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Physics - Health - 10.11.2022
Quantum technology for cancer imaging
Quantum technology for cancer imaging
Applied quantum mechanics in medicine Tracing the metabolism of tumor cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been feasible in routine clinical settings hitherto. Now, an interdisciplinary research team including the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is working to advance the development of a quantum-based hyperpolarizer so that it can be deployed in clinical applications.

Physics - 08.11.2022
Magnetic Quantum Fluid: Extremely Fluid in Two Ways
Magnetic Quantum Fluid: Extremely Fluid in Two Ways
Heidelberg physicists demonstrate the coexistence of superfluids in ultracold atomic clouds Two superfluids can exist at the same time in ultracold atomic clouds. Until now, their coexistence could not be observed experimentally. Now, however, physicists from Heidelberg University have demonstrated such a magnetic quantum fluid - it is fluid in two ways - in an atomic gas.

Physics - 07.11.2022
Clever method for separating nano-components
Clever method for separating nano-components
Physicists from Friedrich Schiller University Jena, together with colleagues from Düsseldorf, Gothenburg, Lyngby and Trieste have developed an ingenious solution for separating bonded nano-components. Their idea is to immerse the nano-components in a solvent near its critical point. In the experimental setup, they succeeded in separating the components in a controllable fashion by only changing the temperature of the solvent.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 04.11.2022
IceCube neutrinos give us first glimpse into the inner depths of an active galaxy
IceCube neutrinos give us first glimpse into the inner depths of an active galaxy
Mainz-based scientists have been members of the IceCube consortium since 1999 For the first time, an international team of scientists found evidence of high-energy neutrino emission from NGC 1068, also known as Messier 77, an active galaxy in the constellation of Cetus and one of the most familiar and well-studied galaxies to date.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 03.11.2022
Wobbling like a spinning-top - surprising observations of X-ray pulsar
Wobbling like a spinning-top - surprising observations of X-ray pulsar
An X-ray pulsar is a rotating magnetized neutron star. The very first direct measurement of the polarization of an X-ray pulsar by the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) space telescope has challenged previous models of such systems. The degree of polarization of the X-ray pulsar Hercules X-1 was much lower than theoretically predicted, so astrophysicists are now having to reconsider their basic ideas about the geometry and structure of matter flows.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 26.10.2022
Lightest-ever neutron star or strange quark matter?
Lightest-ever neutron star or strange quark matter?
The lightest neutron star so far found is located at the center of the supernova remnant HESS J1731'347 . Dr. Victor Doroshenko, Dr. Valery Suleimanov, Dr. Gerd Pühlhofer and Professor Andrea Santangelo from the High Energy Astrophysics section of the University of Tübingen's Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics discovered the unusual object with the help of X-ray telescopes in space.

Physics - Chemistry - 26.10.2022
Using chirality for faster, smaller, and more efficient data storage devices
Using chirality for faster, smaller, and more efficient data storage devices
Mainz University succeeds in the first round of the new Carl Zeiss Foundation Wildcard program / Researchers present an innovative approach for enhancing electronic devices 26 October 2022 Researcher

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 26.10.2022
Astronomy: Observation puzzles researchers
Astronomy: Observation puzzles researchers
Finding cannot be explained by classical assumptions. Study under the leadership of the University of Bonn An international team of astrophysicists has made a puzzling discovery while analyzing certain star clusters. The University of Bonn played a major role in the study. The finding challenges Newton's laws of gravity, the researchers write in their publication.

Physics - Research Management - 25.10.2022
Experimental Physicist Robert Bittl Receives ERC Synergy Grant Together with an International Team of Researchers
European Research Council grants international research team almost nine million euros / Experimental physicist at Freie Universität Berlin receives a share of over two million euros Professor Robert Bittl, an experimental physicist at Freie Universität Berlin, is to receive over two million euros through an ERC Synergy Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) as part of a joint international research project.

Physics - 24.10.2022
The conundrum of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon
New calculations based on fundamental theories deviate from the currently accepted theoretical value The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon is a crucial parameter in particle physics as it allows for precision tests of the established Standard Model. A new measurement of this quantity in 2021 caused a furore as it reaffirmed a significant deviation from the theoretical prediction - in other words, the anomalous magnetic moment is greater than anticipated.

Physics - Health - 14.10.2022
Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells
Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells
Promising methods of measurement should provide data and insights for combating chronic illnesses and cancer. Universität Hamburg team measures the uptake of co-enzymes by individual cells Within the framework of a contract to conduct research into human skin cells, a research team at Universität Hamburg, together with the Frauenhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research (IAP), DESY, and the Beiersdorf corporation, measured how much co-enzyme Q10 cells had taken up.

Physics - Life Sciences - 13.10.2022
Researchers provide new insights into photosynthesis
Researchers provide new insights into photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is the most important basis of life on Earth. In it, plants and single-cell algae use the energy of sunlight and convert this energy into sugar and biomass. In this process, oxygen is released. Plant biotechnologists and structural biologists from the Universities of Münster and Stockholm (Sweden) have clarified the structure of a new protein complex which catalyses energy conversion processes in photosynthesis.

Physics - 06.10.2022
Milestones achieved on the path to useful quantum technologies
Milestones achieved on the path to useful quantum technologies
Researchers at Paderborn and Ulm universities are developing the first programmable optical quantum memory Tiny particles that are interconnected despite sometimes being thousands of kilometres apart - Albert Einstein called this 'spooky action at a distance'. Something that would be inexplicable by the laws of classical physics is a fundamental part of quantum physics.

Chemistry - Physics - 03.10.2022
Artificial Enzyme Splits Water
Artificial Enzyme Splits Water
Progress has been made on the path to sunlight-driven production of hydrogen. Chemists from Würzburg present a new enzyme-like molecular catalyst for water oxidation. Mankind is facing a central challenge: it must manage the transition to a sustainable and carbon dioxide-neutral energy economy. Hydrogen is considered a promising alternative to fossil fuels.

Physics - Materials Science - 30.09.2022
Quantum matter: entanglement of many atoms detected for the first time
Quantum matter: entanglement of many atoms detected for the first time
New insights into quantum phenomena at phase transitions In the past, quantum phenomena could be investigated only in the realm of just a few atoms. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Technical University of Dresden (TUD) has now discovered conditions for which quantum entanglement dominates on much larger scales.

Physics - Health - 29.09.2022
How contrast agents disperse inside cells
How contrast agents disperse inside cells
Detailed images of cells with X-ray contrast agents Contrast agents are often used to improve the imaging of soft tissue in micro-computed tomography (microCT). Now a research team led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has investigated how these agents disperse inside cells. Their findings could improve the assessment and further development of contrast agents and might contribute to future medical diagnostics.

Physics - 23.09.2022
Scientists propose test for hypothesis of Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg
Scientists propose test for hypothesis of Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg
Quantum mechanics put to the test For almost 100 years, quantum mechanics has been one of the pillars of modern physics. It has made it possible for the first time to describe processes in the microscopic subatomic world, for example inside atoms, very precisely and accurately.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 22.09.2022
Gas bubble swirls around the heart of the Milky Way
Gas bubble swirls around the heart of the Milky Way
Researchers discover a hot spot near the Sagittarius A* black hole with the Alma radio telescope. There is a black hole in the center of our Milky Way. In the immediate vicinity of this mass monster called Sagittarius A*, things are turbulent. Now, an international group led by Maciek Wielgus of the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn has discovered an object that orbits the black hole on a very narrow path in only about 70 minutes.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 22.09.2022
Hot gas bubble swirls around the heart of the Milky Way
Hot gas bubble swirls around the heart of the Milky Way
Researchers discover a hot spot near the black hole Sagittarius A* with the radio telescope ALMA There is a black hole in the centre of our Milky Way. In the immediate vicinity of this mass monster called Sagittarius A*, things are turbulent. Now an international group led by Maciek Wielgus from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn has discovered an object that orbits the black hole on a very narrow path in only about 70 minutes.

Chemistry - Physics - 21.09.2022
Chiral oxide catalysts align electron spin
Chiral oxide catalysts align electron spin
Controlling the spin of electrons opens up future scenarios for applications in spin-based electronics (spintronics), for example in data processing. It also presents new opportunities for controlling the selectivity and efficiency of chemical reactions. Researchers recently presented first successes with the example of water splitting for producing "green" hydrogen and oxygen.
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