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Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2023
When the Cellular Waste Collector Doesn't Show Up
When the Cellular Waste Collector Doesn’t Show Up
Researchers have identified a mechanism that promotes the breakdown of harmful protein deposits. If it malfunctions, it can lead to Parkinson's disease. NEMO, a protein that is primarily associated with signaling processes in the immune system, prevents the deposition of protein aggregates that occur in Parkinson's disease.

Health - 18.12.2023
Digital working in times of crisis
Digital working in times of crisis
Researchers investigate consensus building in virtual teams during the Covid-19 pandemic Virtual working offers many opportunities, but also harbors risks. In addition to the known disadvantages - less personal contact, communication and coordination difficulties - external crises can pose an additional challenge, especially if employees at different locations work together across local or national borders and are affected to varying degrees by a crisis.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.12.2023
Novel antibiotic substance from the human nose
Novel antibiotic substance from the human nose
Researchers at the University of Tübingen have discovered a novel antibiotic substance from the human nose that can be used against pathogenic bacteria. Named epifadin, the molecule is produced from specific strains of the bacterial species Staphylococcus epidermidis , which occur on the mucous membrane of the inside wall of the nose.

Health - Psychology - 14.12.2023
How can the control of binge eating be improved?
How can the control of binge eating be improved?
Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in Germany. People who suffer from it often lose control when eating and consume large amounts of food. Anja Hilbert, Professor of Behavioral Medicine at Leipzig University, is investigating how the disorder can be cured. In a recent pilot study, she and her research team found a positive effect of food-related neurofeedback.

Health - 14.12.2023
Malaria parasite takes its time
Malaria parasite takes its time
The pathogens want to benefit as long as possible from the food supply that life in the vector mosquitoes offers them Instead of being transmitted to humans as quickly as possible, malaria parasites develop in mosquitoes for up to twelve days and even run the risk of not being transmitted. Mathematical modelling allowed  researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin to study the evolution of malaria parasites over hundreds of generations.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.12.2023
Biosynthesis of paclitaxel unravelled
Biosynthesis of paclitaxel unravelled
Researchers have identified the steps for the biosynthesis of the chemotherapeutic agent for cancer therapy Part of modern cancer therapy is the use of toxic chemicals, called chemotherapeutics, that kill the tumor. Unfortunately, these chemicals are often very complex, difficult to obtain and thus expensive.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.12.2023
Examining diabetes with a skin scanner and AI
Examining diabetes with a skin scanner and AI
Optoacoustic imaging method RSOM shows severity of the disease Changes in small blood vessels are a common consequence of diabetes development. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Munich have now developed a method that can be used to measure these microvascular changes in the skin - and thus assess the severity of the disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.12.2023
Degradation of pathogenic proteins
Degradation of pathogenic proteins
Most diseases are caused by proteins that have spun out of control. Unfortunately, so far, conventional drugs have been able to stop only a fraction of these troublemakers. A new class of drugs known as Protacs holds great promise in pharmaceutical research. They mark proteins for targeted degradation by the cell's own protein disposal system.

Health - 08.12.2023
How Immune Cells Recognize their Enemies
How Immune Cells Recognize their Enemies
In order for immune cells to do their job, they need to know against whom they should direct their attack. Research teams at the University of Würzburg have identified new details in this process. As complicated as their name is, they are important for the human organism in the fight against pathogens and cancer: V'9V'2 T cells are part of the immune system and, as a subgroup of white blood cells, fight tumor cells and cells infected with pathogens.

