news 2017


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Results 121 - 140 of 148.


Physics - Chemistry - 27.02.2017
DFG Funding: An Atom Trap for Water Dating
DFG Funding: An Atom Trap for Water Dating
A Heidelberg physics project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) will focus on a new type of dating method for use in the earth and environmental sciences. The research team will deploy a special radioactive isotope of the noble gas argon (Ar) for the purpose of water dating. This isotope is useful for determining age in the range of 50 to 1,000 years.

Health - Physics - 24.02.2017
Miniature particle accelerator saves on contrast agents
Miniature particle accelerator saves on contrast agents
Research news The most prevalent method for obtaining images of clogged coronary vessels is coronary angiography. For some patients, however, the contrast agents used in this process can cause health problems. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now demonstrated that the required quantity of these substances can be significantly reduced if monoenergetic X-rays from a miniature particle accelerator are used.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 24.02.2017
In the molecular bench vise
In the molecular bench vise
Research news The genome molecule contains the blueprint for life. The manner in which the blueprint is packed into the cell determines which genes are active and which are set to inactive. Disturbing this structure can result in illnesses such as cancer. Munich scientists have now succeeded in using molecular "tweezers" made from DNA to measure interactions at the first packaging level of the genome.

Physics - Chemistry - 22.02.2017
Holes in the electrode
Holes in the electrode
Research news Rechargeable lithium batteries with cathodes comprising nickel, manganese, and cobalt, are viewed as the most potent today. But they, too, have a limited lifespan. Already in the first cycle they lose up to ten percent of their capacity. Why this happens and what can be done to alleviate the ensuing gradual loss of capacity has now been investigated in detail by a team of scientists using positrons at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Life Sciences - Health - 22.02.2017
Baden-Württemberg Foundation Funds Research Project on Protein Aggregation
Heidelberg molecular biologist Bernd Bukau has been awarded a grant of approximately 280,000 euros from the Baden-Württemberg Foundation for a research project on the neurodegenerative disorder of Parkinson's disease. The project is a continuation of the previous work by Prof. Bukau and his team on the dissolution of protein aggregates that are responsible for a number of different diseases, including Alzheimer's.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.02.2017
Epilepsy gene identified in dogs
Epilepsy gene identified in dogs
Many breeds of dogs are prone to epileptic seizures. Veterinary neurologists and geneticists have now localized the mutation responsible for a specific form of epilepsy in Rhodesian ridgebacks. Rhodesian ridgebacks were originally bred for use in lion hunts, which explains why these these dogs are strongly built and robust.

Health - 21.02.2017
Supervised Exercise Training Helps Patients with Heart Failure
Supervised Exercise Training Helps Patients with Heart Failure
Research news Contrary to what was previously assumed, physical exercise does not lead to harmful ventricular enlargement. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim (NTNU) have disproved this earlier hypothesis and issued recommendations for designing a training program for persons with congestive heart failure.

Physics - Chemistry - 21.02.2017
Highly Sensitive Method for Detecting Ion Pairs in Aqueous Solution Developed
Scientists detected a very specialized type of electron transfer in an aqueous salt solution ' 036/2017 from Feb 21, 2017 Scientists of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Universität Heidelberg, and the University of Chemistry and Technology Prague have empirically detected a very specialized type of electron transfer in an aqueous salt solution, one which had only been predicted theoretically up to now.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 16.02.2017
Hairpins help each other out
Hairpins help each other out
The evolution of cells and organisms is thought to have been preceded by a phase in which informational molecules like DNA could be replicated selectively. New work shows that hairpin structures make particularly effective DNA replicators. In the metabolism of all living organisms there is a clear division of labor: Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) carry the information for the synthesis of proteins, and proteins provide the structural and executive functions required by cells, such as the controlled and specific catalysis of chemical reactions by enzymes.

Electroengineering - Physics - 15.02.2017
A new spin on electronics
A new spin on electronics
Research news Modern computer technology is based on the transport of electric charge in semiconductors. But this technology's potential will be reaching its limits in the near future, since the components deployed cannot be miniaturized further. But, there is another option: using an electron's spin, instead of its charge, to transmit information.

