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Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 25.06.2024
Biodiversity as the key to healthy soils and climate buffers
News from Two new papers published by researchers from Leipzig University and its partner institutions shed light on the complex relationships between biodiversity, soil and climate. They show how human influences and climate change are jeopardising our environment and emphasise the need for integrated solutions that promote sustainability and social justice.

Agronomy / Food Science - 25.06.2024
Farmland weeds help to combat pests
Farmland weeds help to combat pests
A study from the University of Bonn has investigated how to achieve high crop yields while also protecting the environment Leaving some weeds between crops can help to combat pests on agricultural land, according to a new study carried out by the University of Bonn. This step has particularly positive effects in combination with other measures: the cultivation of different types of crops and planting strips of wildflowers.

Computer Science - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.06.2024
AI shows how field crops develop
AI shows how field crops develop
Tool developed at the University of Bonn should enable yield forecasts, among other things, in the future Researchers at the University of Bonn have developed software that can simulate the growth of field crops. To do this, they fed thousands of photos from field experiments into a learning algorithm.

Agronomy / Food Science - 22.05.2024
Roots are a key to drought-tolerant maize
Roots are a key to drought-tolerant maize
Study headed by the University of Bonn analyses 9,000 varieties of maize around the world Maize can grow successfully in very different local conditions. An international study headed by the University of Bonn has now demonstrated the important role of the plant root system. The researchers analyzed more than 9,000 varieties in the study and were able to show that their roots varied considerably - depending on how dry the location is where each variety was cultivated.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2024
Healthy Diets for People and the Planet
A study by researchers at the University of Bonn examines the ecological sustainability of children's and young people's diets Our diet puts a strain on planetary resources. Shifting to a sustainable diet that benefits both our health and that of the planet is therefore assuming increasing importance.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2024
Fishing to eat: Eleven percent of freshwater fish consumed worldwide from recreational fishing
Fishing to eat: Eleven percent of freshwater fish consumed worldwide from recreational fishing
Fishing with rod and reel is much more than just a leisure activity: In many regions of the world, it makes an important contribution to their own diet with fish. This has been shown by an international research team, including Robert Arlinghaus, Professor of Integrative Fisheries Management at the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology (IGB) and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2024
Mitosis instead of Meiosis
Mitosis instead of Meiosis
Researchers breed tomato plants that contain the complete genetic material of both parent plants In a new study, led by Charles Underwood from the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne, Germany, scientists established a system to generate clonal sex cells in tomato plants and used them to design the genomes of offspring.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.04.2024
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
In Europe, 1.55 million people die every year due to a poor diet. This is the conclusion of a recent study by Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Institute for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Economics (INL) and the nutriCARD Competence Cluster. The researchers analysed the importance of nutrition for cardiovascular-related deaths in the period between 1990 and 2019, and have published their findings in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 05.04.2024
Away with industrial agriculture
Away with industrial agriculture
Global study: Diversified agriculture strengthens food security and biodiversity . Mixing livestock farming and arable farming, integrating flower strips and trees, water and soil protection and much more: a comprehensive global study led by the Universities of Copenhagen and Hohenheim and with the participation of the University of Göttingen has investigated the effects of diversified agriculture.

Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.03.2024
Shopping study in a virtual supermarket
A study by the University of Bonn shows: Banners with information on animal welfare have no influence on purchasing behavior How can we encourage consumers to pay more attention to animal welfare aspects when they purchase meat? It now appears that this cannot be achieved solely by making the animal husbandry labels more visible.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.02.2024
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change poses a threat to yields and food security worldwide, with plant diseases as one of the main risks. An international team of researchers surrounding Prof. Senthold Asseng from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now shown that further spread of the fungal disease wheat blast could reduce global wheat production by 13% until 2050.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.11.2023
Variety Is Key
Variety Is Key
University of Bonn study shows where diversified farming also makes economic sense Where and how can diversified farming practices be put to profitable use in order to boost both productivity and biodiversity? Researchers at the University of Bonn have tackled this question in a study that has now been published in "Communications Earth & Environment.

Agronomy / Food Science - Materials Science - 13.11.2023
New modular development kit for e-tractors
New modular development kit for e-tractors
Research on the electrification of agricultural machinery The special requirements placed on trucks and agricultural machinery often make it difficult for engineers to bring them into the electric age. At the Agritechnica agricultural machinery fair researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are now showing what a modular development kit for electric tractors can look like.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.10.2023
Insights for crop breeding in the face of climate change
With the aid of innovative statistical methods, researchers explore the complex interplay between life cycle, environmental factors and genetic information using wheat as an example. Cereal crops such as wheat are sensitive to climate change. Many studies show that their yield decreases as temperatures rise and extreme weather events increase.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.09.2023
Raw material requirements for reducing global poverty calculated for the first time
Researchers at the University of Freiburg quantify the amount of material needed to enable people to live without poverty 1.2 billion people live in poverty. To lift them out of it, an average of about six tons of raw materials are needed per person and year - in particular minerals, fossil fuels, biomass and metal ores.

Agronomy / Food Science - 21.07.2023
'Hidden hunger' despite fruit and vegetable surplus
’Hidden hunger’ despite fruit and vegetable surplus
Preserved local fruits and vegetables can improve nutrition in East Africa In East Africa, up to 50 percent of cultivated fruits and vegetables cannot be used, partly because they spoil too quickly before or after harvest. At the same time, the population suffers from micronutrient deficiencies, also known as hidden hunger, which could be alleviated by increasing fruit and vegetable consumption.

Agronomy / Food Science - Innovation - 20.07.2023
Fertilizing 2.0: Simple, precise and digital
Fertilizing 2.0: Simple, precise and digital
A new technology will facilitate quick, easy and precise fertilizing in the field in the future. Thanks to the combination of biosensor test strips and satellite-based remote sensing data, the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is developing a method for determining the nutritional condition of cereals and the perfect amount of fertilizer.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
Mixed cropping enhances beneficial bugs and reduces pests
Mixed cropping enhances beneficial bugs and reduces pests
Göttingen University agroecology researchers evaluate effects with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially farming single crops on a massive scale. Mixing crops can counteract this: in fields where different crops grow at the same time, there are more beneficial insects and spiders than in monocultures.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
More beneficial insects and fewer pests in mixed crops
More beneficial insects and fewer pests in mixed crops
Researchers evaluate the benefits compared to monocultures with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially the large-scale cultivation of individual crops in monocultures. Mixed crops can counteract this: There are more beneficial arthropods, such as insects and spiders, in fields where different crops grow simultaneously than in monocultures.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Deficiency causes appetite for meat
Deficiency causes appetite for meat
Under certain circumstances, a rare tropical plant develops into a carnivore. A research team from the universities of Hannover and Würzburg has now deciphered the mechanism responsible for this. Triphyophyllum peltatum is a unique plant. Native to the tropics of West Africa, the liana species is of great interest for medical and pharmaceutical research due to its constituents: In the laboratory, these show promising medically useful activities against pancreatic cancer and leukemia cells, among others, as well as against the pathogens that cause malaria and other diseases.
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