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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment - Computer Science - 04.10.2022
Climate simulation more realistic with Artificial Intelligence
Climate simulation more realistic with Artificial Intelligence
Machine learning improves climate models Accurately modeling extreme precipitation events remains a major challenge for climate models. These models predict how the earth's climate may change over the course of decades and even centuries. To improve them especially with regard to extreme events, researchers now use machine learning methods otherwise applied to image generation.

Computer Science - Earth Sciences - 19.09.2022
New Software Platform Advances Understanding of the Surface Finish of Manufactured Components
New Software Platform Advances Understanding of the Surface Finish of Manufactured Components
Scientists develop platform that combines measurements of surface topography in a digital twin Scientists from the University of Freiburg, Germany, and the University of Pittsburgh have developed a software platform that facilitates and standardizes the analysis of surfaces. The platform enables users to create a digital twin of a surface and thus to help predict, for example, how quickly it wears out, how well it conducts heat, or how well it adheres to other materials.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 13.09.2022
Unlocking human-like perception in self-driving vehicles
Unlocking human-like perception in self-driving vehicles
Freiburg computer scientists make an important step towards advancing perception in complex urban environments How can mobile robots perceive and understand the environment correctly, even if parts of the environment are occluded by other objects? This is a key question that must be solved for self-driving vehicles to safely navigate in large crowded cities.

Transport - Computer Science - 08.09.2022
Bird's'eye view improves safety of autonomous driving
Bird’s’eye view improves safety of autonomous driving
The expectations for autonomous driving are clear: "Cars have to travel safely not only at low speeds, but also in fast-moving traffic," says Jörg Schrepfer, the Head of Driving Advanced Research Germany at Valeo. For example, when objects fall off a truck, the "egocentric" perspective of a car will often be unable to detect the hazardous debris in time.

Computer Science - Research Management - 31.08.2022
Neural networks predict forces in jammed granular solids
Neural networks predict forces in jammed granular solids
Researchers led by Göttingen University develop new machine-learning method to understand force chains Granular matter is all around us. Examples include sand, rice, nuts, coffee and even snow. These materials are made of solid particles that are large enough not to experience thermal fluctuations. Instead, their state is determined by mechanical influences: shaking produces -granular gases- whilst by compression one gets -granular solids-.

Environment - Computer Science - 24.08.2022
Reviewing the quality of global environmental maps
Reviewing the quality of global environmental maps
It could be so simple: producing global maps for vegetation, climate or soil at the touch of a button. Whether in Africa, America or Europe; whether up in the mountains or deep in the forest. No laborious on-site fieldwork would be necessary, nor would days spent evaluating data in a lab. Simply "train" the computer system to provide, as accurately as possible, predictions for any and every environmental variable.

Computer Science - Health - 19.08.2022
First completely robot-supported microsurgical operations performed
First completely robot-supported microsurgical operations performed
Münster surgeons use new operating method for the first time anywhere in the world / Research at Münster University strengthens medical digitalisation in the operating theatre It is a great success for robotic microsurgery not only in Münster but worldwide - both for medicine and for science: a team led by scientists Dr. Maximilian Kückelhaus and Prof. Tobias Hirsch from the Centre for Musculoskeletal Medicine at the University of Münster has carried out the first completely robot-supported microsurgical operations on humans.

Computer Science - Health - 29.07.2022
New Centre for Model-Based Artificial Intelligence
Carl Zeiss Foundation provides five million euros for establishment of CZS Heidelberg Center for Model-Based AI A centre for model-based artificial intelligence has been set up at Heidelberg University to link mathematical modelling methods with information processing in neuronal networks. The Carl Zeiss Foundation (CZS) is funding the CZS Heidelberg Center for Model-Based AI with five million euros over a period of six years.

Computer Science - 06.07.2022
The future of encryption
The future of encryption
Cryptographic systems that even quantum computers cannot crack will soon be standard in the USA Whenever you visit a website, send an email, or do your online banking in the future, in many cases algorithms developed with the participation of researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Security and Privacy in Bochum and the Ruhr University Bochum will be used to protect your data.

Computer Science - Linguistics / Literature - 16.06.2022
Shedding light on linguistic diversity and its evolution
Shedding light on linguistic diversity and its evolution
Linguists and computer scientists collaborate to publish a large global Open Access lexical database Scholars from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany and the University of Auckland in New Zealand have created a new global repository of linguistic data. The project is designed to facilitate new insights into the evolution of words and sounds of the languages spoken across the world today.

