Results 1 - 20 of 23.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.11.2023
Variety Is Key
University of Bonn study shows where diversified farming also makes economic sense Where and how can diversified farming practices be put to profitable use in order to boost both productivity and biodiversity? Researchers at the University of Bonn have tackled this question in a study that has now been published in "Communications Earth & Environment.
Agronomy / Food Science - Materials Science - 13.11.2023
New modular development kit for e-tractors
Research on the electrification of agricultural machinery The special requirements placed on trucks and agricultural machinery often make it difficult for engineers to bring them into the electric age. At the Agritechnica agricultural machinery fair researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are now showing what a modular development kit for electric tractors can look like.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.10.2023
Insights for crop breeding in the face of climate change
With the aid of innovative statistical methods, researchers explore the complex interplay between life cycle, environmental factors and genetic information using wheat as an example. Cereal crops such as wheat are sensitive to climate change. Many studies show that their yield decreases as temperatures rise and extreme weather events increase.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.09.2023
Raw material requirements for reducing global poverty calculated for the first time
Researchers at the University of Freiburg quantify the amount of material needed to enable people to live without poverty 1.2 billion people live in poverty. To lift them out of it, an average of about six tons of raw materials are needed per person and year - in particular minerals, fossil fuels, biomass and metal ores.
Agronomy / Food Science - 21.07.2023
’Hidden hunger’ despite fruit and vegetable surplus
Preserved local fruits and vegetables can improve nutrition in East Africa In East Africa, up to 50 percent of cultivated fruits and vegetables cannot be used, partly because they spoil too quickly before or after harvest. At the same time, the population suffers from micronutrient deficiencies, also known as hidden hunger, which could be alleviated by increasing fruit and vegetable consumption.
Agronomy / Food Science - Innovation - 20.07.2023
Fertilizing 2.0: Simple, precise and digital
A new technology will facilitate quick, easy and precise fertilizing in the field in the future. Thanks to the combination of biosensor test strips and satellite-based remote sensing data, the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is developing a method for determining the nutritional condition of cereals and the perfect amount of fertilizer.
Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
Mixed cropping enhances beneficial bugs and reduces pests
Göttingen University agroecology researchers evaluate effects with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially farming single crops on a massive scale. Mixing crops can counteract this: in fields where different crops grow at the same time, there are more beneficial insects and spiders than in monocultures.
Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
More beneficial insects and fewer pests in mixed crops
Researchers evaluate the benefits compared to monocultures with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially the large-scale cultivation of individual crops in monocultures. Mixed crops can counteract this: There are more beneficial arthropods, such as insects and spiders, in fields where different crops grow simultaneously than in monocultures.
Agronomy / Food Science - 20.06.2023
How the selenium status is regulated
The trace element selenium is indispensable for the human body and brain. Among other things, the human organism needs selenium for the immune system and the function of the thyroid gland," says Maria Schwarz from Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. Together with Anna P. Kipp and Caroline E. Meyer, the nutrition scientist from the Department of Nutritional Physiology has investigated the correlations between the trace elements copper and selenium in the human organism.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Deficiency causes appetite for meat
Under certain circumstances, a rare tropical plant develops into a carnivore. A research team from the universities of Hannover and Würzburg has now deciphered the mechanism responsible for this. Triphyophyllum peltatum is a unique plant. Native to the tropics of West Africa, the liana species is of great interest for medical and pharmaceutical research due to its constituents: In the laboratory, these show promising medically useful activities against pancreatic cancer and leukemia cells, among others, as well as against the pathogens that cause malaria and other diseases.
Agronomy / Food Science - 11.05.2023
Healthy teeth thanks to the ’washing machine’
Research team with participation of the University of Göttingen clarifies tooth wear in ruminants Ruminants show a special behavior when eating: They swallow their plant food roughly chewed, then regurgitate it several times and continue chewing. This has a decisive advantage, as a research team with participation from the University of Göttingen has shown: The regurgitated food mush contains fewer hard silicates from sand and dust than the food initially ingested.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.04.2023
Green diet promotes health
A diet rich in plant substances promotes the elasticity of blood vessels and counteracts their aging. An international research team with the participation of the University of Leipzig has for the first time demonstrated a strong positive effect of the green, Mediterranean diet on the condition of the aorta.
Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 18.04.2023
How to get your children to eat more fruits and vegetables
Children will eat more fruits and vegetables if families take more time to eat meals. This is the result of a new study led by researchers at the University of Mannheim and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin. Their experiment shows that children will eat significantly more fruits and vegetables if they on average stay at the table for only ten minutes more - 30 minutes in total.
Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.03.2023
How plants adapt to nitrogen deficiency
Researchers at the University of Bonn discover gene variants in wheat and barley that improve nitrogen utilization Nitrogen as a fertilizer can increase yields. However, too much nitrogen can also have negative effects, such as groundwater pollution, high energy consumption in fertilizer production and the generation of climate-relevant gases.
Agronomy / Food Science - 22.03.2023
Sweets change our brain
Why we can't keep our hands off candy bars and co. Chocolate bars, potato chips and chips - why can't we just leave them to the left in the supermarket? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Metabolic Research in Cologne, Germany, in collaboration with Yale University, have now shown that foods with a high fat and sugar content change our brain: If we regularly eat even small amounts of them, the brain learns to want to continue consuming precisely these foods.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.03.2023
’We optimize water quality with mathematics’
Water is one of the essential resources of all life. Ensuring that all people have access to clean drinking water and safeguarding its quality is not just a task for politicians. Scientists like Prof. Pu Li, head of the Process Optimization Group at the TU Ilmenau, also make an important contribution to our water supply with their research.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.03.2023
Additive to make slurry more climate-friendly
Study by the University of Bonn confirms reduction of the greenhouse gas methane by 99 percent Livestock farming produces large quantities of greenhouse gases, especially methane, which is particularly harmful to the climate. Among other things, it escapes during the storage of animal excrement, the slurry.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.02.2023
Modelling to protect crops of the future
International research team shows benefits of adapting barley varieties to climate change Extreme weather events such as heavy rains and flooding triggered by the intensification of the water cycle due to climate change, are increasingly threatening food security. Large collaborative research projects around the world are working to better adapt plant genetics to the climate conditions of current and future barley-growing regions.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.02.2023
Clever orchard design for more nuts
International research team investigates pollination performance in macadamia plantations To reduce biodiversity loss in agricultural landscapes, more sustainable and environmentally friendly agricultural practices are needed. A research team from the Universities of Göttingen and Hohenheim in Germany, and Venda in South Africa, investigated how ecosystem services such as pollination could be improved in macadamia plantations.
Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.02.2023
Extensive global wetlands loss over past 300 years
International research team including Göttingen University investigates extent of drainage and conversion The drainage of natural wetlands has been useful for farming, forestry and peat extraction, but has also had a major impact on greenhouse gas emissions, flood control, nutrient loss and biodiversity.