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Life Sciences - Environment - 02.04.2024
How green algae and bacteria together contribute to climate protection
How green algae and bacteria together contribute to climate protection
Microscopic algae play a significant role in binding carbon dioxide and are therefore of great ecological importance. In nature, microalgae have coexisted with bacteria for many millions of years. Bacteria can either harm algae or promote their growth. A research team at Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany has now found a bacterium that forms a team with a green alga.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 25.03.2024
First global study of coastal seas as carbon dioxide reservoirs possible
First global study of coastal seas as carbon dioxide reservoirs possible
Coastal seas form a complex transition zone between the two largest CO2 sinks in the global carbon cycle: land and ocean. Ocean researchers have now succeeded for the first time in investigating the role of the coastal ocean in a seamless model representation. The team led by Dr. Moritz Mathis from the Cluster of Excellence for Climate Research CLICCS at Universität Hamburg and the Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon was able to show: The intensity of CO2 uptake is higher in coastal seas than in the open ocean.

Environment - Economics - 22.03.2024
All Countries' Agri-Environmental Policies at a Glance
All Countries’ Agri-Environmental Policies at a Glance
University of Bonn researchers publish dataset of over 6,000 policies from all'over the world There can be no analysis without data. In this spirit, researchers from the University of Bonn and the Swiss Federal Institution of Technology (ETH) Zurich have published a database containing over 6,000 agri-environmental policies, thus enabling their peers as well as policymakers and businesses to seek answers to all manner of different questions.

Environment - Chemistry - 20.03.2024
Harnessing hydrogen at life's origin
Harnessing hydrogen at life’s origin
Researchers gain new insights into how the first cells on Earth were able to use hydrogen gas as an energy source Hydrogen gas (H2) is seen as a key to sustainable energy for the future. Yet it is an ancient form of energy. Even the very first cells on earth lived on H2, which was produced in hydrothermal vents.

Environment - 19.03.2024
Fairy circles: plant water stress causes Namibia's gaps in grass
Fairy circles: plant water stress causes Namibia’s gaps in grass
Researchers describe topsoil as "death zone" for fresh grass in the fairy circle Namibia's legendary fairy circles are mysterious, circular, bald patches in the dry grasslands on the edge of the Namib Desert. Their formation has been researched for decades and has recently been the subject of much debate.

Environment - 19.03.2024
Satellite images from US espionage programmes for ecology and nature conservation
The images taken by US spy satellites since the late 1950s have long been classified. They became publicly accessible in the late 1990s and are used, among others, in climate research and archaeology. Researchers from the Conservation Biogeography Lab of the Institute of Geography at Humboldt-Universität led by Tobias Kümmerle also take interest in the black-and-white photographs.

Environment - 18.03.2024
Reaching under the wings of birds in the agricultural landscape
Reaching under the wings of birds in the agricultural landscape
Research team shows links between agricultural landscape structure and bird populations . The intensification of agriculture has its price: it makes landscapes structurally more uniform and thus contributes to the decline in biodiversity. How should agricultural landscapes be designed in order to promote biodiversity? A new study by researchers from the University of Göttingen, the Dachverband Deutscher Avifaunisten (DDA) e. V.

Environment - 14.03.2024
Plant identification via app enables phenological monitoring
Plant identification via app enables phenological monitoring
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena and the TU Ilmenau have shown that plant observations collected using plant identification apps such as Flora Incognita can provide information about the developmental stages of plants - both on a small scale and across Europe. "The snowdrops have never bloomed as early as this year, have they?" Many people who walk through nature with their eyes open are sure to have asked themselves these or similar questions.

Environment - Economics - 06.03.2024
Forestry in a changing climate: extreme weather increases investment risk
Forestry in a changing climate: extreme weather increases investment risk
Research team investigates adaptation strategies from a forestry perspective . Climate change is altering our forests. Increased storms and drought have significant consequences for ecosystems and their sustainable use. Forests are important for wood production, carbon storage and local recreation, for example.

