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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment



Results 1 - 20 of 139.
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Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.01.2021
Oldest Carbonates in the Solar System
Oldest Carbonates in the Solar System
A meteorite that fell in northern Germany in 2019 contains carbonates that are among the oldest in the solar system; it also evidences the earliest presence of liquid water on a minute planet. The high-resolution Heidelberg Ion Probe - a research instrument at the Institute of Earth Sciences at Heidelberg University - provided the measurements.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.01.2021
Digging Beneath the Surface
Researchers call for greater consideration of soil biodiversity and its ecological functions in developing international conservation strategies No 008/2021 from Jan 15, 2021 The soil is home to a quarter of all known species. In fact, life above ground wouldn't be possible without the soil and its countless inhabitants.

Environment - 10.12.2020
'Asynchrony' important in crop diversity for global food security
’Asynchrony’ important in crop diversity for global food security
Research team with participation of the University of Göttingen analyses ways to ensure food supply Ensuring global food security is a key challenge, especially because of the challenges of climate change and increasing demand from a population expected to reach almost ten billion. A high diversity of crops can help ensure food security in agriculture.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.11.2020
How Stable is the Antarctic Ice Sheet?
How Stable is the Antarctic Ice Sheet?
Scientists from Heidelberg University investigate which factors determine the stability of ice masses in East Antarctica As temperatures rise due to climate change, the melting of polar ice sheets is accelerating. An international team of researchers led by geoscientist Dr Kim Jakob from Heidelberg University has now examined the dynamics of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet more closely.

Environment - 10.11.2020
Climate-adapted plant breeding
Climate-adapted plant breeding
Improvement of crops with seeds from gene banks Securing plant production is a global task. Using a combination of new molecular and statistical methods, a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) was able to show that material from gene banks can be used to improve traits in the maize plant.

Life Sciences - Environment - 09.11.2020
Infection by parasites disturbs flight behaviour in shoals of fish
Infection by parasites disturbs flight behaviour in shoals of fish
In order to escape predators, many fish - including insects, fish and birds - have developed strategies for rapidly transmitting information on threats to others of their species. This information is transmitted within a group of hundreds, or even thousands, of individuals in (escape) waves. This collective response is also, in the case of fish, known as shoal behaviour.

Environment - 02.11.2020
From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
International research team including Göttingen University call for a Europe-wide phosphate directive The aim of the EU Nitrates Directive is to reduce nitrates leaking into the environment in order to prevent pollution of water supplies. The widely accepted view is that this will also help protect threatened plant species which can be damaged by high levels of nutrients like nitrates in the soil and water.

Environment - 02.11.2020
Consequences of Glacier Shrinkage
Researchers from the South Asia Institute and the Heidelberg Center for the Environment of Ruperto Carola investigated the causes of a glacial lake outburst with subsequent flooding in the Ladakh region of India. In order to frame the case study in a larger picture, the research team led by geographer Marcus Nüsser used satellite images to create a comprehensive survey of glacial lakes for the entire Trans-Himalyan region of Ladakh.

Environment - 27.10.2020
Intensive Land Management Impairing Ecosystem Interactions
Intensive Land Management Impairing Ecosystem Interactions
High land-use intensity reduces the beneficial effects of biodiversity on ecosystem services. This is the main result of a study conducted by an international team led by researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the University of Bern.

Environment - 27.10.2020
Land management in forest and grasslands: how much can we intensify?
Land management in forest and grasslands: how much can we intensify?
<p><em><strong>Based on a media release by the University of Bern</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Leipzig/Bern. High land-use intensity reduces the beneficial effects of biodiversity on ecosystem services. This is the main result of a study conducted by an international team led by researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the University of Bern.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.10.2020
Shifts in Flowering Phases of Plants Due to Reduced Insect Density
Shifts in Flowering Phases of Plants Due to Reduced Insect Density
It still sounds unlikely today, but declines in insect numbers could well make it a frequent occurrence in the future: fields full of flowers, but not a bee in sight. A research group of the University of Jena and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) has discovered that insects have a decisive influence on the biodiversity and flowering phases of plants.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.10.2020
On the way to fish-friendly hydropower
On the way to fish-friendly hydropower
EU project "FIThydro" studies environmental impact of hydroelectric power plants In the Europe-wide project "FIThydro" coordinated by the Technical University of Munich (TUM), researchers worked with industrial partners to study existing hydroelectric power plants. Based on their results, they have developed new assessment methods and technologies such as a fish population hazard index, fish migration simulations and an open-access decision support tool for power plant planning.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.10.2020
A molecular break for root growth
A molecular break for root growth
Length of plant roots is controlled by hormones The dynamic change in root growth of plants plays an important role in their adjustment to soil conditions. Depending on the location, nutrients or moisture can be found in higher or lower soil layers. This is why, depending on the situation, a short or a long root is advantageous.

Environment - 21.10.2020
Vanilla cultivation under trees promotes pest regulation
Research team led by University of Göttingen investigates agroforestry systems in Madagascar The cultivation of vanilla in Madagascar provides a good income for small-holder farmers, but without trees and bushes the plantations can lack biodiversity. Agricultural ecologists from the University of Göttingen, in cooperation with colleagues from the University in Antananarivo (Madagascar), have investigated the interaction between prey and their predators in these cultivated areas.

Environment - 21.10.2020
Humanity Has Consumed More Energy since 1950 than in the Past 12,000 Years
An international research team is investigating human energy consumption over the last millennia - and has even determined a new geological epoch No 197/2020 from Oct 21, 2020 Researchers from many different countries - including paleontologist Professor Reinhold Leinfelder from Freie Universität Berlin - have joined forces to investigate how humanity's ecological footprint has developed over the millennia.

Social Sciences - Environment - 19.10.2020
High social and ecological standards for chocolate
Research team including agroecologists from Göttingen University study conditions in Peruvian cocoa agroforestry systems Worldwide demand for food from the tropics that meets higher environmental and social standards has risen sharply in recent years. Consumers often have to make ethically questionable decisions: products may be available to the global market through child labour, starvation wages or environmental destruction.

Environment - 14.10.2020
More diversity needed in oil palm plantations
More diversity needed in oil palm plantations
Scientists from the University of Göttingen call for meaningful support for smallholder farmers in Indonesia The growing global demand for palm oil has led to a rapid spread of oil palm monoculture plantations in South East Asia. This is often associated with the loss of natural habitat and biodiversity.

Environment - 09.10.2020
Researching ecosystems from the air
Researching ecosystems from the air
It looks absolutely idyllic, watching the Heck cattle and Konik horses grazing in the meadows in the Emsaue wet meadows near the village of Vadrup. This pasture landscape, covering an area of 33 hectares and used all year round, lies in the Emsaue nature conservation area and was set up in 2004 as part of the implementation of the plan to protect the wet meadows by the River Ems.

Environment - Life Sciences - 07.10.2020
Are there hydroelectric power plants that are fish-friendly?
Are there hydroelectric power plants that are fish-friendly?
Complex investigation of new hydropower plants Modern hydroelectric power plants do not always protect fish better than conventional ones. In addition to the technologies employed, the specific location of the plant and the fish species being present at that location also play a role in fish protection.

Environment - 06.10.2020
A New Look at Soil Health: How Healthy Is Our Soil?
An International Research Team Partnered with Freie Universität Berlin Analyzes Current Research on "Soil Health" No 185/2020 from Oct 06, 2020 Soil experts and ecologists, including Freie Universität Berlin biologist Professor Matthias Rillig, have been analyzing the current state of research on soil health in a new study.
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