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Environment - Life Sciences - 20.12.2018
Sulfate Helps Plants Cope With Water Scarcity
Plants absorb the mineral sulfate from groundwater. An international research team led by scientists from Heidelberg University has uncovered how sulfate controls the production of the drought stress hormone ABA in plants and thus contributes to their drought-resistance. These findings improve scientists' understanding of how the drought-stress signal travels from the roots to the leaves.

Environment - Physics - 20.12.2018
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
Measuring Individual Argon Atoms Helps In Understanding Ocean Ventilation
The age of the water in the world's oceans is critical for understanding ocean circulation, especially for the transport of gases from the atmosphere into the deep ocean. Researchers from Heidelberg University recently used an atomic physics technique they developed to determine the age of deep ocean water ranging from 50 to 1,000 years.

Computer Science - Environment - 24.09.2018
The fastest supercomputer in Germany
The fastest supercomputer in Germany
Experiments and simulations frequently produce enormous volumes of data. The new high-performance computer SuperMUC-NG at the Leibniz Supercomputing Center (LRZ) in Garching is currently the fastest computer in Germany, assisting scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) in handling enormous quantities of data.

Environment - 05.09.2018
On the road to a clean combustion engine
On the road to a clean combustion engine
Emissions-free combustion engine cars - synthetic fuels like oxymethylene ether are bringing the idea into the realm of the conceivable. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have tested how this kind of fuel behaves in engines and have developed an optimized combustion process. They generate carbon dioxide, particulate matter and nitrogen oxides: combustion engines are in the cross-hairs of public opinion and many inner cities have already imposed driving bans for certain kinds of diesel-powered vehicles.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.08.2018
The Dimension of a Space Can Be Inferred From the Abstract Network Structure
Networks describe relations between objects. They show how objects relate to one another and which ones are mutually influential. In this context, how does space impact structure? Geoinformatics scientist Dr Franz-Benjamin Mocnik was particularly interested in answering this question. In his study, the Heidelberg University researcher demonstrated that the spatial reference can be identified in a number of datasets of different thematic networks.

Environment - 14.08.2018
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood
Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news. After all, this means that trees are storing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their wood and hence taking away the key ingredient in global warming. But is it that simple? A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) analyzed wood samples from the oldest existing experimental areas spanning a period of 150 years - and reached a surprising conclusion.

Environment - 09.08.2018
Artificial Glaciers in Response to Climate Change?
Artificial Glaciers in Response to Climate Change?
Receding glaciers and dwindling snowfalls pose a threat to meltwater-dependent agriculture in large parts of the high mountain regions of South Asia. A research team led by Marcus Nüsser of Heidelberg University's South Asia Institute conducted a long-term study to determine how creating ice reservoirs, commonly called artificial glaciers, might help counteract seasonal water scarcity.

Life Sciences - Environment - 09.08.2018
Microplastics: Dangerous for the Soil?
Microplastics: Dangerous for the Soil?
No 210/2018 from Aug 09, 2018 A team of scientists at Freie Universität investigated the geological and biological effects of microscopic plastic particles on the soil and its microbes. Soil microorganisms play a central role in many biogeochemical cycles, such as the decomoposition of organic matter and the binding of carbon in soil.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.07.2018
New study puts a figure on sea-level rise following Antarctic ice shelves' collapse
New study puts a figure on sea-level rise following Antarctic ice shelves’ collapse
An international team of scientists has shown how much sea level would rise if Larsen C and George VI, two Antarctic ice shelves at risk of collapse, were to break up. While Larsen C has received much attention due to the break-away of a trillion-tonne iceberg from it last summer, its collapse would contribute only a few millimetres to sea-level rise.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 12.07.2018
Mediterranean Climate as pacemaker for Glacier Formation in Europe
Ice ages are recurring phenomena in Earth's recent geological history, and the resulting glacier advances significantly shaped the European landscape. An international research team led by Dr Stefanie Kaboth from the Institute of Earth Sciences at Heidelberg University has now shown that the extent of glaciation in Western Europe was largely driven by the advection of warm seawater towards Europe's Atlantic coast, which raised precipitation on the continent.

Environment - Innovation - 17.05.2018
Large-scale initiative for ecologically compatible hydropower
Large-scale initiative for ecologically compatible hydropower
Research news For a while, it seemed like we knew everything there was to know about hydroelectric power. Now, however, researchers from 26 institutions across Europe are joining forces to investigate the impact of hydroelectric power plants on different ecosystems.

Environment - 14.05.2018
Ammunition with risks and side effects
Ammunition with risks and side effects
Research news Hunting with lead shot is highly restricted or entirely banned in many countries due to the danger of poisoning birds and environment. However, alternative ammunition is not without its own risks, as was discovered in a study conducted by a team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.05.2018
Mixed forests: ecologically and economically superior
Mixed forests are more productive than monocultures. This is true on all five continents, and particularly in regions with high precipitation. These findings from an international overview study, in which the Technical University of Munich (TUM) participated, are highly relevant for forest science and forest management on a global scale.

History / Archeology - Environment - 04.05.2018
New Research Project on Household Communities of the Living and the Dead in the Neolithic Period
Excavations continue in Ba'ja in the south of present-day Jordan No 089/2018 from May 04, 2018 A new research project based at Freie Universität's Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Archeology is investigating Neolithic households and burial culture at the Ba'ja site in the south of present-day Jordan.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.04.2018
Possible for the first time: reliable three-month forecasts for European winters
Possible for the first time: reliable three-month forecasts for European winters
Thanks to a novel method, the quality of seasonal forecasts for the winter in many parts of Europe can now be significantly improved. To date, reliable forecasts could mostly be made for the Tropics. A team led by Dr. Mikhail Dobrynin and Prof. Johanna Baehr from Universität Hamburg's Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN) has now released its findings in Geophysical Research Letters.

Life Sciences - Environment - 10.04.2018
Why some beetles fly on alcohol
Why some beetles fly on alcohol
Research news The Ambrosia beetle looks specifically for drunken trees to nest. Now researchers have found out why he is doing this: it is due to his sophisticated agricultural system. The beetle optimises its harvest with alcohol as a "weedkiller". If on a warm summer's evening in the beer garden, small beetles dive into your beer, consider giving them a break.

Environment - Life Sciences - 19.03.2018
Thawing permafrost produces more methane than expected
Thawing permafrost produces more methane than expected
In a seven-year laboratory study, Dr. Christian Knoblauch from Universität Hamburg's Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN) and an international team have shown, for the first time, that significantly more methane is produced by thawing permafrost than previously thought. The findings, published today Climate Change, make it possible to better predict how much greenhouse gas could be released by the thawing of the Arctic permafrost..

Environment - Life Sciences - 11.01.2018
Species identification in the water bottle
Species identification in the water bottle
Research news Environmental DNA analysis makes it possible to detect water organisms without having to capture them first. For the first time, a team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) systematically investigated the effect of various environmental factors on environmental DNA analyses. By doing so, the researchers have made an important step towards the standardized application of this method for the monitoring of water bodies.

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