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Economics / Business - Innovation - 10.02.2021
From the lab to the start-up - with a lot of psychology
From the lab to the start-up - with a lot of psychology
Studies identify psychological factors in start-ups launched by researchers Successful start-ups emerging from the world of academic research are a rarity in Germany. A research project has now conducted the first-ever investigation into the psychological factors impacting the processes when scientists launch companies.

Materials Science - Physics - 10.02.2021
Captured lithium
Captured lithium
Neutrons show effective lithium and electrolyte distribution in lithium-ion cells In our smartphones, our computers and in our electric cars: We use rechargeable lithium-ion batteries everywhere. But their capacity drops after a while. Now a German-American research team has investigated the structure and functionality of these batteries using neutron diffraction: They discovered that the electrolyte fluid's decomposition products capture mobile lithium in the battery and that the distribution of lithium within the cell is surprisingly uneven.

Agronomy / Food Science - 08.02.2021
Early immunocastration to prevent ’taint’ in boar meat
Researchers with participation of Göttingen University first to investigate effect on meat of early immunocastration Researchers from the Thünen Institute of Organic Farming and the University of Göttingen are the first to investigate very early immunocastration in male piglets to prevent -boar taint-, which affects the taste of meat from non-castrated animals.

Environment - 04.02.2021
Forests of the world in 3D
Forests of the world in 3D
Research team led by the University of Göttingen analyses complexity of forest structure Primeval forests are of great importance for biodiversity and global carbon and water cycling. The three-dimensional structure of forests plays an important role here because it influences processes of gas and energy exchange with the atmosphere, whilst also providing habitats for numerous species.

Environment - 02.02.2021
Flower diversity may mitigate insecticide effects on wild bees
Flower diversity may mitigate insecticide effects on wild bees
Research team led by the University of Göttingen emphasizes the benefits of diversifying flower resources A higher diversity of flowering plants increases the breeding success of wild bees and may help compensate for the negative effects of insecticides. This is what researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and Hohenheim, as well as the Julius Kühn Institute, have found in a large-scale experimental study.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.02.2021
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
Artificial intelligence (AI) is seen as a key technology with fields of application in a wide variety of areas in society. However, researching, developing and, in particular, using AI systems presents enormous challenges for the computing power and storage capacity needed to process large data volumes.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.02.2021
"Living Fossil" in the Namib Has Different Subspecies
A family of Welwitschia already inhabited Earth 112 million years ago. A research team in the Department of Biology at Universität Hamburg has now used short DNA sequences to discover that the only still-living species of Weltwitschia mirabilis has different subspecies. The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Economics / Business - 01.02.2021
Scientists develop method to detect fake news
Scientists develop method to detect fake news
Researchers develop robust approach for detecting market manipulation Social media is increasingly used to spread fake news. The same problem can be found on the capital market - criminals spread fake news about companies in order to manipulate share prices. Researchers at the Universities of Göttingen and Frankfurt and the Jožef Stefan Institute in Ljubljana have developed an approach that can recognise such fake news, even when the news contents are repeatedly adapted.

Environment - Materials Science - 29.01.2021
Climate-Relevant Exchange Processes between Atmosphere and Ocean
Climate-Relevant Exchange Processes between Atmosphere and Ocean
Environmental physicist Bernd Jähne from Heidelberg University is pursuing a new approach to exploring the processes that ensue with the exchange of climatically relevant gases and volatiles between the atmosphere and the ocean. To this end, the scientist will use two imaging measurement procedures for experiments in the Heidelberg Aelotron, a wind-wave tank.