Health - 07.12.2023
How biorhythms and fatty liver are connected
Participants who would like to find out more about their biorhythm are being sought for a comprehensive study. Our internal clock guides us through day and night and has far-reaching effects on our metabolism. If it gets out of balance, this can have health consequences. Mustafa Özcürümez from the Medical Clinic of the University Hospital Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum and the Eye Clinic there, under the direction of Burkhard Dick, are conducting a study to find out whether and how biorhythm disorders promote the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.12.2023
This is how protein aggregates can trigger neurodegenerative diseases
It's quite obvious that they are involved. The latest findings show one possible way. Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the deposition of clumped proteins in the brain and progressive neuronal cell death. Although the causal link between protein aggregates and neurodegeneration is clear, it is still unclear in what way misfolded proteins trigger cell death.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.12.2023
Hard to drug
Hard to drug
Protein droplets reveal new ways to inhibit transcription factors in an aggressive form of prostate cancer Many of the most potent human oncoproteins belong to a class of proteins called transcription factors, but designing small molecule drugs that target transcription factors is a major challenge.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.11.2023
Taking antibiotics back in time
Taking antibiotics back in time
In today's medical landscape, antibiotics are pivotal in combatting bacterial infections. These potent compounds, produced by bacteria and fungi, act as natural defenses against microbial attacks. A team of researchers delved into the intricate world of glycopeptide antibiotics - a vital resource in countering drug-resistant pathogens - to uncover their evolutionary origins.

Health - 29.11.2023
Risk of serious COVID-19 infection can now be predicted
Risk of serious COVID-19 infection can now be predicted
TUM researchers develop rapid test for severe infections Researchers have developed a method for assessing the number and structure of aggregated blood platelets (or thrombocytes) that can potentially help quantify the risk of a severe COVID-19 infection. As a result, they have identified a predictive biomarker for the seriousness of a COVID-19 infection.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.11.2023
Tracing the Evolution of the 'Little Brain'
Tracing the Evolution of the ’Little Brain’
Heidelberg scientists unveil genetic programmes controlling the development of cellular diversity in the cerebellum of humans and other mammals The evolution of higher cognitive functions in human beings has so far mostly been linked to the expansion of the neocortex - a region of the brain that is responsible, inter alia, for conscious thought, movement and sensory perception.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.11.2023
Neurodegeneration in Myelin Disease: No Myelin is Better than Bad Myelin
Neurodegeneration in Myelin Disease: No Myelin is Better than Bad Myelin
Efficient removal of abnormal myelin allows survival of nerve fibers targeted by adaptive immune cells, according to a novel study by scientists of the University Hospital Würzburg. Myelin is an insulating sheath around axons - the processes connecting nerve cells - that is mostly composed of lipids and proteins.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2023
Malfunction in spermatogenesis
Malfunction in spermatogenesis
Bonn researchers uncover contribution of Cylicin proteins to male fertility For successful fertilization, sperm should move forward rapidly and be shaped correctly. The unique structure of the sperm cells forms during spermiogenesis. Now, researchers from the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the Transdisciplinary Research Unit "Life & Health" at the University of Bonn have found that fertility problems in both mice and humans can be caused by loss of so-called cylicines.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2023
Fat cells help repair damaged nerves
Fat cells help repair damaged nerves
Damage to the body's peripheral nerves can cause pain and movement disorders. Researchers at the Leipzig University have recently investigated how damaged nerves can regenerate better. They found that fat tissue strongly supports the Schwann cells needed for repair during the healing process. The results were published in the renowned journal "Cell Metabolism".

Health - Economics - 24.11.2023
I Eat What You Eat
I Eat What You Eat
Primary school children influence their peers' snack purchases, as revealed by a study conducted at the University of Bonn Do primary school children influence the snack purchases of their peers? A study by the University of Bonn reveals that they do indeed. In the presence of friends or classmates, kids are more likely to choose the unhealthier, but also the cheaper option.

Environment - Health - 24.11.2023
Prototyping grants #3: AI for research infrastructures, sustainable robots and antiviral nasal spray
Prototyping grants #3: AI for research infrastructures, sustainable robots and antiviral nasal spray
Innovations in AI-assisted social sciences, sustainable agriculture and medicine are being funded in the third round of prototyping grants by the Transfer Center enaCom at the University of Bonn. Whether an AI solution for better understanding of scientific communities, a robot that treats weeds differently depending on the species, or a preventive nasal spray - scientists from the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn are developing innovative prototypes for practical challenges of our time.
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