news 2016


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Results 101 - 120 of 177.

Health - 27.05.2016
Telling irregularities
Telling irregularities
Research news The heart rate may be an indicator of a person's life expectancy. A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has to this end analyzed an effect which at first seems paradoxical: Minor irregularities in the heartbeat are indicative of a healthy body. A clinical study confirmed a strong correlation between this phenomenon and the survival prospects of heart attack patients.

Life Sciences - Physics - 27.05.2016
Universität Heidelberg Garners Four Approvals for Collaborative Research Centres
Heidelberg University succeeded in gaining support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the latest approval round, recieving funding for four research networks. The DFG granted funds to the new Transregional Collaborative Research Centre (CRC/TRR) of the Heidelberg Medical Faculty, where researchers from Heidelberg, Freiburg and Munich will investigate viral hepatitis infections.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 27.05.2016
No 182 from May 27, 2016 German Research Foundation Awards Freie Universität Berlin Two New Collaborative Research Centers Approval for Two New Ones and Extension for Two Others
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has approved funding for two new Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) at Freie Universität Berlin, as well as funding extensions for two others already established at Freie Universität. The new CRCs, to be funded for four years, are "Entangled States of Matter," Transregio (TRR) 183, in cooperation with the University of Cologne, and CRC/TRR 186, "Molecular Switches: Spatio-Temporal Control of Cellular Signal Transmission," in cooperation with the University of Heidelberg.

History / Archeology - 27.05.2016
No 181 from May 27, 2016 Global Intellectual History - Transfer, Circulation of Ideas, and Actors in the 18th to 20th Centuries German Research Foundation Funds New Research Training Group at Freie Universität Berlin
German Research Foundation Funds New Research Training Group at Freie Universität Berlin No 181/2016 from May 27, 2016 The German Research Foundation (DFG) has agreed to fund the establishment of a new Research Training Group at Freie Universität Berlin. Within the new group, entitled Global "Intellectual History - Transfer, Circulation of Ideas, Major Players (18th to 20th Centuries)," scholars will address intellectual responses to integration processes, the emergence of cross-border claims, and the universalization of ideas, as well as counter-movements.

Electroengineering - Physics - 23.05.2016
A switch for light-wave electronics
A team led by Ferenc Krausz of LMU Munich and the MPI for Quantum Optics, together with theorists from Tsukuba University, has optimized the interaction of light with glass, thus improving the prospects for optically driven electronics. Light waves could in principle be used to drive future transistors.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.05.2016
From Münster to Houston
Sometimes an internship abroad can serve as a springboard for an international career - or it turns into a full-time job.

Mathematics - 23.05.2016
New Research Training Group in the Field of Asymptotic Geometry
A new Research Training Group (RTG) comprised of mathematicians from Heidelberg University and the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology will be exploring special questions in the field of geometry. Following a successful international expert evaluation, the German Research Foundation (DFG) has awarded the "Asymptotic Invariants and Limits of Groups and Spaces" RTG funding in the amount of approximately four million euros for a period of four and a half years.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 17.05.2016
Building-blocks of life
Biological evolution was preceded by a long phase of chemical evolution during which precursors of biopolymers accumulated. LMU chemists have discovered an efficient mechanism for the prebiotic synthesis of a vital class of such compounds. How did life originate on Earth and what were its chemical building-blocks? One possible source of answers to these questions can be found in outer space.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.05.2016
Lethal reawakening
Retroviral DNAs integrate into host genomes, but their expression is normally repressed by cellular defense mechanisms. As an LMU team now shows, when these measures fail, accumulation of viral proteins may trigger programmed cell death. Mammalian DNAs contain large numbers of sequences that are derived from retroviral genomes, which integrated into the germline of the host and were passed on to its descendants during the course of evolution.

Physics - Chemistry - 13.05.2016
Using laser pulses to direct protons
Using ultrashort laser pulses an international team at LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics has managed to manipulate the positions of atoms in hydrocarbon molecules in a targeted fashion. Laser physicists steer atoms in molecules with light: A laser pulse removed an outer hydrogen atom from one side of a hydrocarbon molecule and directed it to the opposite side, where it reattached.

Chemistry - Administration - 12.05.2016
Hay fever's hidden supporting substances
Hay fever’s hidden supporting substances
Research news Up to now, research into pollen allergies has largely focused on allergens - those components of pollen that trigger hypersensitivity reactions. When it comes into with the nasal mucous membrane, however, pollen releases a host of other substances in addition to allergens. In a pilot study, a team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Zentrum München investigated for the first time the effects of these substances on allergy sufferers.

Psychology - 11.05.2016
My Smartphone and I
My Smartphone and I
It seems to be the stuff of pure fantasy: a hand made of rubber feels as if it belongs to the owner's body. Although it is hardly conceivable, it is an illusion which is in fact well-known in the field of psychology - and one that can be produced in skilful experimental setups. Psychologists from Germany and the Netherlands have now shown for the first time how test persons can also integrate their own smartphones into their bodily selves.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.05.2016
How Fish Can Regenerate Eye Injuries at the Cellular Level
How Fish Can Regenerate Eye Injuries at the Cellular Level
Confocal microscopy image of a section through the medaka fish retina. Single Müller glia and photoreceptor cells are labelled in different colours by a genetic system (red, green, yellow). Atoh7 expression in Müller glia cells leads a regeneration response in the absence of injury, including expansion of the cell soma and neurogenic cluster formation.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 04.05.2016
Werner Siemens Foundation fosters synthetic biotechnology
Werner Siemens Foundation fosters synthetic biotechnology
Campus news With its donation of 11.5 million euro, the Werner Siemens Foundation has facilitated the launch of the teaching and research domain Synthetic Biotechnology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). This gives the new TUM School of Bioengineering (MSB) a strong accent as an Integrative Research Center.

Chemistry - Continuing Education - 04.05.2016
Clues on the path to a new battery technology
Clues on the path to a new battery technology
Research news Rechargeable lithium air batteries are a next-generation technology: Theoretically they might be much lighter and offer better performance than current lithium ion batteries. However, currently they run out of steam after only a few charging cycles. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Forschungszentrum Jülich have now investigated the processes and discovered a possible culprit: highly reactive singlet oxygen, which is released when the batteries are charged.

Physics - Life Sciences - 29.04.2016
Live is motion
LMU physicists have developed a way to distinguish the random motions of particles in non-living molecular systems from the motility of active living matter. The method affords new insights into fundamental biological processes. Any system in thermodynamic equilibrium is known to satisfy perfectly balanced forward and backward transitions between any two states.

Life Sciences - Physics - 27.04.2016
Closing the ring
How bacterial cells divide in two is not fully understood. LMU physicists now show that, at high concentrations, a crucial protein can assemble into ring-shaped filaments that constrict the cell, giving rise to two daughter cells. Above a certain threshold particle density (subunit concentration), the rotational movement of, and collisions between, the curved polymers lead to the formation of clustered ring-like structures.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.04.2016
Very Sharp and Very Good: Successful Test for the Astronomical Measuring Instrument LUCI
Very Sharp and Very Good: Successful Test for the Astronomical Measuring Instrument LUCI
After a ten-year design and construction period, a new universal device for astronomical observation at the world's largest single telescope, the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona (USA) has been finalised and tested successfully. The highly complex instrument named LUCI allows astronomers to record images and spectra in the infrared with outstanding quality.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 18.04.2016
Predicting Cell Behaviour with a Mathematical Model
Predicting Cell Behaviour with a Mathematical Model
Scientists from Heidelberg University have developed a novel mathematical model to explore cellular processes: with the corresponding software, they now are able to simulate how large collections of cells behave on given geometrical structures. The software supports the evaluation of microscope-based observations of cell behaviour on micropatterned substrates.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 18.04.2016
Mechanics of the cell
Mechanics of the cell
Living cells must alter their external form actively, otherwise functions like cell division would not be possible. At the Technical University of Munich (TUM) the biophysicist Professor Andreas Bausch and his team have developed a synthetic cell model to investigate the fundamental principles of the underlying cellular mechanics.