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Environment - Physics - 20.12.2018
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
The age of the water in the world's oceans is critical for understanding ocean circulation, especially for the transport of gases from the atmosphere into the deep ocean. Researchers from Heidelberg University recently used an atomic physics technique they developed to determine the age of deep ocean water ranging from 50 to 1,000 years.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.11.2018
Chemists develop new method for selective binding of proteins
Chemists develop new method for selective binding of proteins
‘Key-and-lock recognition' through co-assembling points of contact on a nanoscale / Potential for diagnostics, imaging and active ingredients in medicines A new method of selectively binding proteins to nanoparticles has been described by a team of German and Chinese researchers headed by Prof. Bart Jan Ravoo, a chemist at the “Center for Soft Nanoscience? at the University of Münster.

Physics - Chemistry - 14.11.2018
Environment turns molecule into a switch
Environment turns molecule into a switch
11/14/2018 For the first time, physicists from the University of Würzburg have successfully positioned an organic molecule on a substrate realizing two stable configurations. This may have application potential in molecular spintronics. It looks like a cross with four arms of equal length that have a central atom at their intersection.

Physics - 09.11.2018
When Different Systems Behave Alike
When Different Systems Behave Alike
Different physical systems - isolated from the environment and far from equilibrium - can behave the same. Quantum mechanically, this is the case if the dynamics of a many-particle system become universal. In two fundamentally different experiments, physicists from Heidelberg University and the TU Vienna (Austria) have now succeeded in verifying this universality in ultracold clouds of Rubidium atoms.

Physics - 25.10.2018
Comprehensive assessment of the Sun's fusion processes
Comprehensive assessment of the Sun’s fusion processes
Researchers from the Borexino collaboration have published the hitherto most comprehensive analysis of neutrinos from the Sun's core processes. The results confirm previous assumptions about the processes inside the sun. According to the standard solar model, around 99 percent of the Sun's energy stems from a sequence of fusion processes in which hydrogen is converted to helium.

Physics - 12.10.2018
Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity
Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity
When we put water in a freezer, water molecules crystallize and form ice. This change from one phase of matter to another is called a phase transition. While this transition, and countless others that occur in nature, typically takes place at the same fixed conditions, such as the freezing point, one can ask how it can be influenced in a controlled way.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 05.10.2018
Mission Cassini: Nano Dust Rain from Saturn’s Rings
Findings Published in "Science" No 260/2018 from Oct 05, 2018 Nanometer-sized particles of dust are whirling in the gap between the planet Saturn and its rings, as shown by experiments following the grand finale of the Cassini spacecraft, which burned out in 2017. The particles consist of water ice and silicates, and according to the latest measurements, they come from Saturn's rings.

Physics - Life Sciences - 27.09.2018
TUM successfully presents four research Clusters of Excellence
TUM successfully presents four research Clusters of Excellence
The Technical University of Munich (TUM) has got off to another successful start in the extremely competitive Excellence Initiative organized by Germany's government and federal states. Over the next seven years, four research clusters run by TUM and its cooperation partners will each receive up to 70 million euros in funding.

Chemistry - Physics - 25.09.2018
The gods of small things
The gods of small things
On the outside, the cluster made of 55 copper and aluminum atoms looks like a crystal, but chemically it has the properties of an atom. The heterometallic superatom which chemists of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have created provides the prerequisites for developing new, more cost-effective catalysts.

Physics - 20.09.2018
New observations to understand the phase transition in quantum chromodynamics
New observations to understand the phase transition in quantum chromodynamics
New findings published in ''Nature' on the formation of matter / Experiments provide information on the beginnings of the universe The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles whose interactions are governed by quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of strong interaction.

Physics - 19.09.2018
What even Einstein didn't know
What even Einstein didn’t know
It provides the basis for solar energy and global communications: the photoelectric effect. Albert Einstein described it over a century ago. For the first time, scientists have now measured the absolute duration of the light absorption and of the resulting photoelectron which is released from a solid body.

Physics - Mathematics - 10.09.2018
Pioneering work: mathematical fundamentals of light refraction: Münster mathematician's research into wave propagation in complex materials
Pioneering work: mathematical fundamentals of light refraction: Münster mathematician’s research into wave propagation in complex materials
Something everyone learns in Physics lessons at school is that light is refracted and reflected at the interface between air and water. The reason for this is the different refractive indices which the two mediums have - an optical property which is characteristic of each material. There are also materials with so-called negative refraction indices.

Life Sciences - Physics - 17.08.2018
Nanotechnology vs. Viruses
No 214/2018 from Aug 17, 2018 An international interdisciplinary team of virologists and biochemists that includes scientists at Freie Universität has developed low-cost and "cell-friendly" nanogels that can efficiently prevent viral infections. The flexible nanogels mimic cell surface receptors where several viral families bind.

Chemistry - Physics - 07.08.2018
Chemists present new reaction path: Symmetrical cleavage of disulphides is fast and biocompatible
Chemists present new reaction path: Symmetrical cleavage of disulphides is fast and biocompatible
A team of researchers led by Prof. Frank Glorius and Michael Teders from the University of Münster and by Prof. Dirk Guldi from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg have presented a new chemical reaction path which may prove to be of interest both for research and for the production of active ingredients in medicines.

Mathematics - Physics - 06.08.2018
"No one can be this lucky": Mathematician Prof. Raimar Wulkenhaar talks about solving a seemingly unsolvable equation
After ten years, Prof. Raimar Wulkenhaar from the University of Münster's Mathematical Institute and his colleague Dr. Erik Panzer from the University of Oxford have solved a mathematical equation which was considered to be unsolvable. The equation is to be used to find answers to questions posed by elementary particle physics.

Life Sciences - Physics - 05.07.2018
How to start a nanomotor?
How to start a nanomotor?
Research news Most people have never heard of them, and yet every living being needs them to survive: fine protrusions of cells known as cilia. They allow sperm to move, form fine protective hairs in the lungs and play a crucial role in the differentiation of organs in embryos. A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now reconstructed the protein complex responsible for transport within cilia, which plays a decisive role in their functioning.

Physics - 04.07.2018
Ultracold atoms and ultrafast lasers: Hamburg scientists combine experimental expertise
Ultracold atoms and ultrafast lasers: Hamburg scientists combine experimental expertise
Two separate research fields have been united in Hamburg for the very first time. Ultrashort laser pulses enable us to observe and manipulate matter on very short time scales, whereas ultracold atoms permit experiments with high precision and controllability. In the cluster of excellence "The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging," scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms.

Physics - 04.07.2018
German Research Foundation Funds New Research Unit at Freie Universität Berlin
Jens Eisert Leads New Group to Study Quantum Thermodynamics No 178/2018 from Jul 04, 2018 At Freie Universität a new Research Unit will be funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Austrian Science Fund (FWF). The Research Unit will study "Thermal Machines in the Quantum World." The spokesperson is Jens Eisert at the Department of Physics.

Life Sciences - Physics - 03.07.2018
New Insights into the Maturation of miRNAs
New Insights into the Maturation of miRNAs
An international research team has used a structural biological approach to elucidate the maturation of a cancer-causing microRNA in gene regulation. In the future, the authors hope to develop new therapies based on their findings. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of molecules consisting of short RNA sequences that inhibit the formation of certain proteins by destroying the corresponding RNA blueprint.

Physics - Chemistry - 28.06.2018
The attosecond stopwatch
The attosecond stopwatch
Research news Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

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