news 2018


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Results 81 - 100 of 145.


Life Sciences - 02.07.2018
The plastic brain: Better connectivity of brain regions with training
The plastic brain: Better connectivity of brain regions with training
Tübingen scientists have observed how fast the brain can adapt Researchers at the Leibniz-Institutes für Wissensmedien (IWM) and of the Graduate School and Research Network LEAD at the University of Tübingen now found out: Short and intensive arithmetic training strengthens the neuronal connections between brain regions in adults.

Life Sciences - 29.06.2018
Breakthrough in the search for an alternative to chick killing
Research news For economic reasons, around 50 million male chicks die every year in Germany because they do not lay eggs and provide poor meat. Several teams are looking for alternatives to stop the killing of day-old male chicks. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a method for non-invasive fertility and sex determination that was currently patented.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 29.06.2018
Wave fronts and ant trails
Wave fronts and ant trails
Research news Munich physicists have discovered unique patterning phenomena in systems whose parts move actively. Despite identical initial conditions, two different states can coexist and dynamically interconvert. Their findings provide new insights into the variety of biological processes. Bird flocks and bacterial suspensions, but also the dynamic filamentous protein systems that make up the cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells, have something in common.

Chemistry - Astronomy / Space Science - 28.06.2018
Complex Organic Molecules On Saturn's Moon Enceladus
Complex Organic Molecules On Saturn’s Moon Enceladus
Under its icy crust, Saturn's moon Enceladus conceals an global ocean of liquid water. A detector on the Cassini space probe detected ice particles propelled from Enceladus that contain high concentrations of organic substances. They exhibit the structures typical of highly complex macromolecular compounds.

Physics - Chemistry - 28.06.2018
The attosecond stopwatch
The attosecond stopwatch
Research news Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 27.06.2018
Quantum Mechanics: Entanglements In Ultracold Atomic Clouds
Quantum Mechanics: Entanglements In Ultracold Atomic Clouds
A system's state is characterised as entangled or quantum correlated if two or more particles cannot be described as a combination of separate, independent states but only as a whole. Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms.

Electroengineering - Physics - 26.06.2018
Closing the gap: On the road to terahertz electronics
Closing the gap: On the road to terahertz electronics
Research news A team headed by the TUM physicists Alexander Holleitner and Reinhard Kienberger has succeeded for the first time in generating ultrashort electric pulses on a chip using metal antennas only a few nanometers in size, then running the signals a few millimeters above the surface and reading them in again a controlled manner.

Computer Science - 25.06.2018
The jazz bell
The jazz bell
Research news Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM) are using computer simulations to investigate how and why bells ring. The virtual models result in new bell designs that generate highly unusual harmonies - for example a jazzy A9 chord. Now the world's first jazz bell has been cast. The high art of bell casting requires a wealth of experience: In order for the finished bell to create a harmonious sound, the casting mold has to have the exactly right shape, narrow at the top, wide at the bottom, bulges in just the right places.

Earth Sciences - 22.06.2018
Polar ice may be softer than we thought
Polar ice may be softer than we thought
Tübingen and international researchers investigate ice flow speed in northern Greenland, correcting models predicting sea level change Ice is a material that can flow like a very viscous liquid. In the polar ice sheets, it flows towards the oceans under its own weight. Knowing how fast the ice flows is of crucial importance to predict future sea level rises, particularly under changing climate conditions.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Producing sensors with an inkjet printer
Producing sensors with an inkjet printer
Research news Microelectrodes can be used for direct measurement of electrical signals in the brain or heart. These applications require soft materials, however. With existing methods, attaching electrodes to such materials poses significant challenges. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now succeeded in printing electrodes directly onto several soft substrates.

Health - Electroengineering - 20.06.2018
Pacemakers on a roller test bench - TUM
Pacemakers on a roller test bench - TUM
Research news Pacemakers and defibrillators are often implanted in patients with heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias to regulate heart function. These devices are susceptible to electromagnetic interference, which can potentially occur in electric cars. In a recent study, however, a team led by Dr. Carsten Lennerz, a cardiologist at the German Heart Centre Munich and scientist at the German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), concludes that current electric cars pose no threat to patients.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.06.2018
More than just a good flavor
Research news Not only do citric acid and spicy 6-gingerol from ginger add special flavors to food and beverages; both substances also stimulate the molecular defenses in human saliva. That is the result of a human clinical trial by a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology.

Astronomy / Space Science - 17.06.2018
Antarctic ice cap melting faster and faster
Antarctic ice cap melting faster and faster
Research news Melting ice in the Antarctic has resulted in a 7.6 millimeter rise in the global sea level since 1992. Three millimeters of this increase were recorded in the last five years alone, according to a comprehensive study conducted with the participation of scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Life Sciences - 06.06.2018
How plants work on the inside
How plants work on the inside
Research news Vascular tissue in plants distributes water and nutrients, thereby ensuring constant growth. Each newly developed cell needs to develop into its respective cell type in the vascular tissue. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now discovered how these cells know which cell type they should develop into.

Sport - Computer Science - 05.06.2018
The transparent soccer player
How can success in soccer be measured? With the amount of positional data available in modern soccer, this question seems particularly interesting in the run-up to a World Cup. Sports data scientist Dr. Daniel Link from the TUM has developed a model that can be used to measure how likely a team is to score a goal during a match.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.05.2018
Unexpected efficacy against aggressive cancers
Unexpected efficacy against aggressive cancers
Research news A new anti-cancer drug may be effective against a wider range of cancers than previously thought. Using a mouse model and samples taken from cancer patients, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has shown that a new class of drugs known as SHP2 inhibitors is also effective against aggressive, hard-to-treat tumors such as lung and pancreatic cancers.

Physics - Chemistry - 24.05.2018
Switching with molecules
Switching with molecules
Research news A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 23.05.2018
In the beginning was the phase separation
In the beginning was the phase separation
Research news The question of the origin of life remains one of the oldest unanswered scientific questions. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now shown for the first time that phase separation is an extremely efficient way of controlling the selection of chemical building blocks and providing advantages to certain molecules.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.05.2018
DFG Funding For Heidelberg Collaborative Research Centres
Heidelberg University succeeded in gaining support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the latest approval round, receiving funding for three research networks. Two Collaborative Research Centres (CRC) in Heidelberg Medicine, the "Reactive Metabolites as a Cause of Diabetic Complications" CRC 1118 and the "Integrative Analysis of Pathogen Replication and Spread" CRC 1129, were both extended for a second four-year funding period.

Health - Chemistry - 18.05.2018
TUM coordinates two new Collaborative Research Centers
TUM coordinates two new Collaborative Research Centers
Research news The Technical University of Munich (TUM) has taken on the role of coordinator in two new German Research Foundation Collaborative Research Centers (short SFB for german 'Sonderforschungsbereich'), both of which are dedicated to the subject of cancer. One SFB analyzes the immunosignals that contribute to the occurrence of cancer, while the other conducts research into the biological properties of aggressive pancreatic cancer.

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