Results 101 - 120 of 556.
Chemistry - Physics - 08.02.2023
New method for targeted design of molecules
Potential applications include industrial processes, drug discovery and optoelectronics Engineering novel molecules and materials with specific properties can yield significant advances for industrial processes, drug discovery and optoelectronics. However, the search for novel molecules and materials is comparable to looking for a needle in a haystack, since the number of molecules in chemical space is of the unimaginable order of 10 to the power of 60.
Earth Sciences - Physics - 07.02.2023
Asteroid impact in slow motion
For the first time, researchers have recorded live and in atomic detail what happens to the material in an asteroid impact. The team of Falko Langenhorst from the University of Jena and Hanns-Peter Liermann from DESY simulated an asteroid impact with the mineral quartz in the lab and pursued it in slow motion in a diamond anvil cell, while monitoring it with DESY's X-ray source PETRA III.
Physics - Life Sciences - 25.01.2023
Thermal motions and oscillation modes determine the uptake of bacteria in cells
Team at the University of Freiburg analyzes how model bacteria dock to and penetrate membrane bubbles. How and with what effort does a bacterium - or a virus - enter a cell and cause an infection? Researchers from Freiburg have now made an important contribution to answering this question: A team led by physicist Alexander Rohrbach and his collaborator Dr. Yareni Ayala was able to show how thermal fluctuations of a model bacterium and membrane oscillation modes of a model cell influence the energy with which the model bacteria dock and enter the membrane.
Physics - Chemistry - 23.01.2023
Colour images from the shadow of a sample
Researchers at Göttingen University develop new method for X-ray colour imaging A research team at the University of Göttingen has developed a new method to produce X-ray images in colour. In the past, the only way to determine the chemical composition of a sample and the position of its components using X-ray fluorescence analysis was to focus the X-rays and scan the whole sample.
Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 23.01.2023
A new model for dark matter
PRESS AND PUBLIC RELATIONS Phase transition in the early universe changes strength of interaction between dark and normal matter Dark matter remains one of the greatest mysteries of modern physics. It is clear that it must exist, because without dark matter, for example, the motion of galaxies cannot be explained.
Physics - Chemistry - 20.01.2023
Physical effect also valid in the quantum world
Researchers at the University of Bonn confirm validity of a central theorem of physics for Bose-Einstein condensates Physicists at the University of Bonn have experimentally proven that an important theorem of statistical physics applies to so-called "Bose-Einstein condensates." Their results now make it possible to measure certain properties of the quantum "superparticles" and deduce system characteristics that would otherwise be difficult to observe.
Physics - 17.01.2023
Researchers gain deeper understanding of mechanism behind superconductors
Physicists at Leipzig University have once again gained a deeper understanding of the mechanism behind superconductors. This brings the research group led by Professor Jürgen Haase one step closer to their goal of developing the foundations for a theory for superconductors that would allow current to flow without resistance and without energy loss.
Physics - 13.01.2023
Swarm Intelligence Caused by Physical Mechanisms
Seemingly spontaneously coordinated swarm behaviour exhibited by large groups of animals is a fascinating and striking collective phenomenon. Experiments conducted by researchers at Leipzig University on laser-controlled synthetic microswimmers now show that supposed swarm intelligence can sometimes also be the result of simple and generic physical mechanisms.
Physics - Innovation - 12.01.2023
Quantum measurements more precise than ever before
An international team of researchers, including scientists from Jena, has succeeded in developing a new and particularly precise type of measurement in tiny quantum systems. Applications are conceivable in semiconductor manufacturing, for example, but also in mobile radio technology or microscopy in the future.
Physics - Electroengineering - 10.01.2023
Milestone for light-driven electronics
Within the framework of the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat, excitons were generated in a topological insulator for the first time. A breakthrough in quantum research, based on material design from Würzburg. An international team of scientists collaborating within the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat has achieved a breakthrough in quantum research - the first detection of excitons (electrically neutral quasiparticles) in a topological insulator.