Computer Science - Innovation - 27.05.2022
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
The cooperation strengthens application-related research on artificial intelligence in Germany Amazon and the Max Planck Society today announced the establishment of the first German Science Hub in Tübingen. The main goal of this science cooperation is to advance research in Germany in subfields of artificial intelligence (AI), in particular causality, computer vision and machine learning, to develop secure and trustworthy concepts for the future and thus to strengthen Germany as a technology location.

Health - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
Same symptom - different cause?
Same symptom - different cause?
Machine learning is playing an ever-increasing role in biomedical research. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a new method of using molecular data to extract subtypes of illnesses. In the future, this method can help to support the study of larger patient groups.

Computer Science - 25.05.2022
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Intelligent reflecting surfaces can protect communication against attacks by adversarial wireless sensing The Internet of Things opens new gateways for eavesdroppers. The devices which are interconnected in more and more households communicate wirelessly. This can endanger privacy considerably: Passive eavesdroppers are able to obtain sensitive data through intercepted high-frequency signals.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 06.05.2022
Asteroid treasure in the Hubble archive
Asteroid treasure in the Hubble archive
The data of the space telescope contain the traces of many unknown celestial bodies With a sophisticated combination of human and artificial intelligence, astronomers uncovered 1701 new asteroid trails in archival data of the Hubble Space Telescope spanning the past 20 years. While about one third could be identified and attributed to known objects, more than 1000 trails probably correspond to previously unknown asteroids.

Computer Science - Physics - 06.05.2022
In balance: Quantum computing needs the right combination of order and disorder
Study shows that disorder in quantum computer chips needs to be designed to perfection / Publication in 'Nature Communications' Research conducted within the Cluster of Excellence 'Matter and Light for Quantum Computing' (ML4Q) has analysed cutting-edge device structures of quantum computers to demonstrate that some of them are indeed operating dangerously close to a threshold of chaotic meltdown.

Computer Science - Earth Sciences - 20.04.2022
Artificial Intelligence Decodes Causes of Mass Extinction in the Permian
Artificial Intelligence Decodes Causes of Mass Extinction in the Permian
Volcanic eruptions in Siberia caused massive climate change 252 million years ago. Approximately 75 percent of all land organisms and 90 percent of all ocean organisms perished. The paleontologist Dr. William Foster at the Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN) has now decoded the causes of this mass extinction in the oceans.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 06.04.2022
Artificial Intelligence identifies small molecules
Artificial Intelligence identifies small molecules
A bioinformatics research team from Friedrich Schiller University Jena has won the 2022 Thuringian Research Prize for applied research, Thuringia's Science Minister Wolfgang Tiefensee announced today (06 April) in a video presentation. The prize of 12,500 euros, awarded for the development of machine learning methods for identifying small molecules, went to the team comprising Prof. Sebastian Böcker, Dr Kai Dührkop, Dr Markus Fleischauer, Dr Marcus Ludwig and Martin Hoffmann.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 17.03.2022
With machine learning to new supramolecular materials
With machine learning to new supramolecular materials
New supramolecular materials can be used in energy production and medical devices. The team of the TUM Innovation Network ARTEMIS aims to identify the best supramolecular materials for use with the help of machine learning. A team of scientists at the TUM Innovation Network ARTEMIS (Artificial Intelligence Powered Multifunctional Material Design), named after the Greek goddess of hunting, are researching supramolecular materials.

Physics - Computer Science - 18.01.2022
16 million euros for photonic quantum processors
16 million euros for photonic quantum processors
BMBF project PhotonQ brings together seven universities and research institutions as well as industrial partners [Picture: University of Stuttgart / Uli Regenscheit] Quantum computers will one day be able to solve problems at high speed that cannot be handled by classical computer systems. However, in order for these computers to become practical, they must process a significantly higher number of qubits and have lower error rates.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 06.12.2021
Turbo boost for materials research
Turbo boost for materials research
A new algorithm has been designed to help discover previously unknown material compounds. It was developed by a team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Lund University in Sweden. The researchers designed a form of artificial intelligence (AI) based on machine learning that can perform complex calculations within a very short space of time.
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