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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Results 41 - 60 of 356.


Health - Life Sciences - 15.11.2022
Tumors: forecasting the risks of brain surgery
Tumors: forecasting the risks of brain surgery
Accurately predicting possible post-surgical effects on speech Can surgeons quantify the risk of aphasia when removing a brain tumor? To find out, researchers at Klinikum rechts der Isar of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are analyzing the brain as a network. In a current study with 60 patients, they already achieved an accuracy rate with three quarters of their predictions.

Environment - 15.11.2022
A world map of plant diversity
A world map of plant diversity
International research team led by Göttingen University use advanced machine learning to model biodiversity Why are there more plant species in some places than in others? Why is diversity highest in the tropics? What is the connection between biodiversity and environmental conditions? To help answer these questions, an international team led by researchers at the University of Göttingen has reconstructed the distribution of plant diversity around the world and made high-resolution predictions of where and how many plant species there are.

Research Management - Health - 15.11.2022
Jena's influential researchers
Jena’s influential researchers
Two researchers from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena are among the world's most cited scientists in their field: bioinformatician Bas E. Dutilh and medical scientist Andreas Hochhaus. This is confirmed by the "Highly Cited Researchers 2022" ranking published on 15. November 2022 by Clarivate Analytics.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2022
Gene plays important role in embryonic development
Gene plays important role in embryonic development
Study at the University of Bonn identifies gene that can cause malformations if altered An international study led by the medical Faculty of the University of Bonn has identified a gene that plays an important role in the development of the human embryo. If it is altered, malformations of various organ systems can result.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.11.2022
Attack via byways
Attack via byways
Increased cell proliferation is a key feature of diseases such as cancer. A research team from the University of Würzburg and two Leibniz Institutes has now succeeded in indirectly influencing this process. As differently as cancers or autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis or psoriasis affect people - they all have one characteristic in common: they are accompanied by increased cell proliferation.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.11.2022
Molecular monitoring of RNA regulation
Molecular monitoring of RNA regulation
New biological tool for tracking cellular processes The better we understand cellular processes such as RNA regulation, the better molecular therapies can be developed. Until now, it has been especially difficult to track the regulation of non-coding RNA, which is RNA that is not further converted into proteins.

History / Archeology - Architecture - 10.11.2022
Previously unknown monumental temple discovered near the Tempio Grande in Vulci
Previously unknown monumental temple discovered near the Tempio Grande in Vulci
Archeologists from the universities of Freiburg and Mainz identify one of the largest known sacred buildings of the Etruscans Freiburg, Nov 10, 2022 An interdisciplinary team headed by archeologists Dr. Mariachiara Franceschini of the University of Freiburg and Paul P. Pasieka of the University of Mainz has discovered a previously unknown Etruscan temple in the ancient city of Vulci, which lies in the Italian region of Latium.

Physics - Health - 10.11.2022
Quantum technology for cancer imaging
Quantum technology for cancer imaging
Applied quantum mechanics in medicine Tracing the metabolism of tumor cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been feasible in routine clinical settings hitherto. Now, an interdisciplinary research team including the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is working to advance the development of a quantum-based hyperpolarizer so that it can be deployed in clinical applications.

Computer Science - 09.11.2022
Digital ’Red Cross emblem’ to protect against attacks
Humanitarian protection and support for victims of war and armed violence, that is the goal of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The symbol of the Red Cross is intended to protect aid workers from attack during their missions. Can this symbol also be used for the digital world - and what opportunities and risks are associated with it? An international team of researchers investigated this question on behalf of the ICRC.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.11.2022
Synthetic peptides may suppress formation of harmful deposits
Synthetic peptides may suppress formation of harmful deposits
Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes In Alzheimer's disease, the degeneration of brain cells is linked to formation of toxic protein aggregates and deposits known as amyloid plaques. Similar processes play an important role also in type 2 diabetes. A research team under the lead of the Technical University of Munich has now developed "mini-proteins", so-called peptides, which are able to bind the proteins that form amyloids and prevent their aggregation into cytotoxic amyloids.

