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Paleontology - Life Sciences - 21.12.2018
Earliest records of three plant groups uncovered in the Permian of Jordan
Earliest records of three plant groups uncovered in the Permian of Jordan
A “hidden cradle of plant evolution? has been uncovered in Jordan. In Permian sedimentary rocks exposed along the east coast of the Dead Sea, palaeobotanists discovered well-preserved fossils of plant groups bearing characteristics typical of younger periods of Earth history. The Permian began some 300 million years ago and ended around 250 million years ago.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.12.2018
Sulfate Helps Plants Cope With Water Scarcity
Plants absorb the mineral sulfate from groundwater. An international research team led by scientists from Heidelberg University has uncovered how sulfate controls the production of the drought stress hormone ABA in plants and thus contributes to their drought-resistance. These findings improve scientists' understanding of how the drought-stress signal travels from the roots to the leaves.

Life Sciences - 17.12.2018
Progress in Super-Resolution Microscopy
Progress in Super-Resolution Microscopy
/2018 Does expansion microscopy deliver true-to-life images of cellular structures' That was not sure yet. A new publication in "Nature Methods" shows for the first time that the method actually works reliably. Immersing deeper and deeper into cells with the microscope. Imaging the nucleus and other structures more and more accurately.

Life Sciences - 11.12.2018
How skin cells protect themselves against stress
How skin cells protect themselves against stress
The skin is our largest organ, and, among other things, it provides protection against mechanical impacts. To ensure this protection, skin cells have to be connected to one another especially closely. Exactly how this mechanical stability is provided on the molecular level was unclear for a long time.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.12.2018
News About a Plant Hormone
News About a Plant Hormone
The plant hormone jasmonic acid also performs a function that was previously unknown. It ensures that the leaf pores close when leaves are injured. For the plant, this could be an emergency signal. Jasmonic acid is not just the aromatic odor of the plant Jasminum grandiflorum used in cosmetics and perfume industries.

Life Sciences - Materials Science - 06.12.2018
Molecular insights into spider silk
Molecular insights into spider silk
Spider silk belongs to the toughest fibres in nature and has astounding properties. Scientists from the University of Würzburg discovered new molecular details of self-assembly of a spider silk fibre protein. They are lightweight, almost invisible, highly extensible and strong, and of course biodegradable: the threads spiders use to build their webs.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 27.11.2018
How cells generate forces
How cells generate forces
When an organism develops, masses of cells combine to form different types of tissue, all of which have different functions. In order to be able to form and to move, a cell needs to generate mechanical forces by remodelling its cytoskeleton, which consists of various filaments. Filaments from the actin protein, for example, contract and expand.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.10.2018
TUM expands German-Chinese stomach cancer research partnership
TUM expands German-Chinese stomach cancer research partnership
The Technical University of Munich (TUM) is expanding its network in Asia and is simultaneously focusing on research hubs that can leverage mutually complementary expertise to create a unique position. Under one such flagship project, TUM and Peking University have bundled their stomach cancer research efforts in a joint laboratory, which opened on October 10.

Life Sciences - 05.10.2018
Highly Organised Process: How Protein Complexes Form in the Cell
Highly Organised Process: How Protein Complexes Form in the Cell
The formation of protein complexes is a highly organised process that does not begin with the "finished" proteins. Studies conducted by researchers at the Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH) and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) demonstrate that they already form in a coordinated way when the protein subunits are synthesised.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 03.10.2018
Tracing Prehistoric Diets
International Research Team including Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin Analyzes Protein Residues in 8000-year-old Ceramic Vessels No 257/2018 from Oct 03, 2018 Through an analysis of ceramic vessels, an international research team has gained insights into the dietary habits of inhabitants of a prehistoric settlement.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.10.2018
Pioneering biologists create a new crop through genome editing: From wild plant to crop: CRISPR-Cas9 revolutionizes breeding / New tomato contains more valuable antioxidants
Pioneering biologists create a new crop through genome editing: From wild plant to crop: CRISPR-Cas9 revolutionizes breeding / New tomato contains more valuable antioxidants
Crops such as wheat and maize have undergone a breeding process lasting thousands of years, in the course of which mankind has gradually modified the properties of the wild plants in order to adapt them to his needs. One motive was, and still is, higher yields. One “side effect? of this breeding has been a reduction in genetic diversity and the loss of useful properties.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 28.09.2018
White Biotechnology: New Step for Antibiotics
Biochemists and organic chemists from Freie Universität Berlin along with partners are working on biotechnological production of bioactive molecules / Cooperation with TU Munich and Bar-Ilan University in Israel No 253/2018 from Sep 28, 2018 Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin, together with research teams from Munich and Israel, have unraveled the reaction mechanism of a biotechnologically relevant enzyme.

