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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment



Results 81 - 100 of 149.


Environment - 13.06.2019
Bitcoin causing CO2 emissions comparable to Hamburg
Although Bitcoin is a virtual currency, the energy consumption associated with its use is very real. For a Bitcoin transfer to be executed and validated, a mathematical puzzle must be solved by an arbitrary computer in the global Bitcoin network. The network, which anyone can join, rewards the puzzle solvers in Bitcoin.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.05.2019
Microbial Systems Open a New Chapter in Biosphere Research
A New Study from Freie Universität Berlin in Cooperation with the University of Virginia No 139/2019 from May 21, 2019 In a recent study, biologists from Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Virginia (USA) examine ideas about closed ecological systems and how to further develop them. The goal of the study is to establish concepts that will make it possible to conduct experiments with self-sustaining ecosystems.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 14.05.2019
EUMETSAT, Japanese space agency to cooperate on greenhouse gas monitoring
EUMETSAT and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) today signed an agreement which will result in the agencies working closely together to monitor greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. Mr Kazuo Tachi, on behalf of the Direc tor General of JAXA's Space Technology Directorate 1 Ryoichi Imai, and EUMETSAT Director-General Alain Ratier signed the agreement at a ceremony at EUMETSAT's Darmstadt headquarters today.

Environment - 26.04.2019
Wax helps plants to survive in the desert
Wax helps plants to survive in the desert
04/26/2019 The leaves of date palms can heat up to temperatures around 50 degrees Celsius. They survive thanks to a unique wax mixture that is essential for the existence in the desert. In 1956, the Würzburg botanist Otto Ludwig Lange observed an unusual phenomenon in the Mauritanian desert in West Africa: he found plants whose leaves could heat up to 56 degrees Celsius.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.04.2019
New Pathways for Sustainable Agriculture
New Pathways for Sustainable Agriculture
Diversity beats monotony: a colourful patchwork of small, differently used plots can bring advantages to agriculture and nature. This is the result of a new study by the University of Würzburg. Hedges, flowering strips and other seminatural habitats provide food and nesting places for insects and birds in agricultural landscapes.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.03.2019
Mount Kilimanjaro: Ecosystems in Global Change
Mount Kilimanjaro: Ecosystems in Global Change
03/28/2019 Land use in tropical mountain regions leads to considerable changes of biodiversity and ecological functions. The intensity of such changes is greatly affected by the climate. 2019 marks the 250 th anniversary of Alexander von Humboldt. He was one of the first naturalists to document the distribution and adaptation of species on tropical mountains in the 19 th century.

Environment - 20.03.2019
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
Meadows adjacent to high-intensity agricultural areas are home to less than half the number of butterfly species than areas in nature preserves. The number of individuals is even down to one-third of that number. These are results of a research team led by Jan Christian Habel at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Thomas Schmitt at the Senckenberg Nature Research Society.

Innovation - Environment - 19.03.2019
Public-sector research boosts cleantech start-ups
Cleantech start-ups in the USA that cooperate with government research agencies outperform their competitors both in terms of patents and funding. That is the conclusion of a study by the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the University of Maryland and the University of Cambridge. In the cleantech sector, where development processes can extend over many years, public-private partnerships could prove valuable in other countries, too.

Environment - Economics / Business - 04.03.2019
National Climate Policy Pays Off
The efforts of developed economies to reduce their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by boosting the use of renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency are beginning to pay off. This is the result of a study conducted by an international team of researchers that includes scientists from Heidelberg.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.02.2019
Cool adaptations to the cold
Cool adaptations to the cold
02/25/2019 Icefish live in an environment that should be deadly for them. Scientists have now investigated how they still manage to exist there and what evolutionary adaptations they have had to undergo in order to do so. You really don't want to have to live there: In the Arctic Ocean around the South Pole, the water temperature is just below minus two degrees.

Environment - 21.02.2019
How plants learned to save water
How plants learned to save water
02/21/2019 Plants that can manage with less water could make agriculture more sustainable. This is why a research team at the University of Würzburg is investigating how plants control their water balance. Tiny pores on the leaves of plants, called stomata, have a huge influence on the state of our planet.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.02.2019
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
A major volcanic event could have triggered one of the largest glaciations in Earth's history - the Gaskiers glaciation, which turned the Earth into a giant snowball approximately 580 million years ago. Researchers from Heidelberg University and colleagues from Mexico have discovered remnants of such a large igneous province that resulted from vast lava flows.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.02.2019
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
Iron is an essential nutrient for plants, animals and also for humans. It is needed for a diverse range of metabolic processes, for example for photosynthesis and for respiration. If a person is lacking iron, this leads to a major negative impact on health. Millions of people around the globe suffer from iron deficiency each year.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.12.2018
Sulfate Helps Plants Cope With Water Scarcity
Plants absorb the mineral sulfate from groundwater. An international research team led by scientists from Heidelberg University has uncovered how sulfate controls the production of the drought stress hormone ABA in plants and thus contributes to their drought-resistance. These findings improve scientists' understanding of how the drought-stress signal travels from the roots to the leaves.

Environment - Physics - 20.12.2018
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
The age of the water in the world's oceans is critical for understanding ocean circulation, especially for the transport of gases from the atmosphere into the deep ocean. Researchers from Heidelberg University recently used an atomic physics technique they developed to determine the age of deep ocean water ranging from 50 to 1,000 years.

Computer Science - Environment - 24.09.2018
The fastest supercomputer in Germany
The fastest supercomputer in Germany
Experiments and simulations frequently produce enormous volumes of data. The new high-performance computer SuperMUC-NG at the Leibniz Supercomputing Center (LRZ) in Garching is currently the fastest computer in Germany, assisting scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) in handling enormous quantities of data.

Environment - 05.09.2018
On the road to a clean combustion engine
On the road to a clean combustion engine
Emissions-free combustion engine cars - synthetic fuels like oxymethylene ether are bringing the idea into the realm of the conceivable. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have tested how this kind of fuel behaves in engines and have developed an optimized combustion process. They generate carbon dioxide, particulate matter and nitrogen oxides: combustion engines are in the cross-hairs of public opinion and many inner cities have already imposed driving bans for certain kinds of diesel-powered vehicles.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.08.2018
The Dimension of a Space Can Be Inferred From the Abstract Network Structure
Networks describe relations between objects. They show how objects relate to one another and which ones are mutually influential. In this context, how does space impact structure? Geoinformatics scientist Dr Franz-Benjamin Mocnik was particularly interested in answering this question. In his study, the Heidelberg University researcher demonstrated that the spatial reference can be identified in a number of datasets of different thematic networks.

Environment - 14.08.2018
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood
Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news. After all, this means that trees are storing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their wood and hence taking away the key ingredient in global warming. But is it that simple? A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) analyzed wood samples from the oldest existing experimental areas spanning a period of 150 years - and reached a surprising conclusion.

Environment - 09.08.2018
Artificial Glaciers in Response to Climate Change?
Artificial Glaciers in Response to Climate Change?
Receding glaciers and dwindling snowfalls pose a threat to meltwater-dependent agriculture in large parts of the high mountain regions of South Asia. A research team led by Marcus Nüsser of Heidelberg University's South Asia Institute conducted a long-term study to determine how creating ice reservoirs, commonly called artificial glaciers, might help counteract seasonal water scarcity.

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