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Environment - 21.02.2024
Increasingly similar or different?
Increasingly similar or different?
The tendency of communities and the species within them to become more similar or more distinct across landscapes - biotic homogenisation and differentiation - are approximately balanced, according to a new study published in ,,Science Advances". Led by researchers at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the researchers analysed 527 datasets collected from ecosystems like grasslands, shrublands, and coral reefs as far back as 500 years ago.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.02.2024
Converting rainforest to plantation impacts food webs and biodiversity
Converting rainforest to plantation impacts food webs and biodiversity
The conversion of rainforest into plantations erodes and restructures food webs and fundamentally changes the way these ecosystems function, according to a new study published in Nature. The findings provide the first insights into the processing of energy across soil and canopy animal communities in mega-biodiverse tropical ecosystems.

Environment - Life Sciences - 19.02.2024
From rainforest to plantation: conversion shapes food webs and biodiversity
From rainforest to plantation: conversion shapes food webs and biodiversity
Research team investigates effects of changing land use on ecosystems in Sumatra . Every day, large areas of rainforest are converted into plantations. Biodiversity and the ecosystem are changing drastically as a result. However, knowledge about the consequences is patchy: previous studies have either focused on the diversity of species or the functioning of the ecosystem.

Environment - 19.02.2024
The cultural evolution of collective property rights
The cultural evolution of collective property rights
The evolution of sustainable institutions critically depends on clearly defined and enforced access rights Common pool resources comprise around 65 percent of Earth's surface and vast tracts of the ocean. While examples of successful governance of these resources exist, the circumstances and mechanisms behind their development have remained unclear.

Chemistry - Environment - 16.02.2024
Organic synthesis with outstanding atom economy
Organic synthesis with outstanding atom economy
Research team at Göttingen University develops environmentally friendly iron catalysis using light as an energy source A research team at the University of Göttingen has discovered an innovative strategy in chemical synthesis that combines iron-mediated carbon-hydrogen bond conversion with the concept of photocatalysis.

Environment - 16.02.2024
Spy-satellite images offer insights into historical ecosystem changes
Spy-satellite images offer insights into historical ecosystem changes
New study advocates the use of more than one million declassified images for ecology and conservation. A large number of historical spy-satellite photographs from the Cold War Era were declassified decades ago. This valuable remote sensing data has been utilised by scientists across a wide range of disciplines from archaeology to civil engineering.

Health - Environment - 14.02.2024
Why do(n't) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Why do(n’t) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Researchers investigate how individual characteristics and the design of food choice -nudges- influence support for their adoption You may not realise it, but -nudge- has been used by businesses, policy-makers and governments for years to prod the public into making different choices. Small changes in our environment can -nudge- us into different behaviours without restricting the options available to us.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.02.2024
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change poses a threat to yields and food security worldwide, with plant diseases as one of the main risks. An international team of researchers surrounding Prof. Senthold Asseng from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now shown that further spread of the fungal disease wheat blast could reduce global wheat production by 13% until 2050.

Environment - 01.02.2024
Why Are People Climate Change Deniers?
Why Are People Climate Change Deniers?
Do climate change deniers bend the facts to avoid having to modify their environmentally harmful behavior? Researchers from the University of Bonn and the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) ran an online experiment involving 4,000 US adults, and found no evidence to support this idea. The authors of the study were themselves surprised by the results.

Environment - Chemistry - 30.01.2024
Green steel from toxic red mud
Green steel from toxic red mud
An economical process with green hydrogen can be used to extract CO2-free iron from the red mud generated in aluminium production The production of aluminium generates around 180 million tonnes of toxic red mud every year. Scientists at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, a centre for iron research, have now shown how green steel can be produced from aluminium production waste in a relatively simple way.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.01.2024
Complex green organisms emerged a billion years ago
Complex green organisms emerged a billion years ago
Research team led by Göttingen University investigates the emergence of multicellularity Of all the organisms that photosynthesize, land plants have the most complex bodies. How did this morphology emerge? A team of scientists led by the University of Göttingen has taken a deep dive into the evolutionary history of morphological complexity in streptophytes , which include land plants and many green algae.

Environment - History / Archeology - 17.01.2024
Stalagmites as Climate Archive
Researchers from Heidelberg and Karlsruhe use stalagmite to reconstruct regional and global climate history When combined with data from tree-ring records, stalagmites can open up a unique archive to study natural climate fluctuations across hundreds of years, a research team including geoscientists from Heidelberg University and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have demonstrated.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 16.01.2024
How microplastic travels into the Arctic
How microplastic travels into the Arctic
Microplastic fibers are settling substantially slower than spherical particles in the atmosphere How far microplastics travel in the atmosphere depends crucially on particle shape, according to a recent study by scientists at the University of Vienna and the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organisation in Göttingen: While spherical particles settle quickly, microplastic fibers stay in th eatmosphere much longer.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 15.01.2024
How humans cause earthquakes
How humans cause earthquakes
Geophysicists from Freie Universität Berlin among the researchers investigating human-induced earthquakes. It is common knowledge that humans have a big effect on the world and their natural environment. However, what may be less well-known is that humans can also induce earthquakes. Industrial activities such as geothermal energy production, fracking for oil and natural gas, and wastewater disposal can all lead to increased seismic activity that commonly takes the form of earthquakes.

Environment - 10.01.2024
Red deer populations in Europe: more influenced by humans than by wolves and other predators
Red deer populations in Europe: more influenced by humans than by wolves and other predators
An international study shows that human hunting and land use have a decisive influence on red deer density in Europe. Red deer density is only reduced when wolves, lynx and bears co-occur at the same site. Research findings shed new light on the wolf's return to Central Europe. Alongside the occasional bison and elk, red deer are Europe's largest native wild animal.

Chemistry - Environment - 21.12.2023
Novel Catalyst System for CO2 Conversion
Novel Catalyst System for CO2 Conversion
Novel Catalyst System for CO2 Conversion Researchers are constantly pushing the limits of technology by breaking new ground in CO2 conversion. Their goal is to turn the harmful greenhouse gas into a valuable resource. Research groups around the world are developing technologies to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into raw materials for industrial applications.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.12.2023
Common insect species are suffering the biggest losses
Common insect species are suffering the biggest losses
Small Tortoiseshell butterflies (Aglais urticae) are an example of a species with formerly high local abundances that has declined in number. Insect decline is being driven by losses among the locally more common species, according to a new study published in "Nature".

Environment - 19.12.2023
The Colour of Dragonflies Changes throughout the Year
The Colour of Dragonflies Changes throughout the Year
The colour of dragonfly communities reacts to seasonal variation in solar radiation. Over the last 30 years, however, this colour pattern has changed - probably as a result of climate change. In a new study, researchers at Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany, have discovered that the colour of dragonfly communities reacts to seasonal fluctuations in solar radiation.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.12.2023
New Insights into Ecosystem Functions
New Insights into Ecosystem Functions
A DFG research group led by the University of Würzburg has developed a method that makes it possible to analyse the relationship between biodiversity within and between ecosystems and the multifunctionality of entire landscapes. Ecosystems fulfil a number of vital tasks: They store carbon, clean polluted water, pollinate plants and so on.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 13.12.2023
How forests smell - a risk for the climate?
Plants emit odours for a variety of reasons, such as to communicate with each other, to deter herbivores or to respond to changing environmental conditions. An interdisciplinary team of researchers from Leipzig University, the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) carried out a study to investigate how biodiversity influences the emission of these substances.
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