Physics - Life Sciences - 27.09.2018
TUM successfully presents four research Clusters of Excellence
TUM successfully presents four research Clusters of Excellence
The Technical University of Munich (TUM) has got off to another successful start in the extremely competitive Excellence Initiative organized by Germany's government and federal states. Over the next seven years, four research clusters run by TUM and its cooperation partners will each receive up to 70 million euros in funding.

Life Sciences - 11.09.2018
Precursors of genes constantly emerge
Precursors of genes constantly emerge
As most of us have learned at school, organisms evolve gradually due to the accumulation of many small genetic changes known as point mutations. Over millions of years, these mutations occur in the duplicated copies of established genes, occasionally contributing useful properties of their own. For decades it was considered inconceivable that completely novel genes could emerge spontaneously.

Life Sciences - 11.09.2018
What catches our eye
What catches our eye
Our unconscious gaze is controlled by an automatic selection process computed by a neural network in the brain. Details of this computation have now been studied by an international team collaborating with the Technical University of Munich (TUM). This finding could soon become relevant for robotic implementations.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.09.2018
New junior research groups at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence: Gerty Cori Programme: a stepping stone for excellent female researchers for their future careers
New junior research groups at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence: Gerty Cori Programme: a stepping stone for excellent female researchers for their future careers
New researchers join the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence at the University of Münster: this September, Dr. Noelia Alonso Gonzalez, a biologist, and Dr. Maria Bohnert, who studied molecular medicine, have started working as junior research group leaders. The researchers previously worked in Israel and the USA, among other countries, and now have the opportunity in Münster to build up their own research groups.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 04.09.2018
Zika virus proteins inhibit brain development
Zika virus proteins inhibit brain development
In healthy individuals, the Zika virus causes flu-like symptoms. If a pregnant woman becomes infected, the unborn child can suffer from severe brain abnormalities as a result of mechanisms that have not yet been explained. A study by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPI-B) shows that Zika virus proteins bind to cellular proteins that are required for neural development.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.08.2018
Presynapses come in a packet
Presynapses come in a packet
No 223/2018 from Aug 30, 2018 Synapses are the interfaces for information exchange between neurons. Teams of scientists working with Volker Haucke, Director at the Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP) and Professor at Freie Universität Berlin, and Stephan Sigrist at Freie Universität Berlin discovered the materials, which form new presynapses for the release of transmitters.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.08.2018
Precise, Highly Efficient Gene Repair
Precise, Highly Efficient Gene Repair
The molecular tool CRISPR/Cas allows introducing DNA double strand breaks into any gene of interest consequently resulting in stochastic mutations at the site of the target gene. However, precise gene repair through the application of a rescue construct suffers from limited efficiency. Researchers at Heidelberg University have now found a solution for this problem.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.08.2018
Protection For Nerve Cells Delivered Through The Nose
Protection For Nerve Cells Delivered Through The Nose
Protective proteins that mitigate the destruction of nerve cells after a stroke can be administered into the brain through the nose, as Heidelberg University researchers demonstrated using a mouse model. The team led by Hilmar Bading at the Interdisciplinary Center for Neurosciences (IZN) is laying the scientific groundwork for new forms of therapy that inhibit degenerative processes in humans.
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