioneers of bone formation in the skull
Living bone is fascinating because of its unique ability to adapt to mechanical stress and regenerate without scarring. During fracture healing, blood vessels and bone cells work closely together to gradually replace the initial cartilaginous wound tissue with ingrowing blood vessels and new bone tissue.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.05.2024
The Route Into the Cell Influences the Outcome of Sars-Cov-2 Infection
The Route Into the Cell Influences the Outcome of Sars-Cov-2 Infection
A surface protein helps viruses to enter cells. This has far-reaching consequences for the infection. How exactly do Sars-Cov-2 particles enter host cells? An international team led by Dr Richard Brown from Dr Daniel Todt's Computational Virology group at the Department of Molecular and Medical Virology at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, together with researchers from the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, investigated this question.

Health - Microtechnics - 29.05.2024
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
Diagnostic support with artificial intelligence and robotics Prof. Nassir Navab from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) uses robotic ultrasound systems that perform routine examinations autonomously and support doctors in the operating theater. His research shows that these systems can make everyday life easier for doctors.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
How bacteria can influence our behavior
How bacteria can influence our behavior
The gut microbiome influences our decisions in social contexts. This is the conclusion of a study led by Sorbonne Université and INSEAD with the participation of the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn (UKB). The study has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nexus .

Health - Pharmacology - 27.05.2024
Multi-purpose mucus
Multi-purpose mucus
What mucins can do in medicine They are in our eyes, on our tongues, and in our stomachs: Protective layers of mucus, a slime consisting primarily of mucins. These are molecules which bind water to form a natural lubricant. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) use them to develop coatings for contact lenses and intubation tubes, healing plasters for use on the tongue and intestines, and much more.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Dynamic structure of FLVCR proteins and their function in nutrient transport in our cells revealed It is known that malfunctions of the proteins FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 lead to rare hereditary diseases in humans that cause motor, sensory and neurological disorders. However, the biochemical mechanisms behind this and the physiological functions of the FLVCR proteins have been unclear to date.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.05.2024
Zombie cells in the sea
Zombie cells in the sea
Marine microbes control the flux of matter and energy essential for life in the oceans. Among them, the bacterial group SAR11 accounts for about a third of all the bacteria found in surface ocean waters. A study by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen, Germany, now reveals that at times nearly 20 percent of SAR11 cells are infected by viruses, significantly reducing total cell numbers.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.05.2024
Pathoblockers, a Future Alternative to Antibiotics’
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin "defanging" bacteria, rendering them harmless In most cases, antibiotics are a reliable form of protection against bacterial infections. They have saved billions of human lives since their introduction. This protection, however, is threatened by bacteria's resistance to classical antibiotics and by their aggressive pathogenicity.

Health - Innovation - 15.05.2024
New Group Training Tool for the Prevention of Dementia
The system is already in use in retirement homes. Researchers from Bochum have tested how effective it is in a scientific study. Solving a quiz as a group while moving around the room at the same time - this combination is the basis of a new tool designed to prevent dementia. Researchers developed and evaluated it in the "go4cognition" project with industry partners and brought it to market maturity.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.05.2024
Study Paves the Way for an Active Agent Against Hepatitis E
A newly identified compound prevents a cellular enzyme from cleaving the virus particle. As a result, the virus can no longer infect cells. At present, there is no specific active substance against hepatitis E. As the disease kills 70,000 people every year, researchers are actively searching for one.

Health - Psychology - 08.05.2024
How infections influence our social empathy
Researchers at the University Alliance Ruhr have discovered new insights into how acute illness affects empathy. Their study confirms complex relationships between physical well-being and empathy. When people are ill, they feel less empathy for others than when they are healthy. This has been confirmed by a study conducted by Ruhr University Bochum and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
When the cerebellum becomes active
When the cerebellum becomes active
A new study shows that the cerebellum is involved in processing emotions. This is important to know when caring for people with ataxia. For a long time, the fact that the cerebellum also plays an important role in regulating our emotions - such as when processing fear - has been ignored. Professor Melanie Mark from Ruhr-University Bochum and Professor Dagmar Timmann from the University of Duisburg-Essen are two of the first researchers to provide experimental evidence that the cerebellum contributes towards both the learning and the extinction of conditioned fear responses.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.04.2024
New regulator of eating behaviour identified
New regulator of eating behaviour identified
The rapidly escalating prevalence of overweight and obesity poses a significant medical challenge worldwide. In addition to people's changing lifestyles, genetic factors also play a key role in the development of obesity. Scientists at Leipzig University and Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf have now identified a new regulator of eating behaviour.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.04.2024
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
In Europe, 1.55 million people die every year due to a poor diet. This is the conclusion of a recent study by Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Institute for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Economics (INL) and the nutriCARD Competence Cluster. The researchers analysed the importance of nutrition for cardiovascular-related deaths in the period between 1990 and 2019, and have published their findings in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
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