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Health - Life Sciences - 20.10.2023
Cardiac regeneration becomes possible
In mice reprogramming of energy metabolism restores cardiac function after infarction   After birth, the human heart loses its regenerative capacity almost completely. Damage to the heart muscle, e.g. due to a heart attack, therefore usually leads to a permanent loss of function in adults.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.10.2023
Insights for crop breeding in the face of climate change
With the aid of innovative statistical methods, researchers explore the complex interplay between life cycle, environmental factors and genetic information using wheat as an example. Cereal crops such as wheat are sensitive to climate change. Many studies show that their yield decreases as temperatures rise and extreme weather events increase.

Environment - Social Sciences - 19.10.2023
Around the Globe, Climate Adaptation Lacks Coordination
Around the Globe, Climate Adaptation Lacks Coordination
Viewed globally, it is above all individuals and households that are pursuing adaptation to the impacts of climate change; systematic networking of the various groups affected is lacking. This is the conclusion reached by an international team of experts from Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research (CLICCS) and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU).

Environment - 19.10.2023
Fridays for Future's Decentralized Strategy Motivates More People
Fridays for Future’s Decentralized Strategy Motivates More People
Whether or not people choose to attend a climate protest partly depends on its expected size. When they expect a larger protest, they are less likely to take part - as Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research (CLICCS) shows in the journal Nature Climate Change. Mass protests are an important motivator for politicians to implement ambitious climate policy.

Physics - Materials Science - 19.10.2023
A miniature magnetic resonance imager made of diamond
A miniature magnetic resonance imager made of diamond
Quantum sensors make microscale NMR spectroscopy possible A miniature magnetic resonance Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an important imaging method in research which can be used to visualize tissue and structures without damaging them. The technique is better known from the medical field as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), where the patient is moved into a bore of a large magnet on a table.

Life Sciences - 19.10.2023
Researchers design a pulsing nanomotor
Researchers design a pulsing nanomotor
This machine developed at the University of Bonn measures just one ten-thousandth of a millimeter An international team of scientists headed by the University of Bonn has developed a novel type of nanomotor. It is driven by a clever mechanism and can perform pulsing movements. The researchers are now planning to fit it with a coupling and install it as a drive in complex machines.

Astronomy / Space - Chemistry - 18.10.2023
Heavy Elements are Probably More Abundant in the Universe than Previously Thought
Heavy Elements are Probably More Abundant in the Universe than Previously Thought
International team of astronomers publish new findings on the evolution of galactic structures Heavy elements like gold, silver, and uranium are apparently more abundant in the Universe than previously assumed. This is the conclusion of an international research team including scientists from the Centre for Astronomy of Heidelberg University that investigated astrophysical processes in star formation regions and particularly the chemical composition of so-called HII regions.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.10.2023
Chemists present method for the fluorination of enines
Chemists present method for the fluorination of enines
Research team from the University of Münster presents synthesis method in Nature Chemistry Fluorinated small molecules are very often used to produce medicines or agrochemicals. However, they rarely occur naturally. The societal importance of fluorinated substances, combined with the lack of natural sources, has created a demand for effective, sustainable methods to generate new fluorinated motifs - molecular structures containing one or more fluorine atom - from relatively simple starting materials.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.10.2023
How the Greenland ice sheet can be saved
How the Greenland ice sheet can be saved
Climate research: New findings on temperature tipping points Climate researchers around the world are sounding the alarm about exceeding critical temperature values on the Earth. If temperatures pass what are called tipping points, the results could be catastrophic. An international team of researchers, including members from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has now demonstrated in simulations that the temperature tipping point for the Greenland ice sheet can be exceeded in certain cases for a short time, as long as extreme countermeasures are taken afterwards.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.10.2023
AI Models Identify Biodiversity in Tropical Rainforests
Animal sounds are a very good indicator of biodiversity in tropical reforestation areas. Researchers led by Würzburg Professor Jörg Müller demonstrate this by using sound recordings and AI models. Tropical forests are among the most important habitats on our planet. They are characterised by extremely high species diversity and play an eminent role in the global carbon cycle and the world climate.

