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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
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Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.08.2016
283 from Aug 24, 2016 Climate Change Already Started 180 Years Ago Study Indicates Industrial Revolution Had Noticeable Impact on Global Warming
Study Indicates Industrial Revolution Had Noticeable Impact on Global Warming ' 283/2016 from Aug 24, 2016 An international research team has now found out that climate change already began 180 years ago, much earlier than believed up to now. To determine the earliest time of global warming, the scientists studied the so-called natural climate archives of the northern and southern hemispheres, both on land and in the oceans, from the past 500 years.

Environment - Architecture - 23.08.2016
Hidden impacts
Research news How can we improve the sustainability of our cities in the future? Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a new methodology for determining the overall emissions of cities. In a case study analysis, they examined three house types in the Munich metropolitan region.

Environment - 17.08.2016
Flowering Meadows benefit Humankind
Research news The more it swarms, crawls and flies the better it is for humans. This is the finding of a study published in 'Nature'. More than 60 researchers from a number of universities were involved, including the Technical University of Munich, the Institute of Plant Sciences at the University of Bern and the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre in Frankfurt.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.08.2016
New Emmy Noether Group to Investigate Ocean Currents
New Emmy Noether Group to Investigate Ocean Currents
A new Emmy Noether junior research group at Heidelberg University's Institute of Earth Sciences will delve into the central questions of climate history. The research team led by Dr. Jörg Lippold will study the history of ocean currents over the last 30,000 years in an attempt to uncover key parameters for understanding future climatic changes.

Environment - Health - 12.07.2016
To get more crop per drop
To get more crop per drop
Research news Boosting food production with limited water availability is of great importance to humanity. However, our current water usage is already unsustainable today. The fact that plant leaves lose a great deal of water through photosynthesis is the greatest limiting factor for larger harvests worldwide.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.03.2016
Time-lapse View of Ecosystems of the Future
Biology Professor Matthias Rillig of Freie Universität Berlin Receives 2. Million Euros to Learn More about Consequences of Gradual Environmental Change by Studying Soil Fungi / With Photos How do organisms react as individuals and in communities to environmental conditions that gradually change over a long period? Using a new experimental approach Matthias Rillig and his team at the Department of Biology at Freie Universität Berlin hope to investigate this issue using the example of soil fungi.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.03.2016
Regional seed material performs better
Regional seed material performs better
Colorful and extensively used meadows and pastures provide valuable habitats for many plant and animal species. However, they have become very rare. In order to re-establish such grasslands, the plants they contain must be sown. Scientists and nature conservationists argue that seed material from the region in which the future meadow is located should be used.

Environment - Life Sciences - 12.02.2016
Asynchrony of species is more important than diversity
Asynchrony of species is more important than diversity
Whether an animal or plant community remains stable despite external impacts does not depend on biological diversity alone: asynchrony across the species is also a crucial factor. The more the species in an ecosystem fluctuate in their evolution over time, the less they are likely to falter. As a result, diversity takes second place in terms of the factors to be considered in the context of ecosystem stability.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 07.01.2016
The Anthropocene: Inconvenient Facts for a Human-driven Earth System
Findings Published in Prestigious Journal Science / Earth Scientist Reinhold Leinfelder from Freie Universität Berlin Is Contributing Author An international group of Earth scientists as well as scientists from other disciplines has determined that the impact of human activities on the Earth marks a new geological era: the Anthropocene.

Physics - Environment - 22.12.2015
New Device Measures Nitrogen Dioxides In Exhaust from Preceding Vehicle
New Device Measures Nitrogen Dioxides In Exhaust from Preceding Vehicle
Depending on its age, condition and even engine, how much does an individual vehicle pollute the urban air? Researchers from Heidelberg University are looking into the matter. The team led by environmental physicist Dr. Denis Pöhler has developed an innovative device that can measure nitrogen dioxides in the exhaust of the preceding vehicle.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 17.12.2015
The Landscape Remembers
New Findings by Earth Scientists from Potsdam and Berlin Published in Science Earth scientists Dr. Wolfgang Schwanghart and Prof. Oliver Korup, PhD, from the Natural Hazards Group at the University of Potsdam investigate extreme events in the Earth's recent history. In a study recently published in the science journal Science, Schwanghart and Korup were part of an international team who investigated thick deposits in the Pokhara valley in the Himalayan country Nepal.

