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Environment - Computer Science - 22.02.2019
Stopping inflammation from becoming chronic
Stopping inflammation from becoming chronic
New study proves: climate and Earth system models will be improved with new models combining artificial intelligence and physical modeling Life Climate-driven CO2 exchange: The spectral colors show the anomalies in the CO2 exchange on land during El Niño years. FLUXNET data have been upscaled by machine learning.

Environment - 21.02.2019
How plants learned to save water
How plants learned to save water
02/21/2019 Plants that can manage with less water could make agriculture more sustainable. This is why a research team at the University of Würzburg is investigating how plants control their water balance. Tiny pores on the leaves of plants, called stomata, have a huge influence on the state of our planet.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.02.2019
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
A Volcanic Binge And Its Frosty Hangover
German-Mexican research team discover large igneous province which could have triggered an early glaciation of Earth A major volcanic event could have triggered one of the largest glaciations in Earth's history - the Gaskiers glaciation, which turned the Earth into a giant snowball approximately 580 million years ago.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.02.2019
Using Light to Fight Dangerous Microorganisms on Eggshells
Research project at Freie Universität Berlin to reduce microorganisms on eggshells receives grant from German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food No 040/2019 from Feb 18, 2019 The German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) is supporting the work of a research group at Freie Universität Berlin aiming to reduce the number of microorganisms on eggshells.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.02.2019
Tidal Tails - The Beginning Of The End Of An Open Star Cluster
Tidal Tails - The Beginning Of The End Of An Open Star Cluster
Heidelberg researchers verify this phenomenon using Gaia data from the Hyades In the course of their life, open star clusters continuously lose stars to their surroundings. The resulting swath of tidal tails provides a glimpse into the evolution and dissolution of a star cluster. Thus far only tidal tails of massive globular clusters and dwarf galaxies have been discovered in the Milky Way system.

Health - 14.02.2019
Artificial Intelligence to boost Earth system science
Artificial Intelligence to boost Earth system science
Research team clarifies the mechanism of gliotoxin, a mycotoxin from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus Life Dr. Thorsten Heinekamp of the Jena research team inspects a petri dish with Aspergillus fumigatus. Image: Jan-Peter Kasper/FSU It is everywhere - and it is extremely dangerous for people with a weakened immune system.

Pharmacology - Health - 08.02.2019
Fluconazole Makes Fungi Sexually Active
Fluconazole Makes Fungi Sexually Active
Under the influence of the drug fluconazole, the fungus Candida albicans can change its mode of reproduction and thus become even more resistant. Scientists at the University of Würzburg report this in the journal mBio. The yeast Candida albicans occurs in most healthy people as a harmless colonizer in the digestive tract.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 08.02.2019
From Cambridge to Jena
From Cambridge to Jena
Pharmacologists have succeeded in almost completely suppressing the development of opioid tolerance Light Life Through genetic changes to the opioid receptor in mice, pharmacologists at Jena University Hospital have succeeded in almost completely suppressing the development of opioid tolerance. The pain-relieving effect actually improved and continued even when the drug was administered for longer periods.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 07.02.2019
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
The amount of information and data which workers find themselves confronted with every day has increased enormously over the past few years. Globalisation and digitalisation have led to a steady increase in the complexity of work and business processes. Anything that is up-to-date today can already be outdated tomorrow.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.02.2019
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
How plants cope with iron deficiency: Botany
Iron is an essential nutrient for plants, animals and also for humans. It is needed for a diverse range of metabolic processes, for example for photosynthesis and for respiration. If a person is lacking iron, this leads to a major negative impact on health. Millions of people around the globe suffer from iron deficiency each year.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 30.01.2019
New Findings About Anti-Malaria Drug
New Findings About Anti-Malaria Drug
01/30/2019 Researchers at the Rudolf Virchow Center of the University of Würzburg have unveiled the molecular effectiveness of artemisinins. The findings could lead to drugs for diseases such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia and epilepsy. Artemisinin is derived from the leaves and flowers of the annual mugwort (Artemisia annua) and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries.