Life Sciences - Environment - 16.10.2023
With a Proton Pump to More Growth
With a Proton Pump to More Growth
An international research team with participation from Würzburg has discovered how algae compensate for nutrient deficiencies. Their discovery could help counteract the negative effects of climate change. One of the building blocks of ocean life can adapt to cope with the effects of climate change, according to new research led by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Health - 16.10.2023
Special probes improve ultrasound imaging in obese patients
Special probes improve ultrasound imaging in obese patients
Ultrasound is used to diagnose many diseases in the abdominal cavity. A new study conducted at the University of Leipzig Medical Center and supported by the Helmholtz Institute for Metabolism, Obesity and Vascular Research (HI-MAG) shows that obesity affects the quality of ultrasound scans of the liver and kidneys.

Health - 16.10.2023
Special probes improve ultrasound in people with obesity
Ultrasound is used for the diagnosis of many diseases in the abdominal cavity. A recent study by Leipzig University Medical Center with the support of the Helmholtz Institute for Metabolism, Obesity and Vascular Research (HI-MAG) shows that obesity impairs the quality of ultrasound in liver and kidney examinations.

History / Archeology - Astronomy / Space - 16.10.2023
Restoration of the temple ceiling in Egyptian Esna completed
Restoration of the temple ceiling in Egyptian Esna completed
Experts from Egypt and Germany have completed the restoration of the ceiling of the Temple of Esna.

Psychology - Health - 16.10.2023
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissism and its impact on psychotherapy
Narcissistic personality traits are related to poorer response to psychotherapeutic treatment. This is the result of a German multi-site study with more than 2,000 participants receiving inpatient and outpatient psychotherapy. The findings of the research team at Jena University Hospital and University of Münster, now published in the scientific journal The Lancet Psychiatry, can contribute to further individualization of psychotherapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.10.2023
The menstrual rhythm of the brain
The menstrual rhythm of the brain
In the female brain, regions important for memory and perception are remodeled in the course of the menstrual cycle Central learning and memory hubs change in response to sex hormones. A new study in Nature Mental Health by Rachel Zsido and Julia Sacher of the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences and the University Clinic in Leipzig, Germany, links rhythmic oscillations in ovarian hormone levels in women during the menstrual cycle to changes in brain structure.

Health - 13.10.2023
Experts present plan of action to treat male infertility
Researchers bemoan low level of awareness of the problem / Münster andrologists involved in study published in Nature Reviews Urology journal At least one in seven heterosexual couples worldwide is involuntarily childless. The reason is not only the woman's infertility but also, in almost just as many cases, infertility in the man.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 13.10.2023
Teachings beyond words
Teachings beyond words
Even in digital courses, it's not just the spoken word that counts. Aspects such as tone of voice, eye contact and the appreciation experienced are also important, as a study by the University of Würzburg shows . With the corona pandemic came its big boom: digital lectures. Depending on the incidence and the respective regulations, lecturers and students met digitally in specially set up Zoom meetings.

Astronomy / Space - 11.10.2023
CARMENES Project: Potentially Habitable Exoplanets
With the aid of the CARMENES spectrograph, a German-Spanish research team led by scientists from Heidelberg University has discovered heretofore unknown exoplanets that could potentially sustain life. The findings were made possible based on data from approximately 20,000 observations recorded between 2016 and 2020 at the Calar Alto Observatory at Almería (Spain) published this year.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 11.10.2023
Central star in a planetary nebula reveals details of its life
Central star in a planetary nebula reveals details of its life
Stars like our sun end their lives as white dwarfs. Some of them are surrounded by a planetary nebula consisting of gas ejected by the dying star shortly before its death. An international research team led by Professor Klaus Werner of the Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of has for the first time studied a central star of a planetary nebula located in an open star cluster.
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