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Results 141 - 160 of 177.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.03.2016
Research Combats Antibiotic-resistant Pathogens in Poultry
German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture Grants Amounting to 2. Million Euros for EsRAM Research Collaboration Based at Freie Universität Berlin That Studies Ways to Reduce Antibiotic-resistant Pathogens in Poultry / Five Press Images The German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) is sponsoring a new research network to explore antibiotic-resistant pathogens in poultry and ultimately, to reduce them.

Health - Chemistry - 07.03.2016
"Master switch" for chronic infections
Certain viral diseases have a tendency to become chronic - HIV being a notable example. The patient's immune response is simply not effective enough to eliminate the virus permanently. Researchers at the University of Bonn working with colleagues from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Cologne have now identified an important immune factor which is partially responsible for this immune response.

Civil Engineering - Career - 07.03.2016
Mutated gene safeguards against heart attacks
Companies with women on their executive and supervisory boards are valued more highly by the stock markets. Investors rate the performance of the few women who climbed to the top of the career ladder in companies without a gender quota as being better than that of their male peers. Economists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Hong Kong used an unusual method to reach this conclusion.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 07.03.2016
Talk about Yourself on Social Media?
New Study Published by Scientists at Freie Universität and the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Reveals Brain Network for Sharing Self-related Information on Facebook A network of brain regions involved in self-disclosure on Facebook has been determined, according to a new study published in the open-access journal  Scientific Reports .

Media - Computer Science - 05.03.2016
What readers think about computer-generated texts
An experimental study carried out by LMU media researchers has found that readers rate texts generated by algorithms more credible than texts written by real journalists. Readers like to read texts generated by computers, especially when they are unaware that what they are reading was assembled on the basis of an algorithm.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.03.2016
Early biomarker defined
A multicenter study led by LMU's Christian Haass and Michael Ewers has identified a biomarker associated with the activation of an innate immune response to neural damage during early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's disease results from the accumulation in the brain of protein deposits that are toxic to nerve cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.03.2016
Using Trojan horses to combat microorganisms
Using Trojan horses to combat microorganisms
Bacterial infections can have serious consequences - for example, when the microorganisms colonize an artificial heart valve or some other prosthesis. There is especially problematic when the bacteria are resistant to several antibiotics. Researchers are therefore looking for new methods of treatment as well as for ways to find centres of infection in the body.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.02.2016
Potential target against the Yoyo dieting effect
Potential target against the Yoyo dieting effect
A team of researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Helmholtz Zentrum München (HMGU) and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD) has identified a new mechanism that regulates the effect of the satiety hormone leptin. The study published in the journal 'Nature ' identified the enzyme HDAC5 as key factor in our control of body weight and food intake and potential target against the Yoyo dieting effect.

Social Sciences - 29.02.2016
Friendship wins out over fairness
When children decide to share, the giver's relationships with the pool of recipients determine who gets how much. They will give more to a wealthy friend than to a needy stranger - at least in cases where wealth is measured in stickers. Even young children share things with others. In numerous studies, child psychologists have sought to identify the factors that motivate children's sharing decisions, and determine how their sharing behavior changes as they get older.

Life Sciences - Administration - 26.02.2016
Highly Endowed Grant from European Research Council for Heidelberg Biologist
Highly Endowed Grant from European Research Council for Heidelberg Biologist
Heidelberg biologist Dr. Sylvia Erhardt is receiving a highly endowed grant from the European Research Council (ERC), an ERC Consolidator Grant for excellent young researchers.

Civil Engineering - 23.02.2016
"Not all roads have to lead to Munich"
The Munich metropolitan area is under pressure from the rapidly growing economy and population. Affordable living space is difficult to come by and the transport infrastructure is overloaded. Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM) have provided approaches for how to sustainably change transportation planning and regional development as part of the study "Living, Working and Mobility in Munich Metropolitan Area".

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 22.02.2016
Multiple Cosmic Impacts 790,000 Years Ago
Multiple Cosmic Impacts 790,000 Years Ago
Approximately 790,000 years ago there were multiple cosmic impacts on earth with global consequences. Geoscientists from Heidelberg University reached this conclusion after dating so-called tektites from various parts of the world. The research group under the direction of Mario Trieloff studied several of such rock glasses, which originated during impacts of asteroids or comets.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 22.02.2016
Why the brain is not folded like a crumpled sheet of paper
Why the brain is not folded like a crumpled sheet of paper
Crumpled paper and Romanesco cauliflower have one thing in common: they have a fractal form. "Scientists have long been discussing whether the curves of our cerebrum have a fractal form," explains Dr. Marc de Lussanet, a researcher at Münster University. Experts want to know how the brain folds are produced in order to understand the brain, its development and possible disorders.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.02.2016
New Transport Mechanisms Gain Access To Brain
Researchers at the Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology of Heidelberg University are exploring new approaches to the treatment of diseases of the central nervous system such as Alzheimer's and brain tumours.

Life Sciences - Physics - 18.02.2016
A tunnel through the head
A tunnel through the head
Humans use the time delay between the arrival of a sound wave at each ear to discern the direction of the source. In frogs, lizards and birds the distance between the ears is too small. However, they have a cavity connecting the eardrums, in which internal and external sound waves are superimposed. Using a universal mathematical model, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now for the first time shown how new signals are created in this "inner ear" used by animals for localizing sounds.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.02.2016
Fragile bacterial community in the gut
Iron deficiency is often an issue in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. An international and interdisciplinary research group under the aegis of the ZIEL Institute for Food & Health (ZIEL) at the TU Munich has now investigated how the intestinal microbiota responds to oral or intravenous iron replacement.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.02.2016
Aiming to prevent stroke and dementia
Aiming to prevent stroke and dementia
Stroke and dementia rank among the most pressing health issues in Europe. Both conditions are linked with so-called cerebral small vessel diseases (SVDs). SVDs account for more than 30% of strokes and at least 40% of dementia cases. Despite this profound impact on human health, reliably effective treatments for SVDs are still elusive.

Life Sciences - Physics - 15.02.2016
Using Light To Control Protein Transport From Cell Nucleus
Using Light To Control Protein Transport From Cell Nucleus
Light can be used to control the transport of proteins from the cell nucleus with the aid of a light-sensitive, genetically modified plant protein. Biologists from Heidelberg University and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) working in the field of optogenetics have now developed such a tool. The researchers, under the direction of Dr. Barbara Di Ventura and Roland Eils, employed methods from synthetic biology and combined a light sensor from the oat plant with a transport signal.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.02.2016
Progress in fighting cancer and infections with'T cell therapy
Progress in fighting cancer and infections with’T cell therapy
The quest to bring immunotherapy into widespread clinical use against cancer and infectious diseases has made great strides in recent years. For example, clinical trials of adoptive'T cell therapy are yielding highly promising results.

Social Sciences - 15.02.2016
Compilation of Repository for Gender Research
German Research Foundation Grants Funds Totaling 500,000 Euros The German Research Foundation has allocated 500,000 euros over a two-year period for a cooperation project of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Technische Universität Berlin. The newly founded Margherita von Brentano Center at Freie Universität will have the main responsibility.