Life Sciences - 14.02.2017
Researchers investigate mechanical features of cells: An optical method for cell analysis and manipulation in the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence
Researchers investigate mechanical features of cells: An optical method for cell analysis and manipulation in the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence
Cells form tissues or organs, migrate from place to place and in doing that their mechanical features and forces generated within them play a key role. Researchers at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence at Münster University have now investigated the mechanical features of cells in living zebrafish embryos using the holographic optical tweezers-based method.

Economics / Business - Physics - 09.02.2017
The researcher as entrepreneur
The researcher as entrepreneur
Campus news Three teams received the TUM IdeAward last night for their business ideas: a new method for synthesizing peptides, a disposable sample holder which speeds up laboratory work and an electric car for rural regions in Africa. The competition is intended to motivate scientists to turn their inventions into marketable products.

Life Sciences - Environment - 05.02.2017
On mosaics and melting-pots
On mosaics and melting-pots
Genetic studies of cichlid fishes suggest that interspecies hybrids played a prominent role in their evolution. Analysis of a unique fossil cichlid from the Upper Miocene of East Africa now provides further support for this idea. The cichlids constitute one of the most diverse families of freshwater fishes in tropical habitats.

Media - Computer Science - 03.02.2017
Journalists on their robot pretenders
Journalists on their robot pretenders
In spite of its limitations, automated journalism will expand. According to media researchers, this development underlines the need for critical, contextualised journalism. Journalists and editors believe 'robo-journalists' do not have a good nose for news and produce one-dimensional stories, according to new research published today.

Physics - 02.02.2017
Shaken, but not stirred
Shaken, but not stirred
Research news When James Bond asks the barkeeper for a Martini, 'shaken, not stirred', he takes it for granted that the ingredients of the drink are miscible. In the quantum world, however, he might be in for a surprise! A team of physicists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU) and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ) has now prepared a form of quantum matter that is robust to shaking - a property that would make life difficult for cocktail lovers.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 01.02.2017
Basement membrane protein influences the connection of blood vessel cells: Tracking inflammatory processes / Study produced by researchers at Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence
Basement membrane protein influences the connection of blood vessel cells: Tracking inflammatory processes / Study produced by researchers at Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence
Which molecular mechanisms are at work when, in the case of inflammation, immune cells migrate from the blood vessel into the tissue? Researchers at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence at Münster University have gained new insights into this question: the laminin 511 protein, that underlies endothelial cells that form the inner cell layer of the blood vessel wall, influences how permeable the vessel is for immune cells.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 01.02.2017
Center for Motion Research Begins Work at Universität Heidelberg
In addition to the mathematical and methodological foundations of motion studies, research at the Heidelberg Center for Motion Research will also include the connection between movement, the psyche, cognition and the body. With the support of the Carl Zeiss Foundation, an interdisciplinary center for motion research took up its work at Heidelberg University on 1 February of this year.

Physics - 27.01.2017
Toward a practical nuclear pendulum
Toward a practical nuclear pendulum
LMU researchers have, for the first time, measured the lifetime of an excited state in the nucleus of an unstable element. This is a major step toward a nuclear clock that could keep even better time than today's best atomic timekeepers. Atomic clocks are the most precise chronometers we now have. These timekeepers are based on precise knowledge of the frequency of specific transitions between defined energy levels in the electron shells of certain atoms.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.01.2017
Antibodies as 'messengers' in the nervous system
Antibodies as ‘messengers’ in the nervous system
Research news Antibodies are able to activate human nerve cells within milliseconds and hence modify their function - that is the surprising conclusion of a study carried out at Human Biology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). This knowledge improves our understanding of illnesses that accompany certain types of cancer, above all severe intestinal malfunctions.

Astronomy / Space Science - 26.01.2017
Peeking around cosmic corners
Peeking around cosmic corners
Research news Using galaxies as giant gravitational lenses, an international group of astronomers headed by Max Planck@TUM tenure track professor Sherry Suyu measured independently how fast the Universe is expanding. The newly measured expansion rate for the local Universe is consistent with earlier findings.