Environment - 27.02.2024
When the swimming hunter becomes exhausted
When the swimming hunter becomes exhausted
Fish are changing how they search for and consume prey in warmer waters, with models suggesting extinctions become more likely due to this behaviour change, according to a new study published in "Nature Climate Change" . Led by researchers at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the researchers found that fish in the Baltic Sea respond to temperature increases by consuming the first prey they encounter.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.02.2024
Modern hydropower plants also cause massive damage to ecology
Modern hydropower plants also cause massive damage to ecology
Scientific study on river habitats at the TUM Even modern and supposedly gentler hydropower plants cause considerable damage to river ecosystems. This is shown by a study by Prof. Jürgen Geist from the Chair of Aquatic Systems Biology at the TUM School of Life Sciences published in the "Journal of Applied Ecology".

Environment - 26.02.2024
How do plants react to climate change?
How do plants react to climate change?
Researchers develop new method for assessing climate change risks to ecosystems . Climate change is altering the earth's ecosystems. In order to assess the risks, studies often calculate the extent to which regions are exposed to climatic changes in order to determine the threat to ecosystems. This approach may lead to false conclusions, as it ignores how living organisms react physiologically when, for example, the water content of the soil or the carbon dioxide content of the air changes.

Environment - 21.02.2024
Increasingly similar or different?
Increasingly similar or different?
The tendency of communities and the species within them to become more similar or more distinct across landscapes - biotic homogenisation and differentiation - are approximately balanced, according to a new study published in ,,Science Advances". Led by researchers at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the researchers analysed 527 datasets collected from ecosystems like grasslands, shrublands, and coral reefs as far back as 500 years ago.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.02.2024
Converting rainforest to plantation impacts food webs and biodiversity
Converting rainforest to plantation impacts food webs and biodiversity
The conversion of rainforest into plantations erodes and restructures food webs and fundamentally changes the way these ecosystems function, according to a new study published in Nature. The findings provide the first insights into the processing of energy across soil and canopy animal communities in mega-biodiverse tropical ecosystems.

Environment - Life Sciences - 19.02.2024
From rainforest to plantation: conversion shapes food webs and biodiversity
From rainforest to plantation: conversion shapes food webs and biodiversity
Research team investigates effects of changing land use on ecosystems in Sumatra . Every day, large areas of rainforest are converted into plantations. Biodiversity and the ecosystem are changing drastically as a result. However, knowledge about the consequences is patchy: previous studies have either focused on the diversity of species or the functioning of the ecosystem.

Environment - 19.02.2024
The cultural evolution of collective property rights
The cultural evolution of collective property rights
The evolution of sustainable institutions critically depends on clearly defined and enforced access rights Common pool resources comprise around 65 percent of Earth's surface and vast tracts of the ocean. While examples of successful governance of these resources exist, the circumstances and mechanisms behind their development have remained unclear.

Chemistry - Environment - 16.02.2024
Organic synthesis with outstanding atom economy
Organic synthesis with outstanding atom economy
Research team at Göttingen University develops environmentally friendly iron catalysis using light as an energy source A research team at the University of Göttingen has discovered an innovative strategy in chemical synthesis that combines iron-mediated carbon-hydrogen bond conversion with the concept of photocatalysis.

Environment - 16.02.2024
Spy-satellite images offer insights into historical ecosystem changes
Spy-satellite images offer insights into historical ecosystem changes
New study advocates the use of more than one million declassified images for ecology and conservation. A large number of historical spy-satellite photographs from the Cold War Era were declassified decades ago. This valuable remote sensing data has been utilised by scientists across a wide range of disciplines from archaeology to civil engineering.

Health - Environment - 14.02.2024
Why do(n't) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Why do(n’t) people support being nudged towards healthier diets?
Researchers investigate how individual characteristics and the design of food choice -nudges- influence support for their adoption You may not realise it, but -nudge- has been used by businesses, policy-makers and governments for years to prod the public into making different choices. Small changes in our environment can -nudge- us into different behaviours without restricting the options available to us.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.02.2024
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change: Fungal disease endangers wheat production
Climate change poses a threat to yields and food security worldwide, with plant diseases as one of the main risks. An international team of researchers surrounding Prof. Senthold Asseng from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now shown that further spread of the fungal disease wheat blast could reduce global wheat production by 13% until 2050.