Environment - 30.11.2015
Waters are more polluted than tests say
Waters are more polluted than tests say
Bodies of water are "sinks", and thereby bind contaminants particularly well. If even slightly toxic concentrations in water are to be detected, the growth and swimming behavior of small crustaceans, mini-snails and copepods should be used for ecotoxicological assessments. This was the conclusion of a scientist from the TUM, who carried out a number of studies on the subject in cooperation with the University of California in Davis.

Chemistry - Environment - 27.11.2015
Largest continuous ecosystem on earth has undergone major shifts
Study finds that changes in the composition of phytoplankton community of North Pacific Subtropical Gyre relate to large-scale regional climate phenomena [Deutsche Version folgt in Kürze] It is unparalleled: the subtropical North Pacific Ocean has recently gone through a change of plankton regime that enhances nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterial production.

Life Sciences - Environment - 27.10.2015
University researchers highly cited worldwide
University researchers highly cited worldwide
10/27/2015 Three professors from Würzburg University have been commended as "highly cited researchers". Thomas Reuters awards this title to researchers whose work receives exceptional attention worldwide and is highly cited by scientists. Professor Laurens Molenkamp is "Citation Laureate". Professor Jörg Vogel and Professor Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter have been newly added to the list that was updated on 30 October 2015 to join Professor Frank Würthner, who has been on the list since 2014.

Environment - 23.10.2015
Is Climate Change Responsible for More Salt in the North Atlantic?
Is Climate Change Responsible for More Salt in the North Atlantic?
Heidelberg researchers studied the dynamics of the Mediterranean outflow through the Straits of Gibraltar - impact on global ocean circulation As a result of global warming, more extremely salty water masses from the Mediterranean will be flowing into the North Atlantic through the Straits of Gibraltar.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.10.2015
Plant flowering time now predictable
Plant flowering time now predictable
Plants adapt their flowering time to the temperature in their surroundings. But what exactly triggers their flowering at the molecular level? Can this factor switch flowering on or off and thus respond to changes in the climate? In a study currently published in PLOS Genetics, a team headed by Professor Claus Schwechheimer from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a molecular mechanism with which plants adapt their flowering time to ambient temperatures and thereby indicate ways in which the flowering time can be predicted on the basis of genetic information.

Environment - 29.09.2015
Broadleaf trees show reduced sensitivity to global warming
Broadleaf trees show reduced sensitivity to global warming
The sensitivity of leaf unfolding phenology to climate warming has significantly declined since 1980s, according to a study recently published by an international collaboration of scientists. Earlier spring leaf unfolding is a frequently observed response of plants to climate warming. Many deciduous tree species require cold temperatures, in other words 'chilling', for dormancy release, and the warming-related reductions in chilling may counteract the advance of leaf unfolding in response to warming.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 14.09.2015
Disapperance of a Lake
Disapperance of a Lake
Freie Universität Berlin Receives Grants from German Research Foundation for Earth Science Project in Botswana Earth scientists Frank Riedel and Dr. Kai Hartmann from Freie Universität are studying environmental and climate changes over the past millennia in Tsodilo Hills, Botswana, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001.

Event - Environment - 21.07.2015
Communication Scholar W. Lance Bennett Receives Research Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Specialist in Political Communication Doing Research at Institute of Media and Communication Studies at Freie Universität until December 2015 The internationally recognized political scientist and communication scholar, W. Lance Bennett from the University of Washington in Seattle (Washington, USA) is the recipient of a Research Award from the Humboldt Foundation.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 10.06.2015
Marine Expedition to Brazil Investigates Climate Dynamics
Marine Expedition to Brazil Investigates Climate Dynamics
An international team led by Heidelberg University geoscientists will embark on a four-week marine expedition in the Tropical West Atlantic in the spring of 2016 to study historical precipitation changes in Brazil. In March and April of next year, the researchers are planning to collect water and sediment samples along the Brazilian coast and reconstruct the changes in the local precipitation over the past 150,000 years.
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