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Environment - Life Sciences - 29.07.2020
Smaller habitats worse than expected for biodiversity
Smaller habitats worse than expected for biodiversity
New international research breaks ground for the next generation of biodiversity forecasts No 131/2020 from Jul 29, 2020 Biodiversity's ongoing global decline has prompted policies to protect and restore habitats to minimize animal and plant extinctions. However, biodiversity forecasts used to inform these policies are usually based on assumptions of a simple theoretical model describing how the number of species changes with the amount of habitat.

Environment - 22.07.2020
Restoring Nature
Restoring Nature
An abandoned space in the middle of Münster: in the historic medicinal plant garden, which hasn't been in use since 2016, nature can pretty much do what it likes. At least, it almost can - anyone who fights their way through an overgrown meadow between Einsteinstraße and Schlossgräfte will come across a clearing, about 50 square metres in size, on which meadow plants are arranged in rows of pots standing on black groundsheets.

Environment - Health - 21.07.2020
Cavefish have fewer cells of the innate immune system
Cavefish have fewer cells of the innate immune system
Adaptation of cavefish to low-parasite environment may provide autoimmune disease insight / Study published in "Nature Ecology & Evolution" Cavefish are small, live in tucked away places humans rarely go, and they're common enough that you can find them on every continent except Antarctica. But they also have another characteristic that seems surprising at first glance: They can tell researchers something about the occurrence of autoimmune diseases in humans.

Environment - Economics / Business - 14.07.2020
Ambitious climate action pays off
Action to mitigate climate change costs money - but damage caused by climate change also entails financial burdens, particularly for future generations. So how much action to mitigate climate change makes economic sense? To find out, an international team of researchers led by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research has fed an earlier computer simulation with current data and findings from climate science and economics.

Economics / Business - Environment - 02.07.2020
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
International group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin describes the growth strategies of plant roots. No 115/2020 from Jul 02, 2020 An international group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin, the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), and Wageningen University, among others, has been studying the complex belowground economy of roots.

Environment - 30.06.2020
Wild bees depend on the landscape structure
Wild bees depend on the landscape structure
Research team led by University of Göttingen investigates flower strips, organic farming and small crop fields Sowing strips of wildflowers along conventional cereal fields and the increased density of flowers in organic farming encourage bumblebees as well as solitary wild bees and hoverflies. Bumblebee colonies benefit from flower strips along small fields, but in organic farming, they benefit from large fields.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 25.06.2020
Super-Earths discovered orbiting nearby red dwarf
Super-Earths discovered orbiting nearby red dwarf
International researchers led by University of Göttingen find multiple planet system orbiting Gliese 887 The nearest exoplanets to us provide the best opportunities for detailed study, including searching for evidence of life outside the Solar System. In research led by the University of Göttingen, the RedDots team of astronomers has detected a system of super-Earth planets orbiting the nearby star Gliese 887, the brightest red dwarf star in the sky.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 25.06.2020
No Space for Climate Change
No Space for Climate Change
How do rising temperatures and more hot days affect cities, especially the heat stress on public squares? And what needs to be done in response to climate change? A team of Heidelberg University geographers led by Dr Kathrin Foshag investigated these questions using locations in the Heidelberg urban area.

Environment - 25.06.2020
Impact of Microplastic in Soil on the Ecosystem: Research is entering a new phase
Impact of Microplastic in Soil on the Ecosystem: Research is entering a new phase
Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin are studying the effects of microplastics in the soil No 109/2020 from Jun 25, 2020 Ecologists at Freie Universität Berlin examine and evaluate the effects of microplastics in soils on terrestrial ecosystems.

Environment - 16.06.2020
How much forest does biodiversity need in cultivated landscapes?
How much forest does biodiversity need in cultivated landscapes?
Research team with Göttingen participation develops concepts to promote biodiversity Forests, especially in the tropics, are home to the world's greatest biodiversity, but are threatened by increasing land use. An international research team with participation of the University of Göttingen has investigated how high the proportion of forest in cultivated landscapes must be in order to protect the greatest number of animal and plant species that depend on this habitat.

Environment - 15.06.2020
Coffee, cocoa and vanilla: an opportunity for more trees in tropical agricultural landscapes
Coffee, cocoa and vanilla: an opportunity for more trees in tropical agricultural landscapes
Research team from Göttingen University investigates the land-use history of agroforestry systems The cultivation of coffee, cocoa and vanilla secures the income of many small-holder farmers and is also a driver of land-use change in many tropical countries. In particular, cultivation in agroforestry systems, in which these crops are combined with trees that provide shade, is often considered to have great potential for ecologically sustainable cultivation.

Social Sciences - Environment - 11.06.2020
Protecting scientific diversity
Protecting scientific diversity
International researchers demand the active protection and support of diversity, equity and inclusion in science In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, scientists are facing great challenges because they have to reorient, interrupt or even cancel research and teaching.

Environment - 29.05.2020
The forest is changing
The forest is changing
Globally, forests are increasingly under pressure. Climatic extremes such as heat and drought are major stress factors for them. A study in cooperation with the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and published in Science is examining, how global change may affect forests in the future. The researchers present potential scenarios of future forest development and thereby offer important information for forest policy and management.

Environment - 19.05.2020
Sustainable palm oil? How environmental protection and poverty reduction can be reconciled
Sustainable palm oil? How environmental protection and poverty reduction can be reconciled
Scientists at the University of Göttingen analyse data on ecological, social and economic effects Palm oil is often associated with tropical deforestation above all else. However, this is only one side of the story, as agricultural scientists from the University of Göttingen and the IPB University Bogor (Indonesia) show in a new study.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.02.2020
Eat or be eaten
Eat or be eaten
Biodiversity increases the efficiency of energy use in grasslands Plants obtain their energy from the sun. Other beings rely on eating to survive. Yet how does the energy flow inside ecosystems function and are there differences between ecosystems with many species in comparison to those with few species' Researchers have now examined these questions using a holistic approach by evaluating data gathered through a large-scale biodiversity experiment.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.02.2020
First research results on the
First research results on the "spectacular meteorite fall" of Flensburg
Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system. A fireball in the sky, accompanied by a bang, amazed hundreds of eyewitnesses in northern Germany in mid-September last year.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.01.2020
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Biological diversity as a factor of production
Relationship between the economic value of our ecosystems and biodiversity Can the biodiversity of ecosystems be considered a factor of production? A group of researchers under the direction of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are studying the economic benefits that farmers and foresters can obtain by focusing on several species instead of just one.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.01.2020
Digital Fertilization
Digital Fertilization
Algorithms and sensors for sustainable and future-proof agriculture European Union Directives stipulate a reduction in nitrate levels in groundwater. Digital techniques developed by researchers at the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan under the aegis of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have proved useful in achieving this goal.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.01.2020
Cyanobacteria produce methane
Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are among the most common organisms on Earth and are notorious for forming toxins. A recent study has now shown for the first time that these bacteria produce relevant amounts of methane in oceans, inland waters, and on land. In the course of climate change, increasing blue-green algae blooms will most likely amplify the release of methane into the atmosphere, according to scientists from the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and Heidelberg University of Heidelberg who carried out the research.

Environment - 09.01.2020
Using sea-level rise to define climate targets
Using sea-level rise to define climate targets
One major consequence of global warming is the rising sea level. A study conducted at Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research CLICCS now shows: if we assume that sea-level rise is the most critical effect of climate change, then it is not only more sensible, but also less expensive, to set a maximum limit for sea-level rise that corresponds to the two-degree target, rather than a temperature-based target.

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