Second funding phase for CRC in chemistry - Heidelberg to become location for transregional consortium in mathematics
Near the centre of the Milky Way there exists a heretofore unknown population of stars that exhibits characteristic properties. It was discovered by an international research team under the direction of Dr Manuel Arca Sedda of Collaborative Research Centre "The Milky Way System" (CRC 881) of Heidelberg University. The scientists identified as the origin of these stars a globular cluster that made its way into the centre of our home Galaxy a long time ago.
Galaxies like the Milky Way formed by the merging of smaller progenitor galaxies. An international team of astrophysicists led by Dr Diederik Kruijssen from the Centre for Astronomy at Heidelberg University has succeeded in reconstructing the merger history of our home galaxy, creating a complete family tree. To achieve this, the researchers analysed the properties of globular clusters orbiting the Milky Way with artificial intelligence. Their investigations revealed a previously unknown galaxy collision that must have permanently altered the appearance of the Milky Way.
A new image processing programme makes it possible to view and analyse plant cells in detail in 3D. Bioscientists and computer scientists at Heidelberg University helped to develop the open-source software called PlantSeg. It is based on methods of machine learning and can be used to study the process of morphogenesis - how the shape of plants develops - at the cellular level. The researchers hope to gain a better understanding of processes in developmental biology like speciation. The research results appeared in the journal eLife Sciences.
The recently published list of Highly Cited Researchers includes 13 researchers from Heidelberg University, three more than last year. The international analysis recognises academics whose publications in their respective field are the most frequently cited worldwide. A total of 21 disciplines in the natural, life and social sciences are represented. It also names researchers who have published widely across multiple disciplines. Six of the 13 most cited scientists from Ruperto Carola are represented in this "cross-field" category.
In many neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's, protein aggregates form in the brain and are assumed to contribute to neuronal cell death. Yet there exists a cellular defence mechanism that counteracts these aggregates, known as amyloid fibrils, and can even dissolve fibrils already formed.
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