Environment - 29.01.2021
How is human behaviour impacting wildlife movement?
How is human behaviour impacting wildlife movement?
Research team with Göttingen University calls for -anthropogenic resistance- to be considered in conservation and sustainability planning For species to survive in the wild, maintaining connectivity between populations is critical. Without -wildlife corridors-, groups of animals are isolated, unable to breed and may die out.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 29.01.2021
Comparative Study on Lithium-ion Battery Series Manufacturing and Alternative Technologies
Comparative Study on Lithium-ion Battery Series Manufacturing and Alternative Technologies
Research on manufacturing battery cells is gaining momentum - and there is a strong need, considering the future demand for energy storage: For the year 2030, global production of rechargeable batteries will double from today's 750 gigawatt hours (GWh) per year to 1,500 GWh. A recently published review article in the magazine "Nature Energy" on cell production of various battery types suggests that the currently established lithium-ion batteries (LIB) dominate the market of rechargeable high-energy batteries in the coming years.

Chemistry - Environment - 29.01.2021
Synthesizing valuable chemicals from contaminated soil
Researchers of Mainz University use electrolysis to produce dichloro and dibromo compounds in a safer and more environmentally friendly manner / Results published in Science 29 January 2021 Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and ETH Zurich have developed a process to produce commodity chemicals in a much less hazardous way than was previously possible.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.01.2021
When hyperactive proteins trigger illnesses
When hyperactive proteins trigger illnesses
Researchers find trigger for autoimmune diseases and cancer of the lymph node Autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks healthy tissue, can be life-threatening and can impact all organs. A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now found a possible cause for these self-destructive immune system attacks: a hyperactive RANK protein on the surface of B cells.

Chemistry - 28.01.2021
Active double-layer structures made from intelligent polymers based on natural structures
Active double-layer structures made from intelligent polymers based on natural structures
Research groups led by the polymer chemist Prof. Sabine Ludwigs and the mechanic Prof. Holger Steeb at the University of Stuttgart have developed active double-layer structures from intelligent polymers based on the structures of a flowering plant, which lean of their own accord in response to humidity and then regain their original shape.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.01.2021
New promising target for diabetes treatment
Blocking the receptor "inceptor" could protect insulin-producing beta cells One hundred years after the discovery of insulin and fifty years after that of the insulin receptor, researchers have now discovered a novel - and druggable - insulin inhibitory receptor, named inceptor. This could open up new possibilities for the treatment of diabetes: The blocking of inceptor function leads to an increased sensitisation of the insulin signaling pathway in pancreatic beta cells.

Environment - 27.01.2021
How do human behaviors impact wildlife movements?
How do human behaviors impact wildlife movements?
Researchers call for incorporation of human behaviors in conservation planning to ensure sustainable landscapes for wildlife and people. In a Perspective piece published today in One Earth journal, an international team including Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin researchers Arash Ghoddousi and Tobias Kuemmerle introduce the term 'anthropogenic resistance' to better recognize and estimate the impacts of human behaviors on wildlife movements.

Earth Sciences - Materials Science - 26.01.2021
Geologic history written in garnet sand
Geologic history written in garnet sand
Research team with participation from Göttingen University use secrets trapped in grains of sand to reveal rock journey and formation On a remote island in Papua New Guinea, an international research team including the University of Göttingen has made an important geological discovery from a garnet-rich sand.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.01.2021
Immune cells attack synapses
Immune cells attack synapses
Inflammation causes cerebral cortex dysfunction in multiple sclerosis Damage to the brain gray matter plays an important role in the progression of multiple sclerosis. A team of neuroscientists has now shown that the cause are inflammatory responses that lead to synapse loss, reducing neuronal activity.

Health - Environment - 26.01.2021
Street trees close to the home may reduce the risk of depression
Street trees close to the home may reduce the risk of depression
Researchers show positive effect of urban nature on mental health Daily contact with trees in the street may significantly reduce the risk of depression and the need for antidepressants . This is the result of a study by researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Leipzig University (UL), and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, recently published in the journal .

Physics - 25.01.2021
Better bundled: new principle for generating X-rays
Better bundled: new principle for generating X-rays
Physicists from Göttingen University develop method in which beams are simultaneously generated and guided by "sandwich structure- X-rays are usually difficult to direct and guide. X-ray physicists at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method with which the X-rays can be emitted more precisely in one direction.
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