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Innovation - 30.10.2023
New Research Group: Construction of Tissue in Laboratory
The focus lies on complex sound fields and their interaction with particles and cells An interdisciplinary research group combining mechanical engineering and biotechnology has taken up its work at the Institute for Molecular Systems Engineering and Advanced Materials (IMSEAM) of Heidelberg University.

Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Autonomous measuring instruments systematically detect new materials
Autonomous measuring instruments systematically detect new materials
A new algorithm measures materials libraries up to four times faster than before. It's based on machine learning. Researchers are working tirelessly to find new materials for future technologies that are essential for the energy transition - as electrocatalysts, for example. Due to their versatile properties, materials consisting of five or more elements are of great interest for this purpose.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Autonomous measuring instruments specifically find new materials
Autonomous measuring instruments specifically find new materials
A new algorithm mines material libraries up to four times faster than before. It is based on machine learning . Researchers are working flat out to find new materials for future technologies on which the energy transition depends, for example as electrocatalysts. Due to their versatile properties, materials consisting of five or more elements are of particular interest.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 30.10.2023
How to protect biocatalysts from oxygen
How to protect biocatalysts from oxygen
Selective genetic channel modifications can protect hydrogen-producing enzymes from harmful oxygen. There are high hopes for hydrogen as the key to the energy transition. A specific enzyme group found in algae and in bacteria can produce molecular hydrogen simply by catalyzing protons and electrons.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 27.10.2023
Global Distribution of Predatory Crustacean
Global Distribution of Predatory Crustacean
A research team led by the Department of Biology at Éniversität Hamburg has discovered, for the first time, the predatory amphipod Rhachotropis abyssalis in 3 different oceans up to 20,000 kilometers apart. In each case, the animals live at depths of more than 3 kilometers. The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports .

Life Sciences - Health - 27.10.2023
Possible cause of male infertility
Possible cause of male infertility
Mature spermatozoa are characterized by an head, midpiece and a long tail for locomotion. Now, researchers from the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the Transdisciplinary Research Area "Life & Health" at the University of Bonn have found that a loss of the structural protein ACTL7B blocks spermatogenesis in male mice.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.10.2023
How social media can contribute to species conservation
How social media can contribute to species conservation
Photos of plant and animal species that are posted on social media can help protect biodiversity, especially in tropical regions. This is the conclusion of a team of researchers led by the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), and the University of Queensland (UQ).

Physics - Electroengineering - 26.10.2023
Spinaron, A Rugby in a Ball Pit
Spinaron, A Rugby in a Ball Pit
For the first time, experimental physicists from the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat have demonstrated a new quantum effect aptly named the "spinaron." In a meticulously controlled environment and using an advanced set of instruments, they managed to prove the unusual state a cobalt atom assumes on a copper surface.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 26.10.2023
TUM professor develops an energy-saving AI chip
TUM professor develops an energy-saving AI chip
In-memory computing Hussam Amrouch has developed an AI-ready architecture that is twice as powerful as comparable in-memory computing approaches. As reported in the journal Nature, the professor at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) applies a new computational paradigm using special circuits known as ferroelectric field effect transistors (FeFETs).

Health - Pharmacology - 26.10.2023
ERC Synergy Grant for Immunotherapy of Liver Metastases
ERC Synergy Grant for Immunotherapy of Liver Metastases
Four distinguished immunologists have been awarded one of the most generously funded research grants from the EU: the ERC Synergy Grant. They aim to explore new avenues for immunotherapy of liver metastases. A significant proportion of cancer patients do not succumb to the initial tumor but rather to the resulting metastases.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 26.10.2023
The ego-consciousness of the feathered fowl?
The ego-consciousness of the feathered fowl?
A study by researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Bochum suggests that roosters might recognize themselves in the mirror. Scrape, cluck, lay eggs - that's it? Anyone involved in chicken farming knows that the animals are capable of much more. Researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Bochum, together with the MSH Medical School Hamburg, have found evidence that roosters could recognize themselves in a mirror.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 26.10.2023
Membrane Transporter Ensures Mobility of Sperm Cells
Membrane Transporter Ensures Mobility of Sperm Cells
Newly discovered mechanism contributes to a better understanding of molecular foundations of fertility Special proteins - known as membrane transporters - are of key importance for the mobility of sperm cells. A research team from the Heidelberg University Biochemistry Center (BZH) headed by Cristina Paulino has, with the aid of cryo-electron microscopy, for the first time succeeded in decoding the structure of such a transporter and its mechanism.

Computer Science - 26.10.2023
Apple's Safari browser is still vulnerable to Spectre attacks
Apple’s Safari browser is still vulnerable to Spectre attacks
2018, the Spectre attack revealed critical security vulnerabilities in numerous systems that could be exploited to harvest sensitive data. The implementation of countermeasures is supposed to protect from such attacks. Modern processors come with a fundamental vulnerability in their hardware architecture that allows attackers to hijack sensitive data.

Health - Chemistry - 25.10.2023
Breaking bad barriers through a molecular vacuum cleaner
Breaking bad barriers through a molecular vacuum cleaner
The molecular journey of triglycerides sealing the barrier of the tuberculosis bacterium revolves around a two-protein team. Tuberculosis is a severe infectious disease that claims about 1.3 million lives annually world-wide. This dismal toll is caused by the notorious pathogen Mycobacteria tuberculosis , whose bitter success depends on its formidable cellular double barrier offering at the same time protection from the host defence system, and a terrain mediating host-pathogen interactions during infection.

Environment - 24.10.2023
More animal welfare or more environmental protection?
More animal welfare or more environmental protection?
Researchers at the University of Bonn are investigating conflicting goals in animal husbandry. Human health appears to be the most important priority Which sustainability goals do people in Germany find more important: Animal welfare? Or environmental protection? Human health is another one of these competing sustainability goals.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.10.2023
Collective intelligence makes fewer diagnostic errors
Collective intelligence makes fewer diagnostic errors
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, the Institute for Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology developed a collective intelligence approach to increase the accuracy of medical diagnoses. An estimated 250,000 people die from preventable medical errors in the U.S. each year.

Life Sciences - Environment - 23.10.2023
Genomic Stability: A Double-Edged Sword for Sharks
Genomic Stability: A Double-Edged Sword for Sharks
Sharks have existed for millions of years, rarely develop cancer, and react sensitively to ecological changes. An international study led by Würzburg scientists shows that one explanation lies in the fish's genes. Sharks have been populating the oceans for about 400 to 500 million years. While our planet and many of its inhabitants have undergone massive changes several times during this period, this basal group of vertebrates has remained somewhat constant.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 23.10.2023
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
Adaptive optical neural network connects thousands of artificial neurons
International team of researchers develops photonic processor with adaptive neural connectivity Modern computer models - for example for complex, potent AI applications - push traditional digital computer processes to their limits. New types of computing architecture, which emulate the working principles of biological neural networks, hold the promise of faster, more energy-efficient data processing.

Physics - Health - 23.10.2023
Programmable matter: 'We can paint with the particles'
Programmable matter: ’We can paint with the particles’
Researchers find new physical effects in systems consisting of particles with an orientation-dependent propulsion speed Investigating systems consisting of self-propelled particles - so-called active particles - is a rapidly growing area of research. In theoretical models for active particles, it is often assumed that the particles' swimming speed is always the same.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.10.2023
Sex or regeneration
Sex or regeneration
Why are so few species able to regenerate damaged or missing body parts, even though regeneration might seem an obvious survival advantage? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences in Göttingen, Germany, and colleagues have now found a possible explanation in planarian flatworms.
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