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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Health - Computer Science - 27.04.2021
Visual analysis for medicine
Visual analysis for medicine
Cancer, Alzheimer's, diabetes or cardiovascular diseases are what are known as non-communicable diseases, which are responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide - in Germany, an estimated 91 percent of all deaths are the result of these diseases, and it is a rising trend. Epidemiologists have been studying the development and distribution of these epidemiological diseases, as well as the measures to combat them and what their social consequences are.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 27.04.2021
Towards new solar cells with active machine learning
Towards new solar cells with active machine learning
Fewer requirements let artificial intelligence discover new materials A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Fritz Haber Institute in Berlin uses active machine learning in the search for suitable molecular materials for new organic semiconductors, the basis for organic field effect transistors (OFETs), light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic solar cells (OPVs).

Computer Science - Mechanical Engineering - 26.04.2021
New PP: Daring More Intelligence
Date: April 26, 2021, No. 31 DFG approves new priority program coordinated by the University of Stuttgart Design Assistants in Mechanics and Dynamics are the topic of a new priority program (PP) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) that aims to bring more artificial intelligence (AI) into the design process of technical systems.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 07.04.2021
Using AI to Diagnose Neurological Diseases Based on Motor Impairment
New Heidelberg approach: analysing movement patterns through machine learning The way we move says a lot about the state of our brain. While normal motor behaviour points to a healthy brain function, deviations can indicate impairments owing to neurological diseases. The observation and evaluation of movement patterns is therefore part of basic research, and is likewise one of the most important instruments for non-invasive diagnostics in clinical applications.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 18.02.2021
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Deep learning algorithms reveal the rules of gene regulation With the help of artificial intelligence (AI) a German-American team of scientists deciphered some of the more elusive instructions encoded in DNA. Their neural network trained on high-resolution maps of protein-DNA interactions uncovers subtle DNA sequence patterns throughout the genome, thus providing a deeper understanding of how these sequences are organized to regulate genes.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.02.2021
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
Artificial intelligence (AI) is seen as a key technology with fields of application in a wide variety of areas in society. However, researching, developing and, in particular, using AI systems presents enormous challenges for the computing power and storage capacity needed to process large data volumes.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 08.01.2021
Schüler und Studierende bauen CERN-Detektor mit Lego nach: Online-Workshop
Spatial and temporal distribution of primordial germ cells (stained in red) in zebrafish embryos. Normally, with the help of an attractant produced in the environment, the cells migrate in a targeted and coordinated manner through the developing embryo and reach the regions where the sex organs are formed (left).

Computer Science - Physics - 06.01.2021
"Wichtig sind Neugier und Interesse, alles andere kann man lernen"
In the digital age, data traffic is growing at an exponential rate. The demands on computing power for applications in artificial intelligence such as pattern and speech recognition in particular, or for self-driving vehicles, often exceeds the capacities of conventional computer processors. Working together with an international team, researchers at the University of Münster are developing new approaches and process architectures which can cope with these tasks extremely efficient.

Computer Science - Sport - 14.12.2020
The video referee in the spotlight
The video referee in the spotlight
Fans are not amused about decisions made by video assistants Since the 2019/20 season, controversial referee calls in the English Premier League may be technically reviewed and, if deemed necessary, corrected. Using a Twitter analysis of 129 games in the English Premier League, a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now determined how decisions made by video referees affect the mood of the fans.

Physics - Computer Science - 07.12.2020
Optics and Photonics: Ideal platforms for artificial intelligence
Optics and Photonics: Ideal platforms for artificial intelligence
In a recent nature perspective, international experts in the field of optical neural networks, optical deep learning and photonic computing have put their expertise together to review the path from pathbreaking optical neural networks and optical computing realizations in the past fifty years and how they advanced to photonic artificial intelligence applications.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 25.11.2020
Analysing Plant Cells With 3D Images
A new image processing programme makes it possible to view and analyse plant cells in detail in 3D. Bioscientists and computer scientists at Heidelberg University helped to develop the open-source software called PlantSeg. It is based on methods of machine learning and can be used to study the process of morphogenesis - how the shape of plants develops - at the cellular level.

Computer Science - Chemistry - 23.11.2020
Identifying compound classes through machine learning
Identifying compound classes through machine learning
Bioinformaticians at the University of Jena develop new method for analysing metabolites Everything that lives has metabolites, produces metabolites and consumes metabolites. These molecules arise as intermediate and end products from chemical processes in an organism's metabolism. Therefore, they not only have huge significance for our lives, but they also provide valuable information about the condition of a living being or an environment.

Health - Computer Science - 17.11.2020
Deep-learning in hospitals
Deep-learning in hospitals
Novel deep learning method enables clinic-ready automated screening for diabetes-related eye disease Researchers created a novel deep learning method that makes automated screenings for eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy more efficient. Reducing the amount of expensive annotated image data that is required for the training of the algorithm, the method is attractive for clinics.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 29.09.2020
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
Intelligent software for a better understanding of plant tissue development Using artificial intelligence, researchers have developed a novel computer-based image processing method for plant sciences. The method enables the detailed 3D representation of all cells in various plant organs with unprecedented precision.

Computer Science - Transport - 15.09.2020
The accident preventers
The accident preventers
Security software for autonomous vehicles Before autonomous vehicles participate in road traffic, they must demonstrate conclusively that they do not pose a danger to others. New software developed at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) prevents accidents by predicting different variants of a traffic situation every millisecond.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 01.09.2020
"Biohackers" TV series stored on DNA
Genetic material as a stable storage medium "Biohackers" TV series stored on DNA The first episode of the newly released series "Biohackers" was stored in the form of synthetic DNA. This was made possible by the research of Prof. Reinhard Heckel of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and his colleague Prof. Robert Grass of ETH Zürich.

Computer Science - 13.08.2020
How Secure Are Machine Learning Processes?
How Secure Are Machine Learning Processes?
Participants are needed for a study being conducted by Freie Universität, the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security (AISEC), the Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT), and the National Research Center for App No 137/2020 from Aug 13, 2020 Researchers from Freie Universität, the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security (AISEC), the Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SI

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 24.07.2020
More effective sharing of research data
More effective sharing of research data
National research data infrastructure: TUM involved in three consortia Genome sequencing produces immense quantities of data. The aim of the German Human Genome-Phenome Archive (GHGA) is to make these data available to science without violating the personality rights of patients. The GHGA will focus initially on data collections pertaining to cancer and rare genetic disorders.

Computer Science - 11.05.2020
Safe landings in rough seas
Safe landings in rough seas
Landing a helicopter on the deck of a ship in poor visibility is a big challenge even for the most experienced of pilots. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed an assistance system that displays key information in the visor of the pilot's helmet-mounted display. This permits precise landing approaches - even in adverse weather conditions.

Computer Science - Physics - 29.04.2020
New Active Compounds from the Computer
Open-source platform "VirtualFlow" examines billions of molecules in a very short time / Joint press release issued by Freie Universität Berlin and Technische Universität Berlin No 071/2020 from Apr 29, 2020 The development of new active compounds in medicine can take many years and potentially cost billions of euros.
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