news 2018


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Results 141 - 150 of 150.


Life Sciences - Chemistry - 02.02.2018
Key enzyme in citrate cycle also functions "backwards": Study published in "Science" journal disproves conventional wisdom: citrate synthase can also cleave citrate and not only build it up
The citrate cycle: most people will probably remember this metabolic pathway from biology lessons at school. It provides numerous organisms with energy by breaking down organic substances, thereby enabling them to live. Organisms ranging all the way from bacteria to humans use this pathway, consuming oxygen in the process.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.01.2018
Insights into cancer evolution
Insights into cancer evolution
Research news Pancreatic cancer is a form of cancer associated with the highest mortality rates in the world. However, until now genetic changes that could explain the aggressiveness and early metastasis of this form of cancer had not been found. A team of researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) has now shown that those characteristics can be explained by specific gene amplifications which occur along various evolutionary pathways of the cancer.

Life Sciences - Administration - 26.01.2018
Regeneration starts with a wound: Researchers demonstrate with flatworms and zebrafish that any injury can initiate regeneration of whole tissues
Regeneration starts with a wound: Researchers demonstrate with flatworms and zebrafish that any injury can initiate regeneration of whole tissues
Some animals are naturally capable of something that remains merely an aspiration for humans - restoring lost body parts. In order to understand the mechanisms behind regenerative programs, researchers are studying such animals and have observed two types of healing processes. Some wounds, for example a scratch in the skin, resolve by wound healing.

Art and Design - Mechanical Engineering - 24.01.2018
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Research news The almost complete silence of the motors used in electric cars may pose a hazard to inattentive pedestrians. As a result, starting in summer 2019 all new electric and hybrid vehicles will have to be equipped with an acoustic warning system. Psychoacousticians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are developing the corresponding sounds.

Chemistry - Physics - 23.01.2018
Complex tessellations, extraordinary materials
Complex tessellations, extraordinary materials
Research news An international team of researchers lead by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has discovered a reaction path that produces exotic layers with semiregular structures. These kinds of materials are interesting because they frequently possess extraordinary properties. In the process, simple organic molecules are converted to larger units which form the complex, semiregular patterns.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.01.2018
Piecework at the nano assembly line
Piecework at the nano assembly line
Research news Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a novel electric propulsion technology for nanorobots. It allows molecular machines to move a hundred thousand times faster than with the biochemical processes used to date. This makes nanobots fast enough to do assembly line work in molecular factories.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 16.01.2018
Improving Stroke Treatment Through Machine Learning
Methods from optogenetics and machine learning should help improve treatment options for stroke patients. Researchers from Heidelberg University have developed a computer vision technique to analyse the changes in motor skills that result from targeted stimulation of healthy areas of the brain. Movements recorded with a video camera are automatically analysed to monitor the rehabilitation process and evaluate and adjust the optogenetic stimulation.

Administration - Law - 15.01.2018
New quality certification for cloud service providers
New quality certification for cloud service providers
Research news The volume of digital data produced and stored by companies is growing. Cloud technology offers a convenient solution: IT service providers offer storage space or software which enables data to be saved remotely. But how can companies be sure that their data is protected against unauthorized access or deletion? Researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have studied this issue and developed a model which allows service providers to be checked and certified reliably.

Environment - Life Sciences - 11.01.2018
Species identification in the water bottle
Species identification in the water bottle
Research news Environmental DNA analysis makes it possible to detect water organisms without having to capture them first. For the first time, a team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) systematically investigated the effect of various environmental factors on environmental DNA analyses. By doing so, the researchers have made an important step towards the standardized application of this method for the monitoring of water bodies.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.01.2018
Lipid metabolism controls regeneration in the central nervous system
Lipid metabolism controls regeneration in the central nervous system
Research news Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, in which the body's own immune cells attack the fatty, insulating myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers. The regeneration of intact myelin sheathes is a necessary prerequisite for patients to recover from MS relapses.