Life Sciences - 22.01.2019
Bifacial Stem Cells Produce Wood and Bast
Bifacial Stem Cells Produce Wood and Bast
So-called bifacial stem cells are responsible for one of the most critical growth processes on Earth - the formation of wood. By alternately developing into wood and bast cells, these stem cells are thus starting points for forming wood as well as generating plant bast fibres. A team of researchers from Heidelberg University was recently able to demonstrate this phenomenon using new experimental tools.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 22.01.2019
Chemists develop new synthesis method for producing fluorinated piperidines
Chemists develop new synthesis method for producing fluorinated piperidines
Synthetic molecules are essential for many products in our lives: medicines, crop protection agents or special materials such as Teflon. These molecules have several components, which can be combined in a variety of ways, resulting in different properties. Both so-called piperidines and fluorinated groups are particularly important.

Life Sciences - 22.01.2019
Bifacial Stem Cells Produce Wood and Bast
Heidelberg researchers study one of the most important growth processes on Earth So-called bifacial stem cells are responsible for one of the most critical growth processes on Earth - the formation of wood. By alternately developing into wood and bast cells, these stem cells are thus starting points for forming wood as well as generating plant bast fibres.

Life Sciences - 21.01.2019
Opioids: no effect without side effect
Opioids: no effect without side effect
Interdisciplinary research team uses innovative methodology to make a nearly 300 million-year-old fossil from Thuringia walk again. Life An international research team has used robotics and biomechanics to recreate the movements of an early terrestrial vertebrate. The team, with members from Humboldt University in Berlin (HU), Friedrich Schiller University in Jena and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), studied the fossil finds of Orobates pabsti a four-legged creature approximately one metre long.

Life Sciences - 16.01.2019
From fossil to robot and back again
From fossil to robot and back again
Interdisciplinary research team uses innovative methodology to make a nearly 300 million-year-old fossil from Thuringia walk again. An international research team has used robotics and biomechanics to recreate the movements of an early terrestrial vertebrate. The team, with members from Humboldt University in Berlin (HU), Friedrich Schiller University in Jena and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), studied the fossil finds of Orobates pabsti a four-legged creature approximately one metre long.

Astronomy / Space Science - 14.01.2019
Open star clusters live longer than previously assumed
Open star clusters live longer than previously assumed
Heidelberg researchers study the impact of their formation conditions on life-expectancy Open star clusters offer astronomers the unique opportunity to observe stars of comparable age and chemical composition at the same distance. A study under the direction of Associate Professor Dr Geneviève Parmentier at the Centre for Astronomy of Heidelberg University now shows that these clusters can have a much longer lifespan than previously assumed.

Chemistry - Physics - 08.01.2019
Nanophysicists developed a high-performance organic phototransistor
Nanophysicists developed a high-performance organic phototransistor
Converting light into electrical signals is essential for a number of future applications including imaging, optical communication and biomedical sensing. Researchers from the University of Münster have now developed a new molecular device enabling to detect light and translate it with high efficiency to detectable electronical current.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 08.01.2019
Anticancer Drugs Formed through Molecular Evolution
Scientists at Freie Universität Explore Alternative Routes to Drugs against Tumor Cells / Findings published in online journal "Nature Communications" No 002/2019 from Jan 08, 2019 Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin have discovered an alternative route to drugs against tumor cells. The group led by Jörg Rademann from the Institute of Pharmacy examined the protein STAT5, which is responsible for the aggressive growth of human leukemia cells.

Life Sciences - 08.01.2019
Longer siesta on bright days
Longer siesta on bright days
Insects and mammals have special sensors for different light intensities. These sensors selectively influence the circadian clocks and thereby control daily activity patterns. Increasing sunlight intensity extends the sleep duration and results in a longer midday siesta which delays the resumption of activity to the evening.
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