Physics - 08.11.2022
Magnetic Quantum Fluid: Extremely Fluid in Two Ways
Magnetic Quantum Fluid: Extremely Fluid in Two Ways
Heidelberg physicists demonstrate the coexistence of superfluids in ultracold atomic clouds Two superfluids can exist at the same time in ultracold atomic clouds. Until now, their coexistence could not be observed experimentally. Now, however, physicists from Heidelberg University have demonstrated such a magnetic quantum fluid - it is fluid in two ways - in an atomic gas.

Health - 08.11.2022
Covid vaccination improves effectiveness of cancer treatment
Covid vaccination improves effectiveness of cancer treatment
Clinical study with participation of the University of Bonn on nasopharyngeal cancer with unexpected result Patients with nasopharyngeal cancer are often treated with drugs that activate their immune system against the tumor. Until now, it was feared that vaccination against Covid-19 could reduce the success of cancer treatment or cause severe side effects.

Physics - 07.11.2022
Clever method for separating nano-components
Clever method for separating nano-components
Physicists from Friedrich Schiller University Jena, together with colleagues from Düsseldorf, Gothenburg, Lyngby and Trieste have developed an ingenious solution for separating bonded nano-components. Their idea is to immerse the nano-components in a solvent near its critical point. In the experimental setup, they succeeded in separating the components in a controllable fashion by only changing the temperature of the solvent.

Politics - 07.11.2022
How dangerous is digital media for democracy?
How dangerous is digital media for democracy?
New systematic review in Nature Human Behaviour summarizes studies conducted worldwide   One of the most contentious questions of our time is whether the rapid global uptake of digital media is contributing to a decline in democracy. While discussions on the risks of social media have recently received a great deal of media coverage, tech companies argue that findings are not conclusive.

Health - Economics / Business - 04.11.2022
Covid-19: Vaccination status polarizes population
Researchers analyze association between Covid vaccination status and social cohesion People who strongly identify with their Covid vaccine status discriminate more strongly against the respective other group. This is shown by a study conducted by the team around Luca Henkel, member of the Cluster of Excellence ECONtribute at the University of Bonn, with the participation of the Universities of Erfurt and Vienna and the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine Hamburg.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.11.2022
IceCube neutrinos give us first glimpse into the inner depths of an active galaxy
IceCube neutrinos give us first glimpse into the inner depths of an active galaxy
Mainz-based scientists have been members of the IceCube consortium since 1999 For the first time, an international team of scientists found evidence of high-energy neutrino emission from NGC 1068, also known as Messier 77, an active galaxy in the constellation of Cetus and one of the most familiar and well-studied galaxies to date.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.11.2022
New method finds black hole closest to Earth
New method finds black hole closest to Earth
The finding promises numerous similar discoveries Using data from ESA-s Gaia astrometry mission, astronomers have identified the closest known black hole, less than 1600 light-years away from Earth, and determined its mass. The black hole is orbiting a star similar to our Sun, and was identified by tracking the star that the black hole is orbiting.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.11.2022
Wobbling like a spinning-top - surprising observations of X-ray pulsar
Wobbling like a spinning-top - surprising observations of X-ray pulsar
An X-ray pulsar is a rotating magnetized neutron star. The very first direct measurement of the polarization of an X-ray pulsar by the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) space telescope has challenged previous models of such systems. The degree of polarization of the X-ray pulsar Hercules X-1 was much lower than theoretically predicted, so astrophysicists are now having to reconsider their basic ideas about the geometry and structure of matter flows.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 03.11.2022
New material will make locally flexible diodes possible
New material will make locally flexible diodes possible
Researchers find new material with significant potential for electronics applications Diodes allow directed flows of current. Without them, modern electronics would be inconceivable. Until now, they had to be made out of two materials with different characteristics. A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now discovered a material that makes it possible to create a diode with a simple change in temperature.

Chemistry - Environment - 02.11.2022
Iodine accelerates formation of cloud condensation nuclei in the atmosphere
Iodine accelerates formation of cloud condensation nuclei in the atmosphere
International research team reports effect of iodine-organic chemistry on the generation of new particles in the marine atmosphere and the recycling of iodine during particle growth The natural cycles of exchange of substances between the biosphere and the atmosphere are of major relevance to the Earth's climatic system.