Health - Physics - 21.12.2022
COMPASS for Highly Sensitive Rapid Tests
A newly developed rapid test needs only a few seconds to reliably detect pathogens such as SARS-CoV-2. It is based on specially designed magnetic nanoparticles. The current rapid tests for diagnosing infectious diseases are speedy, but not really fast. For example, antigen self-tests, PCR tests or ELISA tests for coronavirus take 15 minutes to several hours before a reliable result is available.
Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 13.12.2022
Antihelium nuclei as messengers from the depths of the galaxy
New findings lay the foundation for the search for dark matter How are galaxies born, and what holds them together? Astronomers assume that dark matter plays an essential role. However, as yet it has not been possible to prove directly that dark matter exists. A research team including Technical University of Munich (TUM) scientists has now measured for the first time the survival rate of antihelium nuclei from the depths of the galaxy - a necessary prerequisite for the indirect search for Dark Matter.
Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 12.12.2022
Confident x-ray analysis
In future it will be possible to incorporate data from deep space telescopes into the underlying atomic models with a high degree of reliability Very hot gas, as found in the sun's corona or in close proximity to black holes, emits very intense x-rays. It reveals the locally prevailing physical conditions, such as temperature and density.
Physics - 09.12.2022
Curved spacetime in the laboratory
Scientists simulate a whole family of universes with curvature in ultracold quantum gases According to Einstein's general theory of relativity, space and time are inseparable. In our universe - which is hardly measurably curved - the structure of this spacetime is predetermined. Scientists at Heidelberg University have now succeeded in realizing an effective spacetime in a laboratory experiment that can be manipulated.
Chemistry - Physics - 08.12.2022
New way to produce important molecular entity
Chemists at the University of Münster develop method for simple production of vicinal diamines Among the most common structures relevant to the function of biologically active molecules, natural products and drugs are so-called vicinal diamines - in particular, unsymmetrically constructed diamines. Vicinal diamines contain two functional atomic groups responsible for the substance properties, each with a nitrogen atom bonded to two neighbouring carbon atoms.
Chemistry - Physics - 08.12.2022
New Scientific Finding: Light Can Be Used to Control Molecular Handedness
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin took part in a new study on chiral molecules recently published in "Science Advances" In a recent study, researchers at Freie Universität Berlin, the DESY research center in Hamburg, Kiel University, and Kansas State University have shown how light can turn a planar molecule into a chiral molecule with just one particular handedness, providing a solution to the long-standing problem of absolute asymmetric synthesis.
Physics - Computer Science - 06.12.2022
Energy-efficient computing with tiny magnetic vortices
Unconventional computing combines Brownian computing with reservoir computing / First prototype developed A large percentage of energy used today is consumed in the form of electrical power for processing and storing data and for running the relevant terminal equipment and devices. According to predictions, the level of energy used for these purposes will increase even further in the future.
Health - Physics - 06.12.2022
New X-ray technology can improve Covid-19 diagnosis
Patient study demonstrates benefits of dark-field X-ray technology A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has, for the first time, produced dark-field X-ray images of patients infected with the corona virus. In contrast to conventional X-ray images, dark-field images visualize the microstructure of the lung tissue, thereby providing additional information.
Physics - Electroengineering - 06.12.2022
Long-range information transport in antiferromagnets
Antiferromagnets are suitable for transporting spin waves over long distances Smaller, faster, more powerful: The demands on microelectronic devices are high and are constantly increasing. However, if chips, processors and the like are based on electricity, there are limits to miniaturization. Physicists are therefore working on alternative ways of transporting information, such as about spin waves, also called magnons, for example.
Physics - Materials Science - 01.12.2022
Detecting defects in semiconductors at the atomic level
Modern solar cells work with thin layers of semiconductors that convert sunlight into electrical energy. The key to increasing their efficiency even further lies in the composition and structure of the material. Due to the way the material is manufactured, it can have defects that have